Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 29, 2014
US, European cholesterol guidelines differ in statin use recommendations
Application of US and European cholesterol guidelines to a European population found that proportions of individuals eligible for statins differed substantially, with one US guideline recommending statins for nearly all men and two-thirds of women, proportions exceeding those of the other guidelines, according to a JAMA study released online to coincide with the 2014 American College of Cardiology Scientific Sessions.

Renal denervation shows no benefit in resistant hypertension
Renal denervation fell short of primary and secondary efficacy goals in patients with severe resistant hypertension but did meet the primary safety endpoints, according to keenly awaited data from SYMPLICITY HTN-3 presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Efforts to curb hospital readmissions take center stage
Strategies aimed at reducing the number of patients with heart failure and other cardiovascular conditions who find themselves back in the hospital after discharge were identified in six new studies presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Role of type-2 astrocytes on the repair of spinal cord injury
Increasing expression of bone morphogenetic proteins at the lesion site of the central nervous system possibly induces oligodendrocyte precursor cells to differentiate into type-2 astrocytes.

Celiac disease linked to increased risk of coronary artery disease
People with celiac disease may have a near two-fold increased risk of coronary artery disease compared with the general population, according to research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

A new study shows that even micro heart attacks are a major problem
Researchers at the Minneapolis Heart Institute at Abbott Northwestern Hospital have found that cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging may help doctors better identify which patients with mild heart disease are likely to develop more serious heart problems long term.

How does acupuncture at Baihui and Dazhui reduce brain cell apoptosis in heroin readdicts?
How does acupuncture at Baihui and Dazhui reduce brain cell apoptosis in heroin readdicts?

Study estimates proportion of adults affected by new blood pressure guideline
Applying the updated 2014 blood pressure guideline to the US population suggests that nearly six million adults are no longer classified as needing hypertension medication, and that an estimated 13.5 million adults would now be considered as having achieved goal blood pressure, primarily older adults, according to a JAMA study released online to coincide with the 2014 American College of Cardiology Scientific Sessions.

Fewer deaths with self-expanding TAVR versus surgery at 1 year
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement with a self-expanding valve prosthesis for the first time has demonstrated significantly lower death rates at one year compared with conventional surgical valve replacement in high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

New approach to leukemia testing may better define prognosis, treatment
Nearly half of patients with the most common form of adult leukemia are said to have normal chromosomes but appear instead to have a distinct pattern of genetic abnormalities that could better define their prognosis and treatment, researchers report.

Are statins good for your love life?
Statins are associated with a significant improvement in erectile function, a fact researchers hope will encourage men who need statins to reduce their risk of heart attack to take them, according to research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Relaxed blood pressure guidelines cut millions from needing medication
New guidelines that ease the recommended blood pressure could result in 5.8 million US adults no longer needing hypertension medication, according to an analysis by Duke Medicine researchers.

Too many diet drinks may spell heart trouble for older women
It appears healthy postmenopausal women who drink two or more diet drinks a day may be more likely to have a heart attack, stroke or other cardiovascular problems, according to research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Commonly used intra-aortic balloon pump may have broader potential for heart patients
One of many uses for the intra-aortic balloon pump is helping ensure adequate oxygen and blood delivery to a heart struggling to resume beating in the aftermath of coronary bypass surgery.

Daylight saving impacts the timing of heart attacks
Still feeling the residual effects of springing ahead for daylight saving time?

Studies suggest coronary calcium score indicates long-term heart health
Coronary artery calcium scoring, a test that measures the amount and pattern of calcium that has accumulated in a patient's coronary arteries, appears to provide an early indication of a person's long-term risk for heart disease, according to data from five studies presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Young women: Eat more fruits and vegetables now to protect your heart later
A diet rich in fruits and vegetables for middle-aged adults has been associated with reduced rates of coronary heart disease, especially in women.

Resting-state functional connectivity as an auxillary diagnosis of depression
According to a paper published in the Neural Regeneration Research (Vol.

Analysis supports use of risk equations to guide statin therapy
In an analysis of almost 11,000 patients, an assessment of equations that help guide whether a patient should begin taking a statin (cholesterol lowering medication) found that observed and predicted five-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risks were similar, suggesting that these equations are helpful for clinical decision making, according to a JAMA study released online to coincide with presentation at the 2014 American College of Cardiology Scientific Sessions.

Efforts to curb hospital readmissions take center stage
Strategies aimed at reducing the number of patients with heart failure and other cardiovascular conditions who find themselves back in the hospital after discharge were identified in six new studies presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Study finds astronauts' hearts become more spherical in space
New findings from a study of 12 astronauts show the heart becomes more spherical when exposed to long periods of microgravity in space, a change that could lead to cardiac problems, according to research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.
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