Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 19, 2014
Social feedback loop aids language development
Verbal interactions between parents and children create a social feedback loop important for language development, according to research forthcoming in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

EU could afford to lead international climate action
This week, the heads of the EU member states will meet in Brussels to discuss the adoption of a 40 percent greenhouse gas reduction target for 2030.

Kessler Foundation MS scientist awarded Patterson Trust Award in Clinical Research
Lauren Strober, Ph.D., was awarded a Patterson Trust Award in Clinical Research, a two-year grant for $75,000.

Understanding binge eating and obesity
Researchers at the University of Cambridge have developed a novel method for evaluating the treatment of obesity-related food behavior.

Multidisciplinary research team led by Tufts CTSI proposes new model for clinical trials
Experts across academia, industry and government propose a new method for health care providers to get the right treatments to the right patients at the right time.

Oldest fossil evidence of modern African venomous snakes found in Tanzania
Ohio University scientists have found the oldest definitive fossil evidence of modern, venomous snakes in Africa, according to a new study published March 19 in the journal PLOS ONE.

Researchers uncover allergy-cancer connection
While many are stocking up on allergy medicine in preparation for spring, a new study from researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center has uncovered a new connection between allergy and cancer that could potentially lead to therapies involving common antihistamines.

Catching the early spread of breast cancer
When cancer spreads, it becomes even more deadly. It moves with stealth and can go undetected for months or years.

North Shore-LIJ Cancer Institute doctors' editorial published
Two North Shore-LIJ Cancer Institute doctors, world-renowned for their research in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), weigh in on a German study of a new drug therapy for CLL in the March 20 edition of the New England Journal of Medicine, the North Shore-LIJ Health System announced today.

The scientific legacy of colonialism in Africa
Colonial legacy has a significant impact on scientific productivity across the continent of Africa, according to a study by researchers published in the International Journal of Education Economics and Development.

The Goldilocks principle: New hypothesis explains Earth's continued habitability
Scientists show how geologic process regulates the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Bighorn sheep went extinct on desert island in Gulf of California, study finds
Using ancient DNA analysis and other techniques, a research team led by conservation biologists at the University of California, Riverside has determined that bighorn sheep, so named for their massive spiral horns, became extinct on Tiburon Island, a large and mostly uninhabited island just off Sonora, Mexico, in the Gulf of California, sometime in the last millennium -- specifically between the 6th and 19th centuries.

Tracking endangered leatherback sea turtles by satellite, key habitats identified
Most satellite tagging studies of leatherbacks have focused on adult females on their tropical nesting beaches, so little is known worldwide about males and subadults, the researcher point out.

Surface of Titan Sea is mirror smooth, Stanford scientists find
Using radar measurements gathered by NASA's Cassini spacecraft, Stanford geophysicist Howard Zebker and his team have concluded that the surface of Ligeia Mare, Titan's second largest sea, has a mirror-like smoothness, possibly due to a lack of winds.

Low doses of antianxiety drugs rebalance the autistic brain
New research in mice suggests that autism is characterized by reduced activity of inhibitory neurons and increased activity of excitatory neurons in the brain, but balance can be restored with low doses of a well-known class of drugs currently used in much higher doses to treat anxiety and epileptic seizures.

Ottawa researchers find new pathway connected to type 2 diabetes
Canadian researchers have discovered a cellular pathway that is responsible for keeping blood sugar levels low, and may prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Fossilized bighorn sheep poop reveals early Holocene population
Genetic analysis of ancient poop found off the coast of Mexico suggests bighorn sheep may be native to the island.

Fossils of earliest stick insect to mimic plants discovered
An ancient stick insect species may have mimicked plant leaves for defense.

Genetic testing may help select women with ER+ breast cancer for extended hormone therapy
Genetic analyses of results from 1,125 postmenopausal women being treated for estrogen responsive breast cancer have shown that some of them are more likely than others to have a late recurrence of their cancer and might benefit from 10 years of hormone therapy rather than five.

Pocket diagnosis
A new app which turns any smartphone into a portable medical diagnostic device could help in the fight against diseases including HIV, tuberculosis and malaria in the developing world.

Critical illness increases risk of psychological problems
New research shows that every seventh person who has received mechanical ventilation risks developing anxiety, depression and insomnia.

Corporate-funded academic inventions spur increased innovation, analysis says
Academic research sponsored by industry leads to innovative patents and licenses, challenging assumptions that corporate support skews science toward inventions that are less accessible and less useful to others than those funded by the government or nonprofit organizations, according to a new analysis.

Chemo-free treatment a possibility for leukemia/lymphoma
Patients with terminal forms of leukemia and lymphoma who have run out of treatment options could soon benefit from a new drug, which not only puts an end to chemotherapy and has virtually no side effects but also improves a patient's life expectancy and quality of life.

Analysis: Industry-sponsored academic inventions spur increased innovation
Industry-sponsored, academic research leads to innovative patents and licenses, says a new analysis led by Brian Wright, University of California, Berkeley professor of agricultural and resource economics.

Dr. Christine Drennon announced as the 2014 winner of the UAA-SAGE Activist Scholar Award
SAGE and the Urban Affairs Association are delighted to announce that Dr.

NRL researchers detect water around a hot Jupiter
Naval Research Laboratory scientists are part of a research team that has detected water vapor in the atmosphere of a planet outside our solar system.

Patients enjoy good quality of life 10 years after esophagectomy and gastric pull-up
Long-term survivors after esophagectomy with gastric pull-up can enjoy a satisfying meal and good quality of life according to a new study from a team of researchers at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles.

EU initiative Climate-KIC and regional innovation network ERRIN to collaborate
The EU's main climate innovation initiative Climate-KIC and regional research and innovation network ERRIN have signed a memorandum of understanding at the Committee of the Regions, agreeing to develop joint activities and share information.

New technique makes LEDs brighter, more resilient
Researchers have developed a new processing technique that makes light emitting diodes brighter and more resilient by coating the semiconductor material gallium nitride with a layer of phosphorus-derived acid.

Rush to prescribe: Study questions speed in giving antidepressants to grieving parents
Some doctors are too quick to prescribe antidepressants to parents who have suffered the death of a child either during pregnancy or within the first month of life, according to a study conducted by Florida State University researcher Jeffrey R.

Researchers identify potential new therapeutic target for controlling high blood sugar
A University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center study has identified a new potential therapeutic target for controlling high blood sugar, a finding that could help the estimated 25 million Americans with type 2 diabetes.

IU, Regenstrief study: New noninvasive colorectal cancer screening tool highly accurate
An Indiana University and Regenstrief Institute study of nearly 10,000 average-risk, asymptomatic men and women from 90 sites across the United States reports that a multi-target stool DNA test -- a new noninvasive colorectal cancer screening tool that has not yet been approved for sale by the FDA -- detects 92.3 percent of colon cancers, compared to only 73.8 percent of cancers detected by a fecal immunochemical test, the most commonly used noninvasive test today.

Global warming may increase methane emissions from freshwater ecosystems
New research led by the University of Exeter suggests that rising global temperatures will increase the quantity of the key greenhouse gas methane emitted from freshwater ecosystems to the Earth's atmosphere -- which could in turn lead to further warming.

Youth, wealth and education found to be risk factors for violent radicalization
New research from Queen Mary University of London has found youth, wealth, and being in full-time education to be risk factors associated with violent radicalisation.

Diabetes in middle age may lead to brain cell loss later in life
People who develop diabetes and high blood pressure in middle age are more likely to have brain cell loss and other damage to the brain, as well as problems with memory and thinking skills, than people who never have diabetes or high blood pressure or who develop it in old age, according to a new study published in the March 19, 2014, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Increased risk of relapse omitting RT in early PET scan negative Hodgkin's lymphoma
Interim analysis of the intergroup EORTC-LYSA-FIL 20051 H10 trial published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology indicates an increased risk of early relapse when omitting radiotherapy in early PET scan negative patients with stage I/II Hodgkin's lymphoma.

The aging brain needs REST
A gene regulator active during fetal brain development, called REST, switches back on later in life to protect aging neurons from various stresses, including the toxic effects of abnormal proteins.

Miriam Hospital receives renewal of NIH grant for AIDS Clinical Trials Group
A $2.4 million grant renewal will support the Miriam Hospital's continued efforts in research and new treatments for HIV and AIDS.

NJIT physicist helps to discover a new structure in Earth's radiation belt
An NJIT physicist is a collaborator in the discovery of a new structure in Earth's inner radiation belt -- a zebra-striped structure of highly energized electrons that could endanger humans in space and also damage low-earth navigation and communication satellites.

Despite transfer roadblocks community college transfers as likely to earn BA as 4-year
Students who begin their post-secondary education at a community college and successfully transfer to a four-year college have BA graduation rates equal to similar students who begin at four-year colleges, according to new research published today.

Data on antibiotic use in non-EU countries should stimulate development of action plans
A new study, published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal, provides the first ever reliable data on antibiotic use in non-European Union southern and eastern European countries and newly independent states.

Past HIV vaccine trials reveal new path to success
A multi-national research team led by Duke Medicine scientists has identified a subclass of antibodies associated with an effective immune response to an HIV vaccine.

Scientists describe gut bacteria that cause sepsis in preterm infants
Researchers studying intestinal bacteria in newborns have characterized the gut bacteria of premature infants who go on to develop sepsis, a serious and potentially life-threatening condition caused by bacteria in the bloodstream.

Protein 'rescues' stuck cellular factories
Using a powerful data-crunching technique, Johns Hopkins researchers have sorted out how a protein keeps defective genetic material from gumming up the cellular works.

Sometimes less is more for hungry dogs
Hungry dogs would be expected to choose alternatives leading to more food rather than less food.

Large feathered dinosaur species discovered in North America
Fossils found in western North America reveal a new species of large-bodied, feathered oviraptorosaurian theropod dinosaur from the latest Cretaceous Period.

California recognized by March of Dimes for advancements in the health of moms and babies
California Department of Public Health Director Dr. Ron Chapman accepted the March of Dimes Franklin Delano Roosevelt Prematurity Campaign Leadership award for his agency's work to reduce preterm birth rates in the state to 9.6 percent, down from a high of 10.9 percent in 2007.

Genetic test could improve colon cancer screening
A non-invasive test that includes detection of the genetic abnormalities related to cancer could significantly improve the effectiveness of colon cancer screening, according to research published by a team of scientists including David Ransohoff, M.D., professor of medicine at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine and University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center member.

Study finds forest corridors help plants disperse their seeds
A forest, a supercomputer and some glow-in-the-dark yarn have helped a team of field ecologists conclude that woodland corridors connecting patches of endangered plants not only increase seed dispersal from one patch to another, but also create wind conditions that can spread the seeds for much longer distances.

International team of LHC and Tevatron scientists announces first joint result
Scientists on four major experiments on the Tevatron and Large Hadron Collider have pooled their data to arrive at the most precise measurement of the top quark.

Titanium clubs can cause golf course fires, UCI study finds
Titanium alloy golf clubs can cause dangerous wildfires, according to UC Irvine scientists.

Fast synthesis could boost drug development
MIT chemists devise a new way to manufacture peptide drugs, which hold promise for treating many diseases.

Research reveals true value of cover crops to farmers, environment
Planting cover crops in rotation between cash crops -- widely agreed to be ecologically beneficial -- is even more valuable than previously thought, according to a team of agronomists, entomologists, agroecologists, horticulturists and biogeochemists from Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.

Virginia Tech scientists out for blood when it comes to stopping malaria
An assistant professor of biochemistry at Virginia Tech is examining the crucial time when malaria is transmitted from a mosquito parasite to humans.

New prostate cancer treatments to be fast-tracked
Clinical trials of new drugs to treat the most aggressive form of prostate cancer are expected to be underway in Brisbane within three years, thanks to Movember Revolutionary Team Award grant that is fast-tracking global research into the disease.

Vanderbilt diabetes researchers track cells' ability to regenerate
Vanderbilt University scientists have found evidence that the insulin-secreting beta cells of the pancreas, which are either killed or become dysfunctional in the two main forms of diabetes, have the capacity to regenerate.

Football displays fractal dynamics
Football fascinates millions of fans, almost all of them unaware that the game is subject to the laws of physics.

Gut bacteria can cause life-threatening infections in preterm babies
Babies born prematurely are surviving in increasing numbers. But many withstand complications of early birth only to suffer late-onset sepsis -- life-threatening bloodstream infections that strike after infants reach 72 hours of age.

The power of poison: Study examines pesticide poisoning of Africa's wildlife
Poisons are silent, effective and cheap, making them especially dangerous in Africa where they are used for both pest control and illegal poaching.

New, noninvasive, stool-based colorectal cancer screening test
A new, noninvasive, stool-based screening test detected 92 percent of colorectal cancer, according to a multicenter trial published online today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Miscarriage clues identified in new DNA test according to researchers at Montefiore and Einstein
S. Zev Williams, M.D., Ph.D., along with researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center used an alternate DNA test to better understand miscarriage.

Noninvasive colorectal cancer screening tool shows unprecedented detection rates
Results of a clinical trial of Cologuard show unprecedented rates of precancer and cancer detection by a noninvasive test.

NASA's Van Allen Probes reveal zebra stripes in space
Scientists have discovered a new, persistent structure in one of two radiation belts surrounding Earth.

Social groups alleviate depression
Building a strong connection to a social group helps clinically depressed patients recover and helps prevent relapse, according to a new study.

New guidelines deem 13 million more Americans eligible for statins
New guidelines for using statins to treat high cholesterol and prevent cardiovascular disease are projected to result in 12.8 million more US adults taking the drugs, according to a research team led by Duke Medicine scientists.

A majority prefers letting computers decide
When individuals engage in risky business transactions with each other, they may end up being disappointed.

Paleontologists announce discovery of Anzu wyliei
A team of researchers has announced the discovery of a bizarre, bird-like dinosaur, named Anzu wyliei, that provides paleontologists with their first good look at a dinosaur group that has been shrouded in mystery for almost a century.

101 liver cancer drug candidates pave the way to personalized medicine
The heart disease drug perhexiline is one of 101 compounds predicted to prevent cancer growth in most patients suffering from our most common liver cancer, HCC.

Global Atlas of environmental conflicts launched in Brussels
The Environmental Justice Organisations, Liabilities and Trade project launches today its Global Atlas of Environmental Justice, a visually attractive and interactive online mapping platform detailing around 1,000 environmental conflicts (and growing).

Choice of GP practice pilot most popular with young commuters and patients moving home
The pilot of the Department of Health's Choice of GP scheme, which allows patients to visit GPs outside the area they live in, was most popular among younger commuters and people who had moved house, according to a new report by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

A 'chicken from hell' dinosaur
Scientists from Carnegie and Smithsonian museums and the University of Utah today unveiled the discovery, naming and description of a sharp-clawed, 500-pound, bird-like dinosaur that roamed the Dakotas with T. rex 66 million years ago and looked like an 11.5-foot-long 'chicken from hell.'

Growing rice the sustainable way: LEGATO holds its 3rd annual conference
In the context of a world facing the challenges of climate change, demographic boom and deficit in food resources, LEGATO held its 3rd annual conference, taking place from March 10-15, 2014, in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, to address issues of sustainable rice farming, the latest innovations in this area and their implementation in the socio-cultural, economic and ecological specifications of Southeast Asia.

Drinking alcohol several times a week increases the risk of stroke mortality
Consuming alcohol more frequently than twice a week increases the risk of stroke mortality in men, according to a study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland.

Tiny transistors for extreme environs
University of Utah electrical engineers fabricated the smallest plasma transistors that can withstand high temperatures and ionizing radiation found in a nuclear reactor.

Geosphere presents articles examining lithospheric evolution and geologic history
Geosphere articles posted online March 17, 2014, include additions to two series: 'CRevolution 2: Origin and Evolution of the Colorado River System II' and 'Origin and Evolution of the Sierra Nevada and Walker Lane.' Other articles present new seismic data for the Slate Range of California, USA; the first detailed geologic map from the Likhu Khola region of east central Nepal; and a review of pre-21st century ideas about the origin of Grand Canyon.

Smithsonian collaborates with paleontologist team to reveal new large, feathered dinosaur
A team of scientists from the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History, the Carnegie Museum of Natural History and the University of Utah has described an unusual bird-like dinosaur previously unknown to science, resembling a cross between a modern emu and a reptile.

Scientist receives NIH grant to find cure for infectious disease
A Clemson University scientist was awarded a two-year, $147,157 grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, to find a cure for an infectious disease.

NIH grantees sharpen understanding of antibodies that may cut risk of HIV infection
What immune response should a vaccine elicit to prevent HIV infection?

Internists must play a larger role in managing menopausal symptoms
With changing views on appropriate therapies to control symptoms of menopause and new treatments available and on the horizon, most internists lack the core competencies and experience to meet the needs of women entering menopause.

No-refrigeration, spray vaccine could curb diseases in remote areas
A new kind of single-dose vaccine that comes in a nasal spray and doesn't require refrigeration could dramatically alter the public health landscape -- get more people vaccinated around the world and address the looming threats of emerging and re-emerging diseases.

Rice grad student deciphers 1,800-year-old letter from Egyptian soldier
A newly deciphered 1,800-year-old letter from an Egyptian solider serving in a Roman legion in Europe to his family back home shows striking similarities to what some soldiers may be feeling here and now.

Dry future climate could reduce orchid bee habitat
During Pleistocene era climate changes, neotropical orchid bees that relied on year-round warmth and wet weather found their habitats reduced by 30 to 50 percent, according to a Cornell University study that used computer models and genetic data to understand bee distributions during past climate changes.

Program taught in American Sign Language helps deaf achieve healthier weight
Deaf adults successfully lost weight in a program using American Sign Language.

Physical activity and occasional drinking found to be associated with decrease in vision impairment
A physically active lifestyle and occasional drinking is associated with a reduced risk of developing visual impairment, according to a study published online this month in Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

High-frequency breathing support for premature babies could lead to better lung function
A new study led by researchers at King's College London has found that premature babies supported immediately after birth by high-frequency oscillation -- a type of breathing support -- had better lung function as adolescents than those who received conventional ventilation.

Work shines light on Hox genes responsible for firefly lantern development
It's difficult to identify a single evolutionary novelty in the animal kingdom that has fascinated and intrigued mankind more than the lantern of the firefly.

Global attack needed to catch credit thieves
Stopping massive data breaches like the one that hit Target will require a more sophisticated, collaborative approach by law enforcement agencies around the world, a Michigan State University cyber security expert argues.

Alzheimer's prevention trial to monitor reactions to higher disease risk status
A new clinical trial will soon begin testing whether early medical intervention in people at risk for Alzheimer's can slow down progression of disease pathology before symptoms emerge, as outlined in Science Translational Medicine.

Thermal conductance can be controlled like waves using nanostructures
Thermal conduction is a familiar everyday phenomenon. In a hot sauna, for instance, you can sit comfortably on a wooden bench that has a temperature of 100C (212F), but if you touch a metallic nail with the same temperature, you will hurt yourself.

TGen study identifies gene fusion as likely cause of rare type of thyroid cancer
In a scientific first, the fusion of two genes, ALK and EML4, has been identified as the genetic driver in an aggressive type of thyroid cancer, according to a study by the Translational Genomics Research Institute.

Studies advance potential use Of MRI magnetic fields to treat balance disorders
Expanding on earlier research, Johns Hopkins researchers report that people with balance disorders or dizziness traceable to an inner-ear disturbance show distinctive abnormal eye movements when the affected ear is exposed to the strong pull of an MRI's magnetic field.

Students to hack hardware, software and data to build security skills
Students at Case Western Reserve University and Cleveland State University will begin hacking computers -- for credit -- this fall.

Ruling with an iron fist could make your child pack on pounds
Kids whose parents are demanding but not emotionally responsive are about one-third more likely to be obese than kids whose parents set healthy boundaries, are affectionate and discuss behavior.

Where are we with breast cancer in 2013?
The global burden of breast cancer remains immense in 2013, with over 1.6 million new cases being diagnosed annually.

Elsevier launches open-access journal: Internet Interventions
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce the launch of the open-access, online-only journal Internet Interventions.

Ancient food webs developed modern structure soon after mass extinction
Analysis of a highly detailed picture of feeding relationships among 700 species from a 48 million year old ecosystem provides the most compelling evidence to date that ancient food webs were organized much like modern food webs.

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction
Older persons, in particular, tend to suffer from memory lapses and other types of cognitive impairment after surgical procedures.

Comeback of an abandoned antibiotic
In less-developed countries, inexpensive and well-tolerated antibiotics for therapy of streptococcal infections are often not available.

Winners and losers in globalization of world's economy, health and education
Globalization has made the world a better and more equal place for many more people than was the case a few decades ago.

Radiation damage at the root of Chernobyl's ecosystems
Radiological damage to microbes near the site of the Chernobyl disaster has slowed the decomposition of fallen leaves and other plant matter in the area, according to a new study.

Earliest evidence of limb bone marrow in the fin of a 370-million-year-old fish
This week in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, a team of French and Swedish researchers present the earliest fossil evidence for the presence of bone marrow in the fin of a 370-million-year-old fish.

Future heat waves pose threat to global food supply
Heat waves could significantly reduce crop yields and threaten global food supply if climate change is not tackled and reversed.

Conference to turn spotlight on urban pests
What is the latest research on bed bugs? On termites?

Apple launches new FaceFries app
Want fries with your social media? That's a question Simon Fraser University researcher Steve DiPaola, co-creator of a new app, is asking with the launch of FaceFries.

Diversity in UK gardens aiding fight to save threatened bumblebees, study suggests
The global diversity of plants being cultivated by Britain's gardeners is playing a key role in the fight to save the nation's threatened bumblebees, new research has revealed.

Spices and herbs intervention helps adults reduce salt intake
A behavioral intervention that taught adults to use herbs and spices instead of salt led to a decrease in sodium consumption compared to people who tried to reduce sodium on their own.

NASA spacecraft reveal 'zebra stripe' structure in Earth's inner radiation belt
The twin NASA Van Allen Probes have discovered a new, persistent zebra stripe structure in Earth's inner radiation belt.

NYU's LeDoux named William James Fellow Award winner by Association for Psychological Science
New York University professor Joseph LeDoux has been named a recipient of the William James Fellow Award, an honor bestowed by the Association for Psychological Science, in recognition of his lifetime achievements in research focused on the brain mechanisms of memory and emotion.

Texans are turning to a different kind of spirit -- vodka -- and saltier is better
Texans, known for enjoying local beers and Dr. Pepper soft drinks, now have a growing beverage industry that would appeal to James Bond, who is well-known for enjoying a good martini.

Study describes first maps of neural activity in behaving zebrafish
In a study published March 19, 2014, in the scientific journal Neuron, neuroscientists at the Champalimaud Foundation, in collaboration with neuroscientists from Harvard University, describe the first activity maps at the resolution of single cells and throughout the entire brain of behaving zebrafish.

Magnetic behavior discovery could advance nuclear fusion
Inspired by the space physics behind solar flares and the aurora, a team of researchers from the University of Michigan and Princeton has uncovered a new kind of magnetic behavior that could help make nuclear fusion reactions easier to start.

Inflammation mobilizes tumor cells
Researchers of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich have discovered a novel feedback mechanism that provides a mechanistic link between chronic inflammation and carcinogenesis.

Radiotherapy after mastectomy benefits women with breast cancer in 1-3 lymph nodes
Women whose breast cancer has spread to just a few lymph nodes under their arm are less likely to have their disease recur or to die from it if they have radiotherapy after mastectomy, according to new research to be presented at the European Breast Cancer Conference and published simultaneously in The Lancet.

Satellite sees newborn South Pacific Tropical Storm Mike
NOAA's GOES-West satellite caught the birth of Tropical Storm Mike in the Southern Pacific Ocean on March 19.

US women unfamiliar with most stroke warning signs
Many US women don't know most of the warning signs of a stroke.

Neuroscience 'used and abused'
Influential policy-informing 'evidence' that children's brains are irreversibly 'sculpted' by parental care is based on questionable evidence.

Dartmouth and Aeras join forces to conduct study of new tuberculosis vaccine
Dartmouth's Geisel School of Medicine and Aeras, a global nonprofit biotech, announced a collaboration to jointly conduct a trial of a new vaccine against tuberculosis, one of the world's deadliest diseases.

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: An under-recognized issue that may be on the rise
The open-access International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research has released a special issue on fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), with the intention of increasing awareness of the negative effects of alcohol use in pregnancy and improving prevention, treatment and care for those living with FASD.

NASA sees ex-Tropical Cyclone Gillian affect Indonesia
The remnants of former Tropical Cyclone Gillian moved out of the Southern Pacific Ocean and into the Indian Ocean only to trigger warnings and watches for part of Indonesia on Mar.

Researchers identify impaired new learning in persons with Parkinson's disease
Kessler Foundation scientists collaborated with colleagues in Spain to study memory and learning in patients with Parkinson's disease.

Improved pavement markings can save lives
As spring finally emerges after a ferocious winter, our battered roads will soon be re-exposed.

GPS also helps to analyze global water resources
WaterGAP is a hydrological model used to model water shortage, groundwater depletion, and floods and droughts over the land area of the globe. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to