Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 13, 2014
UH's Thomas Colbert addressing Galveston Bay's Challenges at Rotterdam Biennale
Thomas Colbert, professor at the University of Houston's Gerald D.

Subseafloor bacteria survive by over-activating DNA-repair and antibiotic target genes
The subseafloor is home to over one-third of the bacteria on the planet, but up until recently it was unclear if this huge microbial biosphere was alive and dividing.

New book from CSHLPress covers all aspects of MYC biology
Written and edited by experts in the field, 'MYC and the Pathway to Cancer' from Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine covers all aspects of MYC biology.

NASA sees Hurricane Cristina making a reverse in strength
Hurricane Cristina intensified rapidly on June 12 and infrared satellite data showed cloud top temperatures became extremely cold as thunderstorms towered to the top of the troposphere.

Cracks in Pluto's moon could indicate it once had an underground ocean
If the icy surface of Pluto's giant moon Charon is cracked, analysis of the fractures could reveal if its interior was warm, perhaps warm enough to have maintained a subterranean ocean of liquid water, according to a new NASA-funded study.

NIH scientists take totally tubular journey through brain cells
Scientists at the National Institutes of Health took a molecular-level journey into microtubules, the hollow cylinders inside brain cells that act as skeletons and internal highways, and watched how a protein called tubulin acetyltransferase (TAT) labels the inside of microtubules.

UH research focuses on how food marketing creates a false sense of health
Health-related buzzwords, such as 'antioxidant,' 'gluten-free' and 'whole grain,' lull consumers into thinking packaged food products labeled with those words are healthier than they actually are, according to a new research study conducted by scholars at the University of Houston.

Decontamination system to up research on space station
Thanks to the Microgravity Science Glovebox, those aboard the space station have safely performed experiments since 2002.

World's largest accelerator conference in dresden
Experiments with accelerated particles have already provided many valuable insights for science and society.

Genetic 'barcode' for malaria could help contain outbreaks
A new genetic 'barcode' for malaria parasites has been found which could be used to track and contain the spread of the disease, according to new research led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

'Exquisitely engineered' human vision featured in Optical Engineering
New techniques for studying human vision and designing imaging systems have important applications such as enabling earlier diagnosis of disease, better healthcare treatment monitoring, and more accurately guided surgery.

Tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer reversed when drug paired with anti-malaria agent
The inexpensive anti-malarial drug hydroxychloroquine reverses resistance to tamoxifen, a widely used breast cancer drug, in mice.

Crossing the goal line: New tech tracks football in 3-D space
Referees may soon have a new way of determining whether a football team has scored a touchdown or gotten a first down.

First first patient enrolled in PROSPECT II clinical trial
The Cardiovascular Research Foundation and Uppsala Clinical Research announced today enrollment of the first patient in the PROSPECT II trial.

BRCA test results affect patients' breast cancer surgery plans
A new study reports that 7 in 10 women with breast cancer who learned before surgery they have BRCA gene mutations changed their surgical plan, often to a more extensive procedure that would reduce future cancer risk.

Text messages helpful in controlling diabetes
Initial results of the Dulce Digital study were presented at the 74th Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association in San Francisco on June 13.

UTMB to participate in $30 million national study to prevent falls in older people
Each year, 1 out of 3 adults 65 and older will fall, sustaining injuries that can lead to a precipitous decline in health, loss of independence, even death.

Moffitt study shows utilizing genetic health care professional reduces unnecessary testing
A new Moffitt Cancer Center study published Thursday in Genetics in Medicine shows that counseling from a genetic health care provider before genetic testing educates patients and may help reduce unnecessary procedures.

Are the new ACC/AHA guidelines for lipids appropriate for people with diabetes?
New guidelines for the treatment of high cholesterol are not appropriate for people with type 2 diabetes -- or are they?

Rescue of Alzheimer's memory deficit achieved by reducing 'excessive inhibition'
A new drug target to fight Alzheimer's disease has been discovered by a research team at Penn State University that also has potential for development as a novel diagnostic tool for Alzheimer's disease.

Charity funding study brings alcohol industry influence on UK policy into question
A new study looking at the relationships between the alcohol industry, charities and policy influence in the UK, suggests corporate philanthropy may be being used as a political device.

Ottawa researchers key to new neuromuscular disease care and research network
New neuromuscular disease care and research network aims to empower patients and families through improved access to information and resources, along with a patient portal to connect with each other.

Sjögren's Syndrome significantly increases risk of heart attack
A new study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress showed a significantly increased risk of heart attack in patients with Sjögren's syndrome, particularly in the first year following diagnosis.

Clemson, Greenwood Genetic Center research into autism, cancer funded by Self Healthcare
Seven research projects from Greenwood Genetic Center and Clemson University faculty were selected to receive the first round of funding provided by Self Regional Healthcare.

Are female hormones playing a key role in obesity epidemic?
An imbalance of female sex hormones among men in Western nations may be contributing to high levels of male obesity, according to new research from the University of Adelaide.

Genotyping can predict disease outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis patients
New cohort studies presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress have shown the amino acid valine at position 11 of HLA-DRB1 gene to be the strongest independent genetic determinant of radiological damage in rheumatoid arthritis.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Nanauk's soaking swan song
Tropical Storm Nanauk was dissipating in the Arabian Sea on Friday, June 13 as it ran into increasing vertical wind shear, dry air moving into the tropical cyclone and cooler sea surface temperatures.

New book from CSHLPress introduces the fundamental principles of signal transduction
'Signal Transduction', published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, is essential reading for students learning about signal transduction for the first time.

New book from CSHLPress provides a comprehensive review of the biology of the skin
'The Skin and Its Diseases' from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press is a vital reference for dermatologists, cancer biologists, cell and developmental biologists, immunologists, and all who seek to understand the numerous functions and diseases of this major organ.

Who's using your data?
New Web technology would let you track how your private data is used online.

Biomarkers predict long-term outcomes in juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Data presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress demonstrate the possibility of using biomarkers (developed from whole blood gene expression profiles) in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis to predict the status of their disease at 12 months.

Nurses play critical role in responding to global resurgence of pertussis
Pertussis (whooping cough) is on the increase in the United States and around the world --and nurses play an essential role in educating parents and patients about the safety and effectiveness of pertussis vaccination, according to a paper in the July-September issue of Journal of Christian Nursing, official journal of the Nurses Christian Fellowship.

Revolutionizing how we keep track of time in cyber-physical systems
The National Science Foundation today announced a five-year, $4 million award to tackle the challenge of synchronizing time in cyber-physical systems--systems that integrate sensing, computation, control and networking into physical objects and infrastructure.

ACCESS Canada: The Douglas Institute at the heart of the future in youth care
It is with great pride that the Douglas Mental Health University Institute and McGill University announced today that Dr.

Studies show movements of continents speeding up after slow 'middle age'
Two studies show that the movement rate of plates carrying the Earth's crust may not be constant over time.

Breakthrough for information technology using Heusler materials
Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz have managed, for the first time, to directly observe the 100 percent spin polarization of a Heusler compound.

Higher health care cost burden of musculoskeletal conditions compared to other diseases
A new study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress highlights the increased health care costs associated with musculoskeletal conditions compared to other diseases.

Researchers 'cage' water to see it change form
Scientists are using a pioneering method of 'caging' and cooling water molecules to study the change in orientation of the magnetic nuclei at the centre of each hydrogen atom -- a process which transforms the molecule from one form of water to another.

NASA experiments recreate aromatic flavors of Titan
NASA scientists have created a new recipe that captures key flavors of the brownish-orange atmosphere around Saturn's largest moon, Titan.

Science and engineering stars shine
The UK's top inspirational scientists and engineers were celebrated at the House of Commons RISE Awards Reception last night with RISE Leaders and RISE Fellows honoured.

Bacteria evade the human immune system with a burst of mutations during initial infection
Bacteria that cause ulcers launch a burst of mutations during the initial stages of infection, allowing them to evade the human immune system, new research reveals.

New membrane-synthesis pathways in bacteria discovered
Biologists at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum have discovered new mechanisms used by bacteria to manufacture lipids, i.e. fat molecules, for the cell membrane.
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