Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 11, 2014
Major League Baseball players win more games following Tommy John surgery
In the new study, 'Rate of Return to Pitching and Performance after Tommy John Surgery in Major League Baseball Pitchers,' presented today at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, researchers found a high rate of pitchers returning to Major League Baseball play following Tommy John surgery, with a significant improvement in pitching performance.

Promoting love can punish sales
New research from consumer psychologist Lisa Cavanaugh, assistant professor at the USC Marshall School of Business, reveals how the prevalent marketing practice of highlighting relationships in advertising and promotions can have substantial negative consequences for sales and consumers' willingness to indulge themselves.

Gene therapy for lysosomal storage disease shown to be safe and well tolerated
Several young children suffering from a severe degenerative genetic disease received injections of therapeutic genes packaged within a noninfectious viral delivery vector.

Industry, academic researchers gather for Accelerating Cancer Cures Research Symposium
Today, the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation held the third annual Accelerating Cancer Cures Research Symposium.

Restoring order in the brain
Tel Aviv University researchers have discovered that when they re-established a population of new cells in the part of the brain associated with behavior, some symptoms of Alzheimer's disease significantly decreased or were reversed altogether.

New prognostic test for breast cancer could improve patient treatment
A study by researchers in Nottingham has developed a new clinical test for breast cancer which aims to improve patient treatment.

New UC San Diego biosensor will guard water supplies from toxic threats
Supported by a $953,958 grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, researchers at the University of California San Diego will develop a sophisticated new biosensor that can protect the nation's water supplies from a wide range of toxins, including heavy metals and other poisons.

Nicotine patches do not appear to help pregnant smokers to quit
Nicotine patches do not appear to help pregnant smokers to quit, according to a study published on bmj.com today.

New gene for bipolar disorder discovered
First on top of the world and then in the depths of despair -- this is what the extreme mood changes for people with bipolar disorder are like.

SURA honors Georgia Tech biologist as Distinguished Scientist
The Southeastern Universities Research Association today announced that Jeffrey Skolnick, Director of the Integrated Biosystems Institute at Georgia Institute of Technology, will receive its 2014 SURA Distinguished Scientist Award.

Total hip replacement surgery safe for nonagenarian patients
In the study, 'Total Hip Arthroplasty Proves Safe for Nonagenarian Patients,' presented today at the at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, researchers concluded that nonagenarian patients can safely undergo a total hip replacement, despite advanced age and a higher prevalence of comorbidities.

New MRI can 'see through' metal screws to follow patients after hip fracture surgery
People who sustain the most common type of hip fracture are at increased risk of complications.

Study: Women report more pain than men after knee replacement surgery
One of the biggest concerns of patients considering knee replacement is the amount of pain they will have after surgery.

Hip, knee replacements may boost cardiovascular health in osteoarthritis patients
A study presented at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons found that total joint replacement may reduce the risk for 'cardiac events,' including heart attack and stroke, and boost long-term survival.

Revolutionary nuclear radiation detector hits the market
A handheld radiation camera developed by University of Michigan engineering researchers offers nuclear plant operators a faster way to find potentially dangerous hot spots and leaky fuel rods.

Patients with metabolic disorder may face higher complication risk following total joint replacement
In a new study presented today at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, researchers found that total joint replacement patients with three or more metabolic syndrome risk factors were almost three times as likely to have complications within the first year after joint replacement.

Discrepancies between trial results reported on clinical trial registry and in journals
During a one year period, among clinical trials published in high-impact journals that reported results on a public clinical trial registry, nearly all had at least one discrepancy in the study group, intervention, or results reported between the two sources, including discrepancies in the designated primary end points for the studies, according to a study in the March 12 issue of JAMA.

Excessive deer populations hurt native plant biodiversity
A research team led by Susan Kalisz, professor of evolutionary ecology in the University of Pittsburgh's Department of Biological Sciences, published a paper online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences that takes a long view on why invasive garlic mustard plants thrive to the detriment of native species.

Experts urge Chancellor to 'crack down on cheap drink' in next week's budget
Experts are today urging the Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne to 'stand by the government's commitment to crack down on cheap drink' by retaining the alcohol duty escalator in next week's budget.

What's the upside of feeling too sad for chocolate?
The instant gratification and the pleasure derived from consuming excessive chocolate and deep-fried foods can lead way to a double-edged sword of negative consequences ranging from weight gain to feelings of low self-esteem.

Lessons learned managing geriatric patients offer framework for improved care
A large team of experts led by a Johns Hopkins geriatrician reports that efforts to improve the care of older adults and others with complex medical needs will fall short unless public policymakers focus not only on preventing hospital readmission rates, but also on better coordination of community-based 'care transitions.' Lessons learned from managing such transitions for older patients, they say, may offer a framework for overall improvement.

Study finds comparable outcomes for commonly used surgeries to treat vaginal prolapse
For women undergoing surgery for vaginal prolapse and stress urinary incontinence, neither of two common repair procedures was superior to the other for functional or adverse event outcomes, and behavioral therapy with pelvic muscle training did not improve urinary symptoms or prolapse outcomes after surgery, according to a study in the March 12 issue of JAMA.

Researchers show that bold baboons learn to solve tasks from other baboons
Baboons learn from other baboons about new food sources -- but only if they are bold or anxious.

Dingo poisoning should be stopped to protect native Australian mammals
Poisoning of dingoes -- the top predators in the Australian bush -- has a deleterious effect on small native mammals such as marsupial mice, bandicoots and native rodents, a UNSW-led study shows.

Acoustic cloaking device hides objects from sound
Duke engineers have demonstrated the world's first three-dimensional acoustic cloak.

Plaques detected in brain scans forecast cognitive impairment
Brain imaging using radioactive dye can detect early evidence of Alzheimer's disease that may predict future cognitive decline among adults with mild or no cognitive impairment, according to a 36-month follow-up study led by Duke Medicine.

Time versus money? Placing a value on buyer's remorse
From a product's price to its convenience, ease of use, and number of overall features, many factors play into getting the most 'bang for your buck.' According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, when it comes to weighing tradeoffs, selecting something more expensive based on perceived value might lead to buyer's remorse in the long run.

Anesthetic technique improves quality of recovery for women having breast cancer surgery
Anesthesiologists using a technique similar to a dental freeze can improve the quality of recovery and decrease recovery time for breast cancer surgery patients, according to a new study.

First human totally endoscopic aortic valve replacements reported
Surgeons in France have successfully replaced the aortic valve in two patients without opening the chest during surgery.

Pezcoller Foundation and AACR honor outstanding achievements of Dr. Elaine Fuchs
Elaine Fuchs, Ph.D., will receive the 2014 Pezcoller Foundation-American Association for Cancer Research International Award for Cancer Research at the AACR Annual Meeting 2014, to be held in San Diego, Calif., April 5-9, in recognition of her seminal work contributing to the understanding of mammalian skin, skin stem cells, and skin-related diseases, particularly cancers, genetic diseases, and proinflammatory disorders.

Metallurgical challenges in microelectronic 3-D IC packaging technology
Three-dimensional IC stacking is the most promising way to extend the limit of the miniaturization of large-scale-integration of 2-D circuits on Si chips.

AACR recognizes contributions of multi-institutional research team against brain cancer
The American Association for Cancer Research will award the Eighth Annual AACR Team Science Award to the Duke University/Johns Hopkins University/National Cancer Institute Malignant Brain Tumor Team at the AACR Annual Meeting 2014, to be held in San Diego, Calif., April 5-9.

Women & Infants earns March of Dimes prematurity research initiative grant
With the help of funding from the March of Dimes, James F.

Magnet hospitals have higher quality of care, NYU researcher finds
Research from NYU College of Nursing and the U of Penn School of Nursing provides insight on the factors contributing to the differences between Magnet and Non-Magnet hospitals as well as an analysis of the links between Magnet Recognition and better nurse-reported quality of care.

Researchers slow pancreatic cancer growth by blocking key enzyme
A research team from Imperial College London has shown that blocking the function of an enzyme known as Hhat slows the growth and spread of pancreatic cancer, by preventing a protein called Hedgehog from stimulating nearby normal cells to help the cancer.

Getting hyperspectral image data down to a sprint
Materials of similar appearance can be unambiguously identified by the respective color spectrum.

Fruit flies help uncover tumor-preventing protein complex
A team of researchers from Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School have discovered a protein complex that disrupts the process known as dedifferentiation, known to promote tumor development.

Type 1 diabetes in adults: Antibody affinity is decisive
Patients with LADA -- a form of autoimmune type 1 diabetes in adulthood -- can be distinguished from patients with non-autoimmune type 2 diabetes by means of the antibody reaction affinity to the enzyme glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD).

Study finds no greater injury risk on artificial playing surfaces
New research presented today at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons found no greater injury risk for athletes playing on artificial playing surfaces.

Cosmetic treatment can open the door to bacteria
Many people have 'fillers' injected into their facial tissue to give them 'bee-stung lips' or to smooth out their wrinkles.

Genetics may explain high-functioning senior athletes with hip abnormalities
Genetics may explain why some senior athletes are high functioning despite having one or both hip abnormalities typically associated with early onset osteoarthritis.

Geoscientists to meet in Fayetteville to discuss triggered seismicity, karst and energy resources
Geoscientists from the south-central US and beyond will convene in Fayetteville, Ark., USA, on 17-18 March to discuss new science, expand on existing science, and explore the unique geologic features of the region.

Researchers closer to improving safety, effectiveness of lithium therapy
Lithium, one of the oldest and most widely used drugs to treat neuropsychiatric illnesses, such as bipolar disorder, has a serious drawback -- toxicity.

Alps to Appalachia; submarine channels to Tibetan plateau; Death Valley to arctic Canada
On Feb. 27 and March 6, 2014, GSA Bulletin published 11 articles online ahead of print, including two that are open access: 'O2 constraints from Paleoproterozoic detrital pyrite and uraninite' and 'Sediment transfer and deposition in slope channels: Deciphering the record of enigmatic deep-sea processes from outcrop.' Other articles cover geological features in the Alps; the Appalachians; Death Valley; India; the Himalaya; the Columbia River Basalt Province; San Simeon, Calif.; Kaua'i, Hawai'i; and arctic Canada.

Global survey of urban birds and plants find more diversity than expected
'We were able to build the largest database to date from the largest number of cities, more than 140 on every continent except Antarctica,' the lead author says.

NREL aims to improve building energy performance with new web-based tool
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory has developed a web-based tool to help consumers better understand the energy performance of building-related products.

Whole-genome sequencing for clinical use faces many challenges, Stanford study finds
Whole-genome sequencing has been touted as a game-changer in personalized medicine.

Obesity associated with lower academic attainment in teenage girls, says new study
Obesity in adolescent girls is associated with lower academic attainment levels throughout their teenage years, a new study has shown.

The immune system's redesigned role in fighting cancerous tumors
Researchers in the Cedars-Sinai Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute eradicated solid tumors in laboratory mice using a novel combination of two targeted agents.

Cellular alchemy: Penn study shows how to make insulin-producing cells from gut cells
Introducing three proteins that control the regulation of DNA in the nucleus -- called transcription factors -- into an immune-deficient mouse turned a specific group of cells in the gut lining into beta-like cells, raising the prospect of using differentiated pancreatic cells as a source for new beta cells.

GENETHON and ESTEVE announce agreement to manufacture the gene therapy for the treatment of Sanfilippo syndrome
ESTEVE, a Spanish pharmaceutical company devoted to the research, development, manufacturing and commercialization of novel medicines and Genethon, a nonā€profit organization dedicated to the research and development of gene therapies for orphan genetic diseases, announce that they have entered into an agreement to manufacture Esteve's investigational gene therapy for the treatment of Sanfilippo A Syndrome, AAV9-hsulfamidase, under GMP.

Empathy chimpanzees offer is key to understanding human engagement
New findings show that chimpanzees exhibit flexibility in their empathy, just as humans do.

The George Washington University receives record-breaking gifts
The George Washington University today announced three gifts totaling $80 million that will address -- in collaboration with other institutions -- many of the world's public health challenges, focusing on prevention of disease and promotion of wellness.

Incontinence and prolapse procedures found to be comparable in women
Two common procedures to treat pelvic organ prolapse without vaginal mesh are comparable in safety and efficacy, according to research published in the latest issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

A new cell type is implicated in epilepsy caused by traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injury is a risk factor for epilepsy, though the relationship is not understood.

No one likes a copycat, no matter where you live
Very young children often don't view an artistic copycat negatively, but that changes by the age of 5 or 6, even in countries that place less value on intellectual property rights than the US.

York U astronomer maps out Earth's place in the universe among 'Council of Giants'
A new paper by York University physics and astronomy professor Marshall McCall, published today in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, maps out bright galaxies within 35-million light-years of the Earth, offering up an expanded picture of what lies beyond our doorstep.

Study of the effects of winter storms' impact on southwest UK could aid preparedness
UK scientists funded by NERC have just started a 12-month project to find out how the recent barrage of devastating winter storms affected the communities and coastlines of southwest England.

The business of fear: Can our favorite products provide emotional support?
Worried that you could be in a car accident? Insurance company X can protect you and your family.

Power play: Empowered consumers are more likely to switch brands
As consumers, we form favorite brands and select services providers from a plethora of choices.

Discontinuation of randomized clinical trials common
Approximately 25 percent of about 1,000 randomized clinical trials initiated between 2000 and 2003 were discontinued, with the most common reason cited being poor recruitment of volunteers; and less than half of these trials reported the discontinuation to a research ethics committee, or were ever published, according to a study in the March 12 issue of JAMA.

Clinical trial identifies women most likely to benefit from vaginal mesh surgery
Certain women with vaginal prolapse are most likely to benefit from undergoing vaginal mesh surgery, a technique that has become controversial and is the focus of numerous lawsuits.

Lack of sleep, stress describe a mother's experience after child's ALL treatment
Many months after their child's diagnosis and treatment, 46 percent of mothers exhibited symptoms of clinical anxiety and 26 percent of mothers showed depressive symptoms.

Scientists 'herd' cells in new approach to tissue engineering
UC Berkeley engineers have found that an electrical current can be used to orchestrate the flow of a group of cells.

Personality may be key risk factor in preventive health care
When it comes to helping young adults avoid serious health problems later in life, assessing their personalities during routine medical exams could prove as useful as recording their family medical histories and smoking habits, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

AGU journal highlights -- March 11, 2014
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics: 'Cassini sheds light on Titan's second largest lake, Ligeia Mare'; 'Tectonic stress feedback loop explains U-shaped glacial valleys'; 'Measuring the effect of water vapor on climate warming'; 'First assessment of noctilucent cloud variability at midlatitudes'; 'Modeling surface circulation patterns in the Gulf of Mexico'; and 'New algorithm to improve earthquake early warning systems.'

New gene for bipolar disorder discovered
First on top of the world and then in the depths of despair -- this is what the extreme mood changes for people with bipolar disorder are like.

Crowdsourced rain samples map Hurricane Sandy's evolution
As the climate changes in the 21st century, more hurricanes may stray farther north along the eastern seaboard, like Superstorm Sandy did.

X-ray laser FLASH spies deep into giant gas planets
Using DESY's X-ray laser FLASH, researchers took a sneak peek deep into the lower atmospheric layers of giant gas planets such as Jupiter or Saturn.

Research consortium identifies predictors of successful ACL reconstruction
Researchers have found that a patient's age and the type of tissue graft have a direct impact on ACL reconstructive surgery outcomes, according to an exhibit presented March 11 at the 2014 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons annual meeting in New Orleans.

LED lamps: Less energy, more light
LEDs are durable and save energy. Now researchers have found a way to make LED lamps even more compact while supplying more light than commercially available models.

Rowan University Foundation creates new venture fund, commits $5 million
The Rowan University Foundation, the philanthropic and fundraising arm of Rowan University, committed to allocate $5 million to a new venture capital fund to fuel new research initiatives by faculty, students and alumni.

Diets high in animal protein may help prevent functional decline in elderly individuals
A diet high in protein, particularly animal protein, may help elderly individuals function at higher levels physically, psychologically, and socially, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Tracking neighborhood eating habits to promote healthier diets
This release focuses on using checkout grocery data from Montreal neighborhoods as a tool to combat unhealthy food choices.

UGA researchers identify decision-making center of brain
Although choosing to do something because the perceived benefit outweighs the financial cost is something people do daily, little is known about what happens in the brain when a person makes these kinds of decisions.

Success of new bug-fighting approach may vary from field to field
A new technique to fight crop insect pests may affect different insect populations differently, researchers report.

Long-term warming likely to be significant despite recent slowdown
A new NASA study shows Earth's climate likely will continue to warm during this century on track with previous estimates, despite the recent slowdown in the rate of global warming.

Education boosts brain function long after school
Education significantly improves mental functioning in seniors even four decades after finishing school, shows a new study published in the journal Demography by researchers at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and the University of Linz.

ESTEVE and UAB advance in their program to develop a cure for Sanfilippo A syndrome
ESTEVE has announced the signing of two agreements that will enable it to progress the development of its gene therapy for the treatment of Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA (MPSIIIA or Sanfilippo A Syndrome) and begin a phase I/II clinical trial in 2015.

Giving dangerous employees socialization, close supervision can avoid problems
Two UT Arlington management professors argue that employers can prevent workplace violence by keeping dangerous employees positively engaged and closely supervising them to ensure they get the help they need.

The first food web inside humans suggests potential new treatments for infection
Imagine going to the doctor with an infection and being sent home with a course of drugs.

New AGA/GCF research grant to fund exploration of the development of gastric cancer
The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Research Foundation and the Gastric Cancer Foundation are pleased to announce that the first AGA-Gastric Cancer Foundation Research Scholar Award in Gastric and Esophageal Cancer will support Mohamed El-Zaatari, Ph.D., from University of Michigan, as he conducts research into the role of myeloid cells in the transition from chronic inflammation to gastric pre-neoplasia.

Statins may lower blood clot risk following joint replacement surgery
New, first-of-its-kind research presented today at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, found that statins, when used in conjunction with conventional blood clot prevention therapies, significantly reduced the risk for venous thromboembolic events following total joint replacement surgery.

NASA saw some power in Tropical Cyclone Gillian before making landfall
NASA's TRMM satellite saw some towering thunderstorms in Tropical Cyclone Gillian before it made landfall over the Western Cape York Peninsula of Queensland, Australia.

Study: MLB pitchers don't regain performance level after Tommy John surgery
Major League Baseball players who undergo Tommy John surgery are less likely to regain the performance level they had before surgery, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study.

Study using driving simulator determines when it's safe to drive after hip replacement
After hip replacement surgery, many patients are anxious to resume driving.

Dynamic stressing of a global system of faults results in rare seismic silence
In the global aftershock zone that followed the major April 2012 Indian Ocean earthquake, seismologists noticed an unusual pattern -- a dynamic 'stress shadow,' or period of seismic silence when some faults near failure were temporarily rendered incapable of a large rupture.

Ocean food web is key in the global carbon cycle
Nothing dies of old age in the ocean. Everything gets eaten and all that remains of anything is waste.

Discrepancies in clinical trial reporting raise questions of accuracy
In a Yale School of Medicine analysis of 96 research trial results published in top journals, almost all had at least one discrepancy between what was reported on the public clinical trial registry clinicaltrials.gov and what was posted in the journal article.

Glucosamine fails to prevent deterioration of knee cartilage, decrease pain
A short-term study found that oral glucosamine supplementation is not associated with a lessening of knee cartilage deterioration among individuals with chronic knee pain.

Speed trap for fish catches domestic trout moving too slow
Washington State University researchers have documented dramatic differences in the swimming ability of domesticated trout and their wilder relatives.

Imbalanced hearing is more than a mild disability
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have received a five-year, $3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to study the effects of asymmetric hearing loss in adults and children.

Change happens: New maps reveal land cover change over 5 years across North America
A new set of maps featured in the CEC's North American Environmental Atlas depicts land cover changes in North America's forests, prairies, deserts and cities, using satellite images from 2005 and 2010.

Scientists from Penn and CHOP confirm link between missing DNA and birth defects
A team from the University of Pennsylvania and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia has identified the genetic basis for a particular human syndrome that involves cleft palate, epilepsy and respiratory difficulties.

Exotic plant species alter ecosystem productivity
In their joint publication in the journal Ecology Letters, German and American biologists have reported an increase in biomass production in ecosystems colonized by non-native plant species.

'Fly' meeting to spotlight research advances in genetics
Genetics Society of America's Drosophila Research Conference, March 26-30, 2014, in San Diego will feature latest research on such topics as cell biology and the cytoskeleton, RNA biology, screening of experimental therapeutics in fly models as well as fly models of such human diseases as cancer, epilepsy, heart disease and diabetes.

NREL examines solar policy pathways for states
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has published a report that aligns solar policy and market success with state demographics.

The Case of Mistress Mary Hampson
After exhaustive extra research, which included poring over more than 40 legal documents, Dr Malay has now published The Case of Mistress Mary Hampson.

Lignin breakthroughs serve as GPS for plant research
By thoroughly mapping a single specialized tissue involved in wood formation, scientists at North Carolina State University have developed the equivalent of turn-by-turn directions for future plant research.

How Twitter shapes public opinion
How exactly does Twitter, with its 241 million users tweeting out 500 million messages daily, shape public opinion?

Repeat ED visits for opioid overdose raise risk of hospitalization, respiratory failure
Patients brought to hospital emergency departments more than once in a year for treatment of opioid drug overdoses are more likely to be hospitalized for overdose and to need respiratory support with a mechanical ventilator.

The Holberg Prize 2014 is awarded to scholar of Islamic history
The British historian Michael Cook is awarded 'the Nobel Prize of the arts, humanities, social sciences, law and theology.' Terje Lohndal is the youngest recipient ever to be awarded the Nils Klim Prize.

Gesturing with hands is a powerful tool for children's math learning
Children who use their hands to gesture during a math lesson gain a deep understanding of the problems they are taught, according to new research from University of Chicago's Department of Psychology.

UC Davis MIND Institute joins ranks of elite US neurodevelopmental centers
The UC Davis MIND Institute has been named an Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center, through a prestigious grant from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health.

Cancer cells don't take 'drunken' walks through the body
Biologists have believed that cancers cells spread through the body in a slow, aimless fashion, resembling a drunk who can't walk straight.

AACR, CRI honor Robert Schreiber with Lloyd J. Old Award in Cancer Immunology
he American Association for Cancer Research and the Cancer Research Institute will present Robert D.

Prescriptions for opioids stabilizing after fivefold increase in 10-year span
To support the appropriate use of opioids and inform public health interventions to prevent drug abuse, most states have implemented a prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP).

Prosocial youth less likely to associate with deviant peers, engage in problem behaviors
Prosocial behaviors, or actions intended to help others, remain an important area of focus for researchers interested in factors that reduce violence and other behavioral problems in youth.

Novel vaccine trial design aims to answer key TB questions
Aeras today announced the initiation of the first randomized, controlled tuberculosis vaccine trial designed to study prevention of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection by vaccination.

Filling out those employment questionnaires might reveal more than you think
Your answers on psychological questionnaires, including some of the ones that some employers give their employees, might have a distinct biological signature.

Why antisocial youths are less able to take the perspective of others
This is a neuroimaging study of social interaction with delinquent adolescents.

Substance naturally found in humans is effective in fighting brain damage from stroke
A molecular substance that occurs naturally in humans and rats was found to 'substantially reduce' brain damage after an acute stroke and contribute to a better recovery, according to a newly released animal study by researchers at Henry Ford Hospital.

They're grrrreat! How do brands create loyalty that lasts a lifetime?
From a very young age, children are targeted with advertising messages that emphasize fun and happiness, especially for food products and toys.

Community action not enough to reduce problem drinking and related harms
Implementation of community-based interventions alone is unlikely to be effective for reducing most alcohol-related harms and risky alcohol consumption, according to a study by Australian researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Study examines development of peer review research in biomedicine
An analysis of research on peer review finds that studies aimed at improving methods of peer review and reporting of biomedical research are underrepresented and lack dedicated funding, according to a study in the March 12 issue of JAMA.

Soil microbes shift as shrubs invade remnant hill prairies
Perched high on the bluffs of the big river valleys in the Midwest are some of the last remnants of never-farmed prairie grasslands.

Examining potential of clinical applications of whole-genome sequencing
In an exploratory study involving 12 adults, the use of whole-genome sequencing was associated with incomplete coverage of inherited-disease genes, low reproducibility of detection of genetic variation with the highest potential clinical effects, and uncertainty about clinically reportable findings, although in certain cases whole-genome sequencing will identify genetic variants warranting early medical intervention, according to a study in the March 12 issue of JAMA.

Light pollution impairs rainforest regeneration
Increasing light pollution in tropical habitats could be hampering regeneration of rainforests because of its impact on nocturnal fruit-eating bats.

Two surgeries for pelvic prolapse found similarly effective, safe
Two surgical treatments for a form of pelvic hernia affecting women have similar rates of success and safety, scientists in a National Institutes of Health research network have found.

Antibody could be used to target tumor-causing protein, study shows
Cincinnati Cancer Center and University of Cincinnati Cancer Institute researchers have found in a phase-1 study that patients with advanced melanoma and kidney cancer who were treated with a certain antibody that targets a tumor-enhancing protein was safe, which could lead to more treatment options for patients.

Researchers reveal gap in carbon capture and sequestration education
Carbon capture and sequestration has been an exciting topic both for researchers and also the policy makers on what to do with the large quantities of carbon dioxide released when fossil fuel use in power generation.

Gift giving 101: When do 'perfect' gifts backfire?
When it comes to shopping for gifts, we try to select things we think people both want and need.

Timid jumping spider uses ant as bodyguard
A timid jumping spider uses the scent of ants as a secret weapon to save itself from becoming the soggy prey of the predatory spitting spider.

Scientists unlock potential heart attack drug without side effects
Melbourne scientists are a step closer to creating a new drug to stop a heart attack in its tracks and reduce the damage caused, without any side effects.

Postoperative 'doctor shopping' linked to higher narcotic use among orthopaedic patients
'Doctor shopping,' the growing practice of obtaining narcotic prescriptions from multiple providers, has led to measurable increases in drug use among postoperative orthopedic trauma patients, according to a new study presented today at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Microbe growth to be examined at International Space Station for UC Davis research project
Microbes collected across the country will soon blast into orbit for research and a microgravity growth competition on the International Space Station.

NASA eyes 2 tropical cyclones east of Australia
NASA's Aqua and TRMM satellites have been providing rainfall data, cloud heights and temperature and other valuable information to forecasters at the Joint Typhoon Warning Center as they track tropical cyclones Hadi and Lusi in the South Pacific.

Finding hiding place of virus could lead to new treatments
Discovering where a common virus hides in the body has been a long-term quest for scientists.

Study finds CT scans predict chemotherapy response in pancreatic cancer
Computed tomography scans routinely taken to guide the treatment of pancreatic cancer may provide an important secondary benefit.

Some galaxies in the early universe grew up quickly
Most of the galaxies that have been observed from the early days of the universe were young and actively forming stars.

Higher levels of CSF alpha-synuclein predict faster cognitive loss in Parkinson's disease
The course of Parkinson's disease can vary from gradual deterioration to precipitous decline in motor or cognitive function.

New technique uses ATP as trigger for targeted anti-cancer drug delivery
Biomedical engineering researchers have developed a new technique that uses adenosine-5'-triphosphate, the so-called 'energy molecule,' to trigger the release of anti-cancer drugs directly into cancer cells.

California and Arizona amaze with 2 new species of desert poppy
Not quite desert roses, two new species of desert poppies from North America amaze with their simple beauty.

Healthy food is good for you -- and can sell, too
You don't just need to rely on hot dogs and pizza to make a buck at concession stands.
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