Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 10, 2014
Estimated risk of breast cancer increases as red meat intake increases
Higher red meat intake in early adulthood might be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, and women who eat more legumes -- such as peas, beans and lentils -- poultry, nuts and fish might be at lower risk in later life, suggests a paper published on bmj.com today.

Moles linked to risk for breast cancer
Cutaneous nevi, commonly known as moles, may be a novel predictor of breast cancer, according to two studies published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

NYU Langone internist calls for VA system reform
An NYU Langone internal medicine specialist who served as a White House fellow at the US Department of Veteran's Affairs says the headline-grabbing failures of the VA health system's administration stand in sharp contrast to the highly rated care the system delivers.

UK science trio called to Washington ocean summit
Three leading environmental scientists from the UK have been invited to talk about the state of the world's oceans to an audience including US Secretary of State John Kerry at an ocean summit in Washington.

A life well spent: Consume now (in case you die early)
An early death constitutes a serious loss that should imply compensation to the deceased person.

'All systems go' for a paralyzed person to kick off the World Cup
All systems are go for a bold demonstration of neuroscience and cognitive technology in action: on June 12, during the opening of the FIFA 2014 World Cup in Brazil, a paralyzed person wearing a brain-controlled robotic exoskeleton is expected to make the first kick.

Refugees and internally displaced persons should have equitable access to HIV treatment
'Given recent evidence and the moral, legal, and public health arguments, refugees and internally displaced persons situated in stable settings should have equitable access to HIV treatment and supportive services,' argue experts from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, writing in this week's PLOS Medicine.

New biometric watches use light to non-invasively monitor glucose, dehydration, pulse
Researchers have developed two new wearable devices that use scattered light to monitor biometrics: one tracks glucose and dehydration, and the other monitors pulse.

Obstetric malpractice claims dip when hospitals stress patient safety
A Connecticut hospital saw a 50 percent drop in malpractice liability claims and payments when it made patient safety initiatives a priority by training doctors and nurses to improve teamwork and communication, hiring a patient safety nurse, and standardizing practices, according to a study by Yale School of Medicine researchers.

National Eye Institute awards more than half a million dollars to NSU College of Optometry
The National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health has awarded up to $556,532 to investigators at Nova Southeastern University's College of Optometry to study the relationship between the vision condition, convergence insufficiency, and reading performance and attention.

Kumari receives service award from Association of Scientists of Indian Origin in America
Meena Kumari, associate professor of anatomy and physiology at Kansas State University's College of Veterinary Medicine, has received the 2014 Service Award from the Association of Scientists of Indian Origin in America.

Rosetta-Alice spectrograph to begin close up ultraviolet studies of comet surface and atmosphere
After a 10-year journey that began in March 2004, the European Space Agency's Rosetta comet orbiter has its sights set on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

From today, the Earth is around 60 million years older -- and so is the moon
Work presented today at the Goldschmidt Geochemistry Conference in Sacramento, California shows that the timing of the giant impact between Earth's ancestor and a planet-sized body occurred around 40 million years after the start of solar system formation.

Women appear in only 5 percent of sports newsprint
Women are much less visible than men in sports newsprint.

Genetics reveal that reef corals and their algae live together but evolve independently
New research reveals that Caribbean corals and the algae that inhabit them form a remarkably stable relationship -- new knowledge that can serve as an important tool in preserving and restoring vital reef-building corals.

New permafrost is forming around shrinking Arctic lakes, but will it last?
There is new permafrost forming around Twelvemile Lake in the interior of Alaska.

Fermentation of cocoa beans requires precise collaboration among 2 bacteria, and yeast
Good chocolate is among the world's most beloved foods, which is why scientists are seeking to improve the product, and enhance the world's pleasure.

Study examines effect of adding insulin with metformin to treat diabetes
Among patients with diabetes who were receiving metformin, the addition of insulin compared with a sulfonylurea (a class of antidiabetic drugs) was associated with an increased risk of nonfatal cardiovascular outcomes and all-cause death, according to a study in the June 11 issue of JAMA, a diabetes theme issue.

Wolves in wolves' clothing not all the same
New research co-authored by University of Calgary Alumni Erin Navid provides evidence that British Columbia's mainland wolves and coastal wolves are more distinct than previously believed.

Mammography has led to fewer late-stage breast cancers, U-M study finds
In the last 30 years, since mammography was introduced, late-stage breast cancer incidence has decreased by 37 percent, a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center finds.

Telehealth improves forensic examinations for sexual abuse
Researchers at UC Davis and other facilities have shown that telehealth consultations for clinicians at rural hospitals improve their ability to provide forensic examinations for sexual abuse.

International team unearths genetic risk factor for type 2 diabetes in Latin American populations
An international team of researchers in Mexico and the United States has discovered a strong genetic risk factor for type 2 diabetes that primarily affects Latin American patients, but is rare elsewhere.

UCL licences research to Collagen Solutions for next generation collagen products
UCL Business, the wholly-owned technology transfer company of UCL, has concluded an exclusive licensing agreement with Collagen Solutions -- the developer and manufacturer of medical grade collagen components for use in regenerative medicine, medical devices and in-vitro diagnostics -- for a breakthrough platform technology for the production of stronger, more durable, living collagen-based 'tissues.'

NREL finds up to 6-cent per kilowatt-hour extra value with concentrated solar power
Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) projects would add additional value of 5 or 6 cents per kilowatt hour to utility-scale solar energy in California where 33 percent renewables will be mandated in six years, a new report by the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory has found.

Breakthrough ag technology from MSU heads to EPA for approval
Certis USA, a top manufacturer of biological pesticides, announced today that a disease-fighting bacterium discovered at Montana State University is now heading for a regulatory review in the US and Canada, a final hurdle to bringing the technology to market.

Experts unlock key to blood vessel repair
Scientists from the University of Leeds have found a way to restore the function of damaged blood vessel repairing cells.

Researchers develop free online database for soybean studies
In the era of 'big data,' many scientific discoveries are being made without researchers ever stepping foot in traditional laboratories.

International team creates heart disease risk tool tailored to rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis patients overall are twice as likely as the average person to develop heart problems.

Bacteria help explain why stress, fear trigger heart attacks
Scientists believe they have an explanation for the axiom that stress, emotional shock, or overexertion may trigger heart attacks in vulnerable people.

NASA's SDO sees a summer solar flare
A solar flare bursts off the left limb of the sun in this image captured by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory on June 10, 2014, at 7:41 a.m.

Hydrolyzed formula does not reduce diabetes-associated autoantibodies in at-risk infants
Among infants at risk for type 1 diabetes, the use of a hydrolyzed formula (one that does not contain intact proteins) compared with a conventional formula did not reduce the incidence of diabetes-associated autoantibodies after seven years of follow-up, according to a study in the June 11 issue of JAMA, a diabetes theme issue.

Crescendo Bioscience to present multiple studies at 2014 EULAR Meeting
Crescendo Bioscience will present data from clinical studies with its Vectra DA test at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Meeting.

Limiting carbs could reduce breast cancer recurrence in women with positive IGF1 receptor
Dartmouth researchers have found that reducing carbohydrate intake could reduce the risk of breast cancer recurrence among women whose tumor tissue is positive for the IGF-1 receptor.

Gene mutation discovery could explain brain disorders in children
Researchers have discovered that mutations in one of the brain's key genes could be responsible for impaired mental function in children born with an intellectual disability.

Snowballs to soot: The clumping density of many things seems to be a standard
Particles of soot floating through the air and comets hurtling through space have at least one thing in common: 0.36.

Violent crimes could be prevented if felony charges were reduced less often, study finds
A UC Davis study comparing violent misdemeanor convictions with their original criminal charges has found that subsequent violent crimes could be prevented if criminal charges were reduced less often during plea bargaining.

New research could provide key to overcoming resistance to HER2 targeted cancer treatments
Scientists from Trinity College Dublin have made a significant discovery of a new biomarker which may help overcome resistance to newer and more targeted anti-cancer drugs, such as Herceptin, for HER2 positive cancers.

Lead abatement a wise economic, public health investment
Childhood lead exposure costs Michigan residents an estimated $330 million annually, and a statewide remediation program to eliminate the source of most lead poisoning would pay for itself in three years, according to a new report.

AP-NORC releases new analysis on Californians' experiences with long-term care
The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research has released an issue brief containing results of a survey on long-term care in California.

New paper suggests High Tibet was cradle of evolution for cold-adapted mammals
A new study in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences identifies a newly discovered 3- to 5- million-year-old Tibetan fox from the Himalayan Mountains, Vulpes qiuzhudingi, as the likely ancestor of the living Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus), lending support to the idea that the evolution of present-day animals in the Arctic region is intimately connected to ancestors that first became adapted for life in cold regions in the high altitude environments of the Tibetan Plateau.

Experts urge government to publish draft regulations on plain tobacco packaging
More than 600 doctors, nurses and other NHS health professionals are today urging the UK Prime Minister and Secretary of State for Health to publish draft regulations on standardized, plain tobacco packaging.

Gene variant associated with type 2 diabetes in Latino population
A genetic analysis of DNA samples of approximately 3,700 Mexican and US Latino individuals identified a gene variant that was associated with a 5-fold increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes, findings that may have implications for screening in this population, according to a study in the June 11 issue of JAMA, a diabetes theme issue.

Soldiers who kill in combat less likely to abuse alcohol
This research documents the impact of combat experiences on alcohol use and misuse among National Guard soldiers.

The Lancet: Largest-ever trial in Parkinson's disease shows that for long-term treatment levodopa is better than newer drugs
For long-term treatment of newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease (PD), the old drug levodopa provides better mobility and a higher quality of life than the two main alternatives, dopamine agonists and monoamine oxidase type B inhibitors, according to the largest-ever trial of PD treatment, published in The Lancet.

Evolution and venomous snakes: Diet distinguishes look-alikes on 2 continents
On opposite sides of the globe over millions of years, the snakes of North America and Australia independently evolved similar body types that helped them move and capture prey more efficiently.

TGen and Arizona Community Foundation partner to support ASU football concussion research
The Arizona Community Foundation has created a new philanthropy center named for Arizona sports mogul Jerry Colangelo, and the Center's first project is a fund to support concussion research led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute, in partnership with Riddell, Barrow Neurological Institute and Arizona State University.

Summertime cholesterol consumption key for wintertime survival for Siberian hamsters
A study published in a forthcoming issue of Physiological and Biochemical Zoology shows that in order to enter daily torpor during winter, Siberian hamsters must eat a summertime diet that contains cholesterol.

Herpes infected humans before they were human
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified the evolutionary origins of human herpes simplex virus -1 and -2, reporting that the former infected hominids before their evolutionary split from chimpanzees 6 million years ago while the latter jumped from ancient chimpanzees to ancestors of modern humans -- Homo erectus -- approximately 1.6 million years ago.

Salivary biomarkers highlight metabolic disease risk in children
Scientists have announced results from a large-scale study that uses saliva as a tool for identifying children who are at risk for developing Type 2 diabetes.

Researchers use human stem cells to create light-sensitive retina in a dish
Using a type of human stem cell, Johns Hopkins researchers say they have created a three-dimensional complement of human retinal tissue in the laboratory, which notably includes functioning photoreceptor cells capable of responding to light, the first step in the process of converting it into visual images.

Sopcawind, a multidisciplinary tool for designing wind farms
The SOPCAWIND tool is a piece of software that facilitates the design of wind farms, bearing in mind not only the aspects of energy productivity but also the possible impact the wind farm.

Dangerous, underpaid work for the undocumented
Illegal immigrants don't hold the most dangerous jobs in America.

N.C. A&T signs agreement to commercialize hypoallergenic peanut
Hypoallergenic peanuts, peanut butter, and other peanut products are a step closer to grocery stores with the signing of an exclusive licensing agreement for the patented process that reduces allergens in peanuts by 98 percent.

Protecting Myanmar's rich plant biodiversity is major goal of new NYBG program
As Myanmar emerges from decades of upheaval and isolation, The New York Botanical Garden has launched an ambitious conservation and training program to document the country's rich plant life, build the country's capacity to conduct plant research, and promote sustainable forest usage.

Signpost for health services: Teenagers go from school psychologist to family doctor
After initially visiting a school psychologist, adolescents in the United States with a mental disorder often go to seek care from their pediatricians or family doctors.

Large increase seen in insulin use, out-of-pocket costs for type 2 diabetes
Largely attributable to the widespread adoption of insulin analogs, use of insulin among patients with type 2 diabetes increased from 10 percent in 2000 to 15 percent in 2010, and out-of-pocket expenditures per prescription increased from a median of $19 to $36, according to a study in the June 11 issue of JAMA, a diabetes theme issue.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Christina's birth and severe weather in US South
NASA's Aqua satellite captured a picture of newborn Tropical Storm Cristina on June 10, marking the birth date of the Eastern Pacific Ocean's third tropical storm of the season.

Albert Einstein World Award of Science and Jose Vasconcelos World Award of Education
The World Cultural Council will present the 2014 ALBERT EINSTEIN World Award of Science to Professor Sir Philip Cohen and the JOSE VASCONCELOS World Award of Education to Professor Federico Rosei on the occasion of the 31st Award Ceremony, which will take place on Monday 17th November within the framework of the Aalto University Academic Summit on

Mayo Clinic researchers discover new form of cancer
is is the story of two perfectly harmless genes. By themselves, PAX3 and MAML3 don't cause any problems.

New field guide for Africa's mammalian Eden
New WCS-authored field guide by Princeton University Press documents Tanzania's staggering mammal diversity.

New study shows that oatmeal can help you feel full longer
New research published in the Nutrition Journal reveals that calorie-for-calorie, even a serving of instant oatmeal is more filling than a ready-to-eat, oat-based cereal.

Scientists wipe out malaria-carrying mosquitoes in the lab by creating male-only offspring
Scientists have modified mosquitoes to produce sperm that will only create males, pioneering a fresh approach to eradicating malaria.

Charging portable electronics in 10 minutes
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering have developed a three-dimensional, silicon-decorated, cone-shaped carbon-nanotube cluster architecture for lithium ion battery anodes that could enable charging of portable electronics in 10 minutes, instead of hours.

LSTM researchers identify the complex mechanisms controlling changes in snake venom
Specialist researchers from LSTM have identified the diverse mechanisms by which variations in venom occur in related snake species and the significant differences in venom pathology that occur as a consequence.

NYU and UCSF researchers develop a framework for monitoring oral cancer
The findings published online in the journal PLOS ONE begin to develop a framework for exploiting the oral microbiome for monitoring oral cancer development, progression and recurrence.

World's science advisors to meet in New Zealand in August
The two-day public meeting from 28-29 August in Auckland, New Zealand will bring together the world's leading practitioners of science advice to governments, including chief science advisors and senior representatives of science advisory bodies from Africa, the Asia-Pacific region, Europe, the United States, Canada and Latin America.

Miriam Hospital study shows how to make statewide health campaigns more effective
Researchers from The Miriam Hospital have found that adding evidence-based weight loss strategies to a statewide wellness campaign improves weight loss outcomes among participants.

How much testosterone is too much for women after menopause?
Testosterone supplementation for women is a hot topic. A new pharmacokinetics study of a brand of testosterone cream for women approved in Western Australia has been published online in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society.

Magnetic cooling enables efficient, 'green' refrigeration
A team of Canadian-Bulgarian researchers has developed a promising novel approach for magnetic cooling that's far more efficient and 'greener' than today's standard fluid-compression form of refrigeration.

Funky ferroelectric properties probed with X-rays
An international team of scientists has demonstrated the ability of a powerful imaging tool to provide new insight into the mystery of why domain walls behave in their peculiar ways.

RHM announces publication latest issue: Population, environment & sustainable development
Papers published in the latest themed issue of Reproductive Health Matters demonstrate the extent of evidence and progressive thinking around population dynamics and sustainability that is informing development policies and programs.

Winners of 2014 Gruber Foundation Cosmology Prize announced
The 2014 Gruber Foundation Cosmology Prize recognizes Jaan Einasto, Kenneth Freeman, R.

The real risks of growing up with bipolar parents
A new study conducted by Mark Ellenbogen, a psychology professor at Concordia University, and Rami Nijjar, a graduate student, reveals that children of parents with bipolar disorder are more susceptible to psychosocial problems, most notably risky sexual behavior.

Syracuse University geologists confirm oxygen levels of ancient oceans
Geologists at the Syracuse University College of Arts and Sciences have discovered a new way to study oxygen levels in the Earth's oldest oceans.

Game changer for leukemia therapy
Australian researchers are zeroing in on a promising new approach to killing off cancer cells in patients with leukemia.

CU Denver study finds serious challenges to 'New Urbanist' communities
As New Urbanist communities expand nationwide, a study from the University of Colorado Denver shows the increasing challenges of balancing complex traffic engineering systems with the ideals of walkable, sustainable neighborhoods.

Autism Speaks to sequence world's largest collection of autism genomes
Autism Speaks today announced a collaboration with Google to develop the world's largest database of genomic sequence information on individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their family members.

Scientific breakthrough: International collaboration has sequenced salmon genome
Today the International Cooperation to Sequence the Atlantic Salmon Genome announced completion of a fully mapped and openly accessible salmon genome.

ESMO survey sheds light on common clinical practice for incompletely resected lung cancer
A landmark survey of more than 700 specialists provides crucial real-world insight into the treatments most oncologists choose for lung cancer patients whose tumour has been incompletely resected, an expert from the European Society for Medical Oncology says.

Compact proton therapy for fight against cancer
The future face of modern-day anti-cancer therapy based on charged particles like protons could potentially involve using laser accelerators.

Penn research develops 'onion' vesicles for drug delivery
University of Pennsylvania researchers have shown that a certain kind of dendrimer, a molecule that features tree-like branches, offers a simple way of creating vesicles and tailoring their diameter and thickness.

A shot against heart attacks?
Harvard Stem Cell Institute scientists collaborating with researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have developed a 'genome-editing' approach for permanently reducing cholesterol levels in mice through a single injection, a development with the potential to reduce the risk of heart attacks in humans by 40 to 90 percent.

MRI shows brain abnormalities in late preterm infants
Babies born 32 to 36 weeks into gestation may have smaller brains and other brain abnormalities that could lead to long-term developmental problems, according to a new study.

Inside the adult ADHD brain
MIT researchers find brain scans differentiate adults who have recovered from childhood ADHD and those whose difficulties linger.

Pivotal earth science in Vancouver, BC, October 19-22, 2014
Media registration is open for The Geological Society of America's Annual Meeting & Exposition.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite spots Arabian Sea tropical cyclone
Tropical Cyclone 02A formed in the Arabian Sea as NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed overhead and captured a visible photo of the storm, spotting strongest storms south of its center.

Public oversight improves test scores in voucher schools
Requiring private schools that receive public money to report student test scores improves academic achievement and ultimately enhances school choice, a Michigan State University scholar argues.

Temple launches national network to evaluate fatherhood programs
To evaluate fatherhood programs and learn how to best serve low-income fathers, Temple University, in collaboration with the Center for Policy Research, has launched the Fatherhood Research and Practice Network.

The BMJ launches patient partnership strategy
This week, The BMJ launches its patient partnership strategy to encourage doctors and patients to work together as partners to improve health care.

New book: Art & Energy: How Culture Changes
In Art & Energy, internationally acclaimed museum planner Barry Lord argues that human creativity is deeply linked to the resources available on earth for our survival.

Study: Little evidence that No Child Left Behind has hurt teacher job satisfaction
The conventional wisdom that No Child Left Behind has eroded teacher job satisfaction and commitment is off the mark, according to new research published online today in Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association.

$2.3 million NIH grant to UCF will help improve critical patient care
Intubating and placing patients on ventilators saves lives, but it also comes with risks especially for people who are critically ill.

The whole truth
Studies have shown that children can figure out when someone is lying to them, but cognitive scientists from MIT recently tackled a subtler question: Can children tell when adults are telling them the truth, but not the whole truth?

Male dwarf spiders make sure offspring is their own
Chastity belts were not first thought out in mediaeval times - members of many animal groups have evolved similar mechanical safeguards to ensure their paternity.

A plan to share the carbon budget burden
For 20 years, the international community has been unable to agree on a coordinated way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Calls to end all violence against women and girls in conflict zones
Women in conflict zones are likely to suffer from sexual or physical violence at the hands of their husbands or partners before, during and after a period of conflict, warn experts from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine as politicians, activists and researchers gather today in London for the Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict.

Guidelines address long-term needs of prostate cancer survivors
New Prostate Cancer Survivorship Care guidelines outline posttreatment clinical follow-up care for long-term and late effects faced by an estimated 2.8 million prostate cancer survivors in the United States.

Technology using microwave heating may impact electronics manufacture
Engineers have successfully shown that a continuous flow reactor can produce high-quality nanoparticles by using microwave-assisted heating -- essentially the same forces that heat up leftover food with such efficiency.

Innovative millimeter wave communications to be demonstrated at London exhibition
Innovative millimeter wave communications will be demonstrated at the Small Cells World Summit in London this week [10-12 June].

Colonial-era dams trigger parallel evolution of Connecticut fish
ecisions made by Colonial era settlers to dam Connecticut waterways triggered sudden and parallel evolutionary changes in two species of fish competing for food, a new Yale University study shows.

First clinical diabetes registry to provide seamless view of patients across specialties
The American College of Cardiology, in partnership with the American Diabetes Association, the American College of Physicians and Joslin Diabetes Center, is launching the Diabetes Collaborative Registry, the first clinical registry aimed at tracking and improving the quality of diabetes and cardiometabolic care across the primary and specialty care continuum.

Report reviews estimates of costs and benefits of compliance with renewable portfolio standards
A new report, prepared by analysts from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, reviews estimates of the costs and benefits of compliance with Renewable Portfolio Standards in the United States and explores how costs and benefits may evolve over time.

'Trust hormone' oxytocin helps old muscle work like new, study finds
UC Berkeley researchers have discovered that oxytocin -- a hormone associated with maternal nurturing, social attachments, childbirth and sex -- plays a critical role in healthy muscle maintenance and repair.

First-in-nation state climate assessment released by Vermont
The Vermont Climate Assessment is the nation's first comprehensive state-level climate assessment.

Malaria: Blood cells behaving badly
New insight into how malaria parasites perturb flow, turning infected cells into sticky capillary cloggers, may lead to new and better treatments.

Coho salmon: Pinks' and chums' eating cousin
Newly published research co-authored by scientists at Simon Fraser University and the Raincoast Conservation Foundation shows juvenile coho salmon benefit from dining on the distant remains of their spawning pink and chum cousins.

Long-term follow-up after bariatric surgery shows greater rate of diabetes remission
In a study that included long-term follow-up of obese patients with type 2 diabetes, bariatric surgery was associated with more frequent diabetes remission and fewer complications than patients who received usual care, according to a study in the June 11 issue of JAMA, a diabetes theme issue.
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