Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 16, 2014
Despite recent problems, support for the Massachusetts health insurance law remains high
A new poll by The Boston Globe and Harvard School of Public Health finds, eight years into the state's universal health insurance legislation enacted in 2006, 63 percent of Massachusetts residents support the law and 18 percent oppose it, while 7percent are not sure, and 12 percent have not heard or read about the law.

Many bodies prompt stem cells to change
A new theory by scientists at Rice University shows a stem cell's journey to become bone, skin or other tissue is neither a simple step-by-step process nor all random.

Anxious children have bigger 'fear centers' in the brain
The amygdala is a key 'fear center' in the brain.

Journal Maturitas publishes position statement on management of uterine fibroids
Journal Maturitas today announced the publication of a position statement by the European Menopause and Andropause Society on the topic of the management of uterine fibroids.

High-altitude weight loss may have an evolutionary advantage
Weight loss at high altitudes -- something universally experienced by climbers and people who move to higher terrain -- may not be a detrimental effect, but rather is likely an evolutionarily-programmed adaptation, according to a new article in BioEssays.

Nanoscale composites improve MRI
Submicrometer particles that contain even smaller particles of iron oxide could make magnetic resonance imaging a far more powerful tool to detect and fight disease.

Intervention increased adherence to fecal occult blood testing for colorectal cancer screening
A multipart intervention increased adherence rates of annual fecal occult blood testing for colorectal cancer screening in vulnerable populations.

E-cigs heavily marketed on Twitter, study finds
E-cigarettes, also known as vaping pens or e-hookas, are commonly advertised on Twitter and the tweets often link to commercial websites promoting e-cig use, according to University of Illinois at Chicago researchers.

Effective drugs for Parkinson's reduce symptoms of Rett syndrome in mice
IDIBELL researchers, led by the director of the Program for Epigenetics and Cancer Biology, ICREA researcher and Professor of Genetics at the University of Barcelona, Manel Esteller, have shown that a combination of effective drugs for Parkinson's disease in mice that are used as a model of human Rett syndrome reduces some of the symptoms associated with this disease.

Sleep quality and duration improve cognition in aging populations
Maybe turning to sleep gadgets -- wristbands, sound therapy and sleep-monitoring smartphone apps -- is a good idea.

Market crashes are anomalous features in the financial data fractal landscape
Due to their previously discovered fractal nature, financial data patterns are self-similar when scaling up.

Stem cells in neurodegeneration: challenges and future neurotherapeutic prospects
Neurodegenerative disorders cause irreversible damage to the brain and affect an increasing number of people worldwide.

Caterpillars that eat multiple plant species are more susceptible to hungry birds
UC Irvine and Wesleyan University biologists have learned that caterpillars that feed on one or two plant species are better able to hide from predatory birds than caterpillars that consume a wide variety of plants.

WSU researchers develop fuel cells for increased airplane efficiency
Washington State University researchers have developed the first fuel cell that can directly convert fuels, such as jet fuel or gasoline, to electricity, providing a dramatically more energy-efficient way to create electric power for planes or cars.

UK Superfund Research Center receives $12.2 million federal grant
The University of Kentucky has received a $12.2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to continue its work to better understand and minimize negative health and environmental impacts from hazardous waste sites.

INRS pays tribute to founding chair of Science and Technology in Society forum
On the sidelines of the Montréal Conference, INRS paid tribute to Koji Omi, founder and chair of the Science and Technology in Society forum.

Medical research safeguarded in Europe
The European Society for Medical Oncology, the leading pan-European association representing medical oncology professionals, has welcomed the adoption of the Clinical Trials Regulation by the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament, which enters into force today.

Improved diagnostic performance of low-dose computed tomography screening
Investigators of the COSMOS (Continuous Observation of SMOking Subjects) study show good compliance and patient survival outcomes using a 5-year low-dose computed tomography screening protocol in individuals at high-risk of developing lung cancer.

Most millennial moms who skip college also skip marriage
Waiting until marriage to have babies is now 'unusual' among less-educated adults close to 30 years old, researchers found.

BMC awarded W.K. Kellogg grant to increase breastfeeding rates in several southern states
In an effort to increase breastfeeding rates and improve maternal/infant care in communities in Mississippi, New Orleans and Southern Texas, Boston Medical Center was recently awarded a three-year, $2.125 million grant from the W.K.

Common blood pressure medication may pose risk to older adults
Adults over 65 who have recently begun thiazide diuretics are at a greater risk for developing metabolic-related adverse events, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.

Poorly understood postural syndrome blights lives of young well educated women
A debilitating syndrome that causes an excessively rapid heartbeat on standing up, predominantly affects young well educated women, and blights their lives, because it is so poorly understood and inconsistently treated, reveals a small study published in the online journal BMJ Open.

High number of fatalities despite unchanged level of armed conflicts
At 33, conflicts in the world last year increased by one compared to 2012.

Majority of older breast cancer patients use hormone treatment
Women 65 years of age and older comprise about half of patients with breast cancer.

Diabetes distress vs. depression: Are people with type 2 being misdiagnosed?
Researchers have long understood there is a strong association between diabetes and depression.

UGA researchers discover new method to reduce disease-causing inflammation
Researchers at the University of Georgia report in the Journal of Biological Chemistry that an enzyme known as Tumor Progression Locus 2, or Tpl2, plays a key role in directing and regulating several important components of the body's immune system.

Military personnel with concussive TBI caused by blast or nonblast event no difference in outcomes
Military personnel with concussive traumatic brain injury caused by a blast or a nonblast-related event had similar outcomes, including headache severity and depression.

Outreach doubles colon cancer screening in low-income communities
In low-income and minority communities where colonoscopies may be prohibitively expensive for residents, less-invasive, more frequent testing combined with automated reminders can yield dramatic improvements in colorectal cancer screening rates, a new study reports.

US housing policies increase carbon output, Georgia State University research finds
Land use policies and preferential tax treatment for housing -- in the form of federal income tax deductions for mortgage interest and property taxes -- have increased carbon emissions in the United States by about 2.7 percent, almost 6 percent annually in new home construction, according to a new Georgia State University study.

How our brains store recent memories, cell by single cell
Confirming what neurocomputational theorists have long suspected, researchers at the Dignity Health Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix, Ariz., and University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that the human brain locks down episodic memories in the hippocampus, committing each recollection to a distinct, distributed fraction of individual cells.

Pathological gambling runs in families
A study by University of Iowa researchers confirms that pathological gambling runs in families and shows that first-degree relatives of pathological gamblers are eight times more likely to develop this problem in their lifetime than relatives of people without pathological gambling.

No adverse cognitive effects in kids breastfed by moms using antiepileptic drugs
Breastfeeding by mothers treated with antiepileptic drug therapy was not associated with adverse effects on cognitive function in children at six years.

Soft-drink tax worth its weight in lost kilos
A tax on sweetened soft drinks could be an effective weapon in the war against obesity, generating weight losses of up to 3.64 kilograms as individuals reduce their consumption.

CWRU engineer to grow replacement tissue for torn rotator cuffs
A Case Western Reserve University engineer has won a $1.7 million National Institutes of Health grant to grow replacement rotator cuffs and other large tendon groups.

A satellite view: Former Hurricane Cristina now a ghost of its former self
An infrared image from NOAA's GOES-West satellite showed what appeared to be a ghostly ring of clouds and no convection in former Hurricane Cristina on Monday, June 16, as the system weakened to a remnant low pressure area.

Low dose of targeted drug might improve cancer-killing virus therapy
Giving low doses of the targeted agent bortezomib with a cancer-killing virus might improve the effectiveness of the virus as a treatment for cancer with little added toxicity.

In managing boundaries between work and home, technology can be both 'friend' and 'foe'
When it comes to managing boundaries between work and home life, technology is neither all good nor all bad, according to ongoing research from the University of Cincinnati.

No correlation between baby formulas and development of diabetes-associated autoantibodies
There is no correlation between the consumption of a cow's milk-based formula or hydrolyzed protein formula and the development of diabetes-associated autoantibodies in children younger than seven, according to a worldwide research study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Penn anesthesiologists identify top 5 practices that could be avoided
A team of researchers led by Penn Medicine anesthesiologists have pinpointed the 'top five' most common perioperative procedures that are supported by the least amount of clinical evidence, in an effort to direct providers to make more cost-effective treatment decisions.

Caffeine affects boys and girls differently after puberty, study finds
Caffeine intake by children and adolescents has been rising for decades, due in large part to the popularity of caffeinated sodas and energy drinks, which now are marketed to children as young as four.

Quantum biology: Algae evolved to switch quantum coherence on and off
A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis.

Discovery of a bud-break gene could lead to trees adapted for a changing climate
Scientists have confirmed the function of a gene that controls the awakening of trees from winter dormancy, a critical factor in their ability to adjust to environmental changes associated with climate change.

When genes play games
UC Berkeley computer theorists have identified an algorithm to describe the strategy used by genes during sexual recombination.

Ten new e-cigarette brands and over 240 new flavors appear monthly on the web
The number and type of e-cigarettes available online has soared within the past couple of years, with around 10 new brands and more than 240 new flavors coming to market every month during this period, reveals a study published in a special supplement of Tobacco Control.

Flagship US Arctic research facility welcomes EU scientists
Two European Union scientists won an international competition to conduct research at the United States' flagship Arctic research facility in northern Alaska during the 2014 field season.

Information on tree genetic resources vital for conservation and sustainable management of forests
Urgent action is needed by countries to better manage forest genetic resources, to ensure that people can continue to rely on these resources for their nutrition, livelihoods and resilience over the long term

LLNL researchers develop high-quality 3-D metal parts using additive manufacturing
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have developed a new and more efficient approach to a challenging problem in additive manufacturing -- using selective laser melting, namely, the selection of appropriate process parameters that result in parts with desired properties.

Broccoli sprout drink enhances detoxification of air pollutants in clinical trial in China
A clinical trial involving nearly 300 Chinese men and women residing in one of China's most polluted regions found that daily consumption of a half cup of broccoli sprout beverage produced rapid, significant and sustained higher levels of excretion of benzene, a known human carcinogen, and acrolein, a lung irritant.

No long-term anxiety or distress associated with low-dose computed tomography screening
Examination and review of several studies that evaluated patient-centered outcomes for individuals undergoing low-dose computed tomography screening for lung cancer found that screening does not appear to significantly influence overall health-related quality of life or result in long-term changes in anxiety or distress, but that positive results in the short-term, do increase distress levels.

Quantum theory reveals puzzling pattern in how people respond to some surveys
Researchers used quantum theory -- usually invoked to describe the actions of subatomic particles -- to identify an unexpected and strange pattern in how people respond to survey questions.

Gene 'switch' reverses cancer in common childhood leukaemia
Melbourne researchers have shown a type of leukaemia can be successfully 'reversed' by coaxing the cancer cells back into normal development.

Diabetes Association sets new A1C target for children with type 1 diabetes
According to a new position statement released at the Association's 74th Scientific Sessions, the American Diabetes Association is lowering its target recommendation for blood glucose levels for children with type 1 diabetes, to reflect the most current scientific evidence and additionally to harmonize its guidelines with those of the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes.

Signaling pathway may explain the body clock's link to mental illness
Alterations in a cellular signaling pathway called cAMP-CREB may help explain why the body clocks of people with bipolar disease are out of sync, according to a new European Journal of Neuroscience study.

Your genes affect your betting behavior
People playing competitive games like betting engage two main areas of the brain: the medial prefrontal cortex and the striatum.

Physician anesthesiologists identify 5 tests and procedures to avoid
Proving that less really is more, five specific tests or procedures commonly performed in anesthesiology that may not be necessary and, in some cases should be avoided, will be published online June 16 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Getting rid of old mitochondria
It's broadly assumed that cells degrade and recycle their own old or damaged organelles, but researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Kennedy Krieger Institute have discovered that some neurons transfer unwanted mitochondria -- the tiny power plants inside cells -- to supporting glial cells called astrocytes for disposal.

Moly 99 reactor using Sandia design could lead to US supply of isotope to track disease
An Albuquerque startup company has licensed a Sandia National Laboratories technology that offers a way to make molybdenum-99, a key radioactive isotope needed for diagnostic imaging in nuclear medicine, in the United States.

Beta-blockers before coronary artery bypass grafting surgery not associated with better outcomes
Use of beta-blockers in patients who have not had a recent heart attack but were undergoing nonemergency coronary artery bypass grafting surgery was not associated with better outcomes.

Nota Lepidopterologica goes advanced open access with Pensoft Publishers
The Societas Europaea Lepidopterologica has joined forces with Pensoft Publishers to bring the Society's journal Nota Lepidopterologica on the way to open access and innovation.

Cellular force that drives allergy and asthma can be blocked by interferon
A mechanism that could underlie the development of cells that drive asthma and allergies has been uncovered by immunology researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center.

Sedentary behavior increases the risk of certain cancers
Physical inactivity has been linked with diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease, but it can also increase the risk of certain cancers, according to a study published June 16 in the JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Regenerating our kidneys
A new study conducted by researchers at Tel Aviv University and Stanford University pinpoints the precise cellular signalling responsible for kidney regeneration and exposing the multi-layered nature of kidney growth.

CWRU Dental School and UH Case Medical Center test possible oral cancer detection tool
Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine and the Department of Otolaryngology at University Hospitals Case Medical Center will collaborate on a pilot study to examine whether an abundance of naturally occurring antibacterial proteins in the mouth can predict the development of oral cancers.

Scientists use LiDAR, 3-D modeling software to intricately map active Chinese fault zone
Earthquake scientists use airborne LiDAR scans, digital models of active fault zone in western China to explain past quakes and explore future hazards.

Discovery of Earth's northernmost perennial spring
A Canadian team lead by Stephen Grasby reports the discovery of the highest latitude perennial spring known in the world.

Children in low-income homes do better in kindergarten if moms work when they are babies
Kindergarteners from lower-income families who were babies when their mothers went to work outside the home fare as well as or even better than children who had stay-at-home moms, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Long-term study suggests ways to help children learn language and develop cognitive skills
Examining factors such as how much children gesture at an early age may make it possible to identify and intervene with very young children at risk for delays in speech and cognitive development, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Chicago.

E-cigarettes in Europe mostly used by current smokers or would-be quitters
E-cigarettes are mostly used by current smokers or would-be quitters, reveals an analysis of their uptake across 27 European countries, published online in Tobacco Control.

When patients wish for a miracle, tool helps medical staff say 'amen'
Cancer clinicians and a chaplain at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have developed a new tool to help doctors, nurses and other health-care providers talk to dying patients and families who are, literally, praying for a miracle.

An international partnership takes the stage at ESOF 2014
The EuroTech Universities Alliance, an international partnership dedicated to producing new knowledge and translating it into action for the benefit of society, will highlight innovations in communication and education as well as technology at the Euroscience Open Forum, June 21-26 in Copenhagen, Denmark.

How to prevent disparities in colon cancer screening
People living in poverty are less likely to be screened for colorectal cancer -- and more likely to develop the disease and die from it.

Citizen journalism gets more stories out than traditional reporting in war-torn Syria
Numbers of deaths of women has risen from 1 percent to 18 percent of total.

Migratory birds help spread plant species across hemispheres
A new study out of the University of Connecticut demonstrates for the first time how some plants travel not just across the backyard, but as far as from Northern to Southern hemispheres on the wings of migratory birds.

Stress early in life can increase the risk of overweight in adulthood
There are indications that unborn children who are exposed to severe stress levels, have an increased risk of becoming overweight or developing obesity as adults.

New advance allows gels to wiggle through water
Using a worm's contracting and expanding motion, researchers have designed a way for gels to swim in water.

Antarctic species dwindle as icebergs batter shores year-round
As the planet has warmed, massive losses of sea ice in winter have left icebergs along the Antarctic free to roam for most of the year.

Omega (ω)-3 inhibits blood vessel growth in age-related macular degeneration in vivo
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which is characterized by choroidal neovascularization, or blood vessel growth, is the primary cause of blindness in elderly individuals of industrialized countries.

Great white shark population in good health along California coast, UF study finds
The great white shark is not endangered in the eastern North Pacific, and, in fact, is doing well enough that its numbers likely are growing, according to an international research team led by a University of Florida researcher.

Ecological Society of America meets in Sacramento, Calif., Aug. 10-15, 2014
The Ecological Society of America's 99th Annual Meeting 'From Oceans to Mountains: It's all Ecology' will meet in Sacramento, Cal., from Sunday evening, Aug.

Wind turbine payback
US researchers have carried out an environmental lifecycle assessment of 2-megawatt wind turbines mooted for a large wind farm in the US Pacific Northwest.

Many overestimate exercise intensity: York University study
Do you work out for health benefits and feel you are exercising more than enough?

In military personnel, no difference between blast and nonblast-related concussions
Explosions are the most common cause of traumatic brain injuries in veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan.

E-cigarettes in Europe used mostly by the young, current smokers, would-be quitters
Most Europeans who have tried electronic cigarettes are young, current smokers, or those who recently tried quitting regular cigarettes, according to a new study from Harvard School of Public Health.

Gender-specific research improves accuracy of heart disease diagnosis in women
Women are more likely than men to be diagnosed with dysfunctions of the smaller coronary arteries and the lining of the coronary arteries, known as non-obstructive coronary heart disease.

Embryonic stem cells offer new treatment for multiple sclerosis
A novel approach to treating multiple sclerosis using human embryonic stem cells appears to offer better treatment results than stem cells derived from human adult bone marrow, scientists in the University of Connecticut's Technology Incubation Program say.

Alaska neuroscientist receives national mentor award
University of Alaska Fairbanks neuroscientist Kelly Drew will receive a national biomedical research mentoring award from the National Institutes of Health, Institutional Development Awards program in Washington, D.C., June 17.

NASA catches short-lived tropical cyclone Hagibis landfalling in China
Tropical storm Hagibis only lived through 6 bulletins issued by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center in its short lifetime in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Does the moon affect our sleep?
Max Planck scientists find no correlation between moon phases and human sleep

E-cigarettes far less harmful than cigarettes, says researcher at INFORMS Conference
A London School of Economics researcher examining the public and private dangers of drugs argues against demonizing e-cigarettes in a presentation being given at a conference of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Long-term follow-up of diabetes prevention program shows continued reduction in diabetes development
Treatments used to decrease the development of type 2 diabetes continue to be effective an average of 15 years later, according to the latest findings of the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study, a landmark study funded by the National Institutes of Health.

International study yields important clues to the genetics of epilepsy
An international team of researchers has discovered a significant genetic component of Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy, the most common form of epilepsy.

Chemical strategy hints at better drugs for osteoporosis, diabetes
By swapping replacement parts into the backbone of a synthetic hormone, UW-Madison graduate student Ross Cheloha and his mentor, Sam Gellman, along with collaborators at Harvard Medical School, have built a version of a parathyroid hormone that resists degradation in laboratory mice.

Automating laboratory-on-a-chip to cut health-care costs
A research team at the University of California, Riverside has created a computer programming language that will automate 'laboratory-on-a-chip' technologies used in DNA sequencing, drug discovery, virus detection and other biomedical applications.

Studies in family planning publishes special issue on unmet need
Studies in Family Planning, a leading journal published by the Population Council, released 'Unmet Need for Family Planning' -- a special issue featuring ten articles, including a comprehensive introduction to the topic of unmet need.

Lipids help to fight leukemia
T cells use a novel mechanism to fight leukemia. They may recognize unique lipids produced by cancer cells and kill tumor cells expressing these lipid molecules.

Hunt for extraterrestrial life gets massive methane boost
A powerful new model to detect life on planets outside of our solar system, more accurately than ever before, has been developed by UCL researchers.

Sensor in eye could track pressure changes, monitor for glaucoma
University of Washington engineers have designed a low-power sensor that could be placed permanently in a person's eye to track hard-to-measure changes in eye pressure.

Strokefinder quickly differentiates bleeding strokes from clot-induced strokes
The results from the initial clinical studies involving the microwave helmet Strokefinder confirm the usefulness of microwaves for rapid and accurate diagnosis of stroke patients.

Redesigning the well-child checkup
Researchers developed a new design for preventive health care for children from birth through age three from low-income communities.

Trapping light: A long lifetime in a very small place
Physicists at the University of Rochester have created a silicon nanocavity that allows light to be trapped longer than in other similarly-sized optical cavities.

Celebrating the work of a neglected scientific pioneer
A University of Leeds academic has shed important new light on the fascinating story of pioneer William T.

Study shows chikungunya mutation places several countries at risk of epidemic
For the first time, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston researchers were able to predict further adaptations of the chikungunya virus that recently spread from Africa to several continents that will likely result in even more efficient transmission and infection of more people by this virus strain.

No drilling, no filling, no fuss -- King's spin-out will put tooth decay in a 'time warp'
Dentists could soon be giving your teeth a mild 'time warp' to encourage them to self-repair, thanks to a new device being developed by dental researchers.

Researchers use virus to reveal nanopore physics
Nanopores could provide a new way to sequence DNA quickly, but the physics involved isn't well understood.

Nanoshell shields foreign enzymes used to starve cancer cells from immune system
Nanoengineers at the University of California, San Diego have developed a nanoshell to protect foreign enzymes used to starve cancer cells as part of chemotherapy.

Animal trapping records reveal strong wolf effect across North America
Scientists have used coyote and red fox fur trapping records across North America to document how the presence of wolves influences the balance of smaller predators further down the food chain.

Survey finds e-cigarette online market on fire
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have completed the first comprehensive survey of e-cigarettes for sale online and the results, they believe, underscore the complexity in regulating the rapidly growing market for the electronic nicotine delivery devices.

A faster path to optical circuits
Scientists at EPFL develop a fast and effective method for optimizing photonic crystal nanocavities.

BMC awarded NIH grant to train Ugandans in basic research on TB
Boston Medical Center was recently awarded a five-year, $861,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health's Fogarty International Center to train Ugandans in basic research involving tuberculosis and emerging infectious diseases at Boston University School of Medicine.

Most prostate cancer specialists don't recommend active surveillance for low-risk patients
Specialists who treat prostate cancer agree that active surveillance is an effective option -- yet most don't recommend it when appropriate for their own patients, according to a study in the July issue of Medical Care.

Genetic influence on pulmonary function: Six further genes identified
In an analysis of several genome-wide association studies, an international team of scientists has identified six novel gene regions that are associated with the function of the lungs.

Researchers create better methods to detect E. coli
Kansas State University diagnosticians are helping the cattle industry save millions of dollars each year by developing earlier and accurate detection of E. coli.

Super bananas -- world first human trial
The world's first human trial of pro-vitamin A-enriched banana, expected to lift the health and well-being of millions of Ugandans and other East Africans will start very soon.

How sperm get into the zona
Before it can fertilize an egg, a sperm has to bind to and bore through an outer egg layer known as the zona pellucida.

Major surgery associated with increased risk of death or impairment in very-low-birth-weight infants
Very-low-birth-weight babies who undergo major surgery appear to have an increased risk of death or subsequent neurodevelopmental impairment.

Cover the bases: Sports physicals are no substitute for comprehensive checkups
Parents value convenience of sports physicals but recognize importance of thorough doctor visits, according to U-M's National Poll on Children's Health

Controlling ragweed pollen in Detroit: A no-mow solution for Motown?
When it comes to controlling hay fever-triggering ragweed plants on Detroit vacant lots, occasional mowing is worse than no mowing at all, and promoting reforestation might be the best solution.

Cryoprobes better than traditional forceps for obtaining certain lung biopsies
A randomized controlled trial has found that cryoprobes, which are tools that apply extreme cold to tissues, are better than conventional forceps for performing so-called transbronchial lung biopsies in patients who are being assessed for certain lung conditions.

First Canadian Bell palsy guideline
The first Canadian guideline for Bell palsy, facial weakness or paralysis caused by facial nerve damage, is aimed at helping physicians manage and treat patients during the acute phase as well as recovery.

Solar photons drive water off the moon
New research at the Georgia Institute of Technology indicates that ultraviolet photons emitted by the sun likely cause H2O molecules on the lunar surface to either quickly desorb or break apart.

Could politics trump economics as reason for growing income inequality?
Most research examining growing income inequality in the United States has focused on economic causes, for seemingly obvious reasons.

How does a tree know it's time to grow again?
Molecular geneticists from Michigan Technological University led a team that identified a gene that tells a poplar tree when winter ends and it's time to start growing again.

Computation leads to better understanding of influenza virus replication
Computer simulations that reveal a key mechanism in the replication process of influenza A may help defend against future deadly pandemics.

Tugging on the 'malignant' switch
A team of Harvard researchers have identified a possible mechanism by which normal cells turn malignant in mammary epithelial tissues, the tissues frequently involved in breast cancer.

Coalition's deficit reduction has made UK tax base more regressive
Taxation in the UK has become increasingly regressive since the financial crisis, particularly since the coalition government came to office, according to academics at the Sheffield Political Economy Research Institute.

University of Tennessee discoveries could help neutralize chemical weapons
Researchers at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, are a step closer to creating a prophylactic drug that would neutralize the deadly effects of the chemical weapons used in Syria and elsewhere.

C. difficile epidemic should concern not only hospital patients but people at home
Without proper infection prevention in hospitals, and now homes, the Clostridium difficile bacteria poses a major health threat, cautions a Case Western Reserve University infection control researcher.

Gluten-free diet relieves 'brain fog' in patients with Celiac disease
Individuals with celiac disease often experience 'brain fog' in addition to intestinal problems, but a new study shows that adhering to a gluten-free diet can lead to improvements in cognition that correlate with the extent of intestinal healing.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for June 17, 2014
The June 17, 2014, issue of Annals of Internal Medicine includes the following articles: 'To prevent stroke in women, start young' and 'Liver cancer screening may not increase survival in chronic hepatitis C.'

Study: Commuting times stay constant even as distances change
Research on urban mobility shows how transportation options let commuters limit time in transit.

Lower isn't necessarily better for people with high blood pressure
For decades, common medical wisdom has been 'the lower the better' in treating the approximately one in three people in this country who have high blood pressure.

Vitamin A derivative potentially treats type 2 diabetes and prevents its complications
Researchers at the University of Montreal and CHUM Research Centre recently demonstrated the potential of retinoic acid, a derivative of vitamin A, in treating obesity and type 2 diabetes and preventing their cardiovascular complications.
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