Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 28, 2014
AACR-ACS Award for Excellence in Cancer Epidemiology, Prevention honors Dr. Curtis Harris
The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) and the American Cancer Society will recognize Curtis C.

American Association for Cancer Research to host annual meeting in San Diego, April 5-9
The American Association for Cancer Research will showcase newsworthy research on clinical trials, epidemiology, immunology, epigenetics, laboratory science, and translational medicine at its Annual Meeting, April 5-9, 2014.

Unearthing key function of plant hormone
In this week's edition of Science, a team of researchers including Jiri Friml from IST Austria and led by Zhenbiao Yang of the University of California, Riverside, report finding the molecular mechanism by which the plant hormone auxin affects the organization of the cell's inner skeletons.

BNI study reveal unexpected findings
Research on a deadly form of brain cancer co-authored by a physician at Barrow Neurological Institute at St.

Light zaps viruses: How photosensitization can stop viruses from infecting cells
Researchers find evidence that photosensitizing a virus's membrane covering can inhibit its ability to enter cells and potentially lead to the development of stronger, cheaper medications to fight a host of tough viruses.

Waterloo physicists solve 20-year-old debate surrounding glassy surfaces
University of Waterloo physicists have succeeded in measuring how the surfaces of glassy materials flow like a liquid, even when they should be solid.

Social media harm our ability to act rationally
The Internet and social media provide easy and instant access to an abundance of information but do not make us better equipped to make rational decisions; on the contrary, the technology amplifies irrational social behavior and can manipulate minds and markets, the new book Infostorms shows.

Dangerous mistaken identity
Tau proteins, which are responsible for Alzheimer's disease, bind to the folding protein HSP90.

Frequent childhood nightmares may indicate an increased risk of psychotic traits
Children who suffer from frequent nightmares or bouts of night terrors may be at an increased risk of psychotic experiences in adolescence, according to new research from the University of Warwick.

Tropical Cyclone 16P forms near Fiji
Tropical Cyclone 16P formed near Fiji after lingering in the region for several days as a tropical low pressure area.

Emergency alert in the cell
After a natural disaster like a fire, countless helpers work together to get rid of debris or to provide food for people in need.

NASA satellite sees great freeze over Great Lakes
A true-color image from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Aqua satellite, shows the mostly frozen state of the Great Lakes on Feb.

Advantages emerge in using nanostructured material when forging mechanical components
In his Ph.D. thesis, the Industrial Engineer Daniel Salcedo-Perez has studied the process to forge mechanical components using nanostructured material.

Dr. John DiPersio honored with AACR-Joseph H. Burchenal Memorial
John F. DiPersio, M.D., Ph.D., will be recognized with the 19th Annual American Association for Cancer Research-Joseph H.

To teach scientific reproducibility, start young
In the wake of retraction scandals and studies showing reproducibility rates as low as 10 percent for peer-reviewed articles, the scientific community has focused attention on ways to improve transparency and duplication.

Northern Sumatra dealing with smoke from fires
On Feb. 27, 2014, the Wall Street Journal and Southeast Asia Realtime reported that: 'the plantation-rich province of Riau on Indonesia's Sumatra Island has declared a state of emergency as fires set for land clearing have sent pollution levels soaring and smoke made breathing difficult for thousands.'

Food production in the northeastern US may need to change if climate does
If significant climate change occurs in the United States, it may be necessary to change where certain foods are produced in order to meet consumer demand.

Robert Avery, D.O., M.S.C.E., studies innovations to improve vision in children with tumors
Robert Avery, D.O., M.S.C.E., of Children's National Health System and colleagues are establishing innovative approaches with technology and medication to improve the vision of young children who have visual pathway glioma, a type of brain tumor.

Study links poor sleep quality to reduced brain gray matter in Gulf War vets
A new study of Gulf War veterans found an association between poor sleep quality and reduced gray matter volume in the brain's frontal lobe, which helps control important processes such as working memory and executive function.

Indonesia's competitiveness at risk from neglected diseases of poverty
Indonesia has seen impressive economic and development growth. Sustaining these gains, however, may not be possible without aggressively addressing neglected tropical diseases, which affect the majority of Indonesians.

American Journal of Transplantation reports REGiMMUNE's transplant tolerance results
REGiMMUNE Corporation announced that the American Journal of Transplantation (AJT) has published its paper that describes a novel approach to long-term tolerance in organ transplantation with continuous administration of immune suppressants.

Detection of water vapor in the atmosphere of a hot jupiter
Although liquid water covers a majority of Earth's surface, scientists are still searching for planets outside of our solar system that contain water.

3-D imaging sheds light on Apert syndrome development
Three-dimensional imaging of two different mouse models of Apert Syndrome shows that cranial deformation begins before birth and continues, worsening with time, according to a team of researchers who studied mice to better understand and treat the disorder in humans.

It slices, it dices, and it protects the body from harm (Science)
An essential weapon in the body's fight against infection has come into sharper view.

Let there be tissue-penetrating light: Scientists develop new nanoscale method to fight cancer
Researchers from the cancer nanotechnology and signal transduction and therapeutics programs of UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have developed an innovative technique that can carry chemotherapy safely and release it inside cancer cells when triggered by two-photon laser in the infrared red wave length.

UCLA study finds robotic-assisted prostate surgery offers better cancer control
Robotic-assisted surgery for prostate cancer has fewer positive surgical margins than open surgery.

Competition breeds new fish species, study finds
Size differences among fish and competition for breeding space lead to the formation of new species, according to a new study by researchers from the University of Bristol published today in Nature Communications.

Worm-like mite species discovered on Ohio State's campus
It looks like a worm and moves like a worm -- sort of.

Tackling tumors with space station research
Some tumors seem to be much less aggressive in space compared to their behavior on Earth, which could help scientists understand the mechanism involved and develop drugs targeting tumors that don't respond to current treatments.

GOES-West satellite eyes soggy storm approaching California
A swirling Eastern Pacific Ocean storm system headed for California was spotted by NOAA's GOES-West satellite on Feb, 28.

Scientists discover the specific types of macrophages that affect Crohn's disease severity
For those coping with Crohn's disease, a new research report published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology offers hope for the development of new and more effective drugs.

Peat soils as gigantic batteries
Researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of Tubingen describe a process that suppresses the formation of methane in soils that are rich in humic substances.

A molecular ballet under the X-ray laser
An international team of researchers has used the world's most powerful X-ray laser to take snapshots of free molecules.

Smoke in the water: Understanding the effects of smoke compounds on seed germination
Wildfires, although seemingly destructive, play an important role in plant ecosystems.

Study: Racial bias in pain perception appears among children as young as 7
A new University of Virginia psychology study has found that a sample of mostly white American children -- as young as seven, and particularly by age 10 -- report that black children feel less pain than white children.

Burmese pythons pose little risk to people in Everglades
The estimated tens of thousands of Burmese pythons now populating the Everglades present a low risk to people in the park, according to a new study.

Effects of meth use on brain metabolism, sleep studied
Washington State University sleep scientist Jonathan Wisor has received a grant from the National Institutes of Health to study the effects of chronic methamphetamine use on brain metabolism and sleep.

Ultra-fast laser spectroscopy lights way to understanding new materials
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are revealing the mysteries of new materials using ultra-fast laser spectroscopy, similar to high-speed photography where many quick images reveal subtle movements and changes inside the materials.

York physicists pave the way for more energy efficient technology
An international team of scientists led by physicists from the University of York has paved the way for a new class of magnetic materials and devices with improved performance and power efficiency.

Asthma drug aids simultaneous desensitization to several food allergies, study finds
An asthma drug accelerates the process of desensitizing patients with food allergies to several foods at the same time, a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford shows.

Researchers identify brain differences linked to insomnia
Johns Hopkins researchers report that people with chronic insomnia show more plasticity and activity than good sleepers in the part of the brain that controls movement.

The nature of color: New formula to calculate hue improves accuracy of color analysis
Color is crucial in ecological studies, playing an important role in studies of flower and fruit development, responses to heat/drought stress, and plant-pollinator communication.

Beneficial anti-inflammatory effects observed when plant extracts fed to sick pigs
Consumer concerns about bacterial resistance to antibiotics have prompted the swine industry to seek additional methods to protect the health of pigs, including special feed additives.

NASA saw rainfall rates increase before birth of Tropical Storm Faxai
The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission or TRMM satellite passed over System 93W in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and saw rainfall rates increasing on Feb.

Diabetes and obesity more common in socioeconomically deprived regions
People who live in socioeconomically deprived regions are more often affected by type 2 diabetes and obesity.

Media alert: Society of Interventional Radiology hosts annual scientific meeting
You are invited to attend the proceedings of the Society of Interventional Radiology's 39th Annual Scientific Meeting, the world's most comprehensive meeting dedicated to research that directly benefits patients with image-guided, minimally invasive medicine and attracts nearly 5,300 doctors, scientists and allied health professionals.

Kessler Foundation researchers find education attenuates impact of TBI on cognition
Kessler Foundation researchers have found that higher educational attainment (a proxy of intellectual enrichment) attenuates the negative impact of traumatic brain injury on cognitive status.

Long-term study confirms success of method for detecting spread of deadly skin cancer
Long-term research that was initiated at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center on lymphatic mapping and sentinel-node biopsy, techniques for detecting the earliest spread (metastasis) of melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, has confirmed that these techniques significantly prolong patients' disease-free and melanoma-specific survival over the traditional observational

Shaky hand, stable spoon: U-M study shows device helps essential tremor patients
For people whose hands shake uncontrollably due to a medical condition, just eating can be a frustrating and embarrassing ordeal -- enough to keep them from sharing a meal with others.

First-of-its-kind web portal to bolster research and treatment for rare diseases
A new web portal -- PhenomeCentral -- is being launched today to connect clinicians and scientists worldwide in an effort to speed the discovery of genes responsible for rare disorders.

Retention leads to discipline problems in other kids
When a student repeats a grade, it can spell trouble for the student's classmates, according to a new Duke-led study of nearly 80,000 middle-schoolers.

Giant sunspot makes third trip across the sun
A giant sunspot -- a magnetically strong and complex region on the sun's surface -- has just appeared over the sun's horizon.

UT Southwestern launches Texas Institute for Brain Injury and Repair
UT Southwestern Medical Center today launched the new Texas Institute for Brain Injury and Repair, a state-funded initiative to promote innovative research and education, with the goals of accelerating translation into better diagnosis and revolutionizing care for millions of people who suffer brain injuries each year.

Psychiatric nursing specialists played key role in response to Boston Marathon bombing
Psychiatric advanced practice nurses (APNs) played a critical role in supporting psychological recovery after the Boston Marathon bombing -- not only for injured patients, but also for family members and hospital staff, according to an article in Clinical Nurse Specialist, official journal of the the National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists.
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