Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 31, 2014
Cfaed starts a research project on organic electronics with the University of Brasília
On April 1, the Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden of TU Dresden starts a binational three-year research project on organic electronics with the University of Brasília.

New tool helps young adults with sickle cell disease in the transition to adult care
Child and adolescent hematologists at Boston Medical Center have developed a tool to gauge how ready young adults with sickle cell disease are for a transition into adult care.

Emotional children's testimonies are judged as more credible
A new study from the University of Gothenburg shows that aspiring lawyers assess child complainants as more credible and truthful if they communicate their statement in an emotional manner.

Behind the scenes of the IPCC report, with Stanford scientists
Stanford's Chris Field has spent five years leading a large team of international scientists as they prepared a major United Nations report on the state and fate of the world's climate.

Metformin does not improve heart function in patients without diabetes
Although some research has suggested that metformin, a medication often used in the treatment of diabetes, may have favorable effects on ventricular (heart) function, among patients without diabetes who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI; a procedure such as stent placement used to open narrowed coronary arteries) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI; a certain pattern on an electrocardiogram following a heart attack), treatment with metformin did not result in improved ventricular function.

Hybrid vehicles more fuel efficient in India, China than in US
What makes cities in India and China so frustrating to drive in -- heavy traffic, aggressive driving style, few freeways -- makes them ideal for saving fuel with hybrid vehicles, according to new research by scientists at the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

NSIDC, NASA say Arctic melt season lengthening, ocean rapidly warming
The length of the melt season for Arctic sea ice is growing by several days each decade, and an earlier start to the melt season is allowing the Arctic Ocean to absorb enough additional solar radiation in some places to melt as much as four feet of the Arctic ice cap's thickness, according to a new study by National Snow and Ice Data Center and NASA researchers.

Possible explanation for human diseases caused by defective ribosomes
Mutations in proteins that make ribosomes cause disorders called 'ribosomopathies,' which are characterized by bone marrow failure and anemia early in life, followed by elevated cancer risk in middle age.

Heat waves reduce length of pregnancy
When temperatures reach 32°C or higher over a period of four to seven days, the risk of early-term delivery is 27 percent higher than on typical summer days, according to a study led by Nathalie Auger of the University of Montreal's Department of Social and Preventive Medicine.

Telephonic support to facilitate return to work: What works, how, and when?
A REPORT from University of Huddersfield experts has ensured that an ambitious Government scheme to help more people return to work from sick leave will include telephone support as a key component.

Using different scents to attract or repel insects
Flowering plants are able to make flexible use of their scents.

Kinder, gentler med school: Students less depressed, learn more
Saint Louis University research shows that medical students learn more and are mentally healthier when pressure is reduced.

Research shows link between states' personalities and their politics
If one state's citizens are more agreeable and another's more conscientious, could that influence how each state is governed?

Nano-paper filter removes viruses
Researchers at the Division of Nanotechnology and Functional Materials, Uppsala University have developed a paper filter, which can remove virus particles with the efficiency matching that of the best industrial virus filters.

Anti-anxiety drugs and sleeping pills linked to risk of death
Anti-anxiety drugs and sleeping pills have been linked to an increased risk of death, according to new research from the University of Warwick.

Experimental cancer drug reverses schizophrenia in adolescent mice
Johns Hopkins researchers say that an experimental anticancer compound appears to have reversed behaviors associated with schizophrenia and restored some lost brain cell function in adolescent mice with a rodent version of the devastating mental illness.

Using more wood for construction can slash global reliance on fossil fuels
A new Yale-led study finds that increasing the wood harvest to the equivalent of 34 percent or more of annual wood growth to meet construction demands worldwide could drastically reduce the global reliance on fossil fuels while protecting biodiversity and carbon storage capacity.

Can gratitude reduce costly impatience?
In a potentially landmark study forthcoming in the journal Psychological Science, a team of researchers from Northeastern University, the University of California, Riverside, and Harvard Kennedy School demonstrate that feelings of gratitude automatically reduce financial impatience.

New study finds biochar stimulates more plant growth but less plant defense
In the first study of its kind, research undertaken at the University of Southampton has cast significant doubt over the use of biochar to alleviate climate change.

Nearly 97 percent of health professionals wash their hands when patients are asked to watch: Study
Improving hand hygiene compliance by healthcare professionals is no easy task, but a first-of-its-kind Canadian study by researchers at Women's College Hospital shows simply asking patients to audit their healthcare professional is yielding high marks.

Major bleeds rise with perioperative aspirin for non-cardiac surgery
Patients given aspirin to prevent heart problems after non-heart-related surgery had a higher risk of serious bleeding than the patients who did not receive aspirin.

Male-dominated societies are not more violent, study says
Conventional wisdom and scientific arguments have claimed that societies with more men than women, such as China, will become more violent, but a University of California, Davis, study has found that a male-biased sex ratio does not lead to more crime.

Metformin fails to reduce heart failure after heart attack
The use of metformin, a common regulator of blood glucose for diabetics, does not help protect against heart failure in non-diabetic patients who have suffered a heart attack, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Excessive hospital occupancy levels result in avoidable mortality
Once a hospital reaches a certain occupancy level, the quality of care it provides deteriorates, increasing the risk of mortality of critically ill patients.

New non-surgical treatment for common, vexing eye condition
A new report reveals a potential breakthrough in treating pterygium (pterygia, Surfer's eye) -- a common eye ailment that can significantly impact vision, eye health, and cosmetic appearance and is considered curable only with surgery.

Satellite shows high productivity from US corn belt
Data from satellite sensors show that during the Northern Hemisphere's growing season, the Midwest region of the United States boasts more photosynthetic activity than any other spot on Earth, according to NASA and university scientists.

Periodic puns: Chemistry jokes just in time for April Fools' Day (video)
It's almost April Fools' Day, and the American Chemical Society's Reactions video series is celebrating with an episode featuring our favorite chemistry jokes.

Six new Dracula ants from Madagascar: Minor workers become queens in Mystrium
Entomologists in California Academy of Sciences have discovered six new species of Dracula ants from Madagascar and its surrounding islands.

Comparison of drug-releasing stents show similar safety outcomes after 2 years
A comparison of the safety of biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stents vs durable polymer everolimus-eluting stents finds similar outcomes for measures including death and heart attack after two years, according to a JAMA study released online to coincide with presentation at the 2014 American College of Cardiology Scientific Sessions.

Visual scholar speaks on history of plastic surgery in World War I
The University of Houston has invited distinguished visual scholar David M.

Early rehabilitation improves postsurgery neurofunctional outcome in spinal tumor children
Early rehabilitation improves postsurgery neurofunctional outcome in spinal tumor children.

Black police officers good for entertainment only -- at least that's what movies tell us
Research conducted by Howard Henderson and Franklin Wilson examined 112 'modern cop' films and found that the depiction of African-American cops in those films (when they appeared) were largely for comedic purposes.

Should physicists work to the sound of silence?
In this month's issue of Physics World, Felicity Mellor, a senior lecturer in science communication at Imperial College London, questions whether the requirement of the modern physicist to collaborate and communicate is preventing the intellectual progress brought about by silence and solitude.

Computer science professor Roxana Geambasu wins NSF CAREER Award
Roxana Geambasu, assistant professor of computer science, has won a National Science Foundation CAREER Award for her proposal to create new data protection abstractions for modern operating systems.

Tropical Cyclone Hellen makes landfall in Madagascar
Tropical Cyclone Hellen made landfall in west central Madagascar as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead capturing temperature data on its towering thunderstorms.

Electrical engineering professor Javad Lavaei wins NSF Career Award
Javad Lavaei, assistant professor of electrical engineering, has won a National Science Foundation CAREER Award for his research on electrical power networks.

Addicts who live in the moment may benefit most from certain kinds of treatment
A simple cognitive test may be able to predict how well an individual struggling with addiction will respond to certain treatments, according to a study led by an addiction expert at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute.

NASA releases images of X-class solar flare
The sun emitted a significant solar flare, peaking at 1:48 p.m.

Heart health as young adult linked to mental function in mid-life
Having blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels slightly higher than the recommended guidelines in early adulthood is associated with lower cognitive function in mid-life.

Researchers develop device that simulates gastro-intestinal tract
A breakthrough in drug testing developed by a University of Huddersfield lecturer could lead to cheaper, more effective medicines.

Oxygen depletion in the Baltic Sea is 10 times worse than a century ago
The Baltic Sea is suffering from a lack of oxygen.

Innovative solutions for lab-automation developed by Bioprocess Engineers from Dresden
The lab automation platform PetriJet developed at the TU Dresden, Chair of Bioprocess Engineering equipped with one input and one output stack respectively handles up to 20 culture dishes per batch which results in about 100 handled culture dishes and taken images per hour.

University Tennessee Knoxville professor named Legendary Geoscientist
Robert D. Hatcher Jr., distinguished scientist and professor at the University of Tennessee Knoxville and former President of the American Geosciences Institute, was unanimously approved by the American Geosciences Institute Executive Committee to receive the 2014 Marcus Milling Legendary Geoscientist Medal.

Sobering update on Jamaica's largest vertebrate
The Jamaican iguana continues to be critically endangered, with only a single location left for the recovering population in the Portland Bight Protected Area.

New Penn-designed gel allows for targeted therapy after heart attack
Each patient responds to heart attacks differently and damage can vary from one part of the heart muscle to another.

'Ivory tower' bucking social media
University scholars are largely resisting the use of social media to circulate their scientific findings and engage their tech-savvy students, a Michigan State University researcher argues in a new paper.

New functions for 'junk' DNA?
DNA encodes the information necessary to make all the proteins in a cell, but the vast majority of the DNA in a cell is non-coding DNA, in the past sometimes referred to as 'junk' DNA.

Clonidine doesn't reduce deaths or heart attack after non-cardiac surgery
Clonidine -- a drug that reduces blood pressure and heart rate -- increased rates of clinically concerning hypotension and non-fatal cardiac arrest after noncardiac surgery, according to the POISE-2 trial presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

A breakthrough in creating invisibility cloaks, stealth technology
Scientists have managed to create artificial nanostructures that can 'bend light,' called metamaterials.

Psychological factors turn young adults away from HIV intervention counseling
Annenberg study finds young people are largely turned off by HIV intervention counseling; this is a serious problem considering high rate of sexually transmitted infections in the target market of Duval County, Fla.

Poor sleep quality linked to cognitive decline in older men
A new study of older men found a link between poor sleep quality and the development of cognitive decline over three to four years.

UH India Studies Program hosts award-winning author Amitav Ghosh, Apr. 10
The India Studies Program at the University of Houston has invited award-winning author and distinguished scholar Amitav Ghosh to deliver a lecture,

Researchers reveal a new pathway through the sodium pump
The ubiquitous sodium pump appears to be more versatile than we thought.

Study finds parental monitoring of children's media use is beneficial
Parental monitoring of the time children spend watching television, playing video games and being online can be associated with more sleep, improved school performance and better behavior by the children.

International team using shape memory alloys to rehab concrete structures
A team of researchers from University of Houston Cullen College of Engineering and Qatar University has won a $779,000 grant to develop a new way to rehabilitate deteriorating reinforced concrete structures.

Biolimus still comparable to everolimus in year 2 of stent match-up
A new stent covered with biodegradable coating continues to show statistical equivalence to Japan's market leader in cumulative second-year data and subgroup analyses, according to research from the NEXT trial presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

UIC chemist awarded international sustainability grant
A University of Illinois at Chicago chemistry professor will lead the US effort in a three-nation project to develop efficient catalytic methods that replace rare metals with abundant and inexpensive metals such as iron and copper.

Real-world heart procedure results consistent with scientific research
The first one-year outcomes data of transcatheter heart valve replacement in nearly all US patients undergoing this procedure shows that real-world outcomes are comparable to or slightly better than those found in clinical trials, according to registry data presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Major breakthrough in stem cell manufacturing technology
Scientists at The University of Nottingham have developed a new substance which could simplify the manufacture of cell therapy in the pioneering world of regenerative medicine.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for April 1, 2014
The April 1, 2014, issue of Annals of Internal Medicine includes these articles: 'Men with HIV have a greater risk and extent of coronary artery disease'; 'Nearly a third of patients fail to fill first-time prescriptions'; and 'Study questions accuracy of results reported on government database and peer-review journals.'

Johns Hopkins study shows link between HIV infection and coronary artery disease
Men with long-term HIV infections are at higher risk than uninfected men of developing plaque in their coronary arteries, regardless of their other risk factors for coronary artery disease, according to results of a study led by Johns Hopkins researchers.

Researchers announce first phononic crystal that can be altered in real time
Using an acoustic metadevice that can influence the acoustic space and can control any of the ways in which waves travel, engineers have demonstrated, for the first time, that it is possible to dynamically alter the geometry of a three-dimensional colloidal crystal in real time.

BUSM study finds increasing health coverage does not improve readmission rates
In a first of its kind retrospective study, Boston University School of Medicine researchers have found that providing health insurance coverage to previously uninsured people does not result in reducing 30-day readmission rates.

Academic workplace bias against parents hurts nonparents too
A new study from Rice University and the UC, San Diego, shows that university workplace bias against scientists and engineers who use flexible work arrangements may increase employee dissatisfaction and turnover even for people who don't have children.

Increasing hospitalist workload linked to longer length of stay, higher costs
An increasing workload for hospitalists (physicians who care exclusively for hospitalized patients) was associated with increased length of stay and costs at a large academic community hospital system in Delaware, which may undermine the efficiency and cost of care.

Proteins discovered in gonorrhea may offer new approach to treatment
Researchers have discovered novel proteins in, or on the surface of the bacteria that causes gonorrhea, which offer a promising new avenue of attack against a venereal disease that is showing increased resistance to the antibiotics used to treat it.

Scientists discover a number of novel genetic defects which cause oesophageal cancer
A team of scientists from the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore at the National University of Singapore and National University Cancer Institute Singapore, and their collaborators from the Cedars-Sinai Medical Centre, UCLA School of Medicine, demonstrated that a number of novel genetic defects are able to induce oesophageal cancer.

Novel study into breast cancer origins paves way for personalized treatment
In a new study published by the Journal of Pathology, Dr.

Antihypertensive ACEIs associated with reduced cardiovascular events, death
The blood pressure medication angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors appear to reduce major cardiovascular events and death, as well death from all other causes, in patients with diabetes, while angiotensin II receptor blockers appear to have no such effect on those outcomes.

CAMH researcher discovers 2 new genes linked to intellectual disability
Researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health have discovered two new genes linked to intellectual disability, according to two research studies published concurrently this month in the journals Human Genetics and Human Molecular Genetics.

NYU physicist to study star deaths using stellar forensics under NSF CAREER Award
New York University physicist Maryam Modjaz will study the explosions of stars using a method she calls 'stellar forensics' under a National Science Foundation CAREER Award.

Kessler Foundation receives MS Research Center Award from National MS Society
Kessler Foundation is the recipient of a Multiple Sclerosis Research Center Award from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society.

β-Amyloid deposits increase with age, associated with artery stiffness
Stiffening of the arteries appears to be associated with the progressive buildup of β-amyloid plaque in the brains of elderly patients without dementia, suggesting a relationship between the severity of vascular disease and the plaque that is a hallmark of Alzheimer disease.

'The Politics of Hospital Provision in Early Twentieth-Century Britain'
Professor Doyle's book is The Politics of Hospital Provision in Early Twentieth-Century Britain (Pickering & Chatto) and in addition to his new research into Leeds and Sheffield, it also draws on his earlier examination of early-twentieth century Middlesbrough.

Stats show growth of breast lifts outpacing implants 2 to 1
New statistics released by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons show breast lift procedures are growing at twice the rate of breast implant surgeries.

Tested a drug that strengthens the analgesic effect of opioids without increasing constipation
Scientists from the University of Granada have taken part, alongside the Esteve laboratory, in the development of a new drug that multiplies the analgesic effect of opioids (drugs for treating intense pain), without increasing constipation, one of the most common side-effects of these drugs, among which is morphine.

Drug-eluting stents demonstrate better outcomes after 1 year than bare metal stents
Use of drug-eluting stents is associated with a lower risk of major cardiovascular events at one year compared to bare metal stents when followed by an individualized course of blood-thinning medication among patients previously thought to be uncertain candidates for drug-eluting stents due to their heightened risk of bleeding or blood clots, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Helmholtz Prize for the 'new' ampere
In time for the maybe critical decisions on the change to the 'new' SI at the Conference Internationale des Poids et Mesures this November, a group of scientists from the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt has succeeded in developing a current standard that not only generates a clocked single-electron current, but also simultaneously measures this current independently.

Scientists understand how E. coli clone has become globally distributed
Scientists have for the first time come closer to understanding how a clone of E. coli, described as the most important of its kind to cause human infections, has spread across the world in a very short time.

Self-healing engineered muscle grown in the laboratory
Biomedical engineers at Duke University have grown living skeletal muscle that contracts powerfully and rapidly, integrates quickly into mice, and for the first time, demonstrates the ability to heal itself both inside the laboratory and inside an animal.

Giving steroids during bypass surgery shows no benefit, some harm
Giving patients steroids at the time of heart surgery does not improve health outcomes and appears to put them at greater risk of having a heart attack in the days following surgery, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Gratitude, not 'gimme,' makes for more satisfaction, Baylor University study finds
People who are materialistic are more likely to be depressed and unsatisfied, in part because they find it harder to be grateful for what they have, according to a study by Baylor University psychology and business researchers.

Ancient whodunit may be solved: The microbes did it!
Methane-producing microbes may be responsible for the largest mass extinction in Earth's history.

Hearing loss affects old people's personality
As people approach old age, they generally become less outgoing.

Diamonds are an oil's best friend
A mixture of diamond nanoparticles and mineral oil easily outperforms other types of fluid created for heat-transfer applications, according to new research by Rice University.

Minneapolis Cardiology Fellow named an ACCF Young Investigators Awards finalist
Minneapolis Heart Institute Chief Cardiology Fellow Ankur Kalra, MD has been named as a finalist for the 2014 ACCF Young Investigators Awards.

Genetic cause of heart valve defects
Heart valve defects are a common cause of death in newborns.

Where to get Viagra news? (Really, this isn't spam)
Do you want information on Viagra or ibuprofen? Check out general social networks such as Twitter and Pinterest.

Limiting screen time yields mulitple benefits, ISU study finds
Parents may not always see it, but efforts to limit their children's screen time can make a difference.

'Cosmic barometer' could reveal violent events in universe's past
Scientists have developed a way of reading the universe's 'cosmic barometer' to learn more about ancient violent events in space.

Emergency management in Arctic: Experts offer 7 key recommendations
Inadequate risk assessment, planning and training are among the gaps in many parts of Canada's Arctic, compounding the challenges of brutal weather, vast distances, difficult transportation and spotty communications and exposing the region's residents to ever-increasing risks of disasters and emergencies, a new report says.

Data show benefit of comprehensive lipid testing in determining risk for coronary heart disease
Data presented from two meta-analyses using the Atherotech Vertical Auto Profile Lipid Panel showed the impact high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and remnant lipoprotein cholesterol have on determining a patient's risk for hard coronary heart disease endpoints, such as myocardial infarction or coronary death.

Mobile tools boost tobacco screening and cessation counseling
Smartphones and tablets may hold the key to getting more clinicians to screen patients for tobacco use and advise smokers on how to quit.

Never say never in the nano-world
'On rare occasions, one may observe events that never happen on the macroscopic scale such as, for example heat transfer from cold to hot which is unheard of in our daily lives,' says Christoph Dellago, professor in computational physics at the University of Vienna and coauthor of the present publication in the renowned journal Nature Nanotechnology.

Fast food giants' ads for healthier kids meals don't send the right message
Fast food giants attempts at depicting healthier kids' meals frequently goes unnoticed by children ages three to seven years old according to a new study by Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center.

Computer maps 21 distinct emotional expressions -- even 'happily disgusted'
Researchers at The Ohio State University have found a way for computers to recognize 21 distinct facial expressions -- even expressions for complex or seemingly contradictory emotions such as 'happily disgusted' or 'sadly angry.' The study more than triples the number of documented facial expressions that researchers can now use for cognitive analysis.

Can antibiotics cause autoimmunity?
A certain class of antibiotics prompts cells to produce low levels of novel self proteins that could trigger an autoimmune disease.

Seven a day keeps the reaper at bay
Eating seven or more portions of fruit and vegetables a day reduces your risk of death at any point in time by 42 percent compared to eating less than one portion, reports a new UCL study.

Mild hypothermia for treatment of diffuse axonal injury: A quantitative DTI analysis
Mild hypothermia has been shown to exert apparent neuroprotective effects in animal models of diffuse axonal injury.

New human trial shows stem cells are effective for failing hearts
Patients with severe ischemic heart disease and heart failure can benefit from a new treatment in which stem cells found in bone marrow are injected directly into the heart muscle, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Burden of diabetic ketoacidosis still unacceptably high
Diabetic ketoacidosis, a life-threatening but preventable condition, remains an important problem for youth with diabetes and their families.

Leeds to lead the way in Earth observation research
Two centers -- the Centre for the Observation and Modelling of Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tectonics and the Centre for Polar Observation & Modelling -- move to the University of Leeds on 1 April 2014.

Eye Expo at UH offers resources to the visually impaired
A vision expo will be held Saturday, Apr. 12, at the University of Houston, offering information on rehabilitation and resources for the blind and visually impaired to live independent and productive lives.

HIV treatment while incarcerated helped prisoners achieve viral suppression
Treating inmates for the human immunodeficiency virus while they were incarcerated in Connecticut helped a majority of them achieve viral suppression by the time they were released.

Newly discovered molecule may offer hope for immune disorders and runaway inflammation
A new research discovery published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology may open the door to new therapies that help treat immune disorders or curb runaway inflammation.

Using your loaf to fight brain disease
Experts analyze baker's yeast to discover potential for combating neurological conditions like Parkinson's and even cancer.

Warming climate may spread drying to a third of earth, says study
A new study published this month in the journal Climate Dynamics estimates that 12 percent of land will be subject to drought by 2100 through rainfall changes alone; but the drying will spread to 30 percent of land if higher evaporation rates are considered.

NRL to launch SSULI on April 3rd; will measure ionosphere electron density
On April 3rd, 2014, a satellite carrying a US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) space weather instrument will launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base.

Osborne announces 22 new Centres for Doctoral Training
Postgraduate training in a wide range of engineering and scientific fields important to the UK's economy received a further boost today.

USC Viterbi researchers developing cheap, better-performing lithium-ion batteries
University of Southern California Viterbi researchers have developed a cheap, high-performing silicon anode and sulfur-based cathode for lithium-ion batteries.

Wallace scholarship for women geoscientists awardees announced
The American Geosciences Institute congratulates the latest recipients of the Wallace Scholarship for women in geoscience at Pennsylvania State University and the University of Florida.

A robot walks into a bar...
The image of a joke-telling robot, that can tailor its repartee while performing a stand-up comedy routine, has won the overall prize in a national science photography competition organised by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.

Cleveland Clinic study shows bariatric surgery provides long-term control of diabetes
A study by Cleveland Clinic researchers shows bariatric surgery is a highly effective and durable treatment for type 2 diabetes in obese patients, enabling nearly all surgical patients to be free of insulin and many to be free of all diabetic medications three years after surgery.

Brawn matters: Stronger adolescents and teens have less risk of diabetes, heart disease
Muscle-strengthening activities may be important for kids' health.

New Zealand physicists split and collide ultracold atom clouds
Physicists at New Zealand's University of Otago have pushed the frontiers of quantum technology by developing a steerable 'optical tweezers' unit that uses intense laser beams to precisely split minute clouds of ultracold atoms and to smash them together.

Online self-injury information often inaccurate, study finds
People seeking help or information online about cutting and other forms of self-injury are likely finding falsehoods and myths, according to new research from the University of Guelph.

Vibration may help heal chronic wounds
Wounds may heal more quickly if exposed to low-intensity vibration, report researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Tamiflu-resistant influenza: Parsing the genome for the culprits
It doesn't take long for the flu virus to outsmart Tamiflu.

Weaker gut instinct makes teens open to risky behavior
Making snap decisions usually means following your initial reaction -- going with your gut.

Seven+ daily portions of fruit and veg linked to lowest risk of death from all causes
Eating at least seven daily portions of fruit and vegetables may confer the best chance of staving off death from any cause, indicates research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Study further illuminates heart-healthy benefits of Mediterranean diet
New research further illuminates the heart-healthy benefits of the Mediterranean diet, tying the eating plan to lower levels of platelets and white blood cells, two markers of inflammation.

Rural versus urban causes of childhood concussion
Researchers at Western University (London, Canada) have found youth living in rural areas are more likely to sustain concussions from injuries involving motorized vehicles such as all-terrain vehicles and dirt bikes, whereas youth living in urban areas suffer concussions mostly as a result of sports.

Certain genetic variants may identify patients at higher risk of bladder cancer recurrence
A new study by Dartmouth researchers suggests that certain inherited DNA sequences may affect a bladder cancer patient's prognosis.

Anesthetic technique important to prevent damage to brain
Researchers at the University of Adelaide have discovered that a commonly used anesthetic technique to reduce the blood pressure of patients undergoing surgery could increase the risk of starving the brain of oxygen.

Heparin more effective than bivalirudin in patients during emergency heart procedure
In a comparison of two blood-thinning medications, heparin was associated with significantly fewer major cardiovascular events at 28 days than bivalirudin in patients receiving primary percutaneous coronary intervention after a heart attack, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Urban gardeners may be unaware of how best to manage contaminants in soil
A lack of knowledge about the soil used for planting in urban gardens could pose a health threat for both consumers and gardeners.

Early cardiac risks linked to worse cognitive function in middle age
Young adults with such cardiac risk factors as high blood pressure and elevated glucose levels have significantly worse cognitive function in middle age, according to a new study by dementia researchers at University of California San Francisco.

Aspirin use appears linked with improved survival after colon cancer diagnosis
Taking low doses of aspirin (which inhibits platelet function) after a colon cancer diagnosis appears to be associated with better survival if the tumor cells express HLA class I antigen.

AAAS Science & Technology Policy Fellowships program receives 2014 Public Service Award for a group
Today the National Science Board announced that a long-running program of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is the recipient of its 2014 Public Service Award for a group.

EARTH Magazine: The trouble with turtles
Turtles are the last major living vertebrate group to be placed firmly on the tree of life, and the arguments are getting messy.

Wen Dan Tang improves insomnia-related anxiety
Wen Dan Tang improves insomnia-related anxiety.

NTS's role in the protection of pre-moxibustion on gastric mucosal lesions
Moxibustion may have protective effects on the stomach mucous membrane against stress gastric ulcer.

Baylor professsor's study reveals strength training can decrease heart risks in children
Early strengthening activities can lead to a decrease in cardiometabolic health risks in children and adolescents, according to results of a new study by a Baylor University professor and a team of researchers.

Clinical trial results inconsistently reported among journals, government website
Medical researchers often presented the findings of their clinical trials in a different way on a federal government website than they did in the medical journals where their studies were ultimately published, according to an Oregon Health & Science University analysis published April 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Bariatric surgery beats medical therapy alone for managing diabetes
Gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy -- two of the most commonly used bariatric surgeries -- are more effective than intensive medical therapy alone when it comes to managing uncontrolled type 2 diabetes in overweight or obese patients after three years, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Lowering your cholesterol may improve your sex life
The research, conducted at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, found that statin medication prescribed to lower cholesterol and decrease the chance of heart attack and stroke, also improves a man's erectile function

Why didn't these pioneers of medicine receive a Nobel Prize?
The various physicians, surgeons and scientists described in these pages have individually and collectively made enormous contributions to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease.

Can vitamin A turn back the clock on breast cancer?
A derivative of vitamin A, known as retinoic acid, helps turn pre-cancer cells back to normal healthy breast cells, explaining why the vitamin may not be helpful for full-blown cancer.

What will climate policy mean for coal?
Limiting climate change to 2 degrees C means shutting down coal power plants -- an unpopular proposition for coal power companies.
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