Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 01, 2014
O'Neill to receive GSA's 2014 Joseph T. Freeman Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Desmond 'Des' O'Neill of Tallaght Hospital Dublin and Trinity College Dublin as the 2014 recipient of the Joseph T.

Final flight of European space vehicle to Space Station goes out with a 'Big Bang'
The fifth and final mission of the European Space Agency Automated Transfer Vehicle, named for Belgian physicist Georges Lemaître, the father of the big-bang theory, launched July 29 and is delivering new research to the International Space Station.

'Fracking' in the dark: Biological fallout of shale-gas production still largely unknown
Eight conservation biologists from various organizations and institutions, including Princeton University, found that shale-gas extraction in the United States has vastly outpaced scientists' understanding of the industry's environmental impact.

'Active' surfaces control what's on them
Researchers at MIT and in Saudi Arabia have developed a new way of making surfaces that can actively control how fluids or particles move across them.

Scientists solve 2,000-year-old mystery of the binding media in China's polychrome Terracotta Army
The sculpted Terracotta Warriors positioned to protect the afterlife palaces of China's First Emperor Qin Shihuang (259-210 B.C.) were originally painted to resemble their real-life counterparts: Qin's imperial guards.

Society bloomed with gentler personalities and more feminine faces
A Duke University study finds that human skulls changed in ways that indicate a lowering of testosterone levels at around the same time that culture was blossoming.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Halong's 'best side'
NASA satellite data showed Tropical Storm Halong's 'best side' or most powerful side was east of its center.

The interpretation of healthy eating and a curriculum to prevent childhood obesity
The Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior (JNEB) announces the 2014 Best Article and Best Great Educational Material (GEM) awards, which were presented at the Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior annual conference, 'Nutrition Education Impact: Local to Global,' in Milwaukee, Wis., June 28-July 1, 2014.

A hellacious two weeks on Jupiter's moon Io
During a year-long series of observations of Jupiter's volcanically active moon, Io, UC Berkeley astronomers Imke de Pater and graduate student Katherine de Kleer observed within a two week period in August 2013 three of the largest outbursts ever seen on the moon, all probably involving lava erupting through fissures in curtains of fire.

Suitor to receive GSA's 2014 Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen J.

Management of anticoagulant-associated intracerebral hemorrhage
This supplement covers the current knowledge of anticoagulant-associated intracerebral hemorrhage and methods in use for management of the condition.

Expressive writing may help breast cancer survivors
Writing down fears, emotions and the benefits of a cancer diagnosis may improve health outcomes for Asian-American breast cancer survivors, according to a study conducted by a researcher at the University of Houston.

Light pulses control graphene's electrical behavior
Finding could allow ultrafast switching of conduction, and possibly lead to new broadband light sensors.

'Normal' bacteria vital for keeping intestinal lining intact
Scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have found that bacteria that aid in digestion help keep the intestinal lining intact.

On-chip topological light
First came the concept of topological light. Then came images of topological light moving around a microchip.

Scientists name new species of cetacean: The Australian humpback dolphin
Scientists examining a taxonomically confused group of marine mammals have officially named a species new to science: the Australian humpback dolphin, Sousa sahulensis, according to the Wildlife Conservation Society and Clymene Enterprises.

Study reveals one reason brain tumors are more common in men
New research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

A map for eye disease
Vision specialists at the University of Iowa have created the most detailed molecular map of a region of the human eye associated with disease, including age-related macular degeneration.

NASA finds heavy rainfall and wind shear in newborn Tropical Storm Bertha
The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite known as TRMM found rain was falling heavily in the Atlantic Ocean's second tropical storm of the hurricane season.

Cordilleran terrane collage
In the August 2014 issue of LITHOSPHERE, Steve Israel of the Yukon Geological Survey and colleagues provide conclusions regarding the North American Cordillera that they say 'are provocative in that they blur the definition of tectonic terranes, showing that many observations of early geologists can be attributed to evolving geologic processes rather than disparate geologic histories.'

New research characterizes in-flight pediatric deaths
In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers at University Hospitals Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital found that lap infants may be at greater risk for death on a commercial airline flight.

Harrington Meyer, Leist, Hessel, Avendano to receive GSA's 2014 Kalish awards
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Madonna Harrington Meyer, Ph.D., of Syracuse University; Anja K.

Scientists warn time to stop drilling in the dark
The co-authors of a new study, including two Simon Fraser University research associates, cite new reasons why scientists, industry representatives and policymakers must collaborate closely on minimizing damage to the natural world from shale gas development.

Best evidence yet for coronal heating theory detected by NASA sounding rocket
Scientists have recently gathered some of the strongest evidence to date to explain what makes the sun's outer atmosphere so much hotter than its surface.

2014 ESC/ESA Guidelines on non-cardiac surgery: Cardiovascular assessment and management
Worldwide, non-cardiac surgery is associated with an average overall complication rate of between 7 and 11 percent and a mortality rate between 0.8 and 1.5 percent, depending on safety precautions.

Preterm children do not have an increased risk for dyscalculia
Preterm children do not suffer from dyscalculia more often than healthy full term children.

Female baby boomers with asthma? You may need help
Women over the age of 65 who have asthma, are also likely to have a range of other health-related issues which are barriers to them staying healthy.

Taking the guesswork out of cancer therapy
Researchers and doctors at A*STAR's Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, Singapore General Hospital and National Cancer Centre Singapore have co-developed the first molecular test kit that can predict treatment and survival outcomes in kidney cancer patients.

Chemists develop MRI technique for peeking inside battery-like devices
A team of chemists from NYU and the University of Cambridge has developed a method for examining the inner workings of battery-like devices called supercapacitors, which can be charged up extremely quickly and can deliver high electrical power.

UC Davis memory researcher wins Pentagon grant
A UC Davis neuroscientist has received a $2.6 million grant from the US Department of Defense to study mechanisms of memory.

'Wetting' a battery's appetite for renewable energy storage
A new liquid metal alloy material enables sodium-beta batteries to operate at lower temperatures, which could help the batteries store more renewable energy and strengthen the power grid.

Lewis to receive GSA's 2014 Excellence in Rehabilitation of Aging Persons Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Carole B.

NASA eyes powerful bands of thunderstorms in newborn Tropical Storm Iselle
Tropical Storm Iselle was born in the Eastern Pacific Ocean soon after NASA's Aqua satellite gathered infrared imagery on the storm that showed powerful thunderstorms wrapping into developing storm's center.

Plastic surgeons or nurses: Who are the better injectors?
In recent years, minimally invasive aesthetic injectable procedures have grown in popularity as more and more men and women are seeking age-defying treatments.

LSUHSC Nursing awarded $1 million grant to improve care for veterans
The Health Resources and Services Administration has awarded the LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Nursing an Advanced Nursing Education grant in the amount of $1,049,739 over three years.

Electronic reminders can help patients prevent surgical site infections
The use of electronic reminders such as text messages, emails or voicemails is highly effective at getting surgical patients to adhere to a preadmission antiseptic showering regimen known to help reduce risk of surgical site infections, according to a first-of-its-kind study published in the August issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Curran to receive GSA's 2014 Nathan Shock New Investigator Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Sean P.

Georgia Tech jailbreaks iOS 7.1.2
Security researchers at the Georgia Tech Information Security Center have discovered a way to jailbreak current generation Apple iOS devices -- e.g., iPhones and iPads -- running the latest iOS software.

Reptile Database surpasses 10,000 reptile species
More than 10,000 reptile species have been recorded into the Reptile Database, a web-based catalog of all living reptile species and classification, making the reptile species among the most diverse vertebrate groups in the world, alongside bird and fish species.

CRF announces late-breaking trials and first report investigations for TCT 2014
The Cardiovascular Research Foundation has announced the late-breaking trials and first report investigations that will be presented at next month's Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) 2014 scientific symposium.

Analysis of African plant reveals possible treatment for aging brain
Salk scientists find that a plant used for centuries by healers of São Tomé e Príncipe holds lessons for modern medicine.

Potential treatment and prevention of Parkinson's disease
Max Planck researchers show that two products of the gene DJ-1 can increase the survival of neurons.

Recent use of some birth control pills may increase breast cancer risk
Women who recently used birth control pills containing high-dose estrogen and a few other formulations had an increased risk for breast cancer, whereas women using some other formulations did not, according to data published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Mapping the optimal route between two quantum states
As a quantum state collapses from a quantum superposition to a classical state or a different superposition, it will follow a path known as a quantum trajectory.

NUS study shows effectiveness of common anti-malarial drug in controlling asthma
Associate professor Fred Wong from the Department of Pharmacology at the NUS Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine led a team to discover that artesunate, a common herbal-based anti-malarial drug, can be used to control asthma, with better treatment outcomes than other drugs currently available.

History of culture visualized through art history, physics, complexity
Schich and his fellow researchers reconstructed the migration and mobility patterns of more than 150,000 notable individuals over a time span of 2,000 years.

Understanding how neurons regulate metabolism in response to a high-fat diet
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation demonstrates that PPARγ activity in a type of neuron known as pro-opiomelanocortin neurons is critical in mediating the response to high-fat diet.

Advances in assisted reproduction create more options and new legal issues for LGBT couples
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals who want to conceive a child may face the same problems as some of their heterosexual and cisgendered peers, such as reduced fertility, but in addition they often face additional physiological and legal challenges to become parents.

Pepper and halt: Spicy chemical may inhibit gut tumors
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that dietary capsaicin -- the active ingredient in chili peppers -- produces chronic activation of a receptor on cells lining the intestines of mice, triggering a reaction that ultimately reduces the risk of colorectal tumors.

A train of 5 tropical cyclones in the Central and Eastern Pacific
A train of developing tropical low pressure areas stretch from the Eastern Pacific Ocean into the Central Pacific and they were captured in an image from NOAA's GOES-West satellite on Aug.

For bats and dolphins, hearing gene prestin adapted for echolocation
In a new study published in the advanced online edition of Molecular Biology and Evolution, Peng Shi, et al., have shown that prestin has also independently evolved to play a critical role in the ultrasonic hearing range of animal sonar, or echolocation, to help dolphins navigate through murky waters or bats find food in the dark.

Jailed family member increases risks for kids' adult health
People whose childhood included a member of the household becoming imprisoned have an 18-percent greater risk of reporting lower overall health quality in adulthood, a new study finds.

New guidelines help keep asthma out of 'yellow zone'
New guidelines to assist patients in recognizing and treating acute loss of asthma control.

Clues to curbing obesity found in neuronal 'sweet spot'
Preventing weight gain, obesity, and ultimately diabetes could be as simple as keeping a nuclear receptor from being activated in a small part of the brain, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers.
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