Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 23, 2014
Untangling whole genomes of individual species from a microbial mix
A new approach to studying microbes in the wild will allow scientists to sequence the genomes of individual species from complex mixtures.

Mapping atherosclerotic arteries: Combined approach developed
A new method allows calcified and constricted blood vessels to be visualized with micrometer precision, and can be used to design containers for targeted drug delivery.

Nature inspires drones of the future
Researchers have been taking tips from nature to build the next generation of flying robots.

Rapid evolution aids spread of exotic plant species
A team of Belgian biologists led by researchers at KU Leuven has provided the first genetic evidence that rapid evolution can help non-native plant species spread in new environments.

Social marketing at the movies
Word-of-mouth marketing is recognized as a powerful route from long-tail sales to blockbuster, whether one is talking about the latest fishy ice cream flavor or a Hollywood romantic comedy.

Canadian Cancer Society honors Waterloo professor for research excellence
The Canadian Cancer Society presented a professor from the University of Waterloo with its Award for Excellence in Cancer Research for his pioneering work in cancer prevention.

Slide Fire update May 23, 2014
The Slide Fire is located in Oak Creek Canyon just north of Slide Rock State Park and burning northward, up the canyon into places such as West Fork and Harding Point.

Fruit fly research to provide new insight into our body clock and its biological impact
New research at the University of Southampton into how animals keep time through their internal circadian rhythms could help us understand why we sleep and how we cope with jet lag.

A new way to make sheets of graphene
Graphene's promise as a material for new kinds of electronic devices, among other uses, has led researchers around the world to study the material in search of new applications.

New drug for non-Hodgkin lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia passes early test
A new chemotherapy drug being investigated for its potency against two types of cancer was found by scientists at Houston Methodist and seven other institutions to be effective in about one-third of the 58 patients who participated in a phase I study.

SLU virologists harness adenovirus to kill breast cancer cells
Saint Louis University researcher Maurice Green, Ph.D., hopes to tame the adenovirus's ability to kill cancer cells in order to use it as a therapy.

Health-care professionals must be aware of rarer causes of headaches in pregnancy
Most headaches in pregnancy and the postnatal period are benign, but health-care professionals must be alert to the rarer and more severe causes of headaches, suggests a new review publishedMay 23 in The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist.

New sensor could light the way forward in low-cost medical imaging
New research published today in Nature's Scientific Reports, identifies a new type of light sensor that could allow medical and security imaging, via low cost cameras.

Major EPSRC Programme Grant to support new Oxford Centre for Drug Delivery Devices
Cancer therapy drugs tend to achieve limited accumulation and poor penetration in tumors, reducing their effectiveness.

A study assesses the possibility of turning CO2 into methanol for use in transport
Tecnalia has collaborated in a study for the European Parliament's Science and Technology Options Assessment Panel (STOA) on the future use of methanol, produced from carbon dioxide, in motorized transport.

Flatland optics with graphene
Researchers from CIC nanoGUNE, in collaboration with ICFO and Graphenea, introduce a platform technology based on optical antennas for trapping and controlling light with the one-atom-thick material graphene.

Slowing the insect invasion: Wood packaging sanitation yields US $11.7 billion net benefit
The emerald ash borer, a recent insect immigrant to North America carried in with the wooden packing material of imported goods, is projected to cause over a billion dollars in damages annually over the next decade.

Stanford researchers discover immune system's rules of engagement
A study finds surprising similarities in the way immune system defenders bind to disease-causing invaders.

Texas A&M AgriLife program to release 2 new wheat varieties
Texas A&M AgriLife Research and the TAM Wheat Improvement Program have announced the pending release of two new wheat varieties, each with unique qualities, according to Dr.

NASA sees first tropical depression of Eastern Pacific hurricane season
One week after the official start of hurricane season in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, the first tropical depression was born hundreds of miles southwest of Mexico.

An infrared NASA eye sees a weaker System 92B
System 92B appears to have weakened in the last day as an infrared look at the tropical low pressure area's cloud temperatures have shown.

Rising star uses paper to tackle food-borne diseases
UAlberta post-doc's idea for paper-based diagnostic tool earns place among Grand Challenges Canada's Stars in Global Health.

Dr. Dobryakova of Kessler Foundation receives New Jersey Neuropsychological Society award
Ekaterina Dobryakova, Ph.D, a postdoctoral fellow in Kessler Foundation Neuropsychology and Neuroscience Research received a competitive research award from the New Jersey Neuropsychological Society to study whether motivation influences cognitive fatigue in MS, and the brain regions associated with it.

Risk is much more than a game
Wildfires and flooding affect many more people in the USA than earthquakes and landslide and yet the dread, the perceived risk, of the latter two is much greater than for those hazards that are more frequent and cause greater loss of life.

A new concept to improve power production performance of wind turbines in a wind farm
A modern wind farm usually consists of multiple wind turbines arranged in an organized pattern or array.

Breakthrough method for making Janus or patchy capsules
Researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology were part of a team that have found an easy method for making small hollow capsules with two or more patches with different chemical or physical properties.

Failed dwarf galaxy survives galactic collision thanks to full dark-matter jacket
Like a bullet wrapped in a full metal jacket, a high-velocity hydrogen cloud hurtling toward the Milky Way appears to be encased in a shell of dark matter, according to a new analysis of data from the National Science Foundation's Robert C.

Wound-healing role for microRNAs in colon offer new insight to inflammatory bowel diseases
A microRNA cluster believed to be important for suppressing colon cancer has been found to play a critical role in wound healing in the intestine, UT Southwestern cancer researchers have found.

Dawn breaks on Tropical Storm Amanda in Eastern Pacific
Shortly after dawn broke in the Eastern Pacific Ocean this morning, May 23, Tropical Depression 1E organized and strengthened into the first tropical storm of the season: Amanda.

Straw from oilseed as a new source of biofuels
Researchers at the Institute of Food Research are looking at how to turn straw from oilseed rape into biofuel.

The protective milk shot
Parasitologists at the Vetmeduni Vienna have developed a new strategy for protecting piglets: They infected sows with the pathogen Cystoisospora suis during pregnancy.

Lack of plant diversity spurs cankerworm damage in cities
Research from North Carolina State University finds that a lack of plant diversity is a key contributor to the widespread defoliation caused by cankerworms in cities, and highlights the role that increasing diversity can play in limiting future damage.

Personal judgments are swayed by group opinion, but only for 3 days
We all want to feel like we're free-thinking individuals, but there's nothing like the power of social pressure to sway an opinion.

Yale Cancer Center's tip sheet for the 50th Annual Meeting of ASCO May 30-June 3, 2014
The news items below are from oral presentations or poster sessions scheduled for the 50th annual ASCO conference.

Poor diet before pregnancy is linked with preterm birth
University of Adelaide research has for the first time confirmed that women who eat a poor diet before they become pregnant are around 50 percent more likely to have a preterm birth than those on a healthy diet.

Tiny muscles help bats fine-tune flight, stiffen wing skin
Bats appear to use a network of hair-thin muscles in their wing skin to control the stiffness and shape of their wings as they fly, according to a new study.

Brain imaging reveals clues about chronic fatigue syndrome
A brain imaging study showed differences in the basal ganglia when CFS patients vs. healthy controls played a card game. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to