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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | August 29, 2014


Report advocates improved police training
A new report released yesterday by the Mental Health Commission of Canada identifies ways to improve the mental health training and education that police personnel receive.
Managing coasts under threat from climate change and sea-level rise
Coastal regions under threat from climate change and sea-level rise need to tackle the more immediate threats of human-led and other non-climatic changes, according to a team of international scientists.
Intervention needed for survivors of childhood burns
Adults who have been hospitalized for a burn as a child experience higher than usual rates of depression and suicidal thoughts, according to new research at the University of Adelaide.
Science advice to governments comes of age at Auckland conference
Responding to the increasingly global nature of societal challenges, practitioners of science advice to governments formed a global network to share practice and strengthen their ties, at the first global conference on science advice to governments, which was held in Auckland, New Zealand this week.
Revealing a novel mode of action for an osteoporosis drug
Raloxifene is a US Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment for decreasing fracture risk in osteoporosis.
New research reveals how wild rabbits were genetically transformed into tame rabbits
Until recently, little has been known about what genetic changes transform wild animals into domesticated ones.
Hydrogen powers important nitrogen-transforming bacteria
An international team of scientists led by Holger Daims, a microbiologist at the University of Vienna, has now shown that nitrite-oxidizing bacteria can use hydrogen as an alternative source of energy.
Assortativity signatures of transcription factor networks contribute to robustness
The assortativity signature of transcription factor networks is an indication of robustness.
China's reform of R&D budget management doesn't go far enough
China's budget management is lagging behind countries which spend similar amounts on research and development, and recent reform has not gone far enough.
Leading Ebola researcher at UTMB says there's an effective treatment for Ebola
A leading US Ebola researcher from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has gone on record stating that a blend of three monoclonal antibodies can completely protect monkeys against a lethal dose of Ebola virus up to five days after infection, at a time when the disease is severe.
Ready for mating at the right time
Fish rely on pheromones to trigger social responses and to coordinate reproductive behavior in males and females.
Evidence mounting that older adults who volunteer are happier, healthier
Older adults who stay active by volunteering are getting more out of it than just an altruistic feeling -- they are receiving a health boost!
Not all phytoplankton in the ocean need to take their vitamins
Some species of marine phytoplankton, such as the prolific bloomer Emiliania huxleyi, can grow without consuming vitamin B1 (thiamine), researchers have discovered.
CCNY team defines new biodiversity metric
To understand how the repeated climatic shifts over the last 120,000 years may have influenced today's patterns of genetic diversity, a team of researchers led by City College of New York biologist Dr.
On the search for 'new physics'
The participants will be focusing on subjects such as the physics of the Higgs particle, the search for 'new physics,' and the corresponding unifying theory that will greatly expand our understanding of elementary particles and fundamental forces.
Rapamycin or FK506, which is better for SCs migration and peripheral nerve repair
Rapamycin promoted the secretion of nerve growth factors and upregulated growth-associated protein 43 expression in Schwann cells, but did not significantly affect Schwann cell proliferation.
Options for weight loss your primary care doctor might not know about
Despite US Preventive Services Task Force recommendations for screening and treating obesity, there are many barriers, several of which may be ameliorated through technological approaches according to a new study by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center published online Aug.
'Face time' for the heart diagnoses cardiac disease
To the careful observer, a person's face has long provided insight into what is going on beneath the surface.
Mice study shows efficacy of new gene therapy approach for toxin exposures
New research led by Charles Shoemaker, Ph.D., professor in the Department of Infectious Disease and Global Health at the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, shows that gene therapy may offer significant advantages in prevention and treatment of botulism exposure over current methods.
Snails tell of the rise and fall of the Tibetan Plateau
The rise of the Tibetan plateau -- the largest topographic anomaly above sea level on Earth -- is important for both its profound effect on climate and its reflection of continental dynamics.
Plug n' play protein crystals
Virus particles can be efficiently packed into crystalline assemblies according to scientists from Aalto University Finland.
MERS: Low transmissibility, dangerous illness
The MERS coronavirus has caused disease outbreaks across the Arabian Peninsula and spread to Europe several times.
Study reveals how Ebola blocks immune system
Researchers have identified one way the Ebola virus dodges the body's antiviral defenses, providing important insight that could lead to new therapies.
Preventing cancer from forming 'tentacles' stops dangerous spread
A new study from the research group of Dr. John Lewis at the University of Alberta and the Lawson Health Research Institute has confirmed that 'invadopodia' play a key role in the spread of cancer.
NASA sees Hurricane Cristobal racing through North Atlantic
Satellite imagery shows Hurricane Cristobal racing through the North Atlantic on Friday, August 29 while losing its tropical characteristics.
Reducing water scarcity possible by 2050
It is possible to significantly reduce water scarcity in just over 35 years, according to researchers from McGill University and Utrecht University.
Mysteries of space dust revealed
The first analysis of space dust collected by a special collector onboard NASA's Stardust mission and sent back to Earth for study in 2006 suggests the tiny specks open a door to studying the origins of the solar system and possibly the origin of life itself.
Meaningful relationships can help you thrive
Deep and meaningful relationships play a vital role in overall well-being.
Can YouTube save your life?
Only a handful of CPR and basic life support videos available on YouTube provide instructions which are consistent with recent health guidelines, according to a new study published in Emergency Medicine Australasia, the journal for the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine.
Scientists sequence complete genome of E. coli strain responsible for food poisoning
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have produced the first complete genome sequencing of a strain of E. coli that is a common cause of outbreaks of food poisoning in the United States.
$1.25 million NIH grant to aid research on impact of heroin use
The University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work is the recipient of a 5-year, $1.25 million grant from the National Institute of Drug Abuse at the National Institutes of Health to study the long-term use and health consequences of heroin use.
CU scientists' discovery could lead to new cancer treatment
A team of scientists from the University of Colorado School of Medicine has reported the breakthrough discovery of a process to expand production of stem cells used to treat cancer patients.
Factor in naked mole rat's cells enhances protein integrity
Scientists from the Barshop Institute for Longevity and Aging Studies at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio found a factor in naked mole rat cells that could be one of the secrets to how the rodent defies aging.
International experts in oxidation catalysis contribute to Imperial College Press handbook
Controlling the oxidation powerful of the catalysts allows scientists either to eliminate extremely toxic compounds or to produce chemical compounds of high-added values.
Aging Africa
In the September issue of GSA Today, Paul Bierman of the University of Vermont-Burlington and colleagues present a cosmogenic view of erosion, relief generation, and the age of faulting in southernmost Africa.
Prevent premature deaths from heart failure, urges the Heart Failure Association
The Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology is calling for global policy change relating to heart failure.
NASA animation shows Hurricane Marie winding down
NOAA's GOES-West satellite keeps a continuous eye on the Eastern Pacific and has been covering Hurricane Marie since birth.
Astrophysicists report radioactive cobalt in supernova explosion
A group of Russian astrophysicists, including researchers from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, have detected the formation of radioactive cobalt during a supernova explosion, lending credence to a corresponding theory of supernova explosions.
New ESC registries launched on cardiac oncology and ACS
New ESC registries are being launched on cardiac oncology and acute coronary syndromes (ACS).
ESC launches journal on CV pharmacotherapy
A new ESC journal on cardiovascular pharmacotherapy is launched today at ESC Congress by the ESC and Oxford University Press.
Mobile app on emergency cardiac care aids best decisions in seconds
The ACCA Clinical Decision-Making Toolkit mobile app is now available on the App Store and Google Play.
Real tremors, or drug-seeking patient? New app can tell
New University of Toronto smartphone uses data from built-in accelerometer to measure the frequency of alcohol withdrawal tremors.
Breakthrough in light sources for new quantum technology
One of the most promising technologies for future quantum circuits are photonic circuits, i.e. circuits based on light (photons) instead of electrons (electronic circuits).
Argonne scientists pioneer strategy for creating new materials
Making something new is never easy. Scientists constantly theorize about new materials, but when the material is manufactured it doesn't always work as expected.
Antidepressants show potential for postoperative pain
Anesthesiologists at Queen's examine studies where antidepressants were prescribed for pain after surgery.
The early cost of HIV
Researchers at UC Davis have made some surprising discoveries about the body's initial responses to HIV infection.

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