Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 01, 2014
Can money buy happiness? For some, the answer is no
Many shoppers, regardless of whether they buy life experiences or material items, are no happier following the purchase than they were before, a new study finds.

Some Ohio butterflies threatened by rising temperatures
The combined heat from climate change and urbanization is likely to reduce the number of eastern swallowtails and other native butterflies in Ohio and promote the spread of invasive relatives.

Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents
More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface, as dark clouds of mineral-rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents, unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war.

Network for tracking earthquakes exposes glacier activity
Alaska's seismic network records thousands of quakes produced by glaciers, capturing valuable data that scientists could use to better understand their behavior, but instead their seismic signals are set aside as oddities.

Delving deep into the brain
An MRI sensor allows MIT neuroscientists to map neural activity with molecular precision.

Collaborative 'metasurfaces' grant to merge classical and quantum physics
The Air Force Office of Scientific Research has selected the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences to lead a multidisciplinary effort that will merge research in classical and quantum physics and accelerate the development of advanced optical technologies.

Bureau of Reclamation Water Management video series highlights collaborative research
Reclamation is releasing a series of videos summarizing collaborative research addressing climate change and variability impacts, estimating flood and drought hazards, and improving streamflow prediction.

The real difference between how men and women choose their partners
A hamburger that's 90 percent fat-free sounds a lot better than one with 10 percent fat.

Researchers find the accelerator for molecular machines
How hard can it be to make a wheel rotate in a machine?

How do you realize social goals in a society consisting of self-interested individuals?
This is a question that faces all social planners and organizations all the time.

Scientists propose amphibian protection
An ecological strategy developed by four researchers, including two from Simon Fraser University, aims to abate the grim future that the combination of two factors could inflict on many amphibians, including frogs and salamanders.

'Achilles heel' of pancreatic cancer identified
A research team at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center reports that inhibiting a single protein completely shuts down growth of pancreatic cancer, a highly lethal disease with no effective therapy.

Excessive regulations turning scientists into bureaucrats
Excessive regulations are consuming scientists' time and wasting taxpayer dollars, says a report released today by the National Science Board, the policymaking body of the National Science Foundation and advisor to Congress and the President.

Statistical analysis unveils the hidden patterns in Eurovision voting
Voting for the Eurovision Song Contest has been scrutinized by statistics experts at UCL and Imperial College London, who have found that musical talent is unlikely to be the only element that wins scores -- but that the contest is not stitched up at the UK's expense.

Vitamin D deficiency linked to aggressive prostate cancer
African-American and European-American men at high risk of prostate cancer have greater odds of being diagnosed with an aggressive form of the disease if they have a vitamin D deficiency.

Crocodile tears please thirsty butterflies and bees
A butterfly and bee were most likely seeking scarce minerals and an extra boost of protein.

New rapid synthesis developed for bilayer graphene and high-performance transistors
A research team from University of California, Santa Barbara and Rice University has demonstrated a rapid synthesis technique for large-area Bernal -- or AB -- stacked bilayer graphene films that can open up new pathways for digital electronics and transparent conductor applications.

Noncombat injury top reason for pediatric care by military surgeons in Afghanistan, Iraq
Noncombat-related injury -- caused by regular car accidents, falls and burns -- is the most common reason for pediatric admissions to US military combat hospitals in both Iraq and Afghanistan reveals new study findings published in the May issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Stimulated mutual annihilation
Theorists expect that positronium, a sort of 'atom' consisting of an electron and an anti-electron, can be used to make a powerful gamma-ray laser.

Scientists discover endogenous dendritic cell-derived interleukin-27 promotes tumor growth
In a new report published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, scientists lay the groundwork for the development of novel tumor therapies that may help rid the body of cancer by inhibiting the recruitment of a specific suppressive immune cell type called 'regulatory T-cells.'

Researchers granted funding to explore novel lung cancer strategies
Two UT Southwestern doctors have received more than a half-million dollars in grants from the Department of Defense for innovative studies on lung cancer pathways and to test the effectiveness of a potentially less expensive drug therapy.

US corn yields are increasingly vulnerable to hot, dry weather, Stanford research shows
US corn yields are growing more sensitive to heat and drought, according to research by environmental scientist David Lobell.

The Lancet Psychiatry: Nationwide study finds US newspaper reporting of suicide linked with some teenage suicide clusters
Heightened newspaper coverage after a suicide might have a significant impact on the initiation of some teenage suicide clusters, according to new research published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.

Study in Science finds missing piece of biogeochemical puzzle in aquifers
A study published today in Science by researchers from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory may dramatically shift our understanding of the complex dance of microbes and minerals that takes place in aquifers deep underground.

Implementation science can create a workforce equipped for new health care environment
Center for Health Innovation & Implementation Science poster presentation at AAMC's 10th Annual Health Workforce Research Conference proposes establishment of units within health systems as infrastructure for testing, studying, evaluating and refining strategies to disseminate and implement evidence-based practices focusing on patient outcomes.

A 'wimpy' dwarf fossil galaxy reveals new facts about early universe
Out on the edge of the universe, 75,000 light years from us, a galaxy known as Segue 1 has some unusual properties: it is the faintest galaxy ever detected.

CMNH celebrates International Day of the Midwife with new £9.3 million program in Kenya
With International Day of the Midwife just around the corner, LSTM's Centre for Maternal and Newborn Health has been successful in securing a new £9.3 million grant to continue their work with midwives in Kenya.

Human fat: A trojan horse to fight brain cancer?
Johns Hopkins researchers say they have successfully used stem cells derived from human body fat to deliver biological treatments directly to the brains of mice with the most common and aggressive form of brain tumor, significantly extending their lives.

Connection between genetic variation and immune system, risk for neurodegenerative and other disease
Researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Massachusetts General Hospital, and University of Chicago report findings demonstrating how genetic variations among healthy, young individuals can influence immune cell function.

Pioneering forensics research into body fluids in sexual assaults
Research student Kimberley Bexon's passion for DNA analysis means she is playing a key role in a project at the University of Huddersfield that should be a major aid in the investigation of sex offenses.

Edgy look at 2-D molybdenum disulfide
Berkeley Lab researchers have recorded the first observations of a strong nonlinear optical resonance along the edges of single layers of molybdenum disulfide that could be key to the use of this and similar 2-D semiconductors in future nanoelectronic devices

Monitoring, management, and oversight critical for responsible shale gas development
A new expert panel report, 'Environmental Impacts of Shale Gas Extraction in Canada,' concludes that shale gas development must be supported by well-targeted science and management strategies to understand and mitigate potential impacts.

Atypical form of Alzheimer's disease may be present in a more widespread number of patients
Neuroscientists at Mayo Clinic in Florida have defined a subtype of Alzheimer's disease that they say is neither well recognized nor treated appropriately.

Researchers link age, general health and antidepressant use with eye disorders
Abnormal binocular vision, which involves the way eyes work together as a team, increases dramatically as we age, according to research from the University of Waterloo.

Shining a light on heart disease
A University of Strathclyde-led study to investigate how nanoparticles could be used to improve the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease has received £3 million funding.

New combination therapy developed for multiple myeloma
Each year, more than 25,000 Americans are diagnosed with multiple myeloma, a form of blood cancer that often develops resistance to therapies.

Climate change study reveals unappreciated impacts on biodiversity
The tropics ill be highly affected by local changes in temperature and precipitation, leading to novel climates with no current analogues in the planet.

Expensive helmets do not improve outcomes in healthy babies with positional skull flattening
Babies who have skull deformation because they lie in the same position most of the time do not benefit from wearing a corrective helmet, finds research published today on bmj.com.

Whales hear us more than we realize
Killer whales and other marine mammals likely hear sonar signals more than we've known.

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents
More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface, as dark clouds of mineral-rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents, unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war.

The Lancet Psychiatry: Reliance on voluntary sector support for suicide bereavement 'unsustainable and inappropriate'
People bereaved by the suicide of a partner and mothers losing an adult child to suicide run a significantly higher risk of suicide compared to people bereaved after sudden deaths from other causes.

Studies identify spinal cord neurons that control skilled limb movement
Researchers have identified two types of neurons that enable the spinal cord to control skilled forelimb movement.

Standard assessments miss early signs of cardiovascular disease in firefighters
Traditional first-line checks of such heart disease risk factors as cholesterol, blood pressure and smoking habits aren't nearly good enough to identify cardiovascular disease in otherwise healthy, young firefighters, according to results of a small Johns Hopkins study.

Humans have a nose for gender
The human body produces chemical cues that communicate gender to members of the opposite sex, according to researchers who report their findings in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on May 1.

JCI online ahead of print table of contents for May 1, 2014
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers published online, May 1, 2014, in the JCI: 'Balancing protein turnover in the heart,' 'Protecting the kidney from hypoxia-induced damage,' 'Bicc1 is a genetic determinant of osteoblastogenesis and bone mineral density,' 'MicroRNA-7a regulates pancreatic beta cell function,' 'MHC-derived allopeptide activates TCR-biased CD8+ Tregs and suppresses organ rejection,' and more.

Syracuse University physicists confirm existence of new type of meson
Physicists in the College of Arts and Sciences have made several important discoveries regarding the basic structure of mesons -- subatomic particles long thought to be composed of one quark and one antiquark and bound together by a strong interaction.

Tree rings reveal nightmare droughts in the West
Scientists extended Utah's climate record back to 1429 using tree rings.

Electronic nose sniffs out prostate cancer using urine samples
We may soon be able to make easy and early diagnoses of prostate cancer by smell.

New insights into bacterial substitute for sex
Bacteria don't have sex as such, but they can mix their genetic material by pulling in DNA from dead bacterial cells and inserting these into their own genome.

Breaking up water: Controlling molecular vibrations to produce hydrogen
Converting methane into hydrogen is crucial for clean energy and agriculture.

Penn Vet research identifies compounds that control hemorrhagic viruses
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine teamed with colleagues to identify and develop compounds that could reduce the ability of viruses that cause diseases such as Ebola, rabies, HIV and Lassa fever to spread infection.

Vitamin D deficiency may be linked to aggressive prostate cancer
Vitamin D deficiency was an indicator of aggressive prostate cancer and spread of the disease in European-American and African-American men who underwent their first prostate biopsy because of abnormal prostate-specific antigen and/or digital rectal examination test results, according to a study published in Clinical Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Event to focus on obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome
A range of experts from Plymouth University, Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust, the University of Bristol, and the Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, will focus on a number of issues relating to the growing problems of obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

Kempe Scientific Impact Award
David Finkelhor, Ph.D., director of the Crimes against Children Research Center and co-director of the Family Research Laboratory at the University of New Hampshire, has been named the first recipient of the National Kempe Scientific Impact Award.

Stem cells from some infertile men form germ cells when transplanted into mice, study finds
Stem cells made from the skin of adult, infertile men yield primordial germ cells -- cells that normally become sperm -- when transplanted into the reproductive system of mice, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Montana State University.

Increased drought portends lower future Midwest crop yields
Increasingly harsh drought conditions in the US Midwest's Corn Belt may take a serious toll on corn and soybean yields over the next half-century, according to research published today in the journal Science.

Rules of thumb: 3 simple ideas for overcoming childhood obesity
Kristopher Kaliebe, M.D., clinical assistant professor of psychiatry at the LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Medicine, authored a paper introducing a new approach to overcome the complex problem of childhood obesity and related mental disorders.

Oral cancer linked to human papillomavirus: No increased HPV risk for long-term partners
Partners of patients diagnosed with human papilloma virus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal cancer were no more likely to test positive for oral HPV infection than people in the general population, according to a study published in the April 28 online edition of the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Investigators find something fishy with classical evidence for dietary fish recommendation
Oily fish are currently recommended as part of a heart healthy diet.

New model can predict therapy outcomes in prostate cancer with bone metastasis
A new computational model that simulates bone metastasis of prostate cancer has the potential to rapidly assess experimental therapy outcomes and help develop personalized medicine for patients with this disease, according to data published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Statins for kidney disease patients: Protection for the heart but no effects on kidneys
For patients with chronic kidney disease, statin treatment: lowered LDL cholesterol; lowered the risk of heart disease and stroke; had no impact on the development of kidney failure; and was safe and well tolerated.

Extreme sleep durations may affect brain health in later life
A new research study led by Brigham and Women's Hospital published in The Journal of the American Geriatrics Society in May, shows an association between midlife and later life sleeping habits with memory; and links extreme sleep durations to worse memory in later life.

Study: Low-fat diet helps fatigue in people with MS
People with multiple sclerosis who for one year followed a plant-based diet very low in saturated fat had much less MS-related fatigue at the end of that year -- and significantly less fatigue than a control group of people with MS who didn't follow the diet, according to an Oregon Health & Science University study being presented today at the American Academy of Neurology's annual meeting in Philadelphia, Pa.

Gene discovery links cancer cell 'recycling' system to potential new therapy
University of Rochester scientists have discovered a gene with a critical link to pancreatic cancer, and further investigation in mice shows that by blocking the gene's most important function, researchers can slow the disease and extend survival.

Tapah downgrades to a depression
Tapah was downgraded from a tropical storm to a tropical depression and is located 239 nautical miles southeast of Iwo To.

Clinical opinion published in American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
A clinical opinion by Dr. Charles Rardin about the use of robotics for minimally invasive gynecologic surgery has been published in the May edition of the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

A new syndrome caused by mutations in AHDC1
A team of researchers led by Baylor College of Medicine have identified the gene underlying a newly recognized genetic syndrome that has symptoms of sleep apnea, delayed speech and hyptonia, or generalized upper body weakness.

10-year study shows 'Lethal Factor' could be X-factor for new anthrax vaccine
Researchers have identified a section of the anthrax toxin Lethal Factor that could help produce a more effective vaccine.

Decoding the chemical vocabulary of plants
Plants spend their entire lifetime rooted to one spot. When faced with a bad situation, such as a swarm of hungry herbivores or a viral outbreak, they have no option to flee but instead must fight to survive.

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientist elected to National Academy of Sciences
Brenda Schulman, Ph.D., of St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

New Hass avocado research presented at American Society for Nutrition Scientific Sessions
New research based on a clinical study that investigated whether eating one Hass avocado every day as part of a moderate fat diet (34 percent fat) had a beneficial effect on risk factors for CVD among healthy overweight and obese subjects, compared to a similar moderate fat diet without avocados, and a lower fat diet was presented at the American Society for Nutrition Scientific Sessions and Annual Meeting at Experimental Biology 2014.

Competition of the multiple Gortler modes in hypersonic boundary layer flows
The boundary layer stability analysis with a concave wall is termed the Goertler instability.

Individual brain activity predicts tendency to succumb to daily temptations
Activity in areas of the brain related to reward and self-control may offer neural markers that predict whether people are likely to resist or give in to temptations, like food, in daily life, according to research in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

New discovery: Molecule links asthma and cancer and could aid in developing new treatments
A newly discovered molecule described in The FASEB Journal provides a new drug target for controlling both asthma-induced muscle thickening and cancerous tumor growth.

Scientists awarded grant to develop diagnostics for cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, colitis
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have been awarded a $2.3 million grant from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health to develop new technology to diagnose cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and colitis.

China study improves understanding of disease spread
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have shown how the travel and socialization patterns of people in Southern China can give greater insight into how new diseases such as bird flu may spread between populations.

Killing Kindlin-3 to cure breast cancer: 'Blood' protein implicated
A protein believed to be limited to the hematopoietic system, called Kindlin-3, has been identified as a major player in both the formation and spread of breast cancer to other organs.

Experimental drug prolongs life span in mice
Scientists newly identified a protein's key role in cell and physiological aging and have developed an experimental drug that inhibits the protein's effect and quadrupled the lifespan in a mouse model of accelerated aging.

Amphibians in a vise: Climate change robs frogs, salamanders of refuge
Amphibians in the West's high-mountain areas find themselves caught between climate-induced habitat loss and predation from introduced fish.

Hyperfractionated RT improves local-regional control for patients with head and neck cancer
Patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck treated with hyperfractionated radiation therapy experienced improved local-regional control and, with patients censored at five years, improved overall survival with no increase in late toxicity, according to a study published in the May 1, 2014.

Small variations in genetic code can team up to have a big impact
Scientists at USC have definitively demonstrated that large sets of variations in the genetic code that do not individually appear to have much effect can collectively produce significant changes in an organism's physical characteristics.

SEPM announces its 2015 awardees
Each year the Society recognizes excellence in several areas of sedimentary geology with the awarding of honors to scientists selected by special committees made up of specialists in that topic.

Unlocking a mystery of thalidomide
Shortly after thalidomide was released to market in the 1950s, a reported 10,000 infants were born with an extreme form of a rare congenital syndrome -- phocomelia -- which caused death in 50 percent of cases.

Casualties get scant attention in wartime news, with little change since World War I
The human costs of America's wars have received scant attention in daily war reporting -- through five major conflicts going back a century -- says a first-of-its-kind study of New York Times war coverage being published this month in the journal Political Communication.

Malnutrition during pregnancy may affect the health of future generations
New research reveals how environmental factors in the womb can predispose not only the mother's own offspring but also the grandoffspring to metabolic disorders like liver disease.

Playing outside could make kids more spiritual
Children who spend significant time outdoors could have a stronger sense of self-fulfillment and purpose than those who don't, according to new Michigan State University research linking children's experiences in nature with how they define spirituality.

Cedars-Sinai surgeon and policymaker honored for work in liver disease and transplantation
Andrew S. Klein M.D., M.B.A., director of the Cedars-Sinai Comprehensive Transplant Center is being honored for a lifetime of achievement in the field of liver transplantation by the Los Angeles chapter of the American Liver Foundation.

'Til sickness do us part: How illness affects the risk of divorce
In the classic marriage vow, couples promise to stay together in sickness and in health.

Nearby galaxy is a 'fossil' from the early universe
New work from a team of scientists including Carnegie's Josh Simon analyzed the chemical elements in the faintest known galaxy, called Segue 1, and determined that it is effectively a fossil galaxy left over from the early universe.

Asthma sufferers may be prone to bone loss
Some of the 26 million Americans with asthma may also be prone to bone loss.

Autoimmune diseases may succumb to new drug strategy
New pharmaceuticals to fight autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis, may be identified more effectively by adding genome analysis to standard drug screening, according to a new study by a research team led by UC San Francisco and Harvard researchers.

The Lancet Psychiatry: Around 60 percent of people who contemplate or attempt suicide do not receive treatment
In this review, published to coincide with the launch of The Lancet Psychiatry journal, professor Rory O'Connor from the University of Glasgow and professor Matthew K.

Clemson researchers help track mysterious, endangered 'little devil'
Clemson University's South Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit joined with Grupo Jaragua and the American Bird Conservancy to lead the first-ever effort to track via satellite the black-capped petrel, an endangered North Atlantic seabird known for its haunting call and mysterious nighttime habits.

Scientists figure out staying power of HIV-fighting enzyme
Johns Hopkins biochemists have figured out what is needed to activate and sustain the virus-fighting activity of an enzyme found in CD4+ T cells, the human immune cells infected by HIV.

Sperm precursors made from stem cells of infertile men
Researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Cell Reports on May 1 have successfully coaxed stem cells made from the skin cells of infertile men into producing sperm cell precursors.

New study suggests combination of statin and omega-3 fatty acid may provide cardioprotective effects
New findings from an in vitro study, led by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital, show that the combination of statins and eicosapentaenoic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid, may potentially reduce cardiovascular risk.

Remodelling damaged nuclei
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have identified a key chemical that can repair the damage to cells which causes a rare but devastating disease involving accelerated aging.

Landscape architect designs toolkit to make cities inclusive of adults with autism
A Kansas State University landscape architect has developed an urban toolkit that help designers and planners make cities more inclusive for adults with autism.

New myeloma-obesity research shows drugs can team with body's defenses
Obesity increases the risk of myeloma, and with obesity rates climbing particularly in the Hispanic population, Dr.

The Lancet and The Lancet Respiratory Medicine: Controlling, diagnosing, and preventing asthma
On Friday, May 2, 2014, The Lancet and The Lancet Respiratory Medicine will release three new review articles and an editorial on asthma, ahead of World Asthma Day on May 6 and the American Thoracic Society's international conference in San Diego.

How do our cells move? Liquid droplets could explain
Living cells move; not just bacteria, but also cells in our own bodies.

Hubble astronomers check the prescription of a cosmic lens
Two teams of astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have discovered three distant exploding stars that have been magnified by the immense gravity of foreground galaxy clusters, which act like 'cosmic lenses.' These supernovae are the first of their type ever to be observed magnified in this way and they offer astronomers a powerful tool to check the prescription of these massive lenses.

Risk of weight gain deters some smokers from seeking treatment to quit
Smokers may avoid treatment to quit smoking if they previously gained weight while trying to quit, according to researchers at Penn State College of Medicine.

NASA begins field campaign to measure rain in southern Appalachians
On May 1, NASA begins a campaign in western North Carolina to better understand the difficult-to-predict weather patterns of mountain regions.

Antimicrobial edible films inhibit pathogens in meat
Antimicrobial agents incorporated into edible films applied to foods to seal in flavor, freshness and color can improve the microbiological safety of meats, according to researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.

Many Ivy League students don't view ADHD medication misuse as cheating
Nearly one in five students at an Ivy League college reported misusing a prescription stimulant while studying, and one-third of students did not view such misuse as cheating, according to a study to be presented Saturday, May 3, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Home health visits greatly lower readmissions for heart surgery patients
A study from North Shore University Hospital's cardiothoracic surgery department demonstrated a very significant reduction in hospital readmissions after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

NASA sounding rocket to study interplanetary medium
NASA will conduct a sounding rocket mission in May 2014, carrying a payload designed to measure the nature of the interplanetary medium, characterizing the particles that fill our solar system.

Blood pressure control, lifestyle changes key to preventing subsequent strokes
Controlling blood pressure, cholesterol and irregular heart rhythms are key to stroke survivors avoiding another stroke.

A 30-year puzzle in breast cancer is solved
In a new study published today in Cell Reports, scientists at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center demonstrate that mice lacking one copy of a gene called CTCF have abnormal DNA methylation and are markedly predisposed to cancer.

Scientists recommend further research, delay in destruction of last stocks of smallpox
Variola, the virus that causes smallpox, is on the agenda of the upcoming meeting of the World Health Assembly, the governing body of the World Health Organization.

Australian tsunami database reveals threat to continent
Australia's coastline has been struck by up to 145 possible tsunamis since prehistoric times, triple the previously estimated number, a UNSW Australia study reveals.

The Lancet Psychiatry: Promising biomarkers to predict suicide risk
In this review, published to coincide with the launch of The Lancet Psychiatry journal, professor Kees van Heeringen from Ghent University in Belgium and John Mann from Columbia University in the USA discuss the stress-diathesis theory of suicide, in which a predisposition or diathesis interacts with stressful life experiences and acute psychiatric illness to cause suicidal behavior.

Wastewater disposal may trigger quakes at a greater distance than previously thought
Earthquakes from wastewater disposal may be triggered at tens of kilometers from the wellbore, which is a greater range than previously thought, according to research to be presented today at the annual meeting of the Seismological Society of America.
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