Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 16, 2014
Water pipe smoking causes significant exposure to nicotine and cancer-causing agents
Young adults who smoked water pipes in hookah bars had elevated levels of nicotine, cotinine, tobacco-related cancer-causing agents, and volatile organic compounds in their urine, and this may increase their risk for cancer and other chronic diseases, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

cfaed coordinator presents new 'Dresden 5G Lab' in South Korea
cfaed coordinator professor Gerhard Fettweis will present the new project 'Dresden 5G Lab' on May 19 at the international IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference in the South Korean capital, Seoul.

MicroRNA that could be used to suppress prostate cancer progression found
About one in seven men will develop prostate cancer over the course of a lifetime, and about one in 36 men will die from it.

Ataluren Phase 3 trial results in nonsense mutation cystic fibrosis
PTC Therapeutics, Inc. today announced that the results of a Phase 3 study of ataluren in patients with nonsense mutation cystic fibrosis were published in Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

Groundbreaking hip and stem cell surgery in Southampton
Doctors and scientists in Southampton have completed their first hip surgery with a 3-D-printed implant and bone stem cell graft.

Neuronal activation by acupuncture at Yongquan and sham acupoints for DOC: A PET study
Hao Zhang and colleagues from China Rehabilitation Research Center found that acupuncture at the Yongquan acupoints induced stronger neuronal activity than acupuncture at the sham acupoints shown on positron emission tomography.

How Asian-American 'tiger mothers' motivate their children
An article titled 'Why Chinese Mothers Are Superior,' published in The Wall Street Journal in 2011, has continued to provoke a cultural debate among parents after self-proclaimed 'tiger mother' Amy Chua asserted that Asian-American parenting methods produce more successful children.

Hope for paraplegic patients
People with severe injuries to their spinal cord currently have no prospect of recovery and remain confined to their wheelchairs.

Spiders spin possible solution to 'sticky' problems
University of Akron scientists created synthetic duplicates of the super-sticky, silk 'attachment discs' that spiders use to attach their webs to surfaces.

Non-invasive lithotripsy leads to more treatment for kidney stones
When it comes to treating kidney stones, less invasive may not always be better, according to new research from Duke Medicine.

Department of Defense funds terahertz-range metamaterials research
Metamaterials research having potential applications in high-speed data transmission, medical imaging and other kinds of imaging and remote sensing is the focus of a US Department of Defense project funded for five years at $7.5 million.

JCI online ahead of print table of contents for May 16, 2014
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers published online, May 16, 2014 in the JCI: 'Targeting microbial translocation attenuates SIV-mediated inflammation,' 'Estrogen underlies sex-specific responses to sildenafil,' 'Vaccine-induced cell population inhibits SIV vaccine efficacy,' 'Enhancing efficacy of the cancer drug cetuximab,' 'Beta-catenin-regulated myeloid cell adhesion and migration determine wound healing,' 'Elevated sphingosine-1-phosphate promotes sickling and sickle cell disease progression,' and more.

The Lancet Infectious Diseases: New early warning system predicts dengue fever risk during the soccer World Cup in Brazil
For the first time, scientists have developed an early warning system to predict the risk of dengue infections for the 553 microregions of Brazil during the football World Cup.

US foreclosures drive up suicide rate
The recent US foreclosure crisis contributed significantly to the nation's jump in suicides, independent of other economic factors associated with the Great Recession, according to a study by Dartmouth and Purdue professors publishing Monday.

Glasses-free 3-D projector
A new design could also make conventional 2-D video higher in resolution and contrast.

Cognitive behavioral or relaxation training helps women reduce distress during breast cancer treatment
Can psychological intervention help women adapt to the stresses of breast cancer?

Fast and curious: Electrons hurtle into the interior of a new class of quantum materials
Scientists at Princeton University have made a step forward in developing a new class of materials that could be used in future technologies.

Getting the right spin
Rotary sensors can help determine the position of a moveable body in relation to an axis.

With imprecise chips to the artificial brain
Which circuits and chips are suitable for building artificial brains using the least possible amount of power?

Male infertility linked to mortality in study led by Stanford researcher
Men who are infertile because of defects in their semen appear to be at increased risk of dying sooner than men with normal semen, according to a study led by a researcher at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

It Takes Brains: Autism BrainNet registration site launches
The Simons Foundation, Autism Speaks and the Autism Science Foundation today announced the launch of the Autism BrainNet registration site, It Takes Brains.

Magnets and kids: A dangerous duo
Magnet ingestions by children have received increasing attention over the past 10 years.

Researchers call for better ocean stewardship
NSU researcher Tracey Sutton, Ph.D., joins colleagues from organizations around the world who specialize in studying and exploring the deepest regions of our oceans to pen a cautionary tale that urges we take a critical look at how we're treating our seas.

Lighting the way to graphene-based devices
Berkeley Lab researchers have demonstrated a technique whereby semiconductors made from graphene and boron nitride can be charge-doped to alter their electronic properties using only visible light.

Mathuram Santosham, M.D., receives 2014 Albert B. Sabin Gold Medal Award
Mathuram Santosham, M.D., professor of international health and pediatrics at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, received the 2014 Albert Sabin Gold Medal Award from the Sabin Vaccine Institute at an awards ceremony outside Washington, D.C ., last month.

New book challenges the concept of 'nudge'
Buying houses one can't afford, not saving for the future, failing to stick to one's diet, the list of examples of bad decision-making is lengthy.

Effect of repeated-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation at the Guangming point on EEGs
In a recent study reported in the Neural Regeneration Research, repeated-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation was administered to healthy people at the left Guangming and a mock point, and calculated the sample entropy of electroencephalogram signals using nonlinear dynamics.

USDA and NNI partner for Nanocellulose Commercialization Workshop
The National Nanotechnology Coordination Office is pleased to announce the National Nanotechnology Initiative's partnership with the US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service to host 'Cellulose Nanomaterials -- A Path Towards Commercialization.'

Dr. Neal Meropol honored as American Society of Clinical Oncology Fellow
The American Society of Clinical Oncology will honor Neal J.

Caswell selected for Mindel C. Sheps award
The Population Association of America selected biologist Hal Caswell of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution to receive the 2014 Mindel C.

Study reveals 1 in 10 16-year-olds surveyed have considered self-harm
One in 10 16-year-olds surveyed in a new study by Queen's University and the University of Ulster have considered self-harm or taking an overdose.

Skunk fire in Arizona
The Skunk Fire in Arizona started with a lightning strike on Saturday, April 19.

Rice physicist will search for 'quark-gluon plasma' at the LHC
Rice University physicist Wei Li has won an Early Career Award from the Department of Energy to search for 'quark-gluon plasma' (QGP) at Europe's Large Hadron Collider.

Slip knot key to creating world's toughest fiber
A new way of making super tough fibers could be realized by a simple knot, according to new research from a materials scientist at Queen Mary University of London.

Watching HIV bud from cells
University of Utah researchers devised a way to watch newly forming AIDS virus particles emerging or 'budding' from infected human cells without interfering with the process.

Can China effectively reform itself from within?
Reform assumes that the system is fundamentally correct but not working properly.

Eskitis links with European life science researchers
Australian and European scientists will gain greater access to the potential building blocks of therapeutic drugs through an MoU.

SpaceX-3 mission to return Dragon's share of Space Station science
The splashdown of SpaceX's Dragon spacecraft on May 18 concludes the company's third contracted resupply mission to the International Space Station, assisting scientists who have investigations returning to Earth complete their analyses.

Analysis finds wide variation in lung cancer rates globally
The only recent comprehensive analysis of lung cancer rates for women around the world finds lung cancer rates are dropping in young women in many regions of the globe, pointing to the success of tobacco control efforts.

Avatars, virtual humans among topics covered at UH event
A conference bringing together leading computer animation researchers and practitioners is coming to the University of Houston.

Herpes-loaded stem cells used to kill brain tumors
Harvard Stem Cell Institute scientists at Massachusetts General Hospital have a potential solution for how to more effectively kill tumor cells using cancer-killing viruses.

Fires continue in San Diego County, Calif.
Seven fires are still burning in San Diego County, Calif.

New treatment targeting versatile protein may protect brain cells in Parkinson's disease
In Parkinson's disease (PD), dopamine-producing nerve cells that control our movements waste away.

Methadone programs can be key in educating, treating HCV patients
People who inject drugs and are enrolled in a drug treatment program are receptive to education about, and treatment for, hepatitis C virus, according to a study by researchers at several institutions, including the University at Buffalo.

Gender differences stand out in measuring impact of Viagra as therapy for heart failure
New animal studies by Johns Hopkins cardiovascular researchers strongly suggest that sildenafil, the erectile dysfunction drug sold as Viagra and now under consideration as a treatment for heart failure, affects males and females very differently

Transgenic mice produce both omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids on carbohydrate diet
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have developed a transgenic mouse that synthesizes both the omega-3 and omega-6 essential fatty acids within its tissues on a diet of carbohydrates or saturated fats.

UT Arlington particle physics team awarded $2.5 million grant, 25 percent funding increase
The University of Texas at Arlington's Center of Excellence in High Energy Physics has been awarded a three-year, $2.5 million grant from the Department of Energy, which represents a 25 percent increase over their previous base funding.

Molecules involved in rheumatoid arthritis angiogenesis identified
Two protein molecules that fit together as lock and key seem to promote the abnormal formation of blood vessels in joints affected by rheumatoid arthritis, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, who found that the substances are present at higher levels in the joints of patients affected by the disease.

Study of third hand nicotine from e-cigarette exposure wins NIH Addiction Science Award
An exploration of third hand nicotine exposure from e-cigarettes was given the top Addiction Science Award at the 2014 Intel International Science and Engineering Fair -- the world's largest science competition for high school students.

War and peace (of mind)
Researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Naval Health Research Center have found that mindfulness training -- a combination of meditation and body awareness exercises -- can help US Marine Corps personnel prepare for and recover from stressful combat situations.

Cause of death established
In spring 2010, nearly a third of the chamois living in a region of northern Austria suddenly died of unexplained causes.

Organic photodiodes for sensor applications
Powerful, inexpensive and even flexible when they need to be, organic photodiodes are a promising alternative to silicon-based photodetectors.

PARADIGM-HF trial stopped early for benefit
The PARADIGM-HF trial has been stopped early for a benefit to patients that was overwhelmingly statistically significant.

Breakthrough in HIV/AIDS research gives hope for improved drug therapy
The first direct proof of a long-suspected cause of multiple HIV-related health complications was recently obtained by a team led by the University of Pittsburgh Center for Vaccine Research.

Google, YouTube, iPhones, Affordable Care Act featured in new research for role in hypertension
Considered the 'silent killer,' high blood pressure affects approximately one billion people worldwide, including one in three adults in the United States.

The early earthworm catches on to full data release
American cartoonist Gary Larson said: 'All things play a role in nature, even the lowly worm' -- but never in such a visually stunning way as that in two papers published in open-access journals GigaScience and PLOS ONE.

UofL receives $5.5 million grant from Helmsley Charitable Trust
The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust, has provided a three-year, $5.5 million grant to the James Graham Brown Cancer Center at the University of Louisville to develop new treatments and vaccines for various forms of cancer.

Acrylamide exposure impairs blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier function
The blood-brain barrier prevents xenobiotics from entering the central nervous system.

Growing camelina and safflower in the Pacific Northwest
Planting these oilseed crops will require attention to wind erosion.
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