Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 07, 2014
Hospital food safety measures reduce risk of contaminated hospital food
A new study found more than 80 percent of raw chicken used in hospitals in food for patients and staff was contaminated with a form of antibiotic resistant bacteria called extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing E. coli.

Cells appearing normal may actually be harbingers of lung cancer
Airways near lung tumors provide clues to the genetics of cancer.

After years of improving, rates of youth suicide-related behaviors stopped declining
A new study from St. Michael's Hospital found that, after four years of declining, the rates of teenagers coming into Ontario emergency departments with suicide-related behaviors stopped dropping between 2006 and 2010.

Europe's largest badger study finds rare long-distance movements
European badgers can make journeys of more than 20km -- distances longer than previously thought -- researchers have found.

UT Arlington undergrad honored for research on antibiotic resistant infection
One of 60 students selected in the Council on Undergraduate Research's Posters on the Hill competition is looking for a way to stop a dangerous, hospital-acquired disease.

Mothers leave work because they don't want to behave like men, study finds
Middle-class working mothers are leaving work because they are unwilling to behave like men, according to a research paper co-written by a University of Leicester management expert and a senior television producer.

Volume of notifiable disease reporting may double with required electronic lab reporting
Public health departments nationwide are already feeling the strain from budget cuts.

For older drivers, study finds, 1 drink may be 1 too many
You may have only had one glass of wine with dinner, but if you're 55 or older, that single serving may hit you hard enough to make you a dangerous driver.

Squeezing light into metals
Using an inexpensive inkjet printer, University of Utah electrical engineers produced microscopic structures that use light in metals to carry information.

Software analyzes apps for malicious behavior
Apps on web-enabled mobile devices can be used to spy on their users.

Ever-so-slight delay improves decision-making accuracy
Researchers have found that decision-making accuracy can be improved by postponing the onset of a decision by a mere fraction of a second.

NASA satellites see double tropical trouble for Queensland, Australia
There are two developing areas of tropical low pressure that lie east and west of Queensland, Australia.

Keck Foundation award for biomedical imaging
The W.M. Keck Foundation's Medical Research Program has presented a grant for $1 million to Angelique Louie, a professor and vice chair of the UC Davis Department of Biomedical Engineering, for work on visualizing gene expression deep inside tissues.

TGen and Scottsdale Healthcare cancer expert Dr. Daniel D. Von Hoff is honored by ASCO
In association with its 50th anniversary, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) has named Dr.

Activity more than location affects perception of quakes
A new study by Italian researchers suggests that a person's activity at the time of an earthquake influences their perception of shaking more than their location.

New center expands materials research partnerships with industry
A new Center for Dielectrics and Piezoelectrics, supported by the National Science Foundation and co-located at Penn State and North Carolina State University, will build on and expand the research capabilities of Penn State's long-running Center for Dielectrics Studies.

Interactive simulator for vehicle drivers
Maximize mileage, safety, or operating life? Driving behavior behind the wheel has a big influence on the vehicle.

A moving lab for atmospheric research was set up at Hyytiälä, Finland
Finnish and US scientists have begun a new form of cooperation at the observational station of Helsinki University.

New NASA Van Allen Probes observations helping to improve space weather models
Using data from NASA's Van Allen Probes, researchers have tested and improved a model to help forecast what's happening in the radiation environment of near-Earth space -- a place seething with fast-moving particles and a space weather system that varies in response to incoming energy and particles from the sun.

Bone turnover markers predict prostate cancer outcomes
Biomarkers for bone formation and resorption predict outcomes for men with castration-resistant prostate cancer, a team of researchers from UC Davis and their collaborators have found.

NYU researchers find majority of Latinas are unaware of their risk of diabetes
The study points to the urgent need for alternate sites of opportunity for diabetes screenings.

Teen elephant mothers die younger but have bigger families, University of Sheffield research finds
Asian elephants that give birth as teenagers die younger than older mothers but raise bigger families during their lifetime, according to new research from the University of Sheffield.

People more willing to disclose experience of mental health problems, survey finds
A new survey has found that people are more willing to disclose their experience of having a mental health problem and receiving treatment.


Research on 3-D scaffolds sets new bar in lung regeneration
Innovative research efforts in the field of tissue regeneration, including pioneering discoveries by the University of Vermont's Daniel Weiss, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues, hold promise for the estimated 12.7 million people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, the third leading cause of death in the US.

Urbanization exposes French cities to greater seismic risk
French researchers have looked into data mining to develop a method for extracting information on the vulnerability of cities in regions of moderate risk, creating a proxy for assessing the probable resilience of buildings and infrastructure despite incomplete seismic inventories of buildings.

Agricultural fires across the Indochina landscape
Agricultural fires are still burning in Indochina 10 days after the last NASA web posting about the fires.

Notre Dame chemists discover new class of antibiotics
A team of University of Notre Dame researchers led by Mayland Chang and Shahriar Mobashery have discovered a new class of antibiotics to fight bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and other drug-resistant bacteria that threaten public health.

New book on endocytosis from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
'Endocytosis' covers all of the major pathways of endocytosis and postendocytic trafficking and how they regulate cellular and organismal physiology.

New guidelines employ a team approach to autism diagnosis and care
Improving diagnosis and treatment for individuals with autism has been the focus of a growing body of research.

Service is key to winery sales
To buy, or not to buy? That is the question for the more than five million annual visitors to New York's wineries.

Smartphones become 'eye-phones' with low-cost devices developed by Stanford
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have developed two inexpensive adapters that enable a smartphone to capture high-quality images of the front and back of the eye.

Danish nasal filter looks promising for allergy sufferers
Clinical research from Aarhus University, Denmark, suggests that a newly developed type of filter can help people with nasal symptoms from seasonal hay fever.

New approach to prostate cancer screening needed
Manchester researchers surveyed more than 1,000 men and over 100 GPs about whether they would be happy with a risk-based approach to prostate cancer screening.

RIT announces plans for a new school, degree programs devoted to health and nutrition
Rochester Institute of Technology announced plans for a new school of health and nutrition, charged with educating students on the role of nutrition, exercise and behavior modification in promoting healthy lifestyles.

Emerging multi-drug resistant infections lack standard definition and treatment
Infection control practices for detecting and treating patients infected with emerging multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria vary significantly between hospitals.

New research seeks to prevent preterm birth with March of Dimes support
Five researchers, from the United States and Canada, are seeking to understand what role genetic variations, infection, fetal lung development and changes cervical ripening may play in triggering preterm labor.

Slovak Republic becomes EMBL Prospect Member State
The European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) welcomes the Slovak Republic as the first country to join its new Prospect Member scheme.

Pre-term birth and asthma
Researchers published findings strongly suggesting that preterm birth -- prior to 37 weeks gestation -- increases the risk of asthma and wheezing disorders during childhood and that the risk of developing these conditions increases as the degree of prematurity increases.

New tracking system measures distribution hazards on products and packages
Recognizing the conditions under which goods are transported to better prevent damage is key to a new product developed by a research team at Rochester Institute of Technology.

Traffic-related air pollution associated with changes in right ventricular structure and function
Exposure to high levels of traffic-related air pollution is associated with changes in the right ventricle of the heart that may contribute to the known connection between air pollution exposure and heart disease, according to a new study.

Epigenetic changes could explain type 2 diabetes
People with type 2 diabetes have epigenetic changes on their DNA that healthy individuals do not have.

Education 'protects' poor women from fattening effects of rising wealth
Obesity levels among women in low- and middle-income countries tend to rise in line with wealth as they purchase more energy-dense foods, but a new UCL study suggests that more educated consumers make better food choices that mitigate this effect.

Deer proliferation disrupts a forest's natural growth
Cornell researchers have discovered that a burgeoning deer population forever alters the progression of a forest's natural future by creating environmental havoc in the soil and disrupting the soil's natural seed banks.

New high-tech glasses detect cancer cells during surgery
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of Arizona in Tucson led by Samuel Achilefu have created a pair of high-tech glasses that help surgeons visualize cancer cells during surgeries.

Anti-psychotic medications offer new hope in the battle against glioblastoma
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered that Food and Drug Administration-approved anti-psychotic drugs possess tumor-killing activity against the most aggressive form of primary brain cancer, glioblastoma.

The dark side of fair play
Northeastern University assistant professor of philosophy Rory Smead studies the evolution of spite and, in new research, investigates possible explanations for fair behavior that hadn't been considered before.

Promising news for solar fuels from Berkeley Lab researchers at JCAP
A JCAP study shows that nearly 90 percent of the electrons generated by a semiconductor/cobaloxime hybrid catalyst designed to store solar energy in hydrogen are being stored in their intended target molecules.

New theory on cause of endometriosis
Changes to two previously unstudied genes are the centerpiece of a new theory regarding the cause and development of endometriosis, a chronic and painful disease affecting one in 10 women.
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