Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 20, 2014
Safety first, children
Children are experts at getting into danger. So, how can parents help prevent the consequences?

Plankton make scents for seabirds and a cooler planet
The top predators of the Southern Ocean, far-ranging seabirds, are tied both to the health of the ocean ecosystem and to global climate regulation through a mutual relationship with phytoplankton, according to newly published work from UC Davis.

NJIT and WebTeam to develop tactile-friendly learning devices for children with autism
New Jersey Institute of Technology and WebTeam Corporation, a New Jersey-based IT company, have signed an agreement to collaboratively design and develop a customizable learning device that will help children with autism spectrum disorder master a range of skills-building lessons contained in the device's embedded educational software.

Climate innovation initiative to scale up efforts throughout 2014, receives €63M EU boost
The European Union's main climate innovation initiative Climate-KIC has stepped up its efforts in 2014 to leverage the combined strength of Europe's top businesses, scientists and policy makers to manage the impact of global warming and stop further climate change.

Big government -- or good neighbors -- can improve people's health
Americans who live in states with liberal government tend to be healthier.

Breast cancer patients in need of more psychological support
For women who are suffering from breast cancer, concern for their children is the greatest source of worry.

Institut Pasteur and Myriad RBM publish results from landmark study of immune response
Institut Pasteur and Myriad RBM, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Myriad Genetics, Inc., today announced they have published an initial data analysis from the landmark Milieu Interieur Project in the journal Immunity, which provided new insights into the healthy human immune response.

Diet of elusive red widow spider revealed by MU biologist
Beetles: it's what's for breakfast -- at least for the red widow spider of Florida's 'scrub' habitat, according to a study by University of Missouri biologist James Carrel.

Face it: Instagram pictures with faces are more popular
Georgia Tech and Yahoo Labs study on Instagram finds that pictures with human faces are 38 percent more likely to receive likes than photos with no faces.

New approach makes cancer cells explode
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have discovered that a substance called Vacquinol-1 makes cells from glioblastoma, the most aggressive type of brain tumor, literally explode.

Research brings new control over topological insulator
An international team of scientists investigating the electronic properties of ultra-thin films of new materials -- topological insulators -- has demonstrated a new method to tune their unique properties using strain.

Among US children, more infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria
Infections caused by a concerning type of antibiotic-resistant bacteria are on the rise in US children, according to a new study published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society and available online.

Cells do not repair damage to DNA during mitosis because telomeres could fuse together
Throughout a cell's life, corrective mechanisms act to repair DNA strand breaks.

Cognitive function and oral perception in independently-living octogenarians
Today, at the 43rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, held in conjunction with the 38th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research, Kazunori Ikebe, from Osaka University, Japan, will present a research study titled 'Cognitive Function and Oral Perception in Independently-living Octogenarians.'

New infrared technique aims to remotely detect dangerous materials
Study introduces a new method to detect and describe potentially dangerous materials from a distance.

Major charity joins up with University cancer research center
The University of Liverpool has formed a new partnership with a leading cancer charity to help fund basic and translational research with the aim of improving cancer therapies and patient survival.

Scientists find mechanism to reset body clock
Researchers from the University of Manchester have discovered a new mechanism that governs how body clocks react to changes in the environment.

Medicaid expansion may help prevent kidney failure, improve access to kidney-related care
States with broader Medicaid coverage among low-income nonelderly adults had lower incidences of kidney failure from 2001 through 2008.

(Not too) few but capable
Small changes in a population may lead to dramatic consequences, like the disappearance of the migratory route of a species.

Stanford professor maps by-catch as unintended consequence of global fisheries
A new analysis provides an unprecedented global map of the unintended animal victims of fishing, starkly illustrating the scope of the problem and the need to expand existing conservation efforts in certain areas.

New type of cell communication regulates blood vessel formation and tumor growth
When tumours grow, new blood vessels are formed that deliver oxygen and nutrients to the tumour cells.

Can 'love hormone' protect against addiction?
Addictive behavior such as drug and alcohol abuse could be associated with poor development of the so-called 'love hormone' system in our bodies during early childhood, according to researchers at the University of Adelaide.

Dramatic new portrait helps define Milky Way's shape, contents
Using more than two million images collected by NASA's orbiting Spitzer Space Telescope, a team of Wisconsin scientists has stitched together a dramatic 360-degree portrait of the Milky Way, providing new details of our galaxy's structure and contents.

Health insurance coverage increased ER use in Massachusetts
The implementation of health care reform in Massachusetts -- principally the expansion of health insurance coverage to nearly everyone in the state -- was associated with a small but consistent increase in emergency department use, according to the findings of a study to be published online today in Annals of Emergency Medicine.

Making life simpler for control freaks
Two brothers, Professors Justin and Derek Ruths, from Singapore University of Technology and Design and McGill University respectively, have suggested, in an article published in Science, that all complex systems, whether they are found in the body, in international finance, or in social situations, actually fall into just three basic categories, in terms of how they can be controlled.

New semiconductor holds promise for 2-D physics and electronics
Researchers at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry have discovered a unique new semiconductor, rhenium disulfide, that behaves electronically as if it were a 2-D monolayer even as a 3-D bulk material.

Project aims to help vulnerable communities in Africa adapt to climate change
Researchers at the University of East Anglia are embarking on a major new project to help communities in some of the most vulnerable areas of Africa adapt to the future impacts of climate change.

Standard IVF medication dose less effective in obese women
Obese women may need a different dose of medication than normal weight women in order to successfully have their eggs harvested for in vitro fertilization, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Scientists discover potential way to make graphene superconducting
Scientists have discovered a potential way to make graphene -- a single layer of carbon atoms with great promise for future electronics -- superconducting, a state in which it would carry electricity with 100 percent efficiency.

First evidence of plants evolving weaponry to compete in the struggle for selection
Rutting stags and clawing bears are but two examples of male animals fighting over a mate, but research in New Phytologist has uncovered the first evidence of similar male struggles leading to the evolution of weaponry in plants.

Genome-wide association studies mislead on cardiac arrhythmia risk gene
Although genome-wide association studies have linked DNA variants in the gene SCN10A with increased risk for cardiac arrhythmia, efforts to determine its role have been unproductive.

School hearing tests do not detect noise exposure hearing loss
School hearing tests cannot effectively detect adolescent high-frequency hearing loss, which is typically caused by loud noise exposure, according to researchers at Penn State College of Medicine.

Colonoscopy isn't perfect: About 6 percent of colorectal cancers are missed
About 6 percent of colorectal cancers are diagnosed within three to five years after the patient receives a clean colonoscopy report, according to a population-based study by researchers from Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah.

3-D model links facial features and DNA
DNA can already tell us the sex and ancestry of unknown individuals, but now an international team of researchers is beginning to connect genetics with facial features, degrees of femininity and racial admixture.

Study links tooth loss to depression and anxiety
Today, at the 43rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, held in conjunction with the 38th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research, R.

Amphibians and dinosaurs were the new large predators after the mass extinction
Immediately after the biggest extinction event of all time there were once again functioning and complete food webs in the oceans of the Early Triassic.

Emergency room use rose slightly after implementation of Massachusetts health care law
Emergency department usage in Massachusetts rose slightly both during and immediately after implementation of a 2006 state law expanding health care access, a sign that broader availability of insurance may increase use of the ED, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center researchers report in a study published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

The amazing anatomy of James Webb Space Telescope mirrors
When you think of a mirror, there really isn't that much needed to describe it, but when you look at a mirror that will fly aboard NASA's next-generation James Webb Space Telescope, there's a lot to the anatomy of a mirror.

Inhibition of oral biofilm and cell-cell communication using natural-products derivatives
Today during the 43rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, held in conjunction with the 38th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research, Steve Kasper, SUNY College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, Albany, will present research titled 'Inhibition of Oral Biofilm and Cell-cell Communication Using Natural-products Derivatives.'

Wind farms can provide society a surplus of reliable clean energy, Stanford study finds
Stanford researchers have found that the wind industry can easily afford the energetic cost of building batteries and other grid-scale storage technologies.

Swing voters hold more sway over candidates on economic issues
University of Illinois economics professors Stefan Krasa and Mattias Polborn have published a paper on a theory of candidate competition that accounts for the influence of both economic and cultural issues on individual voting behavior.

Weak spot of parasitic worms attacked to cure tropical diseases
Researchers are developing new drug treatments to tackle river blindness and elephantiasis, which affect up to 150 million people across the world.

SDSC assists in whole-genome sequencing analysis under collaboration with Janssen
A recent whole-genome sequencing analysis project supported by the San Diego Supercomputer Center at the University of California, San Diego has demonstrated the effectiveness of innovative applications of 'flash' memory technology to rapidly process large data sets that are pervasive throughout human genomics research.

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria among children in the United States on the rise
Infections caused by a specific type of antibiotic-resistant bacteria are on the rise in US children, according to new study published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.

9/11 linked to two heart disease culprits: Obstructive sleep apnea and PTSD
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai researchers have linked high levels of exposure to inhaled particulate matter by first responders at Ground Zero to the risk of obstructed sleep apnea and post-traumatic stress disorder, both conditions that may impact cardiovascular health.

Pseudogap theory puts physicists closer to high temperature superconductors
Physicists are one step closer to developing the world's first room-temperature superconductor thanks to a new theory from the University of Waterloo, Harvard and Perimeter Institute.

World Water Day 2014: UN stresses water and energy issues
The 5th World Water Development Report will be launched by UN-Water at United Nations University headquarters, Tokyo, on Friday, March 21, the eve of World Water Day (March 22).

Could far-flung mutations in the genome activate cancer-causing genes? Ask an expert!
A Perspective published with his postdocs, Hans-Martin Herz, Ph.D. and Deqing Hu, Ph.D., in the March 20 issue of Molecular Cell, will serve as the basis for Shilatifard's AACR talk.

Loblolly pine genome is largest ever sequenced
The massive genome of the loblolly pine -- around seven times bigger than the human genome -- is the largest genome sequenced to date and the most complete conifer genome sequence ever published.

The Human Frontier Science Program selects new heads of start-up laboratories
The International Human Frontier Science Program Organization has selected 12 of its fellowship holders to receive the highly sought-after Career Development Award.

Interpreting neuroimages: The technology and its limits
Neuroimages play a growing role in biomedical research, medicine, and courtrooms, as well as in shaping our understanding of what it means to be human.

E3-production -- sustainable manufacturing
Scarce and expensive raw materials, rising energy prices, climate protection and demographic shifts leave industrial production with a lot to contend with in the coming years.

Obesity and diabetes have adverse effects on cancer outcomes
Both obesity and diabetes have adverse effects on outcomes in breast cancer patients who receive chemotherapy as primary treatment before surgery, according to research to be presented at the 9th European Breast Cancer Conference on March 21.

First International Agroforestry Congress in the Philippines
One of the largest gatherings of agroforestry researchers and advocates opened today in Bohol, the Philippines.

USF study finds stem cell combination therapy improves traumatic brain injury outcomes
Researchers from the University of South Florida found that a combination stem cell therapy utilizing umbilical cord cell and growth factor treatment improves traumatic brain injury outcomes in animal models and could offer hope for millions, including US war veterans with traumatic brain injuries.

The metrology experts of the future come from Braunschweig
As of Jan. 1, 2014, TU Braunschweig and PTB have founded a joint graduate school under the name of Braunschweig International Graduate School of Metrology.

NIH grants up to $28 million to group led by Scripps Research for work on ebola treatment
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a five-year grant of up to $28 million to establish a new center for excellence to find an antibody 'cocktail' to fight the deadly Ebola virus.

Elsevier's Maturitas publishes position statement on menopause for medical students
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the publication of a position statement by the European Menopause and Andropause Society in the journal Maturitas on the topic of the essential menopause curriculum for medical students.

Parents should try to find middle ground to keep teens safe online
Parents might take a lesson from Goldilocks and find a balanced approach to guide their teens in making moral, safe online decisions, according to Penn State researchers.

Thoughtful people more likely to infer improvements in race relations
According to a recent Pew Research poll, a majority of Americans believe that there is still at least some racism against African Americans in this country.

Regular physical activity reduces breast cancer risk irrespective of age
Practicing sport for more than an hour day reduces the risk of contracting breast cancer, and this applies to women of any age and any weight, and also unaffected by geographical location, according to research presented to the 9th European Breast Cancer Conference.

$1.5 million grant helps turn chemical weapon into medical marvel
A Washington State University chemist has received a $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to look into using a highly toxic compound that can prevent the tissue damage of a heart attack by putting the patient into a form of hibernation.

Combo of overweight, high sodium intake speeds cell aging in teens
Overweight or obese teenagers who eat lots of salty foods show signs of faster cell aging.

Loblolly pine's immense genome conquered
The massive genome sequence of the loblolly pine -- the most commercially important tree species in the United States and the source of most American paper products -- has been completed.

Size, personality matter in how Kalahari social spiders perform tasks
At first glance, colonies of thousands of social spiders all look the same and are busy with the same tasks.

Not only is she thinner than you ... her muscles work better, too
Researchers examined how muscle physiology effects leanness. They found that while rats with 'lean genes' burned a similar amount of calories at rest as those with 'obese genes,' the muscles of lean rats burned much more energy during mild activity.

Excessive deer populations hurt native plant biodiversity
'Our findings show that there is a link between disruption of the native animal community and invasion by non-native plant species,' says Carol Horvitz, professor of ecology in the University of Miami College of Arts and Sciences and co-author of the study.

Anti-counterfeit 'fingerprints' made from silver nanowires
Unique patterns made from tiny, randomly scattered silver nanowires have been created by a group of researchers from South Korea in an attempt to authenticate goods and tackle the growing problem of counterfeiting.

LSTM-Eisai-UoL awarded GHIT Fund to deliver anti-Wolbachia drug discovery
The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine together with colleagues at the Department of Chemistry (University of Liverpool) and Japanese pharmaceutical company Eisai are pleased to announce that they have been award a Global Health Innovative Technology Fund to develop new drugs to target lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis.

Lifestyle interventions can prevent major depression in adults with mild symptoms
Discussions with a dietary coach to learn about healthy eating were as effective as meeting with a counselor for problem-solving or 'talk' therapy in preventing major depression among older black and white adults with mild symptoms of the mood disorder, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh and the University of Maryland.

Surgery after major stroke also improves survival odds in elderly patients
Patients who are over the age of 60 and have suffered a major stroke due to blockage of the middle cerebral artery benefit from hemicraniectomy -- removal of part of the skull located above the affected brain tissue.

A braking system for immune responses
For the first time, researchers have identified a receptor on human cells that specifically recognizes crystals.

Ancient clam gardens nurture food security
A three-year study of ancient clam gardens in the Pacific Northwest has led researchers, including three from Simon Fraser University, to make a discovery that could benefit coastal communities' food production.

Gene silencing instructions acquired through 'molecular memory' tags on chromatin
Scientists at Indiana University have unlocked one of the mysteries of modern genetics: how acquired traits can be passed between generations in a process called epigenetic inheritance.

Early detection of Alzheimer's disease made possible by analyzing spinal fluid
Researchers have shown that they can detect tiny, misfolded protein fragments in cerebrospinal fluid taken from patients.

Researchers discover underlying genetics, marker for stroke, cardiovascular disease
Scientists studying the genomes of nearly 5,000 people have pinpointed a genetic variant tied to an increased risk for stroke, and have also uncovered new details about an important metabolic pathway that plays a major role in several common diseases.

Can a treadmill help seniors avoid falls?
Clive Pai, professor of physical therapy at the University of Illinois at Chicago will use a five-year, $1 million grant from the National Institute of Aging to develop a computerized treadmill program that could be used in physical therapy offices to prevent falls and fall-related injuries in older adults.

When waters rise: NASA improves flood safety
NASA Earth-observing satellites and airborne missions provide vital information to emergency planners, relief organizations and weather forecasters, helping to improve flood monitoring and forecasting, as well as providing a more comprehensive understanding of one of Mother Nature's most damaging hazards.

Bedside optical monitoring of cerebral blood flow promising for individualized stroke care
Using a University of Pennsylvania-designed device to noninvasively and continuously monitor cerebral blood flow in acute stroke patients, researchers from Penn Medicine and the Department of Physics & Astronomy in Penn Arts and Sciences are now learning how head of bed positioning affects blood flow reaching the brain.

What singing fruit flies can tell us about quick decisions
Princeton University researchers have discovered that the pitch and tempo of the male fruit fly's mating song is based on environmental cues rather than a stereotyped pattern.

Future generations could inherit drug and alcohol use
Parents who use alcohol, marijuana, and drugs have higher frequencies of children who pick up their habits, according to a study from Sam Houston State University.

Wheat stem sawfly devastations lead to another international conference at Montana State University
The Sixth International Wheat Stem Sawfly Conference will be held April 3-4 at Montana State University in Bozeman.

Inhibition of CDK4 might promote lymphoma development and progression
Anticancer agents that inhibit tumor growth by targeting a cell-cycle regulatory protein called CDK4 might actually promote the development and progression of certain B-cell lymphomas.

Oregon physicists use geometry to understand 'jamming' process
University of Oregon physicists using a supercomputer and mathematically rich formulas have captured fundamental insights about what happens when objects moving freely jam to a standstill.

Surprising new way to kill cancer cells
Scientists have demonstrated that cancer cells -- and not normal cells -- can be killed by eliminating either the FAS receptor, also known as CD95, or its binding component, CD95 ligand.

Deaths from breast cancer fall in Europe
Improvements in treatment, as well as enhanced access to care, underlie the sustained decreases in breast cancer mortality seen in 30 European countries from 1989 to 2010.

Cellular 'counting' of rhythmic signals synchronizes changes in cell fate
Johns Hopkins biologists have discovered that when biological signals hit cells in rhythmic waves, the magnitude of the cells' response can depend on the number of signaling cycles -- not their strength or duration.

Genes play key role in parenting
Scientists have presented the most conclusive evidence yet that genes play a significant role in parenting.

Initiation of dialysis for acute kidney injury potentially dangerous for frail patients
The decision to initiate dialysis for acute kidney injury varies depending on different patient factors and there is a lack of robust evidence as to which patients are likely to benefit most and why.

New study shows we work harder when we are happy
Happiness makes people more productive at work, according to the latest research from the University of Warwick.

Weather, water and climate information and services are critical to national security
In the wake of seven weather and climate disaster events last year with losses exceeding $1 billion each across the United States, scientists are exploring options to build resilience nationwide to natural hazards.

Virtual conferencing effective weight management intervention
People participating in a virtual evidence-based group weight management intervention lost more weight than those in a control group.

New discoveries place lack of energy at the basis of Parkinson's disease
Neuroscientists Vanessa Morais and Bart De Strooper from VIB and KU Leuven have demonstrated how a defect in the gene Pink1 results in Parkinson's disease.

Mayo Clinic researchers find genetic clue to irritable bowel syndrome
Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) caused by genetics, diet, past trauma, anxiety?

NASA sees ex-Tropical Cyclone Gillian's remnants persist
NASA's TRMM satellite continues to follow the remnants of former Tropical Cyclone Gillian as it moved from the Southern Pacific Ocean into the Southern Indian Ocean where it appears to be re-organizing.

Older, active, confident stroke caregivers are happiest
Stroke caregivers were happier when they continued to enjoy their own hobbies and interests.

Tracking urban change and flood risk with Landsat satellite
When it comes to helping communities across the United States stay up-to-date on their flood risk, the Landsat satellite can take a bow.

The gene family linked to brain evolution is implicated in severity of autism symptoms
The same gene family that may have helped the human brain become larger and more complex than in any other animal also is linked to the severity of autism.

One-third of kids with obesity 'metabolically healthy,' study shows
UAlberta and AHS research shows physical activity and diet have positive impact on health, regardless of fat levels.

Computers see through faked expressions of pain better than people
A joint study by researchers at the University of California San Diego and the University of Toronto has found that a computer system spots real or faked expressions of pain more accurately than people can.

Low levels of oxygen, nitric oxide worsen sickle cell disease
Low levels of both oxygen and the powerful blood vessel dilator nitric oxide appear to have an unfortunate synergy for patients with sickle cell disease, researchers report.

Linking storms to climate change a 'distraction,' say experts
Connecting extreme weather to climate change distracts from the need to protect society from high-impact weather events which will continue to happen irrespective of human-induced climate change, say experts.

A*STAR scientists create stem cells from a drop of blood
Scientists at A*STAR's Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology have developed a method to generate human induced pluripotent stem cells from a single drop of finger-pricked blood.

Humans can distinguish at least 1 trillion different odors
New research by Howard Hughes Medical Institute scientists shows that humans are capable of discriminating at least one trillion different scents.

Satellite confirms Tropical Cyclone Mike's quick disappearing act
Tropical Cyclone Mike didn't even last a day in the Southern Pacific Ocean as NOAA's GOES-West satellite revealed the storm dissipating just 24 hours after it was born.

Sniff study suggests humans can distinguish more than 1 trillion scents
Based on the sensitivity of these people's noses and brains, Rockefeller researchers calculate that the human sense of smell is far more refined than previously believed.

Studies of gut flora in infants and toddlers could lead to better health
Breastfeeding until at least nine months of age increases prevalence in the gastrointestinal tract of Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria, species which are known to contribute to development of a healthy immune system, according to a paper describing the establishment of the intestinal microbiota during the first three years of life.

How localized bacterial infections can turn into dangerous sepsis
We carry numerous bacteria on our skin, in our mouth, gut, and other tissues, and localized bacterial infections are common and mostly not harmful.

Stem cell study finds source of earliest blood cells during development
In a study published April 8 in Stem Cell Reports, Matthew Inlay of the Sue & Bill Gross Stem Cell Research Center and Stanford University colleagues created novel cell assays that identified the earliest arising HSC precursors based on their ability to generate all major blood cell types (red blood cells, platelets and immune cells).

Announcing the winners of the 2014 HFSP Fellowships
The International Human Frontier Science Program Organization is pleased to announce the names of the recipients of Human Frontier Science Program international postdoctoral fellowships for 2014 following a rigorous selection process in a global competition.

Passive acoustic monitoring reveals clues to minke whale calling behavior and movements
Scientists using passive acoustic monitoring to track minke whales in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean have found clues in the individual calling behaviors and movements of this species.

Eyes are windows to the soul -- and evolution
Why do we become saucer-eyed from fear and squint from disgust?

Proteins that control energy use necessary to form stem cells
Two proteins that control how cells metabolize glucose play a key role in the formation of human stem cells.

Richard Tapia, mathematician and mentor, receives 2014 Vannevar Bush Award
Today the National Science Board announced that mathematician Richard Tapia, a leader in mentoring minorities in science, engineering and mathematics fields, is the 2014 recipient of its Vannevar Bush Award.

New tool pinpoints genetic sources of disease
Many diseases have their origins in either the genome or in reversible chemical changes to DNA known as the epigenome.

Neuroscientist investigates how the brain repairs itself after a stroke
A neuroscientist at the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine hopes that a better understanding of how the brain restores blood flow to damaged tissue following a stroke will offer new treatment clues for a leading cause of death in the United States.

Einstein helps establish $28 million consortium to find ebola treatment
Albert Einstein College of Medicine helps establish new $28 million consortium to find antibody treatments for Ebola and other viruses.

UTMB researchers discover a way to potentially slow down Alzheimer's
Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have discovered a way to potentially halt the progression of dementia caused by accumulation of a protein known as tau.

Childhood abuse may impair weight-regulating hormones
Childhood abuse or neglect can lead to long-term hormone impairment that raises the risk of developing obesity, diabetes or other metabolic disorders in adulthood, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Fauci: Robust research efforts needed to address challenge of antimicrobial resistance
Given the evolutionary ability of microbes to rapidly adapt, the threat of antimicrobial resistance likely will never be eliminated.

In the genome of loblolly pine lies hope for better resistance to a damaging disease
US Forest Service Southern Research Station scientists co-authored the article in the journal Genome Biology that reports the sequencing, assembly, and annotation of the loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) genome.

Scientists, parents join forces to identify new genetic disease in children
Scientists and parents have worked together to identify a new genetic disease that causes neurologic, muscle, eye and liver problems in children.

As age-friendly technologies emerge, experts recommend policy changes
From smart phones to smart cars, both public and private entities must consider the needs of older adults in order to help them optimize the use of new technologies, according to the latest issue of Public Policy & Aging Report, titled 'Aging and Technology: The Promise and the Paradox.' A total of eight articles all from authors affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology AgeLab are featured.

Potential lung cancer vaccine shows renewed promise
Researchers at UC Davis have found that the investigational cancer vaccine tecemotide, when administered with the chemotherapeutic cisplatin, boosted immune response and reduced the number of tumors in mice with lung cancer.

Declines in funding hamper kidney research and other areas of medical study
Medical research funding in the United States is at an all-time low.

Jump start for frontier projects: The 2014 HFSP Research Grants
The International Human Frontier Science Program Organization is awarding about $35 million to the 34 winning teams of the 2014 competition for the HFSP Research Grants.

Shrink wrap used to enhance detection of infectious disease biomarkers
A new nanotechnology method -- employing common, everyday shrink wrap -- may make highly sensitive, extremely low-cost diagnosis of infectious disease agents possible.

Prêt-à-fabriquer: Real-time simulation of textiles
Fashion designers, pattern makers and tailors produce new collections using computer programs.

Obesity: Not just what you eat
To understand how obesity develops, Tel Aviv University researchers used state-of-the-art technology to analyze the accumulation of fat in the body at the cellular level, and according to their new findings, nutrition is not the most important factor driving obesity.

Heidelberg researcher awarded Animal Welfare Prize of the German Research Foundation
Professor Thomas Korff of the Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology at Heidelberg University, Germany, will be awarded the German Research Foundation's Ursula M.

Startup focuses on reliable, efficient cooling for computer servers
Equipment and electricity for cooling are a major expense at big computer installations, and Timothy Shedd, an associate professor of mechanical engineering at UW-Madison, has invented a system that can do the job more efficiently.

What's behind near-death experiences -- science, myth or miracle?
In popular understanding, the expression 'near-death experience' refers to the transition between the states of life and death.

Resin infiltration effects in a caries-active environment -- 2 year results
Today during the 43rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, held in conjunction with the 38th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research, Mathilde C.

Algae may be a potential source of biofuels and biochemicals even in cool climate
Algae are organisms useful in many ways in the transition towards a bio-economy. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to