Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 09, 2014
UEA research reveals 4 new man-made gases in the atmosphere
New research from the University of East Anglia reveals that four new man-made gases have been discovered in the atmosphere.

Scents and sustainability
Fresh banana, a waft of flowers, blueberry: the scents in Shota Atsumi's laboratory in the UC Davis Department of Chemistry are a little sweeter than most.

Smartphone app reads blood oxygen levels to hospital standards, advances to global obstetrics tests
A $40 smartphone app with simple-to-use software and plug-in hardware delivers hospital-standard measurements of blood oxygen -- a Canadian invention that can forewarn of life-threatening pre-eclampsia with 80 percent accuracy, offering an important tool to help prevent countless developing world maternal and child deaths.

Biomolecular tweezers facilitate study of mechanical force effects on cells and proteins
A new type of biomolecular tweezers could help researchers study how mechanical forces affect the biochemical activity of cells and proteins.

Spread of antibiotic resistance understood by unravelling bacterial secretion system
The system that allows the sharing of genetic material between bacteria -- and therefore the spread of antibiotic resistance -- has been uncovered by a team of scientists at Birkbeck, University of London and UCL.

Blood test identifies those at-risk for cognitive decline, Alzheimer's within 3 years
Researchers have discovered and validated a blood test that can predict with greater than 90 percent accuracy if a healthy person will develop mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease within three years.

In grasslands remade by humans, animals may protect biodiversity
A study of grasslands on six continents suggests a way to counteract the human-made overdose of fertilizer that threatens the biodiversity of the world's prairies.

Atomically thin solar cells
A lot of research has been done on graphene recently -- carbon flakes, consisting of only one layer of atoms.

Sun's energy influences 1,000 years of natural climate variability in North Atlantic
Changes in the sun's energy output may have led to marked natural climate change in Europe over the last 1,000 years, according to researchers at Cardiff University.

Blind can 'hear' colors and shapes, show Hebrew U. researchers
What if you could 'hear' colors? Or shapes? These features are normally perceived visually, but using sensory substitution devices they can now be conveyed to the brain noninvasively through other senses, say Hebrew University of Jerusalem researchers.

Stem cell study opens door to undiscovered world of biology
For the first time, researchers have shown that an essential biological process known as protein synthesis can be studied in adult stem cells -- something scientists have long struggled to accomplish.

Takeda and UCL to work together to tackle muscle disorders
Japanese pharmaceutical company Takeda will work with University College London to drive research into tackling muscle disorders, in particular muscular dystrophy.

Mutations in leukemia gene linked to new childhood growth disorder
Mutations in a gene associated with leukemia cause a newly described condition that affects growth and intellectual development in children, new research reports.

UNC researchers create new tool to unravel the mysteries of metastasis
Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine have devised a new biochemical technique that will allow them and other scientists to delve much deeper than ever before into the specific cellular circuitry that keeps us healthy or causes disease.

Farm salmon pose clear reproductive threat to wild gene pools
New research from the University of East Anglia shows that while farmed salmon are genetically different to their wild counterparts, they are just as fertile.

Eye health experts come together to boost fight against avoidable blindness
On Commonwealth Day, a new £7.1 million grant has established the Commonwealth Eye Health Consortium.

First animals oxygenated the ocean, study suggests
The evolution of the first animals may have oxygenated the earth's oceans -- contrary to the traditional view that a rise in oxygen triggered their development.

New bioinformatics tool to visualize transcriptomes
ZENBU, a new, freely available bioinformatics tool developed at the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technology in Japan, enables researchers to quickly and easily integrate, visualize and compare large amounts of genomic information resulting from large-scale, next-generation sequencing experiments.

These aren't the voids you're looking for
Australian astronomers have shown galaxies in the vast empty regions of the Universe are actually aligned into delicate strings in research published today in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

U of M-led study finds herbivores can offset loss of plant biodiversity in grassland
Two wrongs may not make a right. But when it comes to grassland plant species diversity, it just might.
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