Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 21, 2014
3-D Printing and Additive Manufacturing: Preview issue of groundbreaking peer-reviewed journal now available
Mary Ann Liebert Inc. publishers has released an exclusive preview issue of our new peer-reviewed journal 3-D Printing and Additive Manufacturing.

Temperature and ecology: Rival Chilean barnacles keep competition cool
A lot of research shows that temperature can strongly influence species interactions and sometimes shape the appearance and functioning of biological communities.

NASA's IRIS spots its largest solar flare
On Jan. 28, 2014, NASA's Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, or IRIS, witnessed its strongest solar flare since it launched in the summer of 2013.

Team sport compensates for estrogen loss
When women enter menopause, their estrogen levels taper. This increases their risk of cardiovascular disease.

UofL Department of Pediatrics selected for university teaching award
The University of Louisville Department of Pediatrics has been selected to receive the university's 2013 Paul Weber Award for Departmental Excellence in Teaching.

Reducing HIV transmission among drug injectors lowers AIDS mortality in heterosexuals
A recent study conducted by researchers from New York University's Center for Drug Use and HIV Research, led by Samuel R.

Degradation of viral DNA in the cell nucleus is opening up new treatment
Scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen and the Technische Universitaet Muenchen have discovered how the viral DNA of the hepatitis B virus can be degraded in the cell nucleus of liver cells, consequently allowing the virus to be eliminated.

Optimizing custody is child's play for physicists
Physics can provide insights into societal trends. Problems involving interactions between people linked in real-life networks can be better understood by using physical models.

Does a diet high in carbohydrates increase your risk of dementia?
Even small increases in blood sugar caused by a diet high in carbohydrates can be detrimental to brain health.

Report reveals significant increase in overdoses involving heroin in Kentucky
Analysis by the Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center shows that emergency department overdose visits involving heroin climbed 197 percent, and heroin-related deaths climbed 207 percent in 2012, while benzodiazepines were associated with the highest number of emergency department visits and hospitalizations.

Tracking catalytic reactions in microreactors
Berkeley Lab researchers have demonstrated a technique that for the first time allows the catalytic reactivity inside a microreactor to be mapped in high resolution from start to finish.

The No. 1 human-robot conference in the world comes to Bielefeld
The most important conference in the world on human-robot interaction will be held at Bielefeld University from March 3-6.

Self Regional Healthcare, Clemson, Genetic Center create national genetics research hub
A new partnership will establish formal collaboration among genetic researchers and Clemson University faculty at the Greenwood Genetic Center and Self Regional Healthcare, expanding an already successful working relationship.

Early warning system for epidemics
The environment has an impact on our health. Preventing epidemics relies on activating the right counter-measures, and scientists are now trying to find out how better use of forecasting can help.

Will plug-in cars crash the electric grid?
The world's growing fleet of plug-in cars will put a lot of strain on aging electrical distribution systems.

West coast log and lumber exports increased by 20 percent in 2013
Log and lumber exports from Washington, Oregon, northern California, and Alaska increased by 20 percent in volume in 2013 compared to 2012, the US Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station reported today.

Promising cervical cancer study
Research on cervical cancer performed by a physician at the University of Arizona Cancer Center at St.

Is a 'buttery' molecule behind cystic fibrosis flare-ups?
Katrine Whiteson and colleagues identified a lung-damaging molecule in higher concentrations in cystic fibrosis patients during symptom flare-ups.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Guito exit the Mozambique Channel
NASA's Terra satellite captured a visible image of Tropical Cyclone Guito as it exited the Mozambique Channel and moved into the open waters of the Southern Indian Ocean.

Samsung and UCSF partner to accelerate new innovations in preventive health technology
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., and UC San Francisco, one of the world's premier health sciences universities, today announced a partnership to accelerate validation and commercialization of promising new sensors, algorithms, and digital health technologies for preventive health solutions.

Researchers look to reduce hep C infections for injecting drug user
Researchers affiliated with New York University's Center for Drug Use and HIV Research are focusing on intervention strategies that highlight the lesser-known dangers of HCV transmission through the sharing of other injection equipment such as cookers, filters, drug-dilution water and water containers.

Antibody may be detectable in blood years before MS symptoms appear
An antibody found in the blood of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) may be present long before the onset of the disease and its symptoms, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 66th Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, April 26-May 3, 2014.

International conference to explore One Health, One Medicine in April 2014
The University of Minnesota will present an international conference on the science behind One Health this spring in Minneapolis.

Air Force aircraft returned from Vietnam identified as postwar source of Agent Orange contamination
From 1971-1982 Air Force reservists, who flew in about 34 dioxin-contaminated aircraft used to spray Agent Orange and returned to the US following discontinuation of the herbicide spraying operations in the Vietnam War, were exposed greater levels of dioxin than previously acknowledged, according to a study published today in Environmental Research.

Selenium and vitamin E supplements can increase risk of prostate cancer in some men
A multi-center study led by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has found that high-dose supplementation with both the trace element selenium and vitamin E increase the risk of high-grade prostate cancer.

Fruit-loving lemurs score higher on spatial memory tests
Food-finding tests in five lemur species show fruit-eaters may have better spatial memory than lemurs with a more varied diet.

Seed-filled buoys may help restore diverse sea meadows in San Francisco Bay
A new study has found that placing seedpods in a pearl net, tethered by a rope but allowed to sway with the tides, may be an especially effective way of restoring eelgrass meadows.

Schizophrenics are at greater risk of getting diseases
New research based on data sets covering the majority of the Danish population shows that people suffering from schizophrenia have an increased risk of contracting autoimmune diseases, especially if they have suffered from a severe infection.

Virginia Tech scientist proposes revolutionary naming system for all life on Earth
A new naming structure moves beyond the Linnaeus system to one based on the genetic sequence of each individual organism.

Kessler Foundation MS researchers find task meaningfulness influences learning and memory
Kessler Foundation researchers have found that in MS, self-generation may be influenced by task meaningfulness during learning and memory.

Memory, language, decision-making, and more: CNS meeting in Boston in April
Join us for the CNS conference in downtown Boston, April 5-8.

Current ice melt rate in Pine Island Glacier may go on for decades
The Pine Island Glacier, a major outlet of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, has been undergoing rapid melting and retreating for the past two decades.

Newly discovered marsupial the victim of fatal attraction
A QUT mammalogist has discovered a highly sexed mouse-like marsupial in Queensland's Springbrook National Park.

If you think you have Alzheimer's, you just might be right, study suggests
Results of an ongoing study by a researcher from the University of Kentucky Sanders-Brown Center on Aging suggests a correlation between self-reported incidence of memory loss and development of cognitive memory impairment later in life.

Physicians in India access UPMC medical expertise through telemedicine
With the latest expansion of its global telemedicine efforts, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center is now offering physicians in India access to its world-renowned medical expertise to improve care for patients.

The parasite that escaped out of Africa
An international team has traced the origin of the second-worst malaria parasite of humans to Africa.

Microparticles show molecules their way
A team of researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the University of Michigan/USA has produced novel microparticles, whose surface consists of three chemically different segments.

Enzalutamide: IQWiG assessed data subsequently submitted by the manufacturer
On the basis of further study data on the implementation of the comparator therapy and on side effects, the reliability of the conclusions and the extent of added benefit could be given a higher rating.

New, inexpensive production materials boost promise of hydrogen fuel
In a study published last week in the journal Science, Choi and postdoctoral researcher Tae Woo Kim combined cheap, oxide-based materials to split water into hydrogen and oxygen gases using solar energy with a solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency of 1.7 percent, the highest reported for any oxide-based photoelectrode system.

Selenium and vitamin E supplementation over recommended dietary intake may raise PC risk
In a large clinical trial testing dietary supplements for prostate cancer prevention, baseline selenium status (measured by toenail selenium concentration), in the absence of supplementation, was not associated with prostate cancer risk. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to