Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 22, 2014
HIV clinic-based audio project emphasizes the power of patient voices
The St. Jude Children's Research Hospital VOICES project is the focus of the 'A Piece of My Mind' column in the July 22 edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Research brings us nearer to understanding how neuro cells turn cancerous
Scientists from the Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research in New York with the help of Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry have completed research which for the first time brings us nearer to understanding how some cells in the brain and nervous system become cancerous.

Study examines presence of uterine cancers at the time of hysterectomy using morcellation
Among women undergoing a minimally invasive hysterectomy using electric power morcellation, uterine cancers were present in 27 per 10,000 women at the time of the procedure, according to a study published by JAMA.

Clients of BMC's violence interventional advocacy program find experience supportive
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center have found that participants who received care through BMC's Violence Intervention Advocacy Program -- an interventional program targeting the physical, mental, emotional and social needs of violently injured youths -- were less likely to retaliate for their injuries and experienced life changing behaviors through connections to caring, steady, supportive adults who helped them feel trust and hope.

NIST shows ultrasonically propelled nanorods spin dizzyingly fast
Vibrate a solution of rod-shaped metal nanoparticles in water with ultrasound and they'll spin around their long axes like tiny drill bits.

New York squirrels are nuts about city life
Curtin University-led research has shown squirrels have adapted to New York City's human behaviour, allowing them to thrive just as well, if not better, than their fellow squirrels in the woods.

Study compares cost-effectiveness of weight-loss programs and drugs
In a cost-effectiveness analysis of commercial diet programs and pills, the Weight Watchers program and the drug Qsymia showed the best value for the money.

UI study finds potential genetic link between epilepsy and neurodegenerative disorders
A new University of Iowa study, published online July 14 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, reveals a potential link between epilepsy and neurodegenerative disorders.

Avoiding buyer's remorse: Is product satisfaction higher when consumers are flush?
According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, consumers are less satisfied with what they have purchased with their bottom dollar compared to when they have money in the bank.

Dangers of desert dust: New diagnostic tool for valley fever
Dr. Stephen Albert Johnston, Krupa Navalkar and their colleagues at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute have been investigating valley fever.

Overdoing it: Multiple perspectives confuse consumers
When it comes to television advertising, simple may be best, says Dr.

Largest genetic survey to date shows major success of giant panda breeding programs
Breeding programs in conservation centers and zoos hope to save the panda by improving genetic diversity, avoid inbreeding and ultimately, introduce pandas back to the wild.

African elephant genome suggests they are superior smellers
Sense of smell is critical for survival in many mammals.

High school lacrosse players at risk of concussions other injuries
With over 170,000 students now playing high school lacrosse, more and more are being exposed to injuries during practice and competition, according to a new study from the Colorado School of Public Health and the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio.

African-American homeownership increasingly less stable and more risky
A new study from sociologists at Rice University and Cornell University found that African-Americans are 45 percent more likely than whites to switch from owning their homes to renting them.

BGI Tech launches human whole exome sequencing service on complete genomics' advanced platform
BGI Tech, a subsidiary of BGI, the world's largest genomics organization, announced today the global launch of a new human whole exome sequencing service based on Complete Genomics' industry-leading platform.

Law of physics governs airplane evolution
Scientists have found that a law of physics predicts the evolution of commercial airliners and also provides guidelines for future designs.

How children categorize living things
'Name everything you can think of that is alive.' How would a child respond to this question?

Jeju Island is a live volcano
The Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources indicated that there are the traces that indicated that a recent volcanic eruption was evident 5,000 years ago.

NUS scientists use low cost technique to improve properties and functions of nanomaterials
By 'drawing' micropatterns on nanomaterials using a focused laser beam, scientists could modify properties of nanomaterials for effective applications in photonic and optoelectric applications

Tomas Ganz, M.D., Ph.D., to present 2014 ASH E. Donnall Thomas Lecture
The American Society of Hematology will honor Tomas Ganz, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of California, Los Angeles with the 2014 E.

Search for more accurate system reliability and failure prediction in auto industry
A team of researchers from Wayne State University recently received a $350,000 award from the National Science Foundation for the project, 'Failure Prediction and Reliability Analysis of Ultra-High Strength Steel Autobody Manufacturing Systems by Utilizing Material Microstructure Properties.' The research is the first attempt to incorporate material microstructure and micro-damage information into a reliability study that fundamentally improves the accuracy of failure and reliability prediction.

Researchers create vaccine for dust-mite allergies
University of Iowa researchers have created a vaccine for dust-mite allergies.

The heart of an astronaut, five years on
The Cardio Ox investigation will look at how oxidative stress and inflammation caused by conditions of spaceflight affect astronaut hearts for up to five years after astronauts fly on the International Space Station.

Anti-pain agent shrinks oral cancers, leaves healthy tissues alone
Oral cancers strike thousands of Americans annually, inflicting pain and shortening their lives.

NASA provides double vision on Typhoon Matmo
Two instruments aboard NASA's Aqua satellite provided different views of Typhoon Matmo on its approach to Taiwan today, July 22.

Michael DeBaun, M.D., M.P.H., and Robert P. Hebbel, M.D., to present 2014 ASH Beutler Lecture
The American Society of Hematology will honor Michael DeBaun, M.D., M.P.H., of Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, and Robert P.

Are state Medicaid policies sentencing people with mental illnesses to prison?
A new study finds a link between Medicaid policies on antipsychotic drugs and incarceration rates for schizophrenic individuals.

Novel methods may help stem cells survive transplantation into damaged tissues
Stem cells offer much promise for treating damaged organs and tissues, but with current transplantation approaches stem cell survival is poor, limiting their effectiveness.

Mount Sinai scientists and international team shed new light on schizophrenia
As part of a multinational, collaborative effort, researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have helped identify over 100 locations in the human genome associated with the risk of developing schizophrenia, in the largest genomic study published on any psychiatric disorder to date, conducted with 80,000 people.

Vitamin D deficiency raises risk of schizophrenia diagnosis
Vitamin D-deficient individuals are twice as likely to be diagnosed with schizophrenia as people who have sufficient levels of the vitamin, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Mixed genes mix up the migrations of hybrid birds
Mixed genes appear to drive hybrid birds to select more difficult routes than their parent species, according to new research from University of British Columbia zoologists.

Boosting the force of empty space
Empty space is not really empty. Tiny particles constantly pop in and out of existence.

Fly-inspired sound detector
The fly can pinpoint the location of a chirping cricket with remarkable accuracy because of its freakishly acute hearing, which relies upon a sophisticated sound processing mechanism that really sets it apart from all other known insects.

Art of Science 2014
The Princeton University Art of Science 2014 exhibit galleries of images and video are now online.

Report on viruses looks beyond disease
In contrast to their negative reputation as disease causing agents, some viruses can perform crucial biological and evolutionary functions that help to shape the world we live in today, according to a new report by the American Academy of Microbiology.

The human parasite Leishmania is a probiotic for the fly that carries it
The Leishmania parasite, which causes the human disease leishmaniasis, acts as a probiotic in the insect that transmits it to humans, protecting them from bacterial disease.

P90X? Why consumers choose high-effort products
Stuck in traffic? On hold for what seems like an eternity?

Anti-cancer drug kicks HIV out of hiding
A pilot study by HIV researchers from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark has shown that an anti-cancer drug can activate hidden HIV.

NASA's Aqua satellite gets infrared hint on Tropical Depression 2
Infrared data gathered on the tropical low pressure area known as System 92L gave forecasters a hint that the low would become the Atlantic Ocean hurricane season's second tropical depression.

Why do challenging tasks make consumers believe drugs wear off faster?
Imagine that you have a cup of coffee and sit down to read People magazine.

Cable announces £30 million for advanced materials and non-destructive evaluation research
New research that will improve safety and efficiency of gas turbines, rail tracks, fuel pipelines and other important infrastructure will receive a boost today when a new £30 million joint investment by government and industry is announced by Secretary of State for Industry the Rt.

The nostalgia effect: Do consumers spend more when thinking about the past?
Say you are out clothes shopping and you spot something that brings you back to a special time from your childhood when you were surrounded by friends and family.

Preschoolers can reflect on what they don't know
Contrary to previous assumptions, researchers find that preschoolers are able to gauge the strength of their memories and make decisions based on their self-assessments.

A new multi-bit 'spin' for MRAM storage
Interest in magnetic random access memory is escalating, thanks to demand for fast, low-cost, nonvolatile, low-consumption, secure memory devices.

Children's impulsive behaviour is related to their brain connectivity
Researchers from the University of Murcia have studied the changes in the brain that are associated with impulsiveness, a personality trait that causes difficulties in inhibiting a response in the face of a stimulus and leads to unplanned actions without considering the negative consequences.

NASA's Fermi finds a 'Transformer' pulsar
In late June 2013, an exceptional binary containing a rapidly spinning neutron star underwent a dramatic change in behavior never before observed.

LSUHSC contributes to work identifying new DNA regions associated with schizophrenia
Nancy Buccola, assistant professor of clinical nursing at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Nursing, contributed samples used in a study reporting new locations of genetic material associated with schizophrenia and also suggesting a possible link between the immune system and schizophrenia.

Fires are a major cause of wind farm failure, according to new research
Following discussion with reporters we wish to draw attention to further information relating to the News Release issued under embargo for Thursday, July 17, 2014.

Should men at risk for cardiovascular disease receive earlier cholesterol treatment?
New guidelines on cholesterol treatment and cardiovascular risk assessment state that men have at least double the risk of dying from atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease or of having a heart attack or stroke as do women with a similar risk profile.

Meerkats' sinister side is secret to their success, study shows
The darker side of meerkats -- which sees them prevent their daughters from breeding, and kill their grandchildren -- is explained in a new study.

NASA's TRMM satellite measures up Super Typhoon Rammasun
NASA's TRMM satellite measured up Super Typhoon Rammasun's rainfall rates, rainfall totals and cloud heights providing a look at the inner workings and aftermath of the storm.

New research finds pathogenic connection between autoimmune disorders and cancer
Autoimmune disorders may share certain pathogenic mechanisms with cancer, according to a new report published in PLOS ONE by Linda Kusner, Ph.D., assistant research professor in the Department of Pharmacology and Physiology at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences.

Carlton Fire Complex, Washington -- July 22, 2014
The Carlton Complex fires started on July 14, 2014, by lightning from a weather system that moved through the Methow Valley.

Somatosensory stimulation inhibits excitability of pyramidal cells in rat hippocampal CA1
The hippocampal region of the brain is important for encoding environment inputs and memory formation.

Quantum leap in lasers at Dartmouth brightens future for quantum computing
Dartmouth scientists and their colleagues have devised a breakthrough laser that uses a single artificial atom to generate and emit particles of light.

Radio frequency ID tags on honey bees reveal hive dynamics
Scientists attached radio-frequency identification tags to hundreds of individual honey bees and tracked them for several weeks.

Forty-five percent rise in diagnostic imaging tests by GPs -- new study
A 45 percent rise in diagnostic imaging tests ordered by Australian GPs is being driven by increasing GP visits, a rising number of problems managed at consultations and a higher likelihood that GPs order imaging tests for these problems, according to a new University of Sydney study released today.

The evolution of airplanes
In a new paper in the Journal of Applied Physics, researchers apply the Construcal Law to airplanes, showing 'that we can witness evolution in our lifetime by documenting the evolution of a flow system that is a little more than a century old: the flying 'human-and-machine species.'

New study reveals vulnerability of sharks as collateral damage in commercial fishing
A new study that examined the survival rates of 12 different shark species when captured as unintentional bycatch in commercial longline fishing operations found large differences in survival rates across the 12 species, with bigeye thresher, dusky, and scalloped hammerhead being the most vulnerable.

Self-cooling solar cells boost power, last longer
Scientists may have overcome one of the major hurdles in developing high-efficiency, long-lasting solar cells -- keeping them cool, even in the blistering heat of the noonday sun.

CEOs who motivate with 'fightin' words' shoot themselves in the foot
Heading into the war room to fire up the troops?

Vanderbilt study shows therapeutic bacteria prevent obesity in mice
A probiotic that prevents obesity could be on the horizon.

Fill 'er up: NIST develops prototype meter test for hydrogen refueling stations
To support the fair sale of gaseous hydrogen as a vehicle fuel, National Institute of Standards and Technology researchers have developed a prototype field test standard to test the accuracy of hydrogen fuel dispensers.

Natural-terrain schoolyards reduce children's stress, says Colorado University-Boulder study
Playing in schoolyards that feature natural habitats and trees and not just asphalt and recreation equipment reduces children's stress and inattention, according to a University of Colorado Boulder study.

'Mom the Chemistry Professor'
When is the 'right' time? How can women meet the demands of a professorship while caring for a young family?

Room for improvement in elementary school children's lunches and snacks from home
Open a child's lunch box and you're likely to find that the lunches and snacks inside fall short of federal guidelines, report researchers from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.

Supermaterial gives rejected drugs a new chance
More than 80 percent of all drug candidates in the pharma R&D suffer from poor solubility and are therefore rejected early in the drug discovery process.

Low strength brain stimulation may be effective for depression
Brain stimulation treatments, like electroconvulsive therapy and transcranial magnetic stimulation, are often effective for the treatment of depression.

VCU receives grant to study molecular marks left by childhood adverse experiences
Virginia Commonwealth University has received a five-year, $3 million grant to study how adverse experiences such as severe illnesses, neglect and maltreatment during childhood leave molecular marks in DNA that predict health risks later in life.

High-salt diet doubles threat of cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes
People with Type 2 diabetes who eat a diet high in salt face twice the risk of developing cardiovascular disease as those who consume less sodium, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Extra exercise helps depressed smokers kick the habit faster
People diagnosed with depression need to step out for a cigarette twice as often as smokers who are not dealing with a mood disorder.

High matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression induces microangiogenesis after cerebral infarction
Basement membrane degradation and blood-brain barrier damage appear after cerebral infarction, severely impacting neuronal and brain functioning.

You deserve it! Are consumers more likely to buy unique products when made to feel special?
Graduating from college is an important life event often attributed to being smart and working hard.

The 92 percent clean plate club
If you're a member of the Clean Plate Club -- you eat pretty much everything you put on your plate -- you're not alone!

Voice for radio? New research reveals it's in the cords
New research from the University of Sydney Voice Research Laboratory has discovered unique vocal cord vibration patterns might be the secret behind a good radio voice.

Cleveland Clinic researchers discover neuroprotective role of immune cell
A type of immune cell widely believed to exacerbate chronic adult brain diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis, can actually protect the brain from traumatic brain injury and may slow the progression of neurodegenerative diseases, according to Cleveland Clinic research published today in the online journal Nature Communications.

'Comb on a chip' powers new NIST/Caltech atomic clock design
NIST and CalTech researchers have demonstrated a novel design for a small atomic clock that is based on a chip-scale frequency comb, or a microcomb.

Alaska frogs reach record lows in extreme temperature survival
'Alaska wood frogs spend more time freezing and thawing outside than a steak does in your freezer and the frog comes back to life in the spring in better shape than the steak,' said Don Larson, University of Alaska Fairbanks graduate student and lead author on a recent paper demonstrating that freeze tolerance in Alaska wood frogs is more extreme than previously thought.

ASH honors Scott Armstrong, M.D., Ph.D., with 2014 William Dameshek Prize
The American Society of Hematology will present the 2014 William Dameshek Prize to Scott Armstrong, M.D., Ph.D., of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center for his exceptional work in leukemia research and cancer stem cell biology.

Trying to get kids to eat healthier? Don't tell them veggies are good for them
At some point, most kids will hear that drinking milk helps make their bones strong or that fish is food for the brain.

Bats use polarized light to navigate
The bats use the way the sun's light is scattered in the atmosphere at sunset to calibrate their internal magnetic compass, which helps them to fly in the right direction, a study published in Nature Communications has shown.

Empathy or justice: What makes consumers donate more to charity?
Have you ever received a request for help and wondered how deserving the recipients are of your donation?

Activity level may predict orthopedic outcomes
According to a literature review in the July issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, patients' activity level is a strong predictor for how well they will do with certain treatments and how well they recover from injuries after treatment.

Essays in English yield information about other languages
Grammatical habits in written English reveal linguistic features of non-native speakers' languages.

Ischemic preconditioning for cerebral infarction: Is it related to upregulation of VEGF?
Neuroprotection by ischemic preconditioning has been confirmed by many studies, but the precise mechanism remains unclear.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus detected in the air of a Saudi Arabian camel barn
Saudi Arabian researchers have detected genetic fragments of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus in the air of a barn holding a camel infected with the virus.

New water balance calculation for the Dead Sea
The drinking water resources on the eastern, Jordanian side of the Dead Sea could decline severe as a result of climate change than those on the western, Israeli and Palestinian side.

Distinctive developmental origin for a drainage tube in the eye
A Jackson Laboratory-based research team has conducted a comprehensive exploration of an eye structure known as Schlemm's canal: a key gatekeeper for the proper flow of eye fluid, presenting a number of insights relevant to glaucoma and other diseases.

Chinese scientists search for evidence of dark matter particles with new underground PandaX detector
Progress in the search for dark matter, whose gravitational effects and distribution will influence whether the universe continues expanding or ends in a Big Crunch, has been elusive.

Major dopamine system helps restore consciousness after general anesthesia, study finds
Researchers may be one step closer to better understanding how anesthesia works.

Stress can make hard-working mongooses less likely to help in the future
Researchers studying banded mongooses in Uganda have discovered that those who work hard to care for pups may be less likely to invest in future offspring in the same way due to elevated stress hormones.

Gene variant identified as a heart disease risk factor for women
New research from Western University published online this week in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology brings to light a genetic basis for heart disease in women and helps to identify which women are more prone to heart disease.

Technique simplifies the creation of high-tech crystals
Researchers propose a method to create precision crystals by adding polymer to a chemical mixture.

ASH honors Kanti R. Rai, M.D., with Coulter Award for Lifetime Achievement
The American Society of Hematology (ASH) will present the Society's highest honor, the 2014 Wallace H.

Creating optical cables out of thin air
Imagine being able to instantaneously run an optical cable or fiber to any point on earth, or even into space.

Rigid connections: Molecular basis of age-related memory loss explained
From telephone numbers to foreign vocabulary, our brains hold a seemingly endless supply of information.

Has Antarctic sea ice expansion been overestimated?
New research suggests that Antarctic sea ice may not be expanding as fast as previously thought.

I'll have what he's having? How consumers make choices about new products
Have you found yourself at a fancy restaurant trying to impress new friends or in a foreign country and unsure of what to order?

ASH honors Grover Bagby Jr., M.D., and John DiPersio, M.D., Ph.D., for outstanding mentorship
The American Society of Hematology will honor Grover C. Bagby Jr., M.D., and John F.

Death of a parent during childhood is associated with greater mortality in early adulthood
Experiencing the loss of a parent during childhood or adolescence is associated with a greater risk of mortality, according to a study published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Whole-genome sequencing of bulls in key beef and dairy breeds
An international collaboration known as the '1000 Bull Genomes Project' aims to accelerate breeding for desired traits in beef and dairy cattle while also improving animal health and welfare.

Hubble traces the halo of a galaxy more accurately than ever before
Astronomers using the NASA/European Space Agency Hubble Space Telescope have probed the extreme outskirts of the stunning elliptical galaxy Centaurus A.

The dopamine transporter
Michelle Sahai of the Weill Cornell Medical College uses the XSEDE-allocated Stampede supercomputer to study the dopamine transporter.

ASH honors Geraldine P. Schechter, M.D., and Timothy Springer, Ph.D., with 2014 Stratton Medal
The American Society of Hematology today announced that it will recognize Geraldine P.

UT Arlington big data team wins $600,000 NSF grant to build gene expression database
Heng Huang, an associate professor of computer and science engineering at UT Arlington, and professor Chris Ding, also of the UT Arlington Computer Science and Engineering department, will develop an interactive database of gene expressions of the fruit fly.

University of Utah researcher Robert Marc receives Paul Kayser International Award
Robert E. Marc, Ph.D., director of research at the University of Utah's John A.

The Optical Society launches Optica
The Optical Society today published the first issue of Optica, its new open-access, online-only journal dedicated to rapidly disseminating the highest-impact peer-reviewed research across the entire spectrum of optics and photonics.

Scientists to investigate effects of climate change on Chesapeake Bay
A Virginia Tech researcher will examine the effects of climate change on water quality in the Chesapeake Bay.

The 6th Latin American Conference on Lung Cancer (LALCA 2014)
The 6th Latin American Conference on Lung Cancer will be held Aug.

New model helps explain how provisions promote or reduce wildlife disease
Scientists have long known that providing supplemental food for wildlife, or resource provisioning, can sometimes cause more harm than good.

New study finds high school lacrosse players at risk for concussions, other injuries
In a study published online today by the American Journal of Sports Medicine, researchers found that high school players experienced 1,406 injuries over the four academic years from 2008 through 2012.

New planthopper species found in southern Spain
Not much is known about the genus of planthopper known as Conosimus, which now includes six species after a new one was recently discovered in the southern part of the Iberian Peninsula in the Spanish city of Jaen.

Viral therapy could boost limb-saving cancer treatment
Viruses designed to target and kill cancer cells could boost the effectiveness of chemotherapy to the arms and legs and help avoid amputation, a new study reports.

Communication between nostril/skin microbiome bacteria can influence pathogen behavior
A team of scientists has made an important discovery about the molecular interactions that occur between generally benign species of Propionibacterium bacteria and the pathogenic bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, the cause of most 'staph' infections.

In asthma, it's not just what you smell, but what you think you smell
New research from the Monell Center reveals that simply believing that an odor is potentially harmful can increase airway inflammation in asthmatics for at least 24 hours following exposure.

Retail pricing strategies: Do consumers prefer deep discounts or everyday low prices?
Sometimes finding the best bang for your buck feels like a wild goose chase.

UT Dallas professor receives Engineer of the Year award
Dr. Terry Baughn, a senior lecturer in mechanical engineering at UT Dallas, has been named Engineer of the Year by the North Texas section of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Enhanced NIST instrument enables high-speed chemical imaging of tissues
A NIST research team has demonstrated a dramatically improved technique for analyzing biological cells and tissues based on characteristic molecular vibrations.
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