Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 04, 2014
Compound Formula Rehmannia alleviates dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease
Dr. Jiancheng He and co-workers from Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine in China established a model of Parkinson's disease dyskinesia in rats, and treated these animals with Compound Formula Rehmannia.

New insight may help predict volcanic eruption behavior
A new discovery in the study of how lava dome volcanoes erupt may help in the development of methods to predict how a volcanic eruption will behave, say scientists at the University of Liverpool.

Drug pair cuts children's urinary infections up to 80 percent
Long-term use of a drug combination reduces the risk of recurrent urinary tract infection by up to 80 percent in children with the urinary condition vesicoureteral reflux compared to placebo, according to research funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Arizona State University scientists take steps to unlock the secrets to the fountain of youth
ASU scientists, together with collaborators from the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Shanghai, have published today, in Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, a first of its kind atomic level look at the enzyme telomerase that may unlock the secrets to the fountain of youth.

New idea for hearing improvement in patients with hearing aids under background noise
Patients with implanted artificial cochlea often complain that they cannot recognize speech well in natural environments, especially if background of noise is present.

Weight-loss surgery can reduce liver damage
Bariatric surgery, which is best known for its ability to help patients lose substantial weight, can also result in significant improvement in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, according to new research presented today at Digestive Disease Week.

PQ disconnection with the activity of isolated PTO nerve tissue for seizure control
Diffuse lesions involving the posterior quadrant of the cerebral hemisphere -- temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes -- induce intractable epilepsy.

Study unveils new approach to treating brittle bone disease
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine have identified a new approach to treating brittle bone disease, a congenital disorder that results in fragile bones that break easily.

New study sheds light on global warming trends
New research by a team of Florida State University scientists shows the first detailed look at global land surface warming trends over the last 100 years, illustrating precisely when and where different areas of the world started to warm up or cool down.

Functioning of aged brains and muscles in mice made younger
Harvard Stem Cell Institute researchers have shown that a protein they previously demonstrated can make the failing hearts in aging mice appear more like those of young health mice, similarly improves brain and skeletal muscle function in aging mice.

Study exposes risk of nutritional deficiencies in obese teens
A new study exposes the risk of nutritional deficiencies in severely obese teens -- both those who had weight loss surgery and those who did not.

Uncorking East Antarctica yields unstoppable sea-level rise
The melting of a rather small ice volume on East Antarctica's shore could trigger a persistent ice discharge into the ocean, resulting in unstoppable sea-level rise for thousands of years to come.

Motivational interviewing can positively impact childhood obesity
Pediatricians and dietitians who used motivational interviewing techniques to counsel families about their young child's weight were successful in reducing children's body mass index percentile 3.1 more points than comparison children over a 2-year period, according to a study to be presented Sunday, May 4, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia.

Scores of bullying victims bringing weapons to school
An estimated 200,000 high school students who are bullied bring weapons to school, according to research to be presented Sunday, May 4, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

ASGE and ASGE Foundation hold Crystal Awards Dinner as part of Digestive Disease Week, May 4, in Chicago
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy will honor important contributions to the field of endoscopy during the tenth annual ASGE Crystal Awards on Sunday, May 4, 2014.

When does highest perceptual ability occur in a day?
Many previous chronobiological studies have reported on detection of circadian fluctuation in performing simple motor tasks, fine skilled movement, and anaerobic exercise.

Infusion of young blood recharges brains of old mice, Stanford study finds
Something -- or some things -- in the blood of young mice has the ability to restore mental capabilities in old mice, a new study by Stanford University School of Medicine investigators has found.

Gene therapy used to preserve sight in patients
In two separate studies, vision scientists have developed healthy genes to prevent blinding diseases that stem from genetic defects.

Taking the lead out of a promising solar cell
Northwestern University researchers are the first to develop a solar cell with good efficiency that uses tin instead of lead perovskite as the harvester of light.

Study reveals potentially unnecessary radiation after suspected sports-related injury
A new study found that emergency rooms visits for children with suspected sports-related head injuries have increased along with the use of CT scans.

New research explores how smoking while pregnant leads to other diseases
While many parents-to-be are aware that the health of their baby starts before they've actually arrived into the world, recent research reveals that 'harm' may not present itself disease-wise until well into adulthood or when a second harmful 'hit' triggers the individual's susceptibility.

Study points to potential revision of treatment guidelines for bleeding ulcers
The current standard of care for managing patients who receive endoscopic treatment for bleeding ulcers should be replaced by an equally safe and less costly alternative that is more comfortable for patients, according to new research presented today at Digestive Disease Week.

Motor cortex shown to play active role in learning movement patterns
Skilled motor movements of the sort tennis players employ while serving a tennis ball or pianists use in playing a concerto, require precise interactions between the motor cortex and the rest of the brain.

Prophylactic antibiotics prevent UTI recurrences in children with vesicoureteral reflux
Children diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux following a urinary tract infection (UTI) are at risk for kidney scarring with subsequent UTIs.

A first: Nuclear transfer to reprogram adult patient cells into stem cells
The capacity to reprogram adult patient cells into pluripotent, embryonic-like, stem cells by nuclear transfer has been reported as a breakthrough by scientists from the US and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

New method for measuring the temperature of nanoscale objects discovered
Pioneering research, published in Nature Nanotechnology, has now developed a method to accurately measure the surface temperature of nanoscale objects when they have a different temperature than their environment.

Lean patients with fatty liver disease have higher mortality rate
Despite being of a healthier weight, lean patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have a higher overall mortality rate than patients with NAFLD who are overweight or obese, according to new research presented today at Digestive Disease Week.

Young parents who use e-cigarettes believe devices are safer for those around them
Many young parents are using electronic cigarettes, and despite any evidence for safety, the vast majority of young adults who have used the devices believe they are less harmful than regular cigarettes, according to research to be presented Sunday, May 4, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Setting the agenda for firearm injury research
Pediatric leaders and researchers will tackle the complex subject of gun violence and critical gaps in research during a symposium on Saturday, May 4, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia.
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