Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 27, 2014
Herpes virus infection drives HIV infection among non-injecting drug users in New York
The study conducted among drug users entering the Mount Sinai Beth Israel drug treatment programs in NYC found that HIV infection among non-injecting drug users doubled over the last two decades.

Prevention incentives
A private South African health plan increased patient use of preventive care with an incentive program that rewards healthy behavior using discounts on retail goods and travel.

Sex hormone levels at midlife linked to heart disease risk in women
As hormone levels change during the transition to menopause, the quality of a woman's cholesterol carriers degrades, leaving her at greater risk for heart disease, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health discovered.

'Big data' technique improves monitoring of kidney transplant patients
A new data analysis technique radically improves monitoring of kidney patients, according to a University of Leeds-led study, and could lead to profound changes in the way we understand our health.

A study warns of the risk entailed when night owls -- 'evening-type' people -- drive early in the morning
Researchers from the University of Granada have shown that individual chronotype -- that is, whether you are a 'morning-type' or an 'evening-type', depending on the time of day when your physiological functions are more active -- markedly influences driving performance.

A new species of moth from the Appalachian Mountains named to honor the Cherokee Nation
A small, drab and highly inconspicuous moth has been flitting nameless about its special niche among the middle elevations of one of the world's oldest mountain ranges, the southern Appalachian Mountains in North America.

EU project Bestcilia project pushes the research of primary ciliary dyskinesia forward
Primary ciliary diskinesia is a rare, genetic respiratory tract disorder leading to progressive lung dysfunction.

Monkeys also believe in winning streaks, study shows
Humans have a well-documented tendency to see winning and losing streaks in situations that, in fact, are random.

Autism Speaks announces Meixner Postdoctoral Fellowships in translational research
Autism Speaks, the world's leading autism science and advocacy organization, today announced it has awarded more than $600,000 in funding for six promising scientists pursuing academic training in translational research.

Homeless alcoholics typically began drinking as children
A phenomenological study offers detailed insights into homeless, alcohol-dependent patients often stigmatized by the public and policymakers as drains on the health care system, showing the constellation of reasons they are incapable of escaping social circumstances that perpetuate and exacerbate their problems The study, published online yesterday in Annals of Emergency Medicine, was conducted at Bellevue Hospital in New York City, which has a long history of service to the city's indigent population.

Water samples teeming with information: Emerging techniques for environmental monitoring
Setting effective conservation policies requires near real-time knowledge of environmental conditions.

Climate change and the ecology of fear
Climate change is predicted to have major impacts on the many species that call our rocky shorelines home.

Genetics dominant risk factor in common cancers
A study of individuals who have been adopted has identified genetics as the dominant risk factor in 'familial' breast, prostate and colorectal cancers.

Research may yield new ways to treat antibiotic-resistant TB
Scientists have successfully modified the precursor to one of the drugs used to treat tuberculosis, an important first step toward new drugs that can transcend antibiotic resistance issues.

CNIO researchers discover more than 40 melanoma-specific genes that determine aggressiveness
Researchers from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre have discovered more than 40 genes that predict the level of aggressiveness of melanoma and that distinguish it from other cancers with a poor prognosis.

Youth regularly receive pro-marijuana tweets
Hundreds of thousands of American youth are following marijuana-related Twitter accounts and getting pro-pot messages several times each day, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Junior group leaders in life sciences establish JUGGLE platform for scientific exchange
Fifty leaders of junior research groups working in the fields of biology, pharmaceutical sciences, and biological chemistry, at the University Medical Center, the Institute for Molecular Biology, and the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research have now joined together with the intention of improving project coordination and thus making their research even more effective.

New project to examine risk of mass gatherings and sex assault in women
Nearly one quarter of women are likely to be victims of sexual assault in their lifetime.

Study: To address climate change, nothing substitutes for reducing CO2 emissions
The politically expedient way to mitigate climate change is essentially no way at all, according to a comprehensive new study by University of Chicago climatologist Raymond Pierrehumbert.

New AAFP/ISFM guidelines for diagnosing and solving house-soiling behavior in cats
Owners of house-soiling cats frequently abandon or relinquish these pets to shelters where many are euthanized as unadoptable.

Kids who know unhealthy food logos more likely to be overweight
The more a child is familiar with logos and other images from fast-food restaurants, sodas and not-so-healthy snack food brands, the more likely the child is to be overweight or obese.

Back-to-back books examine milestone economic events on 70th anniversary of Bretton Woods
Eric Helleiner spent 11 years poring over archived transcripts and memos to write 'Forgotten Foundations of Bretton Woods' which is released now at the 70th anniversary of the agreement.

Mysterious features on Titan reveal the moon's seasonal changes, says Stanford scientist
Bright spots in a large lake on Titan suggest that Saturn's largest moon supports processes similar to Earth's water cycle.

Research provides new theory on cause of ice age 2.6 million years ago
New research published today in the journal Nature Scientific Reports has provided a major new theory on the cause of the ice age that covered large parts of the Northern Hemisphere 2.6 million years ago.

Global healthcare is a labour of Hercules
Swedish Professor for Global Health and YouTube star Hans Rosling to give presentation at the opening of the 64th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting in Germany on June 29.

Colon cancer survivors are more likely to have pain in the back and abdomen
Researchers from the University of Granada have discovered that colon cancer survivors are more likely to suffer future lesions related with pain in the back and lower abdomen than healthy individuals of the same gender and age.

New form of brain signaling affects addiction-related behavior
University of Iowa researchers have discovered a new form of neurotransmission that influences the long-lasting memory created by addictive drugs, like cocaine and opioids, and the subsequent craving for these drugs of abuse.

Research gives unprecedented 3-D view of important brain receptor
Researchers with Oregon Health & Science University's Vollum Institute have given science a new and unprecedented 3-D view of one of the most important receptors in the brain -- a receptor that allows us to learn and remember, and whose dysfunction is involved in a wide range of neurological diseases and conditions, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, schizophrenia and depression.

EARTH Magazine: Rosetta off to decipher a comet's secrets
The Rosetta spacecraft launched on March 2, 2004, to study Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

Early life stress can leave lasting impacts on the brain
For children, stress can go a long way. A little bit provides a platform for learning, adapting and coping.

New report evaluates progress of comprehensive everglades restoration plan
Although planning for Everglades restoration projects has advanced considerably over the past two years, financial, procedural, and policy constraints have impeded project implementation, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Research Council.

Ceremonial PTSD therapies favored by Native-American veterans
Traditional healing therapies are the treatment of choice for many Native-American veterans -- half of whom say usual PTSD treatments don't work -- according to a recent survey conducted at Washington State University.

Scientists study effects of warming on tropical rainforests
Three early-career women scientists spearhead a first-ever study of the effects of warming on tropical rainforests.

Social pressure stops Facebook users recommending products on social media sites
Users of social media sites such as Facebook are less willing to recommend products and services online because of the perceived risks to their reputation.

Scientists identify new pathogenic and protective microbes associated with severe diarrhea
Diarrhea is a major cause of childhood mortality in developing countries and ranks as one of the top four causes of death among young children in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

AJMC publishes results showing big data analytics can predict risk of metabolic syndrome
GNS Healthcare (big data analytics company) and Aetna (the fifth-largest health-care insurance provider in the US) announce published research findings from a study analyzing 37,000 patient health care records that predict and revealed specific personalized health care interventions for metabolic syndrome.

Diamond plates create nanostructures through pressure, not chemistry
Mechanical force -- about the same amount that raises the numerals on credit cards -- proves to be a much more varied and ecological creator of nanostructures than the current method of choice, chemistry, with its unvarying results and harmful processes.

USAMRIID research sheds light on how deadly lassa virus infects cells
An international team of scientists has discovered that the Lassa virus, endemic to West Africa, uses an unexpected two-step process to enter cells.

Some aggressive cancers may respond to anti-inflammatory drugs
New research raises the prospect that some cancer patients with aggressive tumors may benefit from a class of anti-inflammatory drugs used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.

Extinct undersea volcanoes squashed under Earth's crust cause tsunami earthquakes, according to new research
New research has revealed the causes and warning signs of rare tsunami earthquakes.

UTSA and SwRI award $250,000 to advance clean emissions, explore antimicrobials
Southwest Research Institute and The University of Texas at San Antonio today announced funding for two new joint research projects to advance clean emission technologies and study novel antimicrobials targeting Lyme disease.

Ancient ocean currents may have changed pace and intensity of ice ages
Climate scientists have long tried to explain why ice-age cycles became longer and more intense some 900,000 years ago, switching from 41,000-year cycles to 100,000-year cycles.

'Compressive sensing' provides new approach to measuring a quantum system
In quantum physics, momentum and position are an example of conjugate variables.

'Bad' video game behavior increases players' moral sensitivity
New evidence suggests heinous behavior played out in a virtual environment can lead to players' increased sensitivity toward the moral codes they violated.

Potential Alzheimer's drug prevents abnormal blood clots in the brain
The brains of Alzheimer's mice treated with the compound RU-505 showed less inflammation and improved blood flow than those of untreated mice.

Barriers prevent many older Americans from taking driving tests
As the American population continues to age, new research is showing significant barriers to evaluations important to the continued safety and competency of older drivers.

Developmental psychologist explains her life's work studying the mysteries of the mind
Developmental psychologist Daphne Maurer has spent more than four decades studying the complexities of the human mind.

Are conservatives more obedient and agreeable than their liberal counterparts?
Why do conservatives appear to have an affinity for obeying leadership?

Space-tested robot inspires medicine and manufacturing uses
Humans doing difficult, repetitive tasks or those who need assistance with movement may soon get a helping hand -- literally -- thanks to robotic technology developed to serve astronauts in space.
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