Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 18, 2014
New material puts a twist in light
Scientists at The Australian National University have uncovered the secret to twisting light at will.

Getting a grip on robotic grasp
Researchers at MIT have developed a robot that enhances the grasping motion of the human hand.

NASA sees super typhoon Rammasun eyeing landfall
Imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite captured a wide-eyed Typhoon Rammasun as it was making landfall in northern Hainan Island, China early on July 18.

Novel mechanism for invasion of EV71 virus demonstrated
Researchers from the Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, reported in a study published in Springer's open access journal Protein & Cell a novel mechanism for EV71 entry mediated by its receptor SCARB2.

New trigger for ovulation could make IVF safer
Researchers have successfully used a new and potentially safer method to stimulate ovulation in women undergoing IVF treatment.

Scientists enlist big data to guide conservation efforts
Genetic studies have given us detailed information about the evolutionary relationships embodied in the Tree of Life, while newly digitized museum collections contain a wealth of information about species distribution.

Immune cell's role in intestinal movement may lead to better understanding of IBS
Learning the role of immune-system cells in healthy digestive tracts and how they interact with neighboring nerve cells may lead to new treatments for irritable bowel syndrome.

Yale researchers identify targets for immunotherapy in early-stage breast cancer
Yale Cancer Center researchers used a new molecular analysis tool to detect the level of an important target for immunotherapy in early-stage breast cancers.

Catastrophic debris avalanches -- a second volcanic hazard
Volcanic hazards aren't limited to eruptions. Debris avalanche landslides can also cause a great deal of damage and loss of life.

A new measure of biodiversity
A new approach to measuring biodiversity has uncovered some biologically important but currently unprotected areas in Western Australia, while confirming the significance of the world heritage listed Wet Tropics rainforests in the country's north-east.

Adults with eosinophilic esophagitis should consider a diet change
Dietary elimination is a successful method of treatment for adults with eosinophilic esophagitis, according to a new study in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.

TCT 2014 agenda now available
Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics is the annual scientific symposium of CRF and the world's premier educational meeting specializing in interventional cardiovascular medicine.

NASA sees powerful thunderstorms in Tropical Storm Matmo
Strong thunderstorms reaching toward the top of the troposphere circled Tropical Storm Matmo's center and appeared in a band of thunderstorms on the storm's southwestern quadrant.

Genetic variations may modify cardiovascular benefit of aspirin
A new study suggests that a common genetic variation in the COMT gene may modify the cardiovascular benefit of aspirin, and in some people, may confer slight harm.

Using a novel scaffold to repair spinal cord injury
Dr. Ning Yuan, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, China and his colleagues, developed a novel neural stem cell scaffold that has two layers: the inner loose layer and the outer compact layer.

Researchers characterize neurologic response associated with placebo effect
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation identifies a neurological network that may predict which Parkinson's disease patients are likely to have a favorable response to sham surgery.

Revealed: The mystery behind starling flocks
The mystery behind the movements of flocking starlings could be explained by the areas of light and dark created as they fly, new research suggests.

Tea Party support linked to educational segregation, new study shows
University of Notre Dame political sociologist Rory McVeigh, whose study, 'Educational Segregation, Tea Party Organizations, and Battles over Distributive Justice,' was recently published in the American Sociological Review, says 'The political polarization that we witness today is linked to the way in which Americans live in segregated worlds.'

The bend in the Appalachian mountain chain is finally explained
The 1500 mile Appalachian mountain chain runs along a nearly straight line from Alabama to Newfoundland -- except for a curious bend in Pennsylvania and New York State.

Four new species of tuco-tucos identified from Bolivia
A research team led by Scott Gardner of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln have identified four new species of Ctenomys, a genus of gopher-like mammals found throughout much of South America.

Prioritizing children and families at AIDS 2014
Experts from the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation will give oral presentations, moderate conference events, and exhibit a variety of educational posters and abstracts related to ending AIDS in children.

NASA satellite catches birth of Tropical Storm Wali near Hawaii
The first tropical cyclone of the season has formed in the Central Pacific Ocean as NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead.

Highly charged ions
Why can't neodymium be more like tin? Well it can, if you ionize it enough.

Bowel cancer breakthrough may benefit thousands of patients
Researchers at Queen's University have made a significant breakthrough that may benefit patients with bowel cancer.

A new cellular garbage control pathway with relevance for human neurodegenerative diseases
Several human neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Huntington's disease, are linked to an accumulation of abnormal and aggregated proteins in cells.

National Psoriasis Foundation awards 13 psoriasis research fellowships
Twelve residents and medical students each received a one-year, $50,000 National Psoriasis Foundation fellowship to study psoriasis.

Using a deacetyl chitin conduit and short-term electrical stimulation for PNI
Previous studies have demonstrated that deacetyl chitin conduit nerve bridging or electrical stimulation shows therapeutic effect on peripheral nerve injury.

Feinstein Institute researchers identify brain network
Investigators at The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research have utilized a new image-based strategy to identify and measure placebo effects in randomized clinical trials for brain disorders.

Experts urge new discipline combining benefits of neuroscience and psychology treatments
For some conditions, such as bipolar disorder, psychological treatments are not effective or are in their infancy.

MCG/VA psychology training program gets federal funding for fifth consecutive time
A psychology residency training program that's a joint effort of the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University and the Charlie Norwood Veterans Affairs Medical Center has received federal funding for the fifth consecutive grant cycle.

New inexpensive and easy computer software provides real-time and highly accurate data on traffic
Researchers at the University of Granada have designed new software that provides real time data on traffic.

It's go time for LUX-Zeplin dark matter experiment
From the physics labs at Yale University to the bottom of a played-out gold mine in South Dakota, a new generation of dark matter experiments is ready to commence.

'Support' cells in brain play important role in Down syndrome
Researchers from UC Davis School of Medicine and Shriners Hospitals for Children -- Northern California have identified a group of cells in the brain that they say plays an important role in the abnormal neuron development in Down syndrome.

Consuming probiotics for a month helps diminish fat accumulation in the liver, new study says
Spanish scientists have demonstrated through an experiment on obese rats that the consumption of probiotics during thirty days helps diminish the accumulation of fat in the liver.

Antipsychotic drugs linked to slight decrease in brain volume
A study published today has confirmed a link between antipsychotic medication and a slight, but measureable, decrease in brain volume in patients with schizophrenia.

UM-led research team contributes to the management of South Florida coastal environments
A Florida-based marine research team has developed a unique formal process and modeling framework to help manage South Florida's economically important coastal marine environments.

Economic development not the only influence on personal car use, study finds
Although countries with high levels of economic development generally have more personal automobile travel than less-affluent nations, income is not the only factor that determines a nation's demand for cars, according to a new study.

Measuring the number of protein molecules inside cells
In a breakthrough study, Lars Jansen and his team from Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência were able to measure the amount of protein molecules in living human cells required to form an important structure of the chromosome, the centromere.

Scientists find new clues to brain's wiring
New research provides an intriguing glimpse into the processes that establish connections between nerve cells in the brain.

Motoneuron-like cell transplantation and GDNF delivery for repair of SCI
Adipose-derived stem cells-transdifferentiated motoneurons after transplantation can integrate in the host cord.

A negative HPV test may predict lower cervical cancer risk than a negative Pap
In the US, cotesting for human papilloma virus and Pap testing for cervical cancer every 5 years for women aged 30-65 years is now recommended.

Performance improvement program helps doctors better manage depression, reports journal of psychiatric practice
A performance improvement initiative for physicians can significantly increase their use of evidence-based practices in screening for and treating depression, in the July Journal of Psychiatric Practice.

Autophagy protects insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas
Three new studies in Journal of Clinical Investigation identify a pathway that protects insulin-secreting β cells from a toxic form of islet amyloid polypeptide.

Microplastics worse for crabs and other marine life than previously thought, study shows
The tiny plastic particles polluting our seas are not only orally ingested by marine creatures, but also enter their systems through their gills, according to a new study led by the University of Exeter.

The development of blood-retinal barrier during astrocyte/vascular wall cell interaction
There is evidence that astrocytes are closely related to the development and formation of retinal vessels.

EPSRC calls for partners to develop Alan Turing Institute
In the 2014 Budget Statement, Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, announced that the UK government would provide £42 million, over 5 years, to fund The Alan Turing Institute.

High-dose fluticasone effective against eosinophilic esophagitis
Results from a clinical trial show that high doses of the corticosteroid fluticasone propionate safely and effectively induce remission in many people with eosinophilic esophagitis, a chronic inflammatory disease of the esophagus characterized by high levels of white blood cells called eosinophils.

Interleukin-10 aids survival of cells transplanted to repair cardiac tissues after MI
Three groups of rats modeled with a myocardial infarction were treated with smooth muscle cell injections into the MI-damaged area of the heart.

Improving driver safety: How to prevent streetlight glare in the new world of LED lighting
As energy-efficient LED lighting becomes more common along roads, scientists are looking for ways to ensure the safety of drivers by assessing the eyestrain associated with glare from the new lights.

BIOTEC researcher is one of the 'Highly Cited Researchers 2014'
The ranking list 'Highly Cited Researchers 2014' by Thomson Reuters named Dr.
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