Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 28, 2014
Food Safety Considerations for Innovative Nutrition Solutions
On Nov. 6, 2014, nutrition and food science researchers and agricultural policymakers will gather to discuss issues of food security, economics, policy and communication related to food safety at 'Food Safety Considerations for Innovative Nutrition Solutions.' A networking reception will follow the event.

Revolutionary solar cells double as lasers
Latest research finds that the trailblazing 'perovskite' material used in solar cells can double up as a laser, strongly suggesting the astonishing efficiency levels already achieved in these cells is only part of the journey.

NUS researchers developed world's first fluorescent sensor to detect date rape drug
A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore has developed the world's first fluorescent sensor to identify the presence of a drug known as GHB that is commonly used to spike beverages.

Marriage linked to lower heart risks in study of 3.5+ million adults
People who are married have lower rates of several cardiovascular diseases compared with those who are single, divorced or widowed, according to research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Research suggests autumn is ending later in the northern hemisphere
A study by the University of Southampton suggests that on average the end of autumn is taking place later in the year and spring is starting slightly earlier.

Fingerprint of dissolved glycine in the Terahertz range explained
Chemists have, for the first time, completely analyzed the fingerprint region of the Terahertz spectrum of a biologically relevant molecule in water, in this case, an amino acid.

Umeå University becomes national resource for advanced electron microscopy
Umeå University in Sweden will be a national resource for advanced electron microscopy thanks to a contribution of SEK 57 million.

Fabricating nanostructures with silk could make clean rooms green rooms
Tufts University engineers have demonstrated that it is possible to generate nanostructures from silk in an environmentally friendly process that uses water as a developing agent and standard fabrication techniques.

Repeated hUCB injections may improve prognosis of children with deadly inherited disorder
When human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells were injected into laboratory mice modeled with Sanfilippo syndrome type III B, researchers found repeated injections had clear benefits for the mice receiving multiple injections over control groups receiving single injections of either a high or low dose of cells.

Researchers develop technique to measure engineered nanomaterials delivered to cells
Scientists at the Center for Nanotechnology and Nanotoxicology at Harvard School of Public Health have discovered a fast, simple, and inexpensive method to measure the effective density of engineered nanoparticles in physiological fluids, thereby making it possible to accurately determine the amount of nanomaterials that come into contact with cells and tissue in culture.

Rainbow-catching waveguide could revolutionize energy technologies
Breakthrough photonics research at the University at Buffalo. could lead to more efficient photovoltaic cells, improved radar and stealth technology and a new way to recycle waste heat generated by machines into energy.

Eating fruits and vegetables linked to healthier arteries later in life
Women who ate a diet high in fresh fruits and vegetables as young adults were much less likely to have plaque build-up in their arteries 20 years later compared with those who consumed lower amounts of these foods, according to research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Married people less likely to have cardiovascular problems
Marriage is criticized for many things -- justly and unjustly -- but not heart disease, according to findings of a recent study conducted by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center.

UEA research shows gastric surgery halves risk of heart attack in obese people
Obese people who have stomach surgery to help them lose weight will halve their risk of heart attack according to new research from the University of East Anglia.

TV linked to poor snacking habits, cardiovascular risk in middle schoolers
Middle school kids who park themselves in front of the TV for two hours or more each day are more likely to consume junk food and have risk factors for cardiovascular disease, even compared to those who spend an equal amount of time on the computer or playing video games, according to research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

UCL and Novo Nordisk partner to take action against urban diabetes
UCL is partnering with Novo Nordisk and the Steno Diabetes Center -- a world leading institution in diabetes care and prevention -- to launch the Cities Changing Diabetes initiative, an ambitious new partnership program to fight urban diabetes.

Two researchers known for identifying and treating 'bubble boy' disease honored by March of Dimes
The March of Dimes honored Rebecca H. Buckley, M.D., professor of immunology and the J.

Whether they reduce fat or not, obesity programs lower kids' blood pressure
A systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies of the effect of child obesity intervention programs on blood pressure has found that whether such programs prevented obesity or not, many of them reduced blood pressure in children.

Stigmas, once evolutionarily sound, are now bad health strategies
Stigmatization may have once served to protect early humans from infectious diseases, but that strategy may do more harm than good for modern humans, according to Penn State researchers.

Research center to develop next generation of advanced chemical products
A new £7 million center at the University of Leeds will lead United Kingdom research in manufacturing advanced chemical products.

NIST issues final Joplin tornado report, begins effort to improve standards and codes
NIST has released the final report on its technical investigation into the impacts of the May 22, 2011, tornado that struck Joplin, Mo.

Optimal duration of percutaneous microballoon compression for trigeminal nerve injury
This release focuses on the optimal duration of percutaneous microballoon compression for trigeminal nerve injury.

Safety and immunogenicity of 2 doses of the HPV-16/18 AS04 adjuvanted vaccine Cervarix
A recent study in the journal Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics showed that two doses of the HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine Cervarix (GlaxoSmithKline) are non-inferior to three-doses in the current schedule.

Call for more awareness of sexual dysfunction in lung cancer patients
Many lung cancer patients suffer difficulties with sexual expression and intimacy, yet for too long the topic has been ignored by doctors and researchers, experts have said at the 4th European Lung Cancer Conference.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center's Harold F. Dvorak, M.D., wins Gairdner Award
Harold F. Dvorak, M.D., receives the 2014 Canada Gairdner Award for landmark discovery of VPF, a key player in blood vessel formation, which forms the basis for the field of angiogenesis.

UNC researchers show cancer chemotherapy accelerates 'molecular aging'
Using a test developed at UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center to determine molecular aging, UNC oncologists have directly measured the impact of anti-cancer chemotherapy drugs on biological aging.

Concerning number of kids have elevated cholesterol
Roughly one out of three kids screened for high cholesterol between the ages of 9 and 11 has borderline or high cholesterol, potentially placing them at greater risk for future cardiovascular disease, according to research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Multimillion pound award supports 76 Ph.D.s in global risk
The University of Liverpool, supported by an £8 million investment, will fund more than 70 Ph.D. students to research areas of risk, such as financial crashes, nuclear disasters, and environmental crisis.

Research clarifies health costs of air pollution from agriculture
Ammonia pollution from agricultural sources poses larger health costs than previously estimated, according to NASA-funded research.

Gene may predict if further cancer treatments are needed
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center researchers are developing a new predictive tool that could help patients with breast cancer and certain lung cancers decide whether follow-up treatments are likely to help.

Drilling into the trends in genetics and epigenetics of aging and longevity
An international group of scientists performed a comprehensive analysis of the genetic and epigenetic mechanisms and demonstrated that the majority of the genes, as well as genetic and epigenetic mechanisms that are involved in regulation of longevity, are highly interconnected and related to stress response.

More male fish 'feminized' by pollution on the Basque coast
Members of the Cell Biology in Environmental Toxicology group have discovered evidence of 'feminization' of male fish in the estuaries of Gernika, Arriluze, Santurtzi, Plentzia, Ondarroa, Deba and Pasaia.

Ancient African cattle first domesticated in Middle East, MU study reveals
A team of University of Missouri researchers has completed the genetic history of 134 cattle breeds from around the world.

Aspartic acid in the hippocampus: A biomarker for postoperative cognitive dysfunction
This release focus on the paper entitled Aspartic acid in the hippocampus: a biomarker for postoperative cognitive dysfunction.

Adjuvant chemotherapy increases markers of molecular aging in the blood of BC survivors
Adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer is 'gerontogenic,' accelerating the pace of physiologic aging, according to a new study published March 28 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Underweight people at as high risk of dying as obese people, new study finds
Being underweight puts people at highest risk of dying, just as obesity does, new research has found.

Immunotherapy innovator wins 2014 Canada Gairdner International Award
A Canadian institution that annually recognizes seminal medical discoveries selected cancer immunotherapy leader Jim Allison, Ph.D., chair and professor of Immunology at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, for one of its 2014 Canada Gairdner International Awards.

Notre Dame Rome symposium, exhibit to highlight the digital future of world heritage
John R. Phillips, US ambassador to Italy, will be in attendance as an exhibit and symposium highlighting the University of Notre Dame School of Architecture's discoveries at the historic Roman Forum opens April 2 in Rome.

AERA Meeting: German and US-American educational researchers in dialogue
The German Institute for International Educational Research offers German and US-American educational researchers an opportunity to deepen their professional exchange at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association in Philadelphia, Apr.

Great earthquakes, water under pressure, high risk
Water trapped in the boundary between both plates has a dominant influence on the earthquake rupture process.

Number of babies mom has may play role in future cardiovascular health
Women who give birth to four or more children are much more likely to have evidence of plaque in their heart or thickening of their arteries -- early signs of cardiovascular disease -- compared with those having fewer pregnancies, according to research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Erectile dysfunction can be reversed without medication
Men suffering from sexual dysfunction can be successful at reversing their problem, by focusing on lifestyle factors and not just relying on medication, according to research at the University of Adelaide.

Esophageal function implicated in life-threatening experiences in infants, study suggests
A study of apparent life-threatening events -- called ALTEs for short -- suggests that infants who experience them have abnormal regulation of esophageal and airway function compared to healthy babies.
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