Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 11, 2014
Scientists unravel the genetic secrets of nature's master of mimicry
Scientists investigating how one of the greatest shape shifters in the natural world is able to trick predators to avoid being eaten have identified the gene behind the fascinating feat.

American Chemical Society's highest honor goes to pioneer of diagnostic 'DNA chips'
Jacqueline K. Barton, Ph.D., professor of chemistry and chair of the division of chemistry and chemical engineering at the California Institute of Technology, has been named winner of the 2015 Priestley Medal by the American Chemical Society.

Dormant viruses re-emerge in patients with lingering sepsis
A new study finds that late-stage sepsis, a leading cause of death in hospitals, is linked to prolonged episodes of infection with reactivation of otherwise-dormant viruses in the body.

Spanish flu-like virus with pandemic potential could emerge in bird populations
Emerging bird flu viruses continually threaten to cause pandemics, underscoring the need for better ways to predict potential outbreaks.

Having authoritarian parents increases the risk of drug use in adolescents
A scientific study in six European countries has analyzed the role that parents play in the risk of their children consuming alcohol, tobacco and cannabis.

Professor Federico Rosei receives 2014 José Vasconcelos Award
Federico Rosei, professor and director of the INRS Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre, is the recipient of the 2014 José Vasconcelos World Award of Education.

NSF funds effort to market UT Arlington arsenic analyzer
National Science Foundation funding will help two University of Texas at Arlington faculty members work with a Texas company to market a more environmentally friendly field analyzer for arsenic in water.

MU researcher receives $330,000 NSF grant to study African languages
In rural western Kenya, the oral traditions of several distinct varieties of Luyia, a cluster of Bantu languages of Kenya and Uganda, remain largely unstudied.

Climate change beats biodiversity as a press, scientific, and funding priority
A study that compared coverage of biodiversity and of climate change in newspapers, scientific articles, and research funding decisions shows that climate change eclipsed biodiversity loss as a priority in the mid-2000s, according to several measures.

New tumor-targeting agent images and treats wide variety of cancers
Scientists at the University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center report that a new class of tumor-targeting agents can seek out and find dozens of solid tumors, even illuminating brain cancer stem cells that resist current treatments.

It's the last bite that keeps you coming back for more
Your memory for that last bite of a steak or chocolate cake may be more influential than memory for the first bite in determining when you want to eat it again, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Guidelines needed for creating germ cells in vitro, Cornell, JAX scientists state
Research aimed at developing germ cells -- the progenitors of eggs and sperm -- in vitro should be held to especially rigorous scientific standards, a distinguished team of reproductive biologists declares in the journal Cell.

Energy demands of raising a pup push sea otter moms to the limit
By the time a sea otter pup is weaned, its mother may be so depleted physiologically that she is unable to survive the stress of a minor wound or infection.

Making new species without sex
Plants can transfer their entire genetic material to a partner in an asexual manner.

UTMB surgeon receives global award in burn care
Dr. David Herndon of the University of Texas Medical Branch will receive an international award for his contributions to the field of burn care research and innovations in improving the care of burn survivors.

EARTH Magazine: Dueling dinosaurs hit the auction block
Last November, fossils were put on the block at Bonhams auction house in New York City -- but they did not sell.

The inflatable concrete dome
A completely new way of building concrete structures has been developed: Scientists at the Vienna University of Technology bend concrete with an air cushion, making complicated timber structures obsolete.

Contextuality puts the 'magic' in quantum computing
A new theoretical advance explains where the power of quantum computation comes from, and will help researchers design and build better computers and algorithms.

A key step toward a safer strep vaccine
An international team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, have identified the genes encoding a molecule that famously defines Group A Streptococcus (strep), a pathogenic bacterial species responsible for more than 700 million infections worldwide each year.

Study finds cognitive performance can be improved in teens months, years after traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injuries from sports, recreational activities, falls or car accidents are the leading cause of death and disability in children and adolescents.

Ecological Society of America announces 2014 Fellows
The Ecological Society of America is pleased to announce its 2014 fellows.

ASHG and the Jackson Laboratory launch educational collaboration
The American Society of Human Genetics and the Jackson Laboratory announced today a formal collaboration under which the two organizations will produce and deliver high-quality educational programs to integrate genetic and genomic advances into healthcare.

Peer pressure is weaker for kids to quit smoking
Adolescents tend to be more powerful in influencing their friends to start smoking than in helping them to quit, according to sociologists.

Tendon stimulation the key to repair in 'tennis elbow'
New data presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2014) show that ultrasound-guided injections of growth factors-containing platelet-rich plasma are no more effective in treating recently developed epicondylitis than injections of saline.

One-third of psoriatic arthritis patients are not receiving optimal dosing of adalimumab
Data presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2014) showed that a significant number of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) were not receiving doses of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) inhibitor adalimumab necessary to achieve optimal clinical benefit.

Does dad matter? New study looks at his environmental exposure in reproductive success
Phthalates are compounds found in plastics and personal care products that are estimated to be detectable in nearly 100 percent of the U.S. population.

The fuel cell for home
It converts chemical energy directly into electrical energy. Still, there hadn't been a market breakthrough for the fuel cell.

A somatic embryogenesis system to propagate pine hybrids able to tolerate water stress
Neiker-Tecnalia, in collaboration with the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country, has in recent years been studying the high water stress tolerance of hybrids of the Radiata Pine (Pinus radiata X Pinus attenuata).

Study shows Deepwater Horizon crude oil impairs swimming performance of juvenile mahi-mahi
A new study led by University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science scientists showed up to a 37 percent decrease in overall swimming performance of Deepwater Horizon oil-exposed juvenile mahi-mahi.

Motherhood is no picnic for sea otter moms
Sea otters consume 25 percent of their own body weight each day just to stay warm and when nursing young their metabolic demands must rocket, but no one knew how much.

Gigantic explosion buried in dust: ALMA probes environment around gamma ray bursts
Researchers reports the first-ever detection of molecular gas -- the fuel for star formation -- in two galaxies that were previously rocked by gamma ray bursts, the brightest explosions in the universe.

PTSD, major depressive episode appears to increase risk of preterm birth
Diagnoses of both post-traumatic stress disorder and a major depressive episode appear to be associated with a sizable increase in risk for preterm birth that seems to be independent of antidepressant and benzodiazepine medication use.

American Heart Association conference highlights solutions for reducing sodium intake
The American Heart Association brought together over 100 key stakeholders and thought leaders at a special conference in June 2013 to discuss sodium intake.

TB dogma upended: Even uninfected cells trigger immune defenses
Experimenting with mice, infectious disease experts at NYU Langone Medical Center have found that immune system cells uninfected with the bacterium that causes tuberculosis trigger immune system T cells to fight the disease.

New patient empowerment and educational initiatives unveiled at EULAR 2014
Five different presentations at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2014) have introduced new patient empowerment and educational initiatives, which are predicted to bring significant benefits to the many thousands of patients worldwide who suffer from a rheumatic disease.

Toward 24-7 glucose monitoring to help manage diabetes
Nearly half a million people with diabetes end up in emergency rooms around the US every year due to the seizures and other consequences of dropping or spiking blood-sugar levels associated with the disease.

Findings may advance iron-rich, cadmium-free crops
With news reports of toxic, cadmium-tainted rice in China, a new study describes a protein that transports metals in certain plants and holds promise for developing iron-rich but cadmium-free crops.

A common hypertension treatment may reduce PTSD symptoms
There are currently only two FDA-approved medications for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder in the United States.

Insights into the geometry of genetic coding
In work published in Nature today, scientists from RIKEN, along with colleagues from the University of Tokyo and other institutions, have identified a surprising mechanism that allows a key enzyme, alanyl-tRNA synthetase, to properly assemble a tRNA molecule with its cognate proper amino acid, alanine, allowing cells to accurately translate their genetic code into the proteins that are essential for biological functions.

Grand challenge: Top cause of disability years worldwide
More than 200 experts from 31 countries are meeting June 12-13, 2014 to grapple with the leading cause of years lived with disability worldwide - mental disorders.

In the spotlight: The fight over preservatives in personal care products
Rising public concern over the safety of synthetic preservatives in personal care products, such as sunscreens, is pressuring stores and manufacturers to turn to naturally derived alternatives.

Advanced breast cancer: Benefits of Trastuzumab (Herceptin) outweigh the risk of harm
In women with advanced (or metastatic) breast cancer, treatment with the breast cancer drug Trastuzumab (Herceptin) is associated with prolonged survival but also increases the risk of developing heart problems, a new systematic review shows.

How fire ant architects connect to build balls
Fire ants are an infamous pest in the US, but for David Hu they are the prefect example of self assembling objects that form structures such as rafts, towers and spheres.

A NASA view of Tropical Cyclone Nanauk in the Arabian Sea
Tropical Cyclone 02A has consolidated and strengthened over a 24-hour period between June 10-11 and an image from NASA's Aqua satellite showed a more rounded tropical storm, despite wind shear.

Weather app puts kids in the pilot seat
Students at the University of Oklahoma's College of Engineering wanted to remove the mystery around weather forecasting by speaking to kids in a language they could better understand -- gaming.

Viewing deeper into the quantum world
Researchers at ICFO have experimentally demonstrated that interferometers, the most sensitive measuring instruments yet invented, can be improved using nonlinear physics.

DNA-linked nanoparticles form switchable 'thin films' on a liquid surface
Scientists have used DNA-linked nanoparticles to form a single-particle-thick layer on a liquid surface where the properties of the layer can be easily switched.

Eye evolution: A snapshot in time
Scientists of the Max Planck Institute are studying the visual system of marine annelids to gain insights into the evolution of eyes.

What's the best way for toddlers to acquire verb meaning?
New research is shedding light on what kind of sentences are best at facilitating the growth of toddlers' vocabularies.

China today: Culprit, victim or last best hope for a global ecological civilisation?
China, from 2015 the world's biggest economy, is its worst polluter already now.

Cristina now a hurricane, NASA's TRMM satellite sees heavy rainfall within
Before Tropical Storm Cristina intensified into a hurricane, NASA's TRMM satellite passed overhead and gathered data that showed areas of heavy rainfall were occurring within.

Breakthrough study sheds new light on best medication for children with seizures
A recently published clinical study in the Journal of the American Medical Association has answered an urgent question that long puzzled ER pediatricians: Is the drug lorazepam really safer and more effective than diazepam -- the US Food and Drug Administration-approved medication as first line therapy most often used by emergency room doctors to control major epileptic seizures in children?

Newly discovered paddle prints show how ancient sea reptiles swam
Trackways formed on an ancient seabed have shed new light on how nothosaurs, ancient marine reptiles that lived during the age of the dinosaurs, propelled themselves through water.

Genes found in nature yield 1918-like virus with pandemic potential
An international team of researchers has shown that circulating avian influenza viruses contain all the genetic ingredients necessary to underpin the emergence of a virus similar to the deadly 1918 influenza virus.

Sports teams may lose out from having 'too much talent'
As the FIFA World Cup kicks off and the NBA finals 'heat' up, new research suggests that there is such a thing as having 'too much talent' on a sports team.

Researchers identify regulation process of protein linked to bipolar disorder
Researchers from Tufts have gained new insight into a protein associated with bipolar disorder.

Famine fear won't sway minds on GM crops
A recent study by Cornell University showed that stories of how GM crops could have prevented the Irish Potato Famine were no more likely to boost support for disease-resistant genetically modified crops than were generic crop-disease descriptions.

The solar wind breaks through the Earth's magnetic field
Space is not empty. A wind of charged particles blows outwards from the Sun, carrying a magnetic field with it.

First articles published in new Journal of Medical Imaging
Research on methods for earlier diagnosis and monitoring of cancer, improved retinal image quality assessment, enhanced 3D imaging of breast tissue, more accurate imaging of the brain, and other topics are among the first articles published by the new Journal of Medical Imaging.

Infant nutrition and development of type 1 diabetes
Splitting the cow's milk proteins in a formula doesn't prevent the start-up of the disease process of type 1 diabetes in predisposed children, shows a large international study.

Biosimilar CT-P13 matches infliximab in improving ankylosing spondylitis disease activity
New data presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2014) show that the newly approved infliximab biosimilar CT-P13 achieves statistically similar improvements in disease activity, disability and mobility in patients with ankylosing spondylitis compared to its original reference product infliximab.

Expert CLABSI guidance adds real world implementation strategies
As central-line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) pose a danger to vulnerable patients, infection prevention and control experts released new practical recommendations to assist acute care hospitals in implementing and prioritizing prevention efforts.

How Earth avoided global warming, last time around
Geochemists have calculated a huge rise in atmospheric CO2 was only avoided by the formation of a vast mountain range in the middle of the ancient supercontinent, Pangea.

First biomarkers found to predict severe osteoarthritis
The results of a study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2014) identify a correlation between the presence of biomarkers in the blood, known as micro RNAs (miRNAs), and the development of severe osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip joint.

The 'microbial garden' taking the shine off glaciers
The first ecological study of an entire glacier has found that microbes drastically reduce surface reflectivity and have a non-negligible impact on the amount of sunlight that is reflected into space.

Company man or family man? Fatherhood and identity in the office
There is no 'one size fits all' image of how men view their role as fathers within the context of the workplace.

Survey: Almost all adult Texans knew about Health Insurance Marketplace during open enrollment
Almost all adult Texans were aware of the Affordable Care Act's Health Insurance Marketplace before the open-enrollment period ended March 31, according to a report released today by Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy and the Episcopal Health Foundation.

Always well ventilated
The inhabitants of Central Europe spend about 80 percent of their lifetime in buildings.

EULAR driving research and innovation in rheumatic and RMDs in Europe
The European League Against Rheumatism has announced today at its Annual Congress major successes in driving the public agenda for addressing the escalating burden of RMDs in Europe.

Recession 'linked with' over 10,000 suicides across Europe and North America
The recent recession can be linked with over 10,000 suicides across Europe and North America between 2008 and 2010, according to research by the University of Oxford and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

Study of white sharks in the northwest Atlantic offers optimistic outlook for recovery
White sharks are among the largest, most widespread apex predators in the ocean, but are also among the most vulnerable.

Fungal protein found to cross blood-brain barrier
In a remarkable series of experiments on a fungus that causes cryptococcal meningitis, a deadly infection of the membranes that cover the spinal cord and brain, investigators at UC Davis have isolated a protein that appears to be responsible for the fungus' ability to cross from the bloodstream into the brain.

Study IDs 'master' protein in pulmonary fibrosis
In Science Translational Medicine scientists reveal the key role that an ancient protein plays in the course of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Study identifies risk factors for hospital readmissions
Hospital readmission, an important measure of quality care, costs the United States an estimated $17 billion each year.

Diet higher in protein may be linked to lower risk of stroke
People with diets higher in protein, especially from fish, may be less likely to have a stroke than those with diets lower in protein, according to a meta-analysis published in the June 11, 2014, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Why aren't product designers considering activity trackers for older adults?
Commercially available activity-monitoring apps, Web sites, and wearable devices allow for easy self-management of health and wellness.

Lawrence Livermore Lab awarded $5.6 million to develop next-generation neural devices
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory recently received $5.6 million from the Department of Defense's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to develop an implantable neural interface with the ability to record and stimulate neurons within the brain for treating neuropsychiatric disorders.

Gigantic explosions buried in dust
Observations from the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array have for the first time directly mapped out the molecular gas and dust in the host galaxies of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) -- the biggest explosions in the universe.

Frailty can help predict complications, death in older trauma patients
Measuring frailty using the Frailty Index can be a predictor of in-hospital complications, need for discharge to a skilled nursing facility or in-hospital death in older patients following physical trauma.

Guarding against 'Carmageddon' cyberattacks
The tightly integrated computing and networking systems required to turn the nation's freeways in 'smart transportation systems' are currently under development.

Tree ant family tree reveals ant swimming evolution
Tree ants often tumble off branches and during the rainy season many end up taking a dip in flooded rivers below, but what is their fate: do they sink or can they swim?

Going inside an ant raft
Georgia Tech researchers froze ant rafts and scanned them with a miniature CT scan machine to look at the strongest part of the structure -- the inside -- to discover how opaque ants connect, arrange and orient themselves with each other.

Benaroya Research Institute scientists identify drivers of rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers at Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason used cutting-edge tetramer technology developed at BRI to find the T cells that drive rheumatoid arthritis.

New guidance on how and when to stop immunosuppressants in lupus patients
A new study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2014) showed that, for the majority of lupus patients who are in remission, it is possible to successfully stop immunosuppressant therapy without triggering a flare of their disease.

New data clarify relationship between diet and disease activity
Two new studies presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2014) have helped clarify the relationship between the dietary intake of monounsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol with disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis respectively.

Gauging local illicit drug use in real time could help police fight abuse
The war on drugs could get a boost with a new method that analyzes sewage to track levels of illicit drug use in local communities in real time.

Weight loss critical to reducing cardiovascular risk in obese OSA patients
New research from a multidisciplinary team at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania now reveals that the single most important factor for improving cardiovascular health in obese obstructive sleep apnea patients is weight loss.

Sun emits 3 X-class flares in 2 days
On June 11, 2014, the sun erupted with its third X-class flare in two days.

MRI brain scans detect people with early Parkinson's
Oxford University researchers funded by Parkinson's UK have developed a simple and quick MRI technique that offers promise for early diagnosis of Parkinson's disease.

Health of Hispanic moms and babies a growing concern, new report says
Hispanic women are more likely to have a baby with a neural tube birth defect, and nearly a quarter of all preterm births in the United States are Hispanic, according to a special March of Dimes report: 'Maternal and Infant health in US Hispanic Populations: Prematurity and Health Related Indicators.' A greater proportion of Hispanic women have babies each year than any other US racial or ethnic group, making Hispanics the fastest-growing ethnic group.

Researchers find weird magic ingredient for quantum computing
A form of quantum weirdness is a key ingredient for building quantum computers according to new research from a team at the University of Waterloo's Institute for Quantum Computing.

Researchers uncover common heart drug's link to diabetes
Researchers found that statins activated a very specific immune response, which stopped insulin from doing its job properly.

Dormant viruses re-emerge in patients with lingering sepsis, signaling immune suppression
A provocative study links prolonged episodes of sepsis -- a life-threatening infection and leading cause of death in hospitals -- to the reactivation of otherwise dormant viruses in the body.

Mining data archives yields haul of 'red nuggets'
The world of astronomy has changed. An astronomer used to have to travel to a remote location and endure long, cold nights, patiently guiding a telescope to collect precious photons of light.

White bread helps boost some of the gut's 'good' microbes
White-bread lovers take heart. Scientists are now reporting that this much-maligned food seems to encourage the growth of some of our most helpful inhabitants -- beneficial gut bacteria.

New study finds Internet not responsible for dying newspapers
A recently-published study finds that we may be all wrong about the role of the Internet in the decline of newspapers.

Targeted mass killings can be prevented
Disagreeing with comments made by Richard Friedman in a recent New York Times op-ed piece, Mary Ellen O'Toole, Ph.D., Senior FBI Profiler/Criminal Investigative Analyst (ret.), states that there is 'a critical and significant difference' between being able to predict and prevent mass shootings.

Coordinated intervention reduced prevalence of drug-resistant CRE in long-term care
A new study found a nationwide effort to control carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Israel reduced CRE cases by improving compliance of infection control standards and using a coordinated intervention focused on long-term care facilities.

Elucidating optimal biological tissue shape during growth
A team of European scientists has now extended a previous biophysical model to investigate elongated growth within biological tissues by describing the evolution over time of the shape of a fruit fly's wing.

Romosozumab signif increases bone mineral density and bone content compared with teriparatide
A new study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2014) shows that in postmenopausal women with low bone mass, romosozumab significantly increased bone mineral density and bone content in both the spine and hip compared to baseline, and also compared with the commonly prescribed anabolic agent teriparatide and placebo.

HPV testing: IQWiG still sees indications of a benefit in primary screening
Current study results confirm the final report from 2012: Precursors of cancer can be detected earlier; no recommendation for a specific screening strategy is possible, however.

Implanted infection prevention
Hospital germs can be fatal, since they are resistant to antibiotics.

Chemical sensor on a chip
Scientists at the Vienna University of Technology have managed to create a tiny laser and a corresponding light detector in one production process, on a single chip.

New strategies to combat MRSA in hospitals
New guidelines aim to reduce the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), improve patient safety and prioritize current prevention efforts underway in hospitals.

Map of universe questioned; dwarf galaxies don't fit standard model
Dwarf galaxies that orbit the Milky Way and the Andromeda galaxies defy the accepted model of galaxy formation, and recent attempts to wedge them into the model are flawed, reports an international team of astrophysicists.

More than just food for koalas -- eucalyptus -- a global tree for fuel and fiber
Researchers seek to harness and improve upon Eucalyptus' potential for enhancing sustainable biofuels and biomaterials production.

CPAP superior to supplemental oxygen for BP reduction in obstructive sleep apnea
Continuous positive airway pressure, the most widely prescribed therapy for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea, resulted in significantly lower blood pressure compared to either nocturnal supplemental oxygen or an educational control treatment, according to a new study from Brigham and Women's Hospital.

Canadian physicians lack knowledge and confidence about breastfeeding
National survey finds that Canadian physicians' breastfeeding knowledge was suboptimal; the mean survey score was less than 70 percent.

Higher disease activity scores in obese RA patients
A new study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress showed that obese patients with rheumatoid arthritis have higher DAS (disease activity) scores than non-obese patients, irrespective of their disease stage.

Racism in healthcare linked to poor mental health
Experiencing racism in health settings may have a stronger negative influence on the mental health of Aboriginal Australians than experiencing racism anywhere else, a survey led by the University of Melbourne has found.

Foaling mares are totally relaxed -- no stress
It is often assumed that giving birth is both stressful and painful for the mother.

Infant immune systems learn fast, but have short memories
Forgetful immune systems leave infants particularly prone to infections, according to a new Cornell University study.

Leukemia drug found to stimulate immunity against many cancer types
A class of drug currently being used to treat leukemia has the unexpected side-effect of boosting immune responses against many different cancers, reports a new study led by scientists at UCL.

Obesity gene linked to hormonal changes that favor energy surplus
A new study from Uppsala University demonstrates that elderly humans carrying a common variant of the fat mass and obesity gene FTO also have a shifted endocrine balance.

Harvard study finds substance abuse & mental health problems in MSM interfere with HIV medication adherence
Men who have sex with men (MSM) account for more than 60% of HIV infections in the US and 78 percent of new infections in men.

Content kingmaker -- quality or webpage position?
Don't waste your time reading that highly recommended article ranked at the top of the webpage!

Genome could unlock eucalyptus potential for paper, fuel and fiber
In a collaborative effort spanning five continents, scientists have announced the complete sequencing of one of the world's most widely planted trees, Eucalyptus grandis.

Gum disease bacteria selectively disarm immune system, Penn study finds
In a new study, University of Pennsylvania researchers show that bacteria responsible for many cases of periodontitis cause an imbalance in the microbial community in the gums, with a sophisticated, two-prong manipulation of the human immune system.

Mechanism explains complex brain wiring
​How neurons are created and integrate with each other is one of biology's greatest riddles.

Improvements in MRIs, other image-detection applications on the horizon
Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories, along with collaborators from Rice University and the Tokyo Institute of Technology, are developing new terahertz detectors based on carbon nanotubes that could lead to significant improvements in medical imaging, airport passenger screening, food inspection and other applications.

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital renewed as NCI-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital's designation as a Comprehensive Cancer Center has been renewed by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), earning the highest possible score of 'exceptional.' St.

Spectrum Health among first to implant neurostimulator for epilepsy
Spectrum Health is the first health system in Michigan and among the first in the nation to implant a recently FDA-approved device that uses electric stimulation of the brain to treat adult epilepsy patients whose seizures have not responded to medication.

Classical monographs re-published in advanced open access
A new book publishing platform of Pensoft demonstrates how legacy science books can be re-published in semantically enhanced open access edition through markup, data extraction and semantic enhancements.

Popular regional science meeting to bring hundreds of scientists to UC Riverside
The 95th annual meeting of the Pacific Division of the American Association for the Advancement of Science will take place June 17-20, 2014, at University of California, Riverside.

Manipulating and detecting ultrahigh frequency sound waves
Berkeley Lab researchers have demonstrated a technique for detecting and controlling ultrahigh frequency sound waves at the nanometer scale.

Poor cardiovascular health linked to memory, learning deficits
People with poor cardiovascular health have a substantially higher incidence of cognitive impairment.

Zebrafish model helps identify compound that reverses a lethal form of cardiomyopathy
Using a zebrafish model, investigators have identified a drug compound that appears to reverse arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy, a leading cause of sudden death in young people.

BioAnalytix advances the biologic drug development
Two years ago, Northeastern University's College of Science and the Barnett Institute launched BioAnalytix to help fill a critical gap in the area of biologic drug development and launch.

Nearby satellite galaxies don't fit standard model
An international team of astrophysicists found that dwarf satellite galaxies at the edges of the Milky Way and Andromeda don't fit the standard model of cosmology and show that recent studies that had concluded the satellites fit the model are flawed.

New paper amplifies hypothesis on human language's deep origins
New paper amplifies hypothesis that human language builds on birdsong and speech forms of other primates.

Study confirms how the body regulates high levels of CO2 in the blood
Brazilian researchers have confirmed the importance of a specific group of neurons found in a region of the brain known as the retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN) in detecting changes in carbon dioxide (CO2) levels and in modulating the activity of the neuronal groups that control respiratory activity.

Are Quebecers irrationally opposed to shale gas?
Quebecers are particularly hostile toward the development of shale gas, but this aversion is driven less by 'not in my backyard' attitudes than 'not in anyone's backyard,' according to a comparative study of 2,500 Quebecers and Americans.

The Lancet: UK failing to reduce child and youth deaths as quickly as other wealthy countries
The UK has failed to match the gains made in reducing deaths among children and young adults by 17 other high-income countries in the European Union, Australia, Canada, and Norway (EU15+) in the 38 years since 1970.

Forest loss starves fish
Research shows forest debris that drains into lakes is an important contributor to freshwater food chains -- bolstering fish diets to the extent that increased forest cover causes fish to get 'fat' and sparse forest leaves smaller, underfed fish.

Bad news for the bad guys: Laser weapon being readied for marine vehicles
As the Navy prepares to deploy its first laser weapon on a ship later this summer, Office of Naval Research officials announced June 11 that they have finished awarding contracts to develop a similar weapon to be used on ground vehicles.

New fossil find pinpoints the origin of jaws in vertebrates
A major fossil discovery in Canada sheds new light on the development of the earliest vertebrates, including the origin of jaws, the first time this feature has been seen so early in the fossil record.

MGH/Ragon Institute study finds how protein blocks HIV life cycle in elite controllers
A research team has learned more about one way the immune systems of elite controllers - those rare individuals able to control HIV infection without drug treatment - block a key step in the virus's life cycle.

Migrating north may trigger immediate health declines among Mexicans
Mexican immigrants who relocate to the United States are more likely to experience declines in health within a short time period compared with other Mexicans, according to a study led by Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.

Peer influence leads teens to start, stop smoking -- but effect is stronger for starting
Adolescents tend to be more powerful in influencing their friends to start smoking than in helping them to quit, according to sociologists.
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