Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 27, 2014
The Lancet: New oral drug regimens cure hardest-to-treat hepatitis C
Two new pill-only antiviral drug regimens could provide shorter, more effective treatment options with fewer side effects for the majority of patients infected with hepatitis C, even those most difficult to treat, according to the results of two studies published in The Lancet.

Stanford team achieves 'holy grail' of battery design: A stable lithium anode
The Stanford team's nanosphere layer resembles a honeycomb: it creates a flexible, uniform and non-reactive film that protects the unstable lithium from the drawbacks that have made it such a challenge.

New tools help neuroscientists analyze 'big data'
New technologies for monitoring brain activity are generating unprecedented quantities of information.

Online information most cost-effective means of increasing MMR uptake, research finds
Giving parents access to a website containing information about the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine is the most cost-effective way of increasing its uptake, new University of Leeds research has found.

Scientists discover new, noncommittal mechanism of drug resistance
Microorganisms like bacteria and fungi can evade treatment by acquiring mutations in the genes targeted by antibiotics or antifungal drugs.

Study: Climate change and air pollution will combine to curb food supplies
Many studies have shown the potential for global climate change to cut food supplies.

The Lancet: 1 in 3,000 blood donors in England infected with hepatitis E
The first systematic analysis of hepatitis E virus transmission by blood components indicates that about 1 in 3000 donors in England have hepatitis E in their plasma.

Drugs used to treat lung disease work with the body clock
Scientists from The University of Manchester have discovered why medication to treat asthma and pneumonia can become ineffective.

The source of the sky's X-ray glow
In findings that help astrophysicists understand our corner of the galaxy, an international research team has shown that the soft X-ray glow blanketing the sky comes from both inside and outside the solar system.

Surgical safety program greatly reduces surgical site infections for heart operations
A common postoperative complication after open heart operations -- infection at the surgical site -- has been reduced by 77 percent at a Canadian hospital through its participation in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP), according to a new case study presented at the 2014 ACS NSQIP National Conference.

Smartphone app and specialized clinic for chronic fatigue patients
Sufferers of chronic fatigue syndrome are set to benefit with the dual launch of a specialist Griffith University clinic and smartphone app, both aimed to manage their illness and improve health outcomes.

New drug target can break down cancer's barrier against treatment
Scientists have found that a molecule -- focal adhesion kinase -- signals the body to repair itself after chemotherapy or radiotherapy, which kill cancer cells by damaging DNA.

Study shows new link between obesity in the young and the lowering of age of puberty
A new link has been identified between obesity in childhood and the lowering of the age of puberty.

NIH scientists find 6 new genetic risk factors for Parkinson's
Using data from over 18,000 patients, scientists have identified more than two dozen genetic risk factors involved in Parkinson's disease, including six that had not been previously reported.

Kidney transplant drug halves the early risk of rejection and allows less toxic treatment
Oxford University scientists have shown that a powerful drug given at the time of a kidney transplant operation not only halves the early risk of rejection, but that it also allows a less toxic regimen of anti-rejection drugs to be used after the operation.
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