Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 21, 2014
Box-shaped pressure vessel for LNG developed by KAIST research team
KAIST researchers, sponsored by POSCO, a multinational steel-making company based in Pohang, Republic of Korea, have taken a turnabout approach to construct a pressure vessel that is neither cylindrical nor spherical.

Researchers at LSTM unlock the secret of multiple insecticide resistance in mosquitoes
Researchers at LSTM have discovered how unprecedented multiple and extreme-level resistance is generated in mosquitoes found in the rice fields of Tiassale in southern Cote d'Ivoire.

Blog coverage, press room, Twitter, and more: CNS 2014 conference only 2 weeks away
The 21st annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society in Boston is only two weeks away (April 5-8, 2014)!

Switching an antibiotic on and off with light
Scientists of the KIT and the University of Kiev have produced an antibiotic, whose biological activity can be controlled with light.

Lessons offered by emerging carbon trading markets
Carbon trading markets that attempt to limit greenhouse gas emissions have met with mixed political and policy success around the world.

Deep ocean current may slow due to climate change, Penn research finds
A new study by the University of Pennsylvania's Irina Marinov and Raffaele Bernardello and colleagues from McGill University has found that recent climate change may be acting to slow down one of the ocean's 'conveyer belts,' with potentially serious consequences for the future of the planet's climate.

Critical illness polyneuropathy and myopathy: Nerve injury and regeneration
Critical illness polyneuropathy and critical illness myopathy are frequent complications of severe illness that involve sensorimotor axons and skeletal muscles, respectively.

Forests crucial to green growth
The value of forests and tree-based ecosystems extends far beyond carbon sequestration; they are the foundation of sustainable societies.

Rapid materials testing in 3-D
Ultrasound is a proven technology in components testing, but until now evaluating the data has always been quite a time-consuming process.

Pathogens in cheese
In 2009 and 2010 two different strains of the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes were found in traditional Austrian curd cheese known as 'quargel.' Thirty-four people were infected, and a total of eight patients died.

Preterm children at increased risk of having maths problems
Researchers have found that preterm children are at an increased risk of having general cognitive and mathematic problems.

Body's fatty folds may help fight kidney failure
In rats with kidney disease, functioning of the kidney improved when the organ was fused with the omentum, a fatty fold of tissue that lies close to the kidney and is a rich source of stem cells.

New method can diagnose a feared form of cancer
Pancreatic cancer is often detected at a late stage, which results in poor prognosis and limited treatment options.

Food insecurity linked to cost-related medication underuse in chronically ill Americans
Chronically ill adults who reported food insecurity in their household (not having consistent access to food due to lack of financial stability) were significantly more likely to report cost-related medication underuse, according to a new study in he American Journal of Medicine.

Salivary biomarkers of gingivitis: Information important for personalized decision-making
Today during the 43rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, held in conjunction with the 38th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research, Craig Miller, University of Kentucky, Lexington, will present research titled 'Salivary Biomarkers of Gingivitis: Information Important for Personalized Decision-Making.'

Keck Medicine of USC research may point to better predictor of prostate cancer survival
New research by USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center scientists demonstrates that measuring circulating tumor cells -- the cells that spread cancer through the body -- may be a better predictor of patient survival than the prostate-specific antigen.

Novel pro-resolving-medicines in periodontal regeneration
Today during the 43rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, held in conjunction with the 38th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research, Daniel Huy Nguyen, The Forsyth Institute, Cambridge, Mass., will present research titled 'Novel Pro-Resolving-Medicines in Periodontal Regeneration.'

Gene expression signature reveals new way to classify gum disease
Researchers have devised a new system for classifying periodontal disease based on the genetic signature of affected tissue, rather than on clinical signs and symptoms.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees Tropical System 94W affecting Philippines
The tropical low pressure area centered just east of the southern Philippines appeared more organized on visible imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite on March 21.

It looks like rubber but isn't
Researchers at SISSA are developing fast and efficient numerical methods to study the behavior of molecules and materials.

Press registration for EULAR 2014 is open
Press registration is now open for the 14th annual EULAR meeting taking place on June 11-14 in Paris, France.

Genetic evidence for single bacteria cause of sepsis identified for the first time
A University of Leicester academic was involved in a study into single bacteria causes of systematic disease.

Now even more likely that there are particles smaller than Higgs out there
Nobody has seen them yet; particles that are smaller than the Higgs particle.

The MIS 3 glacial advances in the Nyainqentanglha and possible linkage to the North Atlantic cooling
Glacial advances that occurred about twenty-nine to fifty-nine thousand years ago (MIS 3) during the last glacial period on the Tibetan Plateau have been attributed to precipitation related to the Asian monsoon.

Harms outweigh benefits for women aged 70 and over in national breast cancer screening programs
Extending national breast cancer screening programs to women over the age of 70 does not result in a decrease in the numbers of cancers detected at advanced stages, according to new research from the Netherlands.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Gillian reborn near Java
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the reborn tropical cyclone known as Gillian on March 21 and captured a visible image of the storm, located just south of the island of Java.

Homeless with TBI more likely to visit ER
Homeless and vulnerably housed people who have suffered a traumatic brain injury at some point in their life are more likely to visit an emergency department, be arrested or incarcerated, or be victims of physical assault, new research has found.

Lightweight construction materials of highest stability thanks to their microarchitecture
KIT researchers have developed microstructured lightweight construction materials of highest stability.

Ground-improvement methods might protect against earthquakes
Researchers from the University of Texas at Austin's Cockrell School of Engineering are developing ground-improvement methods to help increase the resilience of homes and low-rise structures built on top of soils prone to liquefaction during strong earthquakes.

Dust in the wind drove iron fertilization during ice age
A study published in Science by researchers at Princeton University and ETH Zurich confirms a longstanding hypothesis that wind-borne dust carried iron to the region of the globe north of Antarctica, driving plankton growth and eventually leading to the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Adeno-associated virus serotype-5 delivery to the rat trigeminal ganglion
Today during the 43rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, held in conjunction with the 38th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research, Lauren Roper, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, will present research titled 'Adeno-Associated Virus Serotype-5 Delivery to the Rat Trigeminal Ganglion.'

With a few finger taps, draw genetic pedigrees at point of care with new app
Long used in genetic medicine, pedigrees are diagrams that show how inherited diseases may recur in a particular family.

Louisiana Tech University, Cyber Innovation Center create new cyber consortium
Louisiana Tech University, in collaboration with the Cyber Innovation Center in Bossier City, La., is pleased to announce the establishment of the Louisiana Cyber and Data Consortium.

Who reprograms rat astrocytes into neurons?
Who reprograms rat astrocytes into neurons?

Characteristics of lung cancers arising in germline EGFR T790M mutation carriers
Two studies are providing new insight into germline epidermal growth factor receptor T790M mutation in familial non-small cell lung cancer.

Water fluoridation: Safety efficacy and value in oral health care
Today during the 43rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, held in conjunction with the 38th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research, a symposium titled 'Water Fluoridation: Safety Efficacy and Value in Oral Health Care' will take place.

A new way to make muscle cells from human stem cells
As stem cells continue their gradual transition from the lab to the clinic, a research group at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has discovered a new way to make large concentrations of skeletal muscle cells and muscle progenitors from human stem cells.

Permafrost thaw: No upside
A new study published in the journal Ecology by Woods Hole Research Center assistant scientist, Susan Natali, finds that growing season gains do not offset carbon emissions from permafrost thaw.

Unique chromosomes preserved in Swedish fossil
Researchers from Lund University and the Swedish Museum of Natural History have made a unique discovery in a well-preserved fern that lived 180 million years ago.

A study using Drosophila flies reveals new regulatory mechanisms of cell migration
A study by Sofia J. Araujo, a Ramon y Cajal researcher with the Morphogenesis in Drosophila lab at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine, provides new insights into the genetic regulation of cell migration.

A third of women might benefit from more frequent mammograms
A study of over 50,000 women participating in the United Kingdom NHS Breast Screening Programme has found that, while three-yearly screening intervals are appropriate for the majority of women, approximately one third of women are at higher risk of developing cancer and might benefit from more frequent mammograms.

Pushing and pulling: Using strain to tune a new quantum material
New research has revealed a method of controlling the surface electronic state of topological insulators -- an important step in realizing the material's potential use in energy efficient devices.

Tecnalia presents a smart home able to detect symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases
Tecnalia center for applied research has designed a system of sensors which when fitted in a home, allows a person's habits and activities to be monitored and any changes in his/her habits and activities that could be a symptom of disorders relating to neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's to be detected.

Electroacupuncture effect on depression and variation of polygenes expression
Preliminary basic research and clinical findings have demonstrated that electroacupuncture therapy exhibits positive effects in ameliorating depression.

Computers spot false faces better than people
A joint study by researchers at the University of California San Diego and the University of Toronto has found that a computer system spots real or faked expressions of pain more accurately than people can.

CFAED presents the new microchip 'Tomahawk 2' at the DATE'14 in Dresden
The Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden presents its new microchip 'Tomahawk 2' at the DATE'14 Conference in the International Congress Center Dresden from March 24-28, 2014.

Researchers develop a novel antibacterial orthodontic bracket cement
Today, at the 43rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, held in conjunction with the 38th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research, Mary Anne Sampaio de Melo, from the University of Maryland, Baltimore, will present a research study titled 'Antibacterial Orthodontic Cement Containing a Quaternary Ammonium Monomer Dimethylaminododecyl Methacrylate.'

Wayne State receives grant to advance ecological restoration efforts in the Great Lakes
Foreign mussels hitchhiking to the Great Lakes in the ballast water tanks of international freighters are becoming one of the most vexing environmental problems facing the Great Lakes.

Making synthetic diamond crystals in a plasma reactor
Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors.

GDNF transfection promotes neuronal differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells
The researchers provide experimental support for the therapeutic use of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor gene-modified bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in transplantation strategies for central nervous system diseases.

Cholesterol transporter structure decoded
For the first time, scientists in Goettingen, Germany, have solved the high-resolution structure of the molecular transporter TSPO, which introduces cholesterol into mitochondria.

Stem cell findings may offer answers for some bladder defects and disease
For the first time, scientists have succeeded in coaxing laboratory cultures of human stem cells to develop into the specialized, unique cells needed to repair a patient's defective or diseased bladder.

Harvard professor wins 'Nobel Prize of water'
A Harvard professor who has made a career of tackling water insecurity challenges around the world will receive the Stockholm Water Prize, known informally as the 'Nobel Prize of water.'

Genetic factor contributes to forgetfulness
Misplaced your keys? Can't remember someone's name? Didn't notice the stop sign?

Playing as black: Avatar race affects white video game players
What happens when white video game players see themselves as black characters in a violent game?

UV exposure found to lower folate levels in young women
Women who are pregnant or trying to fall pregnant and taking a folic acid supplement may be at risk of reducing their folate benefit through sun exposure, a new QUT study has warned.

In rats, diffuse brain damage can occur with no signs of 'concussion,' reports study in Neurosurgery
A standard experimental model of concussion in rats causes substantial brain damage -- but no behavioral changes comparable to those seen in patients with concussion, reports a study in the April issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

Cold snare polypectomy effective for removal of small colorectal polyps in patients on anticoagulants
In recognition of National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month, GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy has published a special issue for March on colorectal cancer.

Inherited mutated gene raises lung cancer risk for women, those who never smoked
People who have an inherited mutation of a certain gene have a high chance of getting lung cancer -- higher, even, than heavy smokers with or without the inherited mutation, according to new findings by cancer researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center.

P&G Beauty to present advancements in skin care technologies at annual AAD Meeting
Research presented by P&G Beauty scientists at the 72nd Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology offers insights into new ingredient formulations and effective skin care routines.

Significant variations between NHS hospitals in adverse outcomes for treatment of DCIS
Analysis of data from the United Kingdom NHS Breast Screening Programme has shown significant variations in the outcomes of treatment for women with ductal carcinoma in situ between United Kingdom hospitals, according to research presented at the European Breast Cancer Conference.

Obesity and depression linked in teen girls says new Rutgers-Camden study
Depression and obesity have long been associated, but how they relate over time is less clear.
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