Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 25, 2014
Scientists test nanoparticle 'alarm clock' to awaken immune systems put to sleep by cancer
Researchers explore ways to wake up the immune system with nanoparticles so it recognizes and attacks invading cancer cells.

Young earns GSA's 2014 Doris Schwartz Gerontological Nursing Research Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Heather M.

GW researcher receives grant to answer the how and why of autism during development
Anthony-Samuel LaMantia, Ph.D., professor of pharmacology and physiology at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, received a $739K grant from the Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative to study the link between autism and disrupted brain development.

Yeast meeting to showcase latest breakthroughs in genetics and molecular biology
Nearly 600 scientists from 25 countries and 35 states will attend the 2014 Yeast Genetics Meeting organized by the Genetics Society of America next week at the University of Washington in Seattle.

Exposure to dim light at night may make breast cancers resistant to tamoxifen
For rats bearing human breast tumors, exposure to dim light at night made the tumors resistant to the breast cancer drug tamoxifen, according to data published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Autophagy: A double-edged sword for neuronal survival after cerebral ischemia
A research team from the Sixth People's Hospital Affliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China and Zhoupu Hospital, Pudong New District, Shanghai, China, summarizes the potential role and possible signaling pathway of autophagy in neuronal survival after cerebral ischemia and proposes that autophagy has dual effects.

ASA launches national Perioperative Surgical Home learning collaborative
The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) today announced the launch of its ASA Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) Learning Collaborative, a national initiative designed to improve the patient experience before, during and after surgery.

Scalping can raise ticket prices
A new study by Victor Bennett, assistant professor of management and organization at the USC Marshall School of Business, along with colleagues at New York University and the Harvard Business School, finds that resale markets like Craigslist can add value to tickets sold by concert venues and Ticketmaster.

Climate change increases risk of crop slowdown in next 20 years
The world faces a small but substantially increased risk over the next two decades of a major slowdown in the growth of global corn and wheat yields because of climate change, according to National Center for Atmospheric Research and Stanford University research.

Physicists create tool to foresee language destruction impact and thus prevent it
Researchers defined parameters that estimate the speed of regression of a native language when replaced by one of its neighbouring languages.

ACR statement on cancer study regarding patient anxiety from CT lung cancer screening
Anxiety regarding inconclusive cancer screening test results among some patients is real and is only natural.

Researchers uncover the secret lymphatic identity of the Schlemm's canal
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, two research groups reveal that Schlemm's canal -- a specialized structure in the eye responsible for fluid drainage-shares features of lymphatic vessels, which maintain interstitial fluid homeostasis.

Magnets for fusion energy: A revolutionary manufacturing method developed
The National Institute for Fusion Science, of the National Institutes of Natural Sciences in Japan, has achieved an electrical current of 100,000 amperes, which is by far the highest in the world, by using the new idea of assembling the state-of-the-art yttrium-based high-temperature superconducting tapes to fabricate a large-scale magnet conductor.

OU physicist receives $1 million Keck Foundation grant
A University of Oklahoma physicist has received a $1 million grant from the W.M.

Study shows epigenetic changes can drive cancer
Researchers at the United States Department of Agriculture/Agricultural Research Service Children's Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital have now created a mouse model providing the first in vivo evidence that epigenetic alterations alone can cause cancer.

UT Arlington geophysicist awarded federal funds to study rock dynamics
W. Ashley Griffith, an assistant professor of earth and environmental sciences, said the new research could give the Army information on how to address hardened and deeply buried targets, but the results could also easily be applied to improving civil engineering methods.

Smoke from Canadian fires hover over Great Lakes
Canadian wildfires have been raging this summer and some of the smoke from those fires is drifting downward into the US.

Total darkness at night is key to success of breast cancer therapy -- Tulane study
Exposure to light at night, which shuts off nighttime production of the hormone melatonin, renders breast cancer completely resistant to tamoxifen, a widely used breast cancer drug, says a new study by Tulane University School of Medicine cancer researchers.

Bacteria manipulate salt to build shelters to hibernate
Spanish researchers have detected an unknown interaction between microorganisms and salt.

Brain tumor causes and risk factors elude scientists
Today, nearly 700,000 people in the US are living with a brain tumor, and yet, when it comes to pinpointing causes or risk factors, scientists are still searching for answers.

Manipulating key protein in the brain holds potential against obesity and diabetes
A protein that controls when genes are switched on or off plays a key role in specific areas of the brain to regulate metabolism, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found.

Quercetin alleviates high glucose-induced Schwann cell damage by autophagy
Quercetin alleviates high glucose-induced Schwann cell damage by autophagy.

Collecting just the right data
When you can't collect all the data you need, a new algorithm tells you which to target.

Vanderbilt study examines bacteria's ability to fight obesity
A probiotic that prevents obesity could be on the horizon.

New EMS system in Arizona dramatically improves survival from cardiac arrest
A new emergency medicine system that sent patients to designated cardiac receiving centers dramatically increased the survival rate of victims of sudden cardiac arrest in Arizona, according to a study published online in Annals of Emergency Medicine.

New licensing agreement could improve treatment options for children living with HIV
The Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation applauds the new licensing agreement between the Medicines Patent Pool and Gilead Sciences, Inc. to improve access to tenofovir alafenamide fumarate, a promising new HIV medication.

Slow walking speed and memory complaints can predict dementia
A study involving nearly 27,000 older adults on five continents found that nearly one in 10 met criteria for pre-dementia based on a simple test that measures how fast people walk and whether they have cognitive complaints.

Diffuse axonal injury after traumatic cerebral microbleeds: An imaging evaluation
An article reported on in the Neural Regeneration Research reviews the role of imaging data showing traumatic cerebral microbleeds in the evaluation of cerebral neuronal injury and neurofunctional loss.

Tropical Storm Genevieve forms in Eastern Pacific
The seventh tropical depression of the Eastern Pacific Ocean formed and quickly ramped up to a tropical storm named 'Genevieve.' The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's GOES-West satellite captured an infrared image of the newborn storm being trailed by two other areas of developing low pressure to its east.

Anti-inflammatory drug can prevent neuron loss in Parkinson's model
An experimental anti-inflammatory drug can protect vulnerable neurons and reduce motor deficits in a rat model of Parkinson's disease.

Burn scars in Eastern Russia
The burn scars on this false-color image from the Terra satellite show the different areas that have been affected by this year's rash of wildfires in Eastern Russia.

Informed consent: False positives not a worry in lung cancer study
A new study of participants in the National Lung Screening Trial finds that a false positive screen result -- a screening test in which initial findings of concern for cancer are later found not to be worrisome -- did not cause participants undue anxiety or reduced quality of life.

Why do men prefer nice women?: Responsiveness and desire
Does responsiveness increase sexual desire in the other person? Do men perceive responsive women as more attractive, and does the same hold true for women's perceptions of men?

University of Houston researcher publishes textbook on tissue engineering
Ravi Birla, associate professor of biomedical engineering at the University of Houston, has published his first book, 'Introduction to Tissue Engineering: Applications and Challenges.' The book offers a comprehensive guide to entering the field of artificial organ development.

Breakthrough laser experiment reveals liquid-like motion of atoms in an ultra-cold cluster
A new study by researchers from the University of Leicester has furthered our understanding of how tiny nanosystems function, unlocking the potential to create new materials using nanosized 'building blocks'.

Test increases odds of correct surgery for thyroid cancer patients
The routine use of a molecular testing panel increases the likelihood of performing the correct initial surgery for thyroid cancer patients by 30 percent, the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, partner with University of Pittsburgh Medical Center CancerCenter, reports in the Annals of Surgery.

Is Europe putting cancer research at risk?
The European Society for Medical Oncology has expressed concern that the proposed EU General Data Protection Regulation could make cancer research impossible and add a significant burden to both doctors and cancer patients.

Heart attack patients could be treated more quickly after Manchester research
Clinical judgement, combined with an electrocardiogram and blood test on arrival, is effective in reducing unnecessary hospital admissions for chest pain, a new study shows.

NASA maps Typhoon Matmo's Taiwan deluge
When Typhoon Matmo crossed over the island nation of Taiwan it left tremendous amounts of rainfall in its wake.

First national study finds trees saving lives, reducing respiratory problems
In the first broad-scale estimate of air pollution removal by trees nationwide, US Forest Service scientists and collaborators calculated that trees are saving more than 850 human lives a year and preventing 670,000 incidences of acute respiratory symptoms.

Fire ecology manipulation by California native cultures
Before the colonial era, 100,000s of people lived on the land now called California, and many of their cultures manipulated fire to control the availability of plants they used for food, fuel, tools, and ritual.

Clearing cells to prevent cervical cancer
A study published online in the International Journal of Cancer earlier this month describes a novel approach to preventing cervical cancer based on findings showing successful reduction in the risk of cervical cancer after removal of a discrete population of cells in the cervix.

NSU researcher part of team studying ways to better predict intensity of hurricanes
While predicting the path of hurricanes has gotten better, little has been done to improve predicting a storm's intensity.
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