Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 21, 2014
Diabetes drug appears to work for weight management, reversing prediabetes
Nondiabetic obese and overweight people lose more weight, are more likely to reverse prediabetes and are slower to develop type 2 diabetes when they take the diabetes drug liraglutide in addition to dieting and exercising, a new study finds.

Dietary, lifestyle changes made early in pregnancy benefit obese women
Obese pregnant women who adhere to an intensive nutritional and exercise program starting in the first trimester gain less weight in pregnancy and have fewer pregnancy complications compared with peers who receive standard prenatal care, a new study from China finds.

Possible new weapon found for fighting some types of breast cancer
Researchers believe they have discovered one reason why some women with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer may respond poorly or only temporarily to estrogen-blocking drugs such as tamoxifen.

PARC wins renewed funding for photosynthetic research
The Department of Energy has awarded the Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center $14.4 million for continuing research on natural and bio-inspired systems for harvesting the sun's energy.

Fatty liver is linked to maternal use of the SSRI antidepressant fluoxetine
Adult offspring of mothers who used fluoxetine, a common antidepressant, during pregnancy were more likely to develop a fatty liver, a new animal study has found.

Polycystic ovary syndrome tied to risk of type 2 diabetes, independent of BMI
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are at increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, and this risk appears to be independent of body mass index, a new study finds.

Blood kisspeptin level test may identify pregnant women at high risk for miscarriage
Measuring pregnant women's blood kisspeptin levels early in their pregnancy may effectively predict their risk of miscarriage, a new study finds.

Antidepressant use during pregnancy may lead to childhood obesity and diabetes
Women who take antidepressants during pregnancy may be unknowingly predisposing their infants to type 2 diabetes and obesity later in life, according to new (animal model) research from McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Veterans with blast traumatic brain injury may have unrecognized pituitary dysfunction
In soldiers who survive traumatic brain injury from blast exposure, pituitary dysfunction after their blast injury may be an important, under-recognized, and potentially treatable source of their symptoms, a new study finds.

Gender-based treatment needed for cardiovascular risk factors in diabetes
Women with type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol are less likely than their male peers to reach treatment goals to lower their 'bad' cholesterol, or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, despite access to cholesterol-lowering medication, a Canadian study finds.

Raising low vitamin D levels lowers risk of prediabetes progressing to diabetes
Vitamin D and calcium supplementation along with diet and exercise may prevent type 2 diabetes in prediabetic individuals who have insufficient vitamin D in their bodies, a study from India suggests.
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