Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 05, 2014
Stigma as a barrier to mental health care
Despite the availability of effective evidence-based treatment, about 40 percent of individuals with serious mental illness do not receive care and many who begin an intervention fail to complete it.

Novel immunotherapy vaccine decreases recurrence in HER2 positive breast cancer patients
A new breast cancer vaccine candidate, GP2, provides further evidence of the potential of immunotherapy in preventing disease recurrence.

Non-communicable diseases: Academia joins forces to seek stronger research partnerships
On Sept. 8-9, researchers from a consortium of US universities working globally to address non-communicable diseases will come together to share ideas, engage potential collaborators, and identify funding opportunities to support their vital work in the field of NCD prevention, treatment and advocacy.

E-cigarettes: Studies presented at the ERS Congress
The latest evidence on the potential benefits and risks of e-cigarettes has been presented this week at the European Respiratory Society's International Congress in Munich.

Breast cancer specialist reports advance in treatment of triple-negative breast cancer
William M. Sikov, M.D., in the Program in Women's Oncology at Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island served as study chair and lead author for a recently-published major national study that could lead to improvements in outcomes for women with triple-negative breast cancer, an aggressive form of the disease that disproportionately affects younger women.

Past sexual assault triples risk of future assault for college women
Disturbing news for women on college campuses: a new study from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions indicates that female college students who are victims of sexual assault are at a much higher risk of becoming victims again.

Caffeine therapy for apnea of prematurity does not have long-term harmful effects on sleep
Caffeine therapy for apnea of prematurity has no long-term harmful effects on sleep or control of breathing, according to a new study of 201 preterm children assessed at ages 5-12, the first study in humans to examine the long-term effects of neonatal caffeine treatment on sleep regulation and ventilatory control.

Syracuse University physicists explore biomimetic clocks
Working with a team of scientists from the Technical University of Munich, Brandeis University, and Leiden University in the Netherlands, M.

Three Clemson startups get funding to grow
Clemson University Research Foundation announced that three Clemson startup companies have each received $25,000 in seed money from the University Sponsored Application Program offered by SC Launch.

Like weeds of the sea, 'brown tide' algae exploit nutrient-rich coastlines
A new study by researchers at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and Stony Brook University highlights up close the survival skills that have made Aureococcus anophagefferens the bane of fishermen, boaters and real-estate agents.

Ebola and Ethics Panel at Johns Hopkins -- live stream Monday, Sept. 8, 12:15 p.m.
Experts at Johns Hopkins will discuss the ethical issues of the Ebola response thus far, and an ethical path forward as the crisis deepens.

Feinstein Institute presents Cerami Award to Karolinska Institutet researcher
The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and Molecular Medicine announced today that it will confer the second Anthony Cerami Award in Translational Medicine to Göran K.

Banked blood grows stiffer with age, study finds
It may look like fresh blood and flow like fresh blood, but the longer blood is stored, the less it can carry oxygen into the tiny microcapillaries of the body, says a new study from University of Illinois researchers.

EUR 750,000 in funding for new Competence Center for HPC in the Natural Sciences at Mainz
The Carl Zeiss Foundation will be providing a total of EUR 750,000 over four years to fund the Competence Center for HPC in the Natural Sciences at the Institute of Computer Science of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz.

Brain mechanism underlying the recognition of hand gestures develops even when blind
Japanese researchers figured out that activated brain regions of congenitally blind individuals and activated brain regions of sighted individuals share common regions when recognizing human hand gestures.

Dietary recommendations may be tied to increased greenhouse gas emissions
If Americans altered their menus to conform to federal dietary recommendations, emissions of heat-trapping greenhouse gases tied to agricultural production could increase significantly, according to a new study by University of Michigan researchers.

Kent State researchers to develop mobile app for Cuyahoga Valley National Park
A $972,000 NSF grant to researchers at Kent State University will result in a mobile device app to help visitors to Cuyahoga Valley National Park learn about the park's history and ecology and become 'citizen scientists' by sharing their findings.

Synthetic messenger boosts immune system
Specific immune cells, known as T lymphocytes, have to be activated so that the body can develop long-term protection against infections.

Boston University Medical Center receives grant funding from Cardinal Health Foundation
The Cardinal Health Foundation announced it has awarded Virginia R.

USF awarded $1.3 million to expand research to prevent back injury in firefighters
The University of South Florida's John Mayer, D.C., Ph.D., recently received a $1.3 million Department of Homeland Security/Federal Emergency Management Agency Assistance to Firefighters grant -- an award that will help build upon cumulative research evaluating the effectiveness of targeted exercise programs to reduce the risk of low back pain and disability in firefighters.

Near-extinct African amphibians 'invisible' under climate change
An international team of researchers has found that the majority of threatened species are 'invisible' when using modern methods to predict species distributions under climate change.

Keryx Biopharmaceuticals receives FDA approval of ferric citrate
Keryx Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. today announced that the US Food and Drug Administration approved ferric citrate, formerly known as Zerenex, for the control of serum phosphorus levels in patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis.

NASA adds up heavy rainfall from Hurricane Norbert
As Hurricane Norbert continued dropping heavy amounts of rainfall on Mexico's Baja California on Sept.

California blue whales rebound from whaling, first of their kin to do so
The number of California blue whales has rebounded to near historical levels, according to new research by the University of Washington, and while the number of blue whales struck by ships is likely above allowable US limits, such strikes do not immediately threaten that recovery.

New study reveals strong link between higher levels of pollution and lung health of European citizen
New data has identified a clear link between higher levels of exposure to air pollution and deteriorating lung health in adult European citizens.

It's the pits: Ancient peach stones offer clues to fruit's origins
Anyone who enjoys biting into a sweet, fleshy peach can now give thanks to the people who first began domesticating this fruit: Chinese farmers who lived 7,500 years ago.

The future of ultrascale computing under study
Some 200 scientists from more than 40 countries are researching what the next generation of ultrascale computing systems will be like.

Combination microRNA therapy shown to suppress non-small-cell lung cancer
New findings show that a combination of two microRNAs suppressed tumor growth in an an animal model of non-small-cell lung cancer.

Study: Viral infection in nose can trigger middle ear infection
Middle ear infections, which affect more than 85 percent of children under the age of 3, can be triggered by a viral infection in the nose rather than solely by a bacterial infection, according to researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

Social support: How to thrive through close relationships
Close and caring relationships are undeniably linked to health and well-being for all ages.

Research finds no association between wearing a bra and breast cancer
A population-based case-control study found no association between bra wearing and increased breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women, according to research published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Glanville fritillary genome sequenced at the University of Helsinki
The Glanville fritillary is now the third species of butterfly in the world for which the full genome sequence and a high-resolution genetic map are available.

Disease in a dish approach could aid Huntington's disease discovery
Yerkes scientists have applied iPS technology to a model of Huntington's disease in transgenic nonhuman primates, allowing them to conveniently assess the efficacy of potential therapies on neuronal cells in the laboratory.

New blood test could offer more tailored treatment of ovarian cancer
Researchers from the University of Manchester and The Christie NHS Foundation Trust -- both part of Manchester Cancer Research Centre -- say the test could be developed and used in hospitals within the next few years.

Thousands of nuclear loci via target enrichment and genome skimming
A new approach in next-generation sequencing, called Hyb-Seq, uses targeted sequence capture via hybridization-based enrichment and makes it possible to sequence hundreds of genes at one time.

IBD patients: Consider giving infliximab a second try
Restarting infliximab therapy after a drug holiday is safe and effective for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a new study in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.

UT Southwestern researchers find new gene mutations for Wilms Tumor
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center and the Gill Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders at Children's Medical Center, Dallas, have made significant progress in defining new genetic causes of Wilms tumor, a type of kidney cancer found only in children. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to