Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 02, 2014
Having problems with your engineering project? This book will be your lifesaver
How can we manage engineering projects and run these projects to completion while addressing all the technical and business issues?

Novel analyses improve identification of cancer-associated genes from microarray data
Researchers a the Dartmouth Institute for Quantitative Biomedical Sciences developed a new gene expression analysis approach for identifying cancer genes.

Space Station research shows that hardy little space travelers could colonize Mars
Three recent scientific papers examined the risks of interplanetary exchange of organisms using research from the International Space Station.

Nanoengineers develop basis for electronics that stretch at the molecular level
Nanoengineers at the University of California, San Diego are asking what might be possible if semiconductor materials were flexible and stretchable without sacrificing electronic function?

Willetts announces new Engineering Fellowships for Growth
Leading academics from 10 UK universities have been awarded a total of £13 million in Fellowship grants to maintain the UK's research leadership in three areas identified as Great British Technologies; Advanced Materials, Robotic and Autonomous Systems, and Synthetic Biology.

Probing dopant distribution
Berkeley Lab researchers at the Molecular Foundry have shown that when doping a semiconductor to alter its electrical properties, equally important as the amount of dopant is how the dopant is distributed on the surface and throughout the material.

A transcription factor called SLUG helps determines type of breast cancer
A study in Stem Cell Reports determines that the transcription factor SLUG plays a role in regulating stem cell function.

Study shows link between sleep apnea and hospital maternal deaths
Pregnant women with obstructive sleep apnea are more than five times as likely to die in the hospital as those without the sleep disorder, a comprehensive national study by the University of South Florida found.

Out of shape? Your memory may suffer
Here's another reason to drop that doughnut and hit the treadmill: A new study suggests aerobic fitness affects long-term memory.

UN-­backed symposium: Beyond Gross Domestic Product -- transitioning into sustainability
Enlarging the world's perspective on economic progress with social and environmental indicators is the focus of 'Beyond GDP: Transitioning into Sustainability,' a UN-backed high level symposium open to the public May 19 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (12:30-4:20 p.m., Grand Ballroom, Hilton Hotel).

Key protein, FABP5, enhances memory and learning
Case Western Reserve researchers have discovered that a protein previously implicated in disease plays such a positive role in learning and memory that it may someday contribute to cures of cognitive impairments.

From the dust -- mixing stem cells with clay to regenerate human tissue
Gels made from clay could provide an environment that would stimulate stem cells to regenerate damaged tissues such as bone, skin, heart, spinal cord, liver, pancreas and cornea.

AGA unveils latest advances in GI research at DDW 2014
International leaders in the fields of gastroenterology and hepatology will gather together for Digestive Disease Week 2014, the largest and most prestigious gastroenterology meeting, from May 3- 6, 2014, at McCormick Place in Chicago, Ill.

Wayne State to explore adult onset diseases and possible origins during early development
A team of researchers at Wayne State University, the University of Alabama at Birmingham and the University of Pittsburgh was recently awarded nearly $2 million from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences of the National Institutes of Health to explore possible determinants of susceptibility to common diseases such as diabetes, atherosclerotic heart disease, and various cancers.

High quality 3-D nanoporous graphene
Three-dimensional (3-D) nanoporous graphene with preserved 2-D Dirac electronic characters was successfully synthesized by Dr.

Approaching the island of stability: Observation of the superheavy element 117
Several atoms of the superheavy element with atomic number 117 have been created and observed by an international collaboration working at the GSI accelerator laboratory in Germany.

Elevated liver enzyme levels linked to higher gestational diabetes risk
Women with high levels of a common liver enzyme measured prior to pregnancy were twice as likely to subsequently develop gestational diabetes than those with the lowest levels, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the journal Diabetes Care.

New atom-scale knowledge on the function of biological photosensors
The research groups of Janne Ihalainen (University of Jyvaskyla) and Sebastian Westenhoff (University of Gothenburg) have clarified how the atom structure of bacterial red light photosensors changes when sensing light.

Researchers find unique fore wing folding among Sub-Saharan African Ensign wasps
Researchers discovered several possibly threatened new species of ensign wasps from Sub-Saharan Africa -- the first known insects to exhibit transverse folding of the fore wing.

The Lancet: Reducing just 6 risk factors could prevent 37 million deaths from chronic diseases over 15 years
Reducing or curbing just six modifiable risk factors -- tobacco use, harmful alcohol use, salt intake, high blood pressure and blood sugar, and obesity -- to globally-agreed target levels could prevent more than 37 million premature deaths over 15 years, from the four main non-communicable diseases (NCDs; cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory disease, cancers, and diabetes) according to new research published in The Lancet.

National Academy of Sciences elects 5 from UChicago, Marine Biological Laboratory
Four University of Chicago faculty members and a scientist at the affiliated Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Mass., have been elected to the US National Academy of Sciences.

Salk scientists reveal circuitry of fundamental motor circuit
Scientists at the Salk Institute have discovered the developmental source for a key type of neuron that allows animals to walk, a finding that could help pave the way for new therapies for spinal cord injuries or other motor impairments related to disease.

Maternal deaths on the rise in the United States
The United States is among just eight countries in the world to experience an increase in maternal mortality since 2003 -- joining Afghanistan and countries in Africa and Central America, according to a new study by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington.

Leaf chewing links insect diversity in modern and ancient forests
Observations of insects and their feeding marks on leaves in modern forests confirm indications from fossil leaf deposits that the diversity of chewing damage relates directly to diversity of the insect population that created it, according to an international team of researchers.

Sharp decline in maternal and child deaths globally, new data show
Since the start of an international effort to address maternal and child mortality, millions of lives have been saved globally, a new study by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington shows.

Penn State researchers believe ants can offer human-disease insights
What can ants teach us about the transmission and spread of human disease?

Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation implants its 1st world's smallest cardiac pacemaker
The Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation announced today the first implant of the world's smallest pacemaker at the Minneapolis Heart Institute.

MERS coronavirus can be transmitted from camel to man
The MERS coronavirus is currently spreading very rapidly in the Arab world.

Sofosbuvir: Indication of added benefit for specific patients
Sofosbuvir may have advantages in genotype 2 chronic hepatitis C.

Drinking poses greater risk for advanced liver disease in HIV/hep C patients
Penn Medicine researchers find much stronger association between alcohol use and advanced liver fibrosis in co-infected patients compared to uninfected.

UH Rainbow to study African-Americans' response to asthma medications
In a first-of-its-kind clinical trial, asthma researchers at University Hospitals Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital will evaluate treatment guidelines for African-American children and young adults with asthma.

New SUPERGEN Hub to set UK's energy storage course
A new, £4 million collaboration between academics and industry that will set the direction and development of research and technologies in Energy Storage, was unveiled today by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, on behalf of the Research Councils UK Energy Programme.

Element 117 discovered by Lawrence Livermore one step closer to being named
Element 117, first discovered by Lawrence Livermore scientists and international collaborators in 2002, is one step closer to being named.

UN targets on health risk factors can prevent 37 million deaths by 2025
Reaching globally-agreed targets for health risks such as smoking and alcohol can prevent more than 37 million deaths by 2025.

Researchers receive top honors for ecology paper
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis postdoctoral fellow Jiang Jiang and University of Miami ecologist Don DeAngelis have won the 2014 best paper award from the Ecological Society of America for their theoretical paper on the ecological linkages between organisms and their environment.

How bacteria exploit proteins to trigger potentially lethal infections
New research by scientists at the University of York sheds light on how bacteria exploit human proteins during infections.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2014
May 2014's story tips include reducing soot; hydropower; understanding driver behavior; and a performance record in high-temperature superconducting wires.

Researchers find way to decrease chemoresistance in ovarian cancer
Inhibiting enzymes that cause changes in gene expression could decrease chemotherapy resistance in ovarian cancer patients, researchers at Georgia State University and the University of Georgia say.

Better sleep predicts longer survival time for women with advanced breast cancer
A new study reports that sleep efficiency, a ratio of time asleep to time spent in bed, is predictive of survival time for women with advanced breast cancer.

Rice's Ben-Jacob elected to American Philosophical Society
Rice University physicist Eshel Ben-Jacob has been elected a member of the American Philosophical Society, the oldest learned society in the United States.

Vanderbilt study explores genetics behind Alzheimer's resiliency
Autopsies have revealed that some individuals develop the cellular changes indicative of Alzheimer's disease without ever showing clinical symptoms in their lifetime.

Nature's chemical diversity reflected in Swedish lakes
It's not only the biology of lakes that varies with the climate and other environmental factors, it's also their chemistry.

The Lancet: UK has one of the highest death rates for children in western Europe
The UK has one of the highest rates of death for children under five in western Europe, according to new research published in The Lancet.

Which came first, bi- or tricellular pollen? New research updates a classic debate
New research finds that both bi- and tricellular lineages gave rise to each other -- debunking the long-standing assumption that pollen states could only evolve in one direction, namely from bi- to tricellular, and that tricellularity was a 'dead end.'
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