Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 30, 2014
Rush a light wave and you'll break its data, say NIST scientists
Quantum information can't break the cosmic speed limit, according to researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Maryland's Joint Quantum Institute.

ESHRE's 30th Annual Meeting
The annual meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction & Embryology is now the world's leading event in reproductive medicine.

Virus rounds up enzymes, disarms plant
University of Tokyo researchers have described how a plant-virus protein suppresses an important plant defense mechanism that remembers viral genetic information, providing a new target for developing the first-ever chemical against plant viruses that globally cause more than $60 billion of crop losses each year.

New method of wormlike motion lets gels wiggle through water
A prestigious journal published a UC undergraduate's research on hydrogels -- a special substance that can be equipped to detect bacteria, carry cargo and deliver medicine.

Compact and extremely small-scale incubator microscope to examine cells in time lapse
Biologists and doctors rely heavily on incubators and microscopes. Now the Fraunhofer Institute for Biomedical Engineering IBMT has come up with a novel solution that combines the functions of both these tools in a compact and extremely small-scale system.

Harvesting sunlight to help feed and fuel the world
Three research teams -- each comprised of scientists from the United States and the United Kingdom -- have been awarded a second round of funding to continue research on news ways to improve the efficiency of photosynthesis.

Identification of central nervous system involvement for patients with AIDS-related lymphomas
Patients with AIDS-related lymphomas may face an increased risk of central nervous system involvement (CNSi) compared to other lymphomas.

Eradicating invasive species sometimes threatens endangered ones
What should resource managers do when the eradication of an invasive species threatens an endangered one?

Ohio State and Moffitt form world's largest cancer research collaboration for big data
Two of North America's leading cancer centers, Moffitt Cancer Center and The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center -- Arthur G.

New NASA/JAXA precipitation satellite passes check-out, starts mission
The new Global Precipitation Measurement Core Observatory satellite is now in the hands of the engineers who will fly the spacecraft and ensure the steady flow of data on rain and snow for the life of the mission.

Mars spacecraft research lands Exeter student top international fellowship
An Exeter student has been honored with a prestigious international award, designed to promote female excellence in the pioneering sphere of aerospace research.

For the first time in the lab, researchers see stem cells take key step toward development
The gap between stem cell research and regenerative medicine just became a lot narrower, thanks to a new technique that coaxes stem cells to take the first step to specialization for the first time in a laboratory.

Enzyme used in antidepressants could help researchers develop prostate cancer treatments
An international team of scientists including researchers at the Cedars-Sinai Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute and the University of Southern California found that an enzyme commonly used as a target for antidepressants may also promote prostate cancer growth.

Can narcissists be moved to show empathy?
Researchers at the University of Surrey and the University of Southampton have investigated whether narcissists can elicit empathy for another person's suffering.

More patients with ovarian cancer are receiving chemotherapy before surgery
The use of chemotherapy before surgery to remove ovarian cancer has increased dramatically in recent decades, particularly among certain patients, according to a new analysis from Fox Chase Cancer Center that will be presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology.

JAX cancer researchers awarded NCI 'provocative questions' grants
Jackson Laboratory Assistant Professors Jennifer Trowbridge, Ph.D., and Chengkai Dai, M.D., Ph.D., have each received new federal research grants through a funding mechanism designed to address 'provocative questions' about cancer set out by the National Cancer Institute.

Compounds in saliva and common body proteins may fend off DNA-damaging chemicals
A compound in saliva, along with common proteins in blood and muscle, may protect human cells from powerful toxins in tea, coffee and liquid smoke flavoring, according to results of a new study led by investigators at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center.

Eating prunes can help weight loss
Research by the University of Liverpool has found that eating prunes as part of a weight control diet can improve weight loss.

Stopping statins may benefit terminally ill patients
Results presented today at ASCO 2014 and at the European Association of Palliative Care Research Conference show that stopping statins for cholesterol management in the late stages of cancer or other terminal illnesses may offer quality-of-life and even life-extending benefits.

New printable robots could self-assemble when heated
New algorithms and electronic components could enable printable robots that self-assemble when heated.

Genetic profile predicts which bladder cancer patients will benefit from early chemotherapy
Three genetic changes can predict whether a patient will benefit from chemotherapy before surgery to remove bladder cancer, according to new findings presented by Fox Chase Cancer Center researchers during the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology.

St. Jude researcher honored by ASCO for work in childhood cancer survivorship
The American Society of Clinical Oncology has named Leslie L.

Gravity-beating ultrasonic tweezers provide a sound route to bio-engineering
Pioneering 'tweezers' that use ultrasound beams to grip and manipulate tiny clusters of cells under electronic, push-button control could lead to life-changing medical advances, such as better cartilage implants that reduce the need for knee replacement operations.

A first for NASA's IRIS: Observing a gigantic eruption of solar material
A coronal mass ejection, or CME, surged off the side of the sun on May 9, 2014, and NASA's newest solar observatory caught it in extraordinary detail.

Atomic structure of essential circadian clock protein complex determined
A research team led by Professor Eva Wolf, recently appointed Professor of Structural Biology at the Institute of General Botany of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz and Adjunct Director at the Institute of Molecular Biology, has for the first time identified the molecular structure of a protein complex that plays an important role in regulating the circadian rhythm.

How to diagnose something hotter than 100 million degrees
The target of Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion is the conundrum of how to find a source of energy capable of satisfying the needs of a growing world population without destroying the environment.

KAM theory demystified
Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theory (or 'KAM theory') is often cited as one of the most important mathematical results of the 20th century.

Study explains how green tea could reduce pancreatic cancer risk
New study explains how green tea changed the metabolism of pancreatic cancer cells, opening a new area in cancer-fighting research.

New genetic sequencing methods mean quicker, cheaper, and accurate embryo screening
Results from the first study of the clinical application of next generation DNA sequencing in screening embryos for genetic disease prior to implantation in patients undergoing in-vitro fertilization treatments show that it is an effective reliable method of selecting the best embryos to transfer, and that it has the potential to revolutionist pre-implantation genetic screening.

DNA-binding fluorescent dyes detect real-time cell toxicity during drug screening
High throughput screening of compounds in live cells is a powerful approach for discovering new drugs, but the potential for cell toxicity must be considered.

New satellite animation shows the end of Hurricane Amanda
A new animation of visible and infrared imagery from NOAA's GOES-West satellite shows the weakening and dissipation of the Eastern Pacific Ocean's Hurricane Amanda.

Trial uncovers potential dangers of chemotherapy regimen for bladder cancer patients
Patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer often benefit from chemotherapy before surgery to remove the tumor, but a test of one regimen by researchers at Fox Chase Cancer Center was halted when too many people experienced serious side effects such as heart attacks and blood clots in the legs and lungs.

Cochrane review on use of rectal artesunate for severe malaria
Researchers from the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group, hosted at LSTM, conducted an independent review of the effects of pre-referral rectal artesunate for people with severe malaria, published in the Cochrane Library today.

Hepatitis C reactivation doesn't worsen survival for HIV+ patients diagnosed with lymphoma
Hepatitis C reactivation doesn't worsen survival for HIV+ patients diagnosed with lymphoma.

First real time movies of the light-to-current conversion in an organic solar cell
a team of German and Italian researchers from Oldenburg, Modena and Milano reported the first real time movies of the light-to-current conversion process in an organic solar cell.

Australia's deadly eruptions the reason for the first mass extinction
A Curtin University researcher has shown that ancient volcanic eruptions in Australia 510 million years ago significantly affected the climate, causing the first known mass extinction in the history of complex life.

Aircraft wings that change their shape in flight can help to protect the environment
A top priority for any airline is to conserve as much fuel as possible -- and this helps to protect the environment.

Women with metastatic breast cancer can safely receive bisphosphonates less frequently, without comp
Women with metastatic breast cancer to the bone may be able to receive bisphosphonates, the bone-targeting class of drugs like zoledronic acid, less often after the first year of monthly administration.

Researchers take a major step towards better diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis
A new target for the treatment of osteoporosis has been discovered by a group of researchers in The Netherlands and in Germany.

One cell's meat is another cell's poison
The protein JAK2 is of special therapeutic significance: its inactivation is believed to destroy cancer cells.

Narcissists can feel empathy, research finds
Narcissists tend to lack empathy, which can cause problems for themselves, the people around them and society in general.

Myriad presents data on BRACAnalysis CDx and HRD at 2014 ASCO meeting
New data presented at ASCO 2014 support the clinical efficacy of Myriad's BRACAnalysis CDx and HRD tests in predicting platinum based therapy response for breast cancer patients.

Standard approaches to menopause symptoms discount non-Western experiences
Understanding menopausal symptoms through a simple checklist has serious limitations, particularly within different ethnic groups or populations, according to a new study of British Pakistani women's beliefs about and experiences of menopause.

Building a better blood vessel
The tangled highway of blood vessels that twists and turns inside our bodies, delivering essential nutrients and disposing of hazardous waste to keep our organs working properly has been a conundrum for scientists trying to make artificial vessels from scratch.

Radiation for prostate cancer linked to secondary cancers, study finds
Among men treated for prostate cancer, those who received radiation therapy were more likely to develop bladder or rectal cancer, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Moffitt Cancer Center instrumental in new clinical guidelines for cancer-related fatigue
Fatigue is a debilitating problem for cancer patients undergoing treatment; however, it also poses a huge detriment after treatment and can significantly affect quality of life.

Reports uncover the tender spot in relation to EU citizens' rights
Top lawyers at an international congress in Copenhagen discuss Union citizenship on the basis of reports produced in connection with the congress.

Hero or sissy? Study explores perception of injured athletes
NFL teams shoulder most of the blame for players' injuries and sports journalists can shift football cultural norms toward valuing players who put their health first.

Research details how developing neurons sense a chemical cue
New structural images help explain how young neurons make the right connections, showing how a signal, Netrin-1, interacts with specific receptors that tell neurons in which direction to reach.

Research shows overall survival benefit for patients with Stage III soft tissue sarcomas
Fox Chase Cancer Center researchers have carried out the first retrospective analysis of adjuvant chemotherapy's impact on overall survival in patients with stage III soft tissue sarcomas (STS), adjusted for socioeconomic status and other variables.

Study highlights side effects felt by BRCA mutation carriers after cancer risk-reducing procedure
The majority of women with cancer causing BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations experience sexual dysfunction, menopausal symptoms, cognitive and stress issues, and poor sleep following prophylactic removal of their Fallopian tubes and ovaries -- a procedure known as risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy -- according to results of a new study from the Abramson Cancer Center and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Phase I study of DMOT4039A in patients with pancreatic or ovarian cancer
In this early clinical trial with the goal of identifying possible risks and defining likely dosages, the drug was well tolerated and in some patients showed initial evidence of anti-cancer activity.

New drug treatment helps prevent early menopause in breast cancer patients
Among young women treated for breast cancer, one of the most distressing side effects of chemotherapy is early menopause.

'Often and early' gives children a taste for vegetables
Exposing infants to a new vegetable early in life encourages them to eat more of it compared to offering novel vegetables to older children, new research from the University of Leeds suggests.

Nationally-recognized health policy researchers and experts convene in San Diego June 8-10
AcademyHealth's 2014 Annual Research Meeting features more than 160 sessions, including invited and peer-reviewed presentations on key issues in health research and policy.

Wallow Fire study suggests there may be multiple paths to fuel reduction in the WUI
Conservative fuel treatments designed to reduce fire severity while still providing forest cover and wildlife habitat worked equally as well as more intensive treatments in allowing for the protection of homes during the 2011 Wallow Fire, a study published in the journal Forest Ecology and Management has found.

New software tool identifies genetic mutations that influence disease risk
Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and other institutions have applied a newly developed software tool to identify genetic mutations that contribute to a person's increased risk for developing common, complex diseases, such as cancer.

Genome sequences show how lemurs fight infection
Next-generation genome sequencing technology is enabling Duke Lemur Center researchers to catalog 150,000 antibodies found in a single species of lemur that seems uniquely susceptible to cryptosproridium infection.

Chinese scientists map reproductive system's evolution as dinosaurs gave rise to birds
As winged dinosaurs underwent a series of evolutionary changes during the transition into Aves, or birds, one pivotal transformation was the appearance of a single-ovary reproductive system.

Stopping statins may benefit terminally ill patients
People in the late stages of cancer and other terminal illnesses are not only unharmed by discontinuing statins for cholesterol management, they may benefit, according to a study presented Friday by researchers at Duke Medicine representing a national research network.

X-ray pulses on demand from electron storage rings
HZB physicists recently devised a new method to pick single X-ray pulses out of the pulse trains usually emitted from synchrotron radiation facilities.

Observing the random diffusion of missing atoms in graphene
Imperfections in the regular atomic arrangements in crystals determine many of the properties of a material, and their diffusion is behind many microstructural changes in solids.

Finnish study: Appeal of well-being applications often short-lived
According to a doctoral thesis by Research Scientist Kirsikka Kaipainen from VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, online and mobile applications for stress management and healthy eating reach a large number of users but their appeal tends to be short-lived.

Novel NIST laser system mimics sunlight to test solar cell efficiency
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have developed a laser-based instrument that generates artificial sunlight to help test solar cell properties and find ways to boost their efficiency.

UTHealth's Anil Kulkarni awarded Fulbright Scholarship
Anil Kulkarni, MSc, Ph.D., professor in the Department of Surgery at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School, was awarded a highly competitive Fulbright-Nehru Scholarship Award for Academic and Professional Experience to travel to India this fall to teach immunonutrition and functional foods in the global health era.

NIST requests public comment on proposed SHA-3 cryptographic standard
The National Institute of Standards and Technology has requested public comments on its newly proposed 'Secure Hash Algorithm-3' Standard, which is designed to protect the integrity of electronic messages.

Production technology for more efficient jet engines
Aircrafts have to be more efficient -- a crucial point when it comes to the design of jet engines.

Coaxing iPS cells to become more specialized prior to transplantation cuts rejection risk
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found that coaxing iPS cells in the laboratory to become more-specialized progeny cells (a cellular process called differentiation) before transplantation into mice allows them to be tolerated by the body's immune system.

Study links urbanization and future heat-related mortality
Phoenix stands at a parched crossroads. Global scale climate change is forecast to bring hotter summers and more extreme heat to the Valley, but regional urbanization also will impact temperatures experienced by residents.
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