Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 01, 2014
Fruitfly study: Epilepsy drug target implications for sleep disruption in brain disorders
A study using the mutant fruitfly sleepless confirmed that the enzyme GABA transaminase, a target of some epilepsy drugs, contributes to sleep loss.

Overcoming structural uncertainty in computer models
In a recent paper published in the SIAM/ASA Journal on Uncertainty Quantification, authors Mark Strong and Jeremy Oakley offer a method to incorporate judgments into a model about structural uncertainty that results from building an 'incorrect' model.

Low sodium levels pre-transplant does not affect liver transplant recipient survival
Researchers report that low levels of sodium, known as hyponatremia, prior to transplantation does not increase the risk of death following liver transplant.

Dog watch
No other pet has adjusted to man's lifestyle as the dog.

Deforestation of sandy soils a greater climate threat
A new Yale-led study finds that tree removal has far greater consequences for climate change in some soils than in others, a finding that could provide key insights into which ecosystems should be managed with extra care.

The potential conflict of interest for leaders of AMCs serving on pharmaceutical boards
About 40 percent of pharmaceutical company boards of directors examined had at least one member who held a leadership position at an academic medical center, with annual compensation for these positions averaging approximately $300,000, according to a study in the April 2 issue of JAMA.

Bullying targets popular kids, not only those who are marginalized
Bullying affects more than just isolated and marginalized students, according to sociologists.

A protein could be a key weapon in the battle of the bulge
Researchers found that elevated levels of the neuroprotein GDNF may help fight the weight gain and health problems associated with a high-fat diet.

Screening for liver cancer in patients with cirrhosis
In a systematic review and meta-analysis of 47 studies with 15,158 patients, Amit Singal, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, and colleagues found that patients with cirrhosis who underwent surveillance, via liver ultrasound with or without measurement of serum alpha fetoprotein, for hepatocellular carcinoma had cancers detected at an earlier stage, were more likely to receive curative instead of palliative treatment, and had longer survival.

Scientists eager to participate in public discourse on environment
A survey of more than 500 researchers indicates that scientists have the desire to get more involved in public discussion and policy decisions regarding environmental issues, but have concerns about how their efforts might be perceived.

Scientists solve the riddle of zebras' stripes
Why zebras have black and white stripes is a question that has intrigued scientists and spectators for centuries.

Digital mammography reduces recall and biopsy rates
Population-based screening with full-field digital mammography is associated with lower recall and biopsy rates than screen film mammography, suggesting that full-field digital mammography may reduce the number of diagnostic workups and biopsies that do not lead to diagnosis of breast cancer, according to a new study.

ED dental care treatment raises access, cost issues for policymakers, Rutgers study finds
The use of emergency departments for dental care -- especially by young adults in low-income communities -- is presenting policymakers with a challenge, according to a Rutgers report which offers several remedies including expanding hours at the dentist's office.

New test makes Parkinson's-like disorder of middle age detectable in young adulthood
The very earliest signs of a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder, in which physical symptoms are not apparent until the fifth decade of life, are detectable in individuals as young as 30 years old using a new, sophisticated type of neuroimaging, researchers at UC Davis, the University of Illinois and UCLA have found.

Scientific evidence shows need to regulate antimicrobial ingredients in consumer products
Does the widespread and still proliferating use of antimicrobial household products cause more harm than good to consumers and the environment?

Customers prefer restaurants that offer nutrition facts and healthful foods
Customers are more likely to frequent restaurants that provide both healthful foods and nutrition information, according to researchers at Penn State and the University of Tennessee.

Next-generation coatings and sensors that can operate in extreme conditions
Tata Steel has formed a strategic partnership with the prominent UK research body, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, to develop a range of innovations that will include graphene-coated steels and next-generation sensors that can operate in extreme environments.

MARC Travel Awards announced for the Society for Developmental Biology NW Regional Meeting
The FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Society for Developmental Biology Northwest Regional Chapter meeting in Wenatchee, Wash., from April 17-19, 2014.

Resilient cities focus of new Sandia, Rockefeller Foundation pact to help 100 communities
Sandia National Laboratories will bring decades of experience solving problems with practical engineering and modeling complex systems to cities around the world under a new agreement to support the 100 Resilient Cities Centennial Challenge, pioneered by the Rockefeller Foundation.

Age-related decline in sleep quality might be reversible
Sleep is essential for human health. But with increasing age, many people experience a decline in sleep quality, which in turn reduces their quality of life.

Heart attack gene, MRP-14, triggers blood clot formation
Scientists at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine and University Hospitals Case Medical Center have reached a groundbreaking milestone toward this goal.

Like hand-washing, blood transfusions linked to infections
Blood transfusions are among the most common treatments for hospitalized patients nationwide, but doing them less often reduces infection rates by nearly 20 percent, according to a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association co-authored by Neil Blumberg, M.D., professor at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry.

MARC Travel Awards announced for the ASCI and AAP Joint Meeting
The FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for The American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI)/Association of American Physicians (AAP) 2014 Joint Meeting in Chicago, Ill., from April 25-27, 2014.

Male extinction prevented by promiscuous females
Female fruit flies with a large number of sexual partners are playing an invaluable role in preventing the extinction of males, research at the University of Liverpool has shown.

Winners of international blogging awards announced
The second International Studies blog awards, supported by one of the leading independent and academic publishers, SAGE, took place last night in Toronto.

Early intervention reduces aggressive behavior in adulthood
An educational intervention program for children between kindergarten and 10th grade, known as Fast Track, reduces aggressive behavior later in life by dampening testosterone levels in response to social threats, according to research published in Psychological Science.

Wind energy: On the grid, off the checkerboard
Researchers at Johns Hopkins University have developed a new way to study wake effects that includes the airflow both within and around a wind farm and challenges the conventional belief that turbines arrayed in checker board patterns produce the highest power output.

Higher risk of death from skin cancer among men living alone
There are differences in prognosis in cutaneous malignant melanoma depending on cohabitation status and gender, according to a new study published in the scientific periodical Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Good vibrations: Using light-heated water to deliver drugs
Researchers from the University of California, San Diego Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, in collaboration with materials scientists, engineers and neurobiologists, have discovered a new mechanism for using light to activate drug-delivering nanoparticles and other targeted therapeutic substances inside the body.

Study reveals animal research bias in experimentation oversight committee membership
Committees that are federally mandated to review, approve, and monitor the use of animals in experiments -- called Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUC) -- are dominated by animal research interests, according to a study presented today at the 2014 Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research IACUC Conference in Denver.

The Sun's campaign may actually harm women
A breast check campaign by The Sun newspaper may actually harm women, warns Glasgow general practitioner Margaret McCartney today.

Still no clear evidence for health benefits of vitamin D
Despite a huge number of studies into the role of vitamin D on health, there is still no clear evidence that it has a beneficial effect on many conditions, conclude researchers.

JCI online ahead of print table of contents for April 1, 2014
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers published online, April 1, 2014, in the JCI: NOS1 expression predicts melanoma-dependent immune dysfunction, Murine model of glucocorticoid-induced glaucoma, Ciliopathy proteins regulate paracrine signaling by modulating proteasomal degradation of mediators, Platelet-derived S100 family member myeloid-related protein-14 regulates thrombosis, Hydroxycarboxylic acid receptor 2 mediates dimethyl fumarate's protective effect in EAE, and more.

Experts question routine mammograms in elderly
Doctors should focus on life expectancy when deciding whether to order mammograms for their oldest female patients, since the harms of screening likely outweigh the benefits unless women are expected to live at least another decade, according to a review of the scientific literature by experts at UCSF and Harvard medical schools.

One currency, one price?
New study shows the Euro leading to uniform prices across countries.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, April 2014
This release focuses on: 1) Bridge failure warning. 2) Simulations on Titan could help automobile manufacturers meet fuel economy and emissions standards.

Swimming pool urine combines with chlorine to pose health risks
A new study shows how uric acid in urine generates potentially hazardous 'volatile disinfection byproducts' in swimming pools by interacting with chlorine, and researchers are advising swimmers to observe 'improved hygiene habits.'

Study finds link between child's obesity and cognitive function
A new University of Illinois study finds that obese children are slower than healthy-weight children to recognize when they have made an error and correct it.

Not so dirty: Methane fuels life in pristine chalk rivers
Scientists from Queen Mary University of London have found that naturally high concentrations of the greenhouse gas methane contributes to energy production in chalk rivers, in a new study published today in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Adult tonsillectomy complications and health care expenses
A study released today of 36,210 adult tonsillectomy patients finds that 20 percent will have a complication, offering valuable new insights to a decades long discussion.

UM Institute for Genome Sciences receives FDA contract to expand genome sequence database
Researchers at the Institute for Genome Sciences at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have been awarded a research program contract from the US Food and Drug Administration to sequence, assemble, and annotate a population of bacterial pathogens using two high-throughput sequencing technologies in support of the expansion of a vetted public reference database.

Common molecular defect offers treatment hope for group of rare disorders
Duke Medicine researchers studying tiny, antennae-like structures called cilia have found a potential way to ease some of the physical damage of numerous genetic disorders that result when these essential cellular components are defective.

Science: Switching brain cells with less light
Networked nerve cells are the control center of organisms. In a nematode, 300 nerve cells are sufficient to initiate complex behavior.

Simple changes in ICU can help heart attack patients: Study
To improve recovery for heart attack patients, hospitals should maintain normal day and night cycles for those patients during the first few days after the attack, say University of Guelph researchers.

Obesity primes the colon for cancer, according to NIH study
Obesity, rather than diet, causes changes in the colon that may lead to colorectal cancer, according to a study in mice by the National Institutes of Health.

Want spring allergy relief? Avoid stress
Stress doesn't cause allergies, but easing your mind might mean less allergy flare-ups this spring.

1.1 million Americans caring for recently wounded veterans, study finds
The spouses, parents and friends who care for the injured and disabled who have served in the US military since Sept.

'Touched' female cockroaches reproduce faster
To speed up reproduction, there's no substitute for the tender touch of a live cockroach.

$2.5 million Defense Department grant funds gene therapy study for Lou Gehrig's disease
The Cedars-Sinai Regenerative Medicine Institute has received a $2.5 million grant from the Department of Defense to conduct animal studies that, if successful, could provide the basis for a clinical trial of a gene therapy product for patients with Lou Gehrig's disease, also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS.

MARC Travel Awards announced for EB 2014
The FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Experimental Biology 2014 meeting in San Diego, Calif., from April 24-30, 2014.

Enhancers serve to restrict potentially dangerous hypermutation to antibody genes
How B lymphocytes are able to direct mutations to their antibody genes to produce millions of different antibodies has fascinated biologists for decades.

Universal syllables
Languages are learned, it's true, but are there also innate bases in the structure of language that precede experience?

Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: Vehicular Communications
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch a new journal, Vehicular Communications.

Warm North Atlantic Ocean promotes extreme winters in US and Europe
The extreme cold weather observed across Europe and the east coast of the US in recent winters could be partly down to natural, long-term variations in sea surface temperatures, according to a new study published today.

Medication does not help prevent ED following radiation therapy for prostate cancer
Among men undergoing radiation therapy for prostate cancer, daily use of the erectile dysfunction drug tadalafil, compared with placebo, did not prevent loss of erectile function, according to a study in the April 2 issue of JAMA.

New screening tool to diagnose common sleep problem in children
Clinical investigators at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario have developed a new screening tool to help diagnose obstructive sleep apnea in children.

Pause the paunch and halt the hair loss
A new discovery showing how hair growth activated fat tissue growth in the skin below the hair follicle could lead to the development of a cream to dissolve fat.

Putin speaks like a Czar
Over the past two centuries, values in Finland have become more pluralized, but not entirely secular, indicates a dissertation on the public speeches of czars and presidents of Finland.

Should family businesses always keep it in the family?
From the Murdochs to the Hiltons, families have long sought to keep their businesses in the bloodline.

Professor Jerry Adams inducted to American cancer academy
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute cancer researcher professor Jerry Adams has been elected a fellow of the academy established by the American Association for Cancer Research.

Probiotics do not help infants with colic
Giving probiotics to infants with colic does not appear to have any benefit, according to a large trial published today.

The Neanderthal in us
Contemporary Europeans have as many as three times more Neanderthal variants in genes involved in lipid catabolism than Asians and Africans.

Energy Systems Integration Facility named Lab of the Year
The editors of R&D Magazine have named the Energy Department's Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) as the 2014 Laboratory of the Year.

Survey shows spine surgeons need to screen more patients for anxiety and depression
In a report published in the April edition of the Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques, a Johns Hopkins team says that only 10 percent of orthopaedic surgeons and neurosurgeons follow professional guidelines recommending routine psychological screenings of patients prior to major surgery for severe back and leg pain.

Overuse of blood transfusions increases infection risk
The fewer the red blood cell transfusions, the less likely patients were to develop infections like pneumonia.

Study looks at why vitamin D deficiency diagnoses surged
New research from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center suggests that physicians are ordering vitamin D deficiency screening tests for preventive care purposes rather than after patients develop conditions caused by decreased bone density.

New dementia diagnosis targets will lead to overdiagnosis
In a personal view published today, a general practitioner says that the new targets for diagnosing dementia will lead to more harm than good.

Beer lovers tweet what they drink
Researchers who mapped tweets revealed how 'beer space' on Twitter reflects real-world preferences of brews and beer brands in the US.

World's oldest weather report could revise Bronze Age chronology
An inscription on a 3,500-year-old stone block from Egypt may be one of the world's oldest weather reports -- and could provide new evidence about the chronology of events in the ancient Middle East.

Neuromonitoring with pulse-train stimulation for implantation of thoracic pedicle screws
Researchers from Syracuse, N.Y., report a new, highly accurate, neuromonitoring method that can be used during thoracic spine surgery to prevent malpositioning of pedicle screws such that they enter the spinal canal and possibly cause postoperative neurological impairment.

Research finding could lead to new therapies for patients with gluten intolerance
Elafin, by interacting with the transglutaminase 2 enzyme, decreased the enzymatic reaction that increases the toxicity of peptides derived from gluten.

Plugged in but powered down
Young men who have experienced depression early in life may be far more vulnerable than women to spending large amounts of time online each day later on.

Computers teach each other Pac-Man
Researchers in Washington State University's School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science have developed a method to allow a computer to give advice and teach skills to another computer in a way that mimics how a real teacher and student might interact.

Monkey caloric restriction study shows big benefit; contradicts earlier study
The latest results from a 25-year study of diet and aging in monkeys shows a significant reduction in mortality and in age-associated diseases among those with calorie-restricted diets.

Gene therapy improves limb function following spinal cord injury
Delivering a single injection of a scar-busting gene therapy to the spinal cord of rats following injury promotes the survival of nerve cells and improves hind limb function within weeks, according to a study published April 2 in the Journal of Neuroscience.

The mammography dilemma
A comprehensive review of 50 years' worth of international studies assessing the benefits and harms of mammography screening suggests that the benefits of the screening are often overestimated, while harms are underestimated.

Schools have limited success in reducing bullying, new analysis finds
School efforts to reduce bullying are often disappointing; year-round, comprehensive programs appear to be more effective than one-time activities, UCLA researchers report.

Well-rested flies
A therapeutic agent reduces age-related sleep problems in fruit flies.

Got acne? There's an app for that!
Acne sufferers around the world are using an iPhone app created at Northwestern University to learn how certain foods affect their skin conditions.

UCLA scientist awarded $3 million to fund research into proteins affecting the kidney
UCLA scientist Dr. Ira Kurtz has received a $3 million gift from the Donald T.

Oxytocin, the 'love' hormone, promotes group lying, according to Ben-Gurion U. researchers
'Our results suggest people are willing to bend ethical rules to help the people close to us,' says Dr.

Green engineering for waste management
Demede Engineering & Research, a company that receives support from the Business Incubator at the Universidad Carlos III in Madrid's Science Park, designs and manufactures prototypes of waste Management plants dedicated to research.

New yeast species travelled the globe with a little help from the beetles
Researchers from the National Collection of Yeast Cultures at the Institute of Food Research have identified a new globe-trotting yeast species that lives on tree-associated beetles.

For most adolescents, popularity increases the risk of getting bullied
A new study suggests that for most adolescents, becoming more popular both increases their risk of getting bullied and worsens the negative consequences of being victimized.

Quaker introduces comprehensive 'Oats Nutrition and Technology' textbook
Considered the most comprehensive and up-to-date textbook about the life cycle of oats, 'Oats Nutrition and Technology' was released from Wiley-Blackwell publishers, and is now available at all major online publishing websites, including Amazon.com.

Extreme weather events provide window for scientists studying Amazon climate change
Extreme weather events in the Amazon Basin are giving NASA-funded scientists an opportunity to predict the impacts of climate change and deforestation on ecological processes and ecosystem services of the Amazon River wetlands.

The human 'hairless' gene identified: One form of baldness explained
It's not a hair-brained idea: A new research report appearing in the April 2014 issue of The FASEB Journal explains why people with a rare balding condition called 'atrichia with papular lesions' lose their hair, and it identifies a strategy for reversing this hair loss.

Xiangling Wang, M.D., Ph.D. receives Pfizer/ACMG Foundation Clinical Genetics Fellowship
Xiangling Wang, M.D., Ph.D. of Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN was honored as the 2014-2015 recipient of the Pfizer/ACMG Foundation Clinical Genetics Combined Residency for Translational Genomic Scholars Fellowship Award at the ACMG 2014 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Nashville, Tenn.

Global research possibilities expand as IISD assumes operation of Canada's famed 'Experimental Lakes'
Canada's famed 'Experimental Lakes Area' -- one of Earth's only whole-lake laboratories -- has enabled studies that today underpin phosphate, mercury, acid rain and other fundamental environmental legislation worldwide.

New discovery gives hope that nerves could be repaired after spinal cord injury
A new discovery suggests it could one day be possible to chemically reprogram and repair damaged nerves after spinal cord injury or brain trauma.

Breast milk and diet up to 2 years old: A means of preventing the risk of child obesity
From analysis of data from the ELANCE cohort, Marie Francoise Rolland-Cachera, researcher at Inserm and her co-workers in the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team have shown that breast-feeding has a protective effect on the risk of obesity at 20 years of age.

Penn Medicine points to new ways to prevent relapse in cocaine-addicted patients
Relapse is a painful and expensive feature of drug addiction.

Factor present in gestational and type 2 diabetes could provide new treatment options
New research reveals that both pregnant women with diabetes and with type 2 diabetics have high levels of a fat metabolite that impairs pancreatic cells from secreting insulin.

Mayo Clinic named 2014 INFORMS Prize winner
The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences today announced the award of its annual INFORMS Prize to Mayo Clinic, the innovative healthcare organization that has used analytics throughout its organization to provide economical, quality services in an era of ballooning medical costs.

CDC wins INFORMS Edelman Award, leading prize in analytics, operations research
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which collaborated with Kid Risk, Inc. to use analytics and operations research to combat the remaining pockets of polio around the world, last night won the 2014 Franz Edelman Award for Achievement in Operations Research and the Management Sciences at a banquet sponsored by the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences in Boston.

Nanosheets and nanowires
Researchers in China have found a convenient way to selectively prepare germanium sulfide nanostructures, including nanosheets and nanowires, that are more active than their bulk counterparts.

Outcomes of administering blood transfusions to patients with lower levels of hemoglobin
Restricting red blood cell transfusions among hospitalized patients to those with hemoglobin -- the iron-containing protein in RBCs -- measures below a certain level is associated with a lower risk of health care-associated infections, according to a study in the April 2 issue of JAMA.

Quality improvement initiative leads to reduction in unnecessary follow-up imaging
The April issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology focuses on a variety of issues relating to clinical practice, practice management, health services and policy, and radiology education and training.

Night owls, unlike early birds, tend to be unmarried risk-takers
Women who are night owls share the same high propensity for risk-taking as men, according to a recent study by a University of Chicago professor.

Unvaccinated infants act as 'kindling' to fuel epidemics
Nearly four million children under five die from vaccine-preventable diseases worldwide each year, and two University of Michigan doctoral ecology students are working to change that.

Care of heart failure patients falling short in the UK
Care of patients with heart failure in the UK is inadequate and has not changed in a decade, according to new research published in BMJ Open.

2014 ACMG Foundation/Signature Genomic Labs, PerkinElmer Inc. Travel Award winner
Jun Shen, Ph.D., was honored as the 2014 recipient of the ACMG Foundation/Signature Genomics from PerkinElmer, Inc.

UCL and Max Planck Society invest €5m to open world first computational psychiatry center
The world's first center for computational psychiatry opens today, following a €5m investment from the Max Planck Society and UCL to be spent over the next five years.

NASA caught Tropical Cyclone Hellen's rainfall near peak
When Tropical Cyclone Hellen was near the 'peak of her career' NASA's TRMM satellite picked up on her popularity in terms of tropical rainfall.

MARC Travel Awards announced for the 114th American Society for Microbiology General Meeting
The FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 114th American Society for Microbiology General Meeting in Boston, Mass., from May 17-20, 2014.

Experts demand lead ammunition be replaced by steel in shooting sports
According to a research by the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona and the University of Guelph, Canada, Olympic athletes specializing in shooting use one thousand cartridges per week and scatter some 1.3 tons of lead yearly, with harmful effects for surrounding animals and agricultural land.

Bullying happens to popular teens too
A new University of California, Davis, study suggests that for most adolescents, becoming more popular both increases their risk of getting bullied and worsens the negative consequences of being victimized.

Mode of action of new multiple sclerosis drug discovered
Dimethyl fumarate inhibits inflammatory cell infiltration of the central nervous system through the blockade of a specific receptor.

UTSA Ph.D. students bring stem cell advancements to veterinarians
Two UTSA biomedical engineering doctoral students have launched Mobile Stem Care LLC, a company that will help veterinarians treat their patients with the latest advancements in stem cell therapies.

Likely culprit in spread of colon cancer identified
New research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Will roe deer persist? Climate change spells disaster for species unable to keep up
As the climate continues to change, it's unclear to what extent different species will be able to keep pace with altered temperatures and shifted seasons.

Ancient nomads spread earliest domestic grains along Silk Road, study finds
Charred grains of barley, millet and wheat deposited nearly 5,000 years ago at campsites in the high plains of Kazakhstan show that nomadic sheepherders played a surprisingly important role in the early spread of domesticated crops throughout a mountainous east-west corridor along the historic Silk Road, suggests new research from Washington University in St.

Northwestern study tests drug against Parkinson's disease
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine was awarded a grant from the National Institutes of Health to conduct a $16 million phase III national study of the safety and efficacy of the drug isradipine as a potential neuroprotective agent in Parkinson's disease.

Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine names Dr. Hwang winner of Ernest Bors, M.D., Award
The editors of the Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine and the leadership of the Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals have announced the winner of this year's Ernest Bors, M.D., Award for Scientific Development.

Researchers identify similarities between HIV/AIDS and opioid addiction epidemics
There are important parallels between the early years of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the current epidemic of opioid addiction -- ones that could trigger a significant shift in opioid addiction prevention, diagnosis and treatment.

Going batty for jumping DNA as a cause of species diversity
The vesper bats are the largest and best-known common family of bats.

Scientists ID genes that could lead to tough, disease-resistant varieties of rice
A meta-data analysis has uncovered more than 1,000 genes in rice that appear to play key roles in managing its response to a variety of stress factors, which could make them key to the development of tough new strains of rice.

Could depression be treated with Botox?
In the largest randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study to date on the effect of OnabotulinumtoxinA (as known as Botox) on depression, researchers found that more than half of subjects suffering from moderate to severe depression showed a substantial improvement (greater than or equal to 50 percent of baseline) in their depressive symptoms as measured by the MADRS scale.

Misleading mineral may have resulted in overestimate of water in moon
The amount of water present in the moon may have been overestimated by scientists studying the mineral apatite, UCLA researchers have discovered.

Carbon nanotubes grow in combustion flames
Quantum chemical simulations reveal an unprecedented relationship between the mechanism of carbon nanotube growth and hydrocarbon combustion processes.

First evidence that very small embryonic-like stem cells
Rare, very small embryonic-like stem cells isolated from human adult tissues could provide a new source for developing regenerative therapies to repair complex tissues damaged by disease or trauma.
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