Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 08, 2014
Two UT Arlington professors honored by Indian colleagues
The NRI Welfare Society of India has awarded two of its annual honors to a pair of University of Texas at Arlington professors noted for their contributions to the field of chemistry and biochemistry.

NASA sees post-Tropical Cyclone Norbert fading near Baja California
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Storm Norbert on Sept.

Plant diversity in China vital for global food security
With climate change threatening global food supplies, new research claims the rich flora of China could be crucial to underpin food security in the future.

Media event: GM awards Carnegie's BioEYES environmental education grant
The General Motors Corporation is presenting a $5,000.00 award to Carnegie's BioEYES K-12 educational program on Sept.

Penn team finds ovarian cancer oncogene in 'junk DNA'
A Penn team has mined 'junk DNA' sequences to identify a non-protein-coding RNA whose expression is linked to ovarian cancer.

Religious youths are less likely to experiment with drugs and alcohol, Baylor study finds
Young people who regularly attend religious services and describe themselves as religious are less likely to experiment with drugs and alcohol, according to a new study.

Too many kids with asthma, food allergies lack school emergency plans
Only one in four students with asthma and half of children with food allergies have emergency health management plans in school, leaving schools inadequately prepared to manage daily needs and handle medical emergencies related to often life-threatening medical conditions, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study in partnership with Chicago Public Schools.

Whale sex: It's all in the hips
Whales and dolphins need their hips, it turns out. The bones that we used to believe were vestigial turn out to be important to reproduction.

Brain injuries no match for sPIF treatment
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine and their colleagues have uncovered a new pathway to help treat perinatal brain injuries.

New compound inhibits enzyme crucial to MERS and SARS viruses, with a catch
Scientists at the University of Illinois, Chicago, have identified a compound that effectively inhibits an enzyme crucial to the viruses that cause Middle East respiratory syndrome and severe acute respiratory syndrome.

Giving the breath of life to infants
An innovative new resuscitation technique being tested in a clinical trial in Edmonton is giving hope to parents whose children need medical assistance moments after being born.

Fish as good as chimpanzees at choosing the best partner for a task
Latest research shows that coral trout can now join chimpanzees as the only non-human species that can choose the right situation and the right partner to get the best result when collaboratively working.

Scientists apply biomedical technique to reveal changes in body of the ocean
For decades, doctors have developed methods to diagnose how different types of cells and systems in the body are functioning.

Study finds tear gas could have temporary impact on lung health
The effects of tear gas are not just short term and could be experienced for up to two weeks after the event, according to a new study.

Enigmatic Viking fortress discovered in Denmark
On fields at Vallø Estate, near Køge, they have discovered traces of a massive Viking fortress built with heavy timbers and earthen embankments.

New research shows that there could be increased numbers of psychopaths in senior managerial positions and high levels of business
A breakthrough by a talented University of Huddersfield student has shown for the first time that people with psychopathic tendencies who have high IQs can mask their symptoms by manipulating tests designed to reveal their personalities.

Input from a psychologist can help improve asthma symptoms
Psychological input into the treatment and management of people with severe asthma can help improve their symptoms, according to a new study.

UT Arlington genomic data-mining framework to aid manufacturers discover desired materials
A UT Arlington computer and data scientist has won a $250,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop a scalable data-mining framework that will help manufacturers quickly discover desired materials for building their products.

InSilico Medicine salutes Calico and AbbVie partnership, paves way for Basel conference
InSilico Medicines honors the recent Calico and AbbVie collaboration, paving a pathway in aging research and development.

Notch1 and osteoblasts play role in bone cancer initiation
A new mouse model of osteogenic sarcoma, a potentially deadly form of bone cancer, shows that high levels of Notch1, a gene that helps determine cell fate, can drive osteoblasts, cells that normally lead to bone formation, to become cancerous, said researchers from Baylor College of Medicine in a report in the journal Cancer Cell.

Targeted immune booster removes toxic proteins in mouse model of Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease experts at NYU Langone Medical Center and elsewhere are reporting success in specifically harnessing a mouse's immune system to attack and remove the buildup of toxic proteins in the brain that are markers of the deadly neurodegenerative disease.

NASA catches the end of Tropical Depression 14W
Tropical Depression 14W was a short-lived storm that only lasted through four bulletins from the Joint Typhoon Warning Center.

New knowledge of cannabis paves the way for drug development
Revolutionary nanotechnology method could help improve the development of new medicine and reduce costs.

Simeprevir in hepatitis C: Added benefit for certain patients
Certain patients with hepatitis genotype 1 infection -- without HIV infection -- have fewer symptoms or side effects.

Scientists take a look at the feel-good benefits of belly dance
Belly dancers have fewer hang-ups about their bodies. Most women who participate in this torso-driven dance do so because it is fun and they get to perform interesting moves -- not because they necessarily feel sexier while doing so.

A bird-pollinated flower with a rather ingenious twist
When researchers studying several bird-pollinated species of Impatiens flowers in the mountains of western Cameroon noticed one with an odd, upwardly curving nectar spur, they couldn't imagine how any sunbird could ever sip from it.

Rapid and durable protection against ebola virus with new vaccine regimens
One shot of an experimental vaccine made from two Ebola virus gene segments incorporated into a chimpanzee cold virus vector, called chimp adenovirus type 3 or ChAd3, protected all four macaque monkeys exposed to high levels of Ebola virus 5 weeks after inoculation, report National Institutes of Health scientists and their collaborators.

Women and health professionals spark new cycle of improving maternal and newborn health
Demand for better care by women linked with the expansion of basic services, rather than political pressure, has helped to improve midwifery services in low to middle-income countries, according to international research involving the University of Southampton.

Transformative science
A new public-private partnership between the National Science Foundation, National Cancer Institute, Stand Up To Cancer and The V Foundation for Cancer Research is committing $11.5 million towards transformational, theoretical biophysics that could have a significant impact on cancer research and treatment.

Popular cancer drug target implicated in cardiovascular defects
UNC School of Medicine researchers have discovered an unlikely relationship between CXCR7 -- a protein implicated in tumor growth and metastasis -- and adrenomedullin -- a hormone involved in cardiovascular health.

Breath temperature test could identify lung cancer
The temperature of exhaled breath could be used to diagnose lung cancer, according to a new study.

Winner of Sofja Kovalevskaja Award to take up research at Mainz University
Biologist Dr. Helen May-Simera is the recipient of a Sofja Kovalevskaja Award from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.

Climate change to increase forest fire danger in Europe
Climate change is expected to contribute to a dramatic increase in forest fire damage in Europe, but better forest management could mitigate the problem, according to new research from the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.

Suppressing food allergies quickly is the goal of University of Cincinnati research team
Fred Finkelman, M.D., leading a team of researchers at the University of Cincinnati, has received a three-year grant of $734,986 from Food Allergy Research & Education to test whether food allergies can be safely suppressed by rapid desensitization with a laboratory grown monoclonal antibody, one that targets and deactivates the cells that play a key role in allergic reactions.

Sex hormones may play a part in autism
Higher rates of Autism Spectrum Disorders in males than females may be related to changes in the brain's estrogen signalling, according to research published in the open access journal Molecular Autism.

First-ever look inside a working lithium-ion battery
In an unprecedented view inside a working lithium-ion battery, researchers used a neutron beam to 'see' lithium flow as the battery charged and discharged.

Agricultural revolution in Africa could increase global carbon emissions
Productivity-boosting agricultural innovations in Africa could lead to an increase in global deforestation rates and carbon emissions, a Purdue University study finds.

Facial plastic surgery can safely address the major aspects of aging in 1 operation
A total facial rejuvenation that combines three procedures to address the multiple signs of an aging face and neck can be performed safely at one time, a new study shows.

Sodium's influence on blood pressure statistically insignificant
A new study indicates sodium intake has less impact on overall health than previously thought.

New genomic editing methods produce better disease models from patient-derived iPSCs
Highly valuable for modeling human diseases and discovering novel drugs and cell-based therapies, induced pluripotent stem cells are created by reprogramming an adult cell from a patient to obtain patient-specific stem cells.

Food craving is stronger, but controllable, for kids
Children show stronger food craving than adolescents and adults, but they are also able to use a cognitive strategy that reduces craving, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

NASA sees large Tropical Storm Fengshen skirting eastern Japan's coastline
Tropical Storm Fengshen is a large storm and infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite shows that it's about as long as the big island of Japan.

Soft robot squirms over fire, ice, and withstands crushing force
Engineers have created a shape-changing 'soft' robot that can tread over a variety of adverse environmental conditions including snow, puddles of water, flames and the crushing force of being run over by an automobile.

September/October 2014 Annals of Family Medicine Tip Sheet
The tip sheet includes synopses of all the articles published in the September/October 2014 issue of Annals of Family Medicine, including original research and commentary.

New remote-sensing instrument to blaze a trail on the International Space Station
The Cloud-Aerosol Transport System, a new instrument that will measure the character and worldwide distribution of the tiny particles that make up haze, dust, air pollutants and smoke, will do more than gather data once it's deployed on the International Space Station this year.

A single evolutionary road may lead to Rome
New research by Michigan State University biologist Jason Gallant, Boston University biologist Sean Mullen, and their collaborators, suggests that when it comes to evolving some traits -- especially simple ones -- there may be a shared gene that's the source.

Quick-cooled beers, perfect burgers and more: Chemistry Life Hacks, Vol. 3 (video)
It's the series that's one-part MacGyver, one-part Mendeleev. 'Chemistry Life Hacks' is back with new tips that can change your life, or at least the temperature of your beer.

Study shows nationwide declines in central line infections and ventilator pneumonias
Hospitals across the country have seen sharp declines in rates of central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSIs) and ventilator-associated pneumonias (VAPs) among critically ill neonates and children, according to a new study in the journal Pediatrics.

Pastors get scant seminary training on how to help mentally ill, Baylor study finds
People struggling with mental illness often turn to pastors for help, but seminaries do very little to train ministers how to recognize serious psychological distress and when to refer someone to a doctor or psychologist, according to a Baylor University study.

Patients with advanced dementia continue receiving medications of questionable benefit
More than half of nursing home residents with advanced dementia -- a terminal illness marked by severe cognitive impairment and functional dependence -- continue to receive medications of questionable benefit -- including medications to treat dementia and lower cholesterol -- at substantial financial cost.

New mechanism in gene regulation revealed
The information encoded in our genes is translated into proteins, which ultimately mediate biological functions in an organism.

Watchful waiting isn't right for everyone
African American men are one population that may be harmed by new guidelines that favor observation over treatment of early-stage prostate cancer.

A single evolutionary road may lead to Rome
A well-known biologist once theorized that many roads led to Rome when it comes to two distantly related organisms evolving a similar trait.

Barley business for beer brewing nets scientists enterprise funding
Scientists will revive old 'heritage' lines of barley for use in the brewing business.

Brain damage caused by severe sleep apnea is reversible
A neuroimaging study is the first to show that white matter damage caused by severe obstructive sleep apnea can be reversed by continuous positive airway pressure therapy.

Canada funds 22 inventive ideas for better health in developing nations
A device that converts sound into symbols for display on eg.

Straight Talk: The Future of Medical and Health Research
Leaders from government, industry, academia, scientific societies and patient advocacy organizations will explore the future of R&D investments, policy trends, public-private partnerships, public health and social sciences research, global health threats and other timely medical and health research issues in panel discussions hosted by Research!America.

Miriam Hospital among national research group awarded $20 million NIH grant
The Miriam Hospital is part of a research collaboration that has received a $20 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop an intravaginal ring that can deliver powerful antiretroviral drugs to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted HIV in women.

Researchers part water
Using an 'electric prism,' scientists have found a new way of separating water molecules that differ only in their nuclear spin states and, under normal conditions, do not part ways.

Seven researchers awarded for work presented at yeast genetics conference
The Genetics Society of America (GSA) and the yeast genetics research community are pleased to announce the winners of the GSA poster awards at the 2014 Yeast Genetics Meeting, which took place in Seattle, Wash., July 29-Aug.

Teens living with 2 college-educated parents less likely to use alcohol and marijuana
A high school senior who lives with 2 college-educated parents is significantly less likely to drink alcohol or smoke marijuana than a teenager who lives with one parent, a new University of Texas at Arlington study has found.

Coral trout pick their collaborators carefully
Coral trout not only work with moray eels to improve their chances of a meal, but they can also be choosy when it comes to picking the best moray partner.

Should lung cancer screening be covered for Medicare beneficiaries?
Researchers for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services analyze evidence on the benefits and harms of lung cancer screening by age in a study being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Nearly half of older adults have care needs
Nearly half of older adults -- 18 million people -- have difficulty or get help with daily activities, according to a new study.

A low-energy optical circuit for a new era of technology
Optical circuits use light instead of electricity, making them faster and more energy-efficient than electrical systems.

How quickly viruses can contaminate buildings and how to stop them
Using tracer viruses, researchers found that contamination of just a single doorknob or table top results in the spread of viruses throughout office buildings, hotels, and health care facilities.

Co-flowing liquids can stabilize chaotic 'whipping' in microfluidic jets
Industrial wet spinning processes produce fibers from polymers and other materials by using tiny needles to eject continuous jets of liquid precursors.

Broken signals lead to neurodegeneration
Researchers have discovered that a cell receptor widely involved in intracellular calcium signaling -- the IP3R receptor -- can be locked into a closed state by enzyme action, and that this locking may potentially play a role in the reduction of neuron signaling seen in neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington's and Alzheimer's disease.

Doped graphene nanoribbons with potential
Graphene is a semiconductor when prepared as an ultra-narrow ribbon -- although the material is actually a conductive material.

Interactive dark matter could explain Milky Way's missing satellite galaxies
Scientists believe they have found a way to explain why there are not as many galaxies orbiting the Milky Way as expected.

Fish oil may help curb seizure frequency in epilepsy
Low doses of fish oil may help to curb the frequency of epileptic seizures when drug treatment no longer works, suggests a small study published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

Gobbling up poison: A method for killing colon cancer
A new immunotoxin works by getting shuttled into cancer cells, selectively destroying colon cancer, thanks to a quirk of biology.

Yale study shows how conversion of forests to cropland affected climate
The conversion of forests into cropland worldwide has triggered an atmospheric change to emissions of biogenic volatile organic compounds that -- while seldom considered in climate models -- has had a net cooling effect on global temperatures, according to a new Yale study.

Plant insights could help develop crops for changing climates
Crops that thrive in changing climates could be developed more easily, thanks to fresh insights into plant growth.

Hog workers carry drug-resistant bacteria even after they leave the farm
A new study suggests that nearly half of workers who care for animals in large industrial hog farming operations may be carrying home livestock-associated bacteria in their noses, and that this potentially harmful bacteria remains with them up to four days after exposure.

Study of almost 900,000 people shows prediabetes increases the risk of cancer by 15 percent
A meta-analysis comprising 16 studies and 891,426 participants from various regions of the world shows that prediabetes increases the risk of cancer by 15 percent, with differing risks depending on the type of cancer.

New antimicrobial strategy silences NDM-1 resistance gene in pathogens
Researchers have synthesized a molecule that can silence the gene responsible for severe antibiotic resistance in some bacteria.

Access to care among young adults increases after health insurance expansion
Health insurance coverage increased, as expected, among 19- to 25-year-olds after the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act allowed them to remain on their parents' insurance longer but there were no significant changes in perceived health status or the affordability of health care.

E-cigarette nicotine refill cartridges pose danger for toddlers
The safety of nicotine refill cartridges used in electronic cigarettes needs to be improved to prevent toddlers accidentally swallowing the contents and potentially coming to serious harm, warn doctors in Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Faces are more likely to seem alive when we want to feel connected
Feeling socially disconnected may lead us to lower our threshold for determining that another being is animate or alive, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Many patients in cancer centers may not experience a dignified death
A new study that surveyed physicians and nurses in hospitals within cancer centers in Germany suggests that many patients there do not experience a dignified death.

Study examines discrimination among homeless adults in Toronto with mental illness
Vulnerable populations in ethnically diverse Toronto reported more discrimination by health care workers based on their housing status, mental health or substance abuse issues than race, a new study has found.

UNC researchers find new genetic target for a different kind of cancer drug
Researchers from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine have discovered that the protein RBM4, a molecule crucial to the process of gene splicing, is drastically decreased in multiple forms of human cancer, including lung and breast cancers.

Ohio University paleontologists discover new species of titanosaurian dinosaur in Tanzania
Ohio University paleontologists have identified a new species of titanosaurian, a member of the large-bodied sauropods that thrived during the final period of the dinosaur age, in Tanzania.

Light detector to revolutionize night vision technology
Researchers have developed a light detector that could revolutionize chemical sensing and night vision technology.

Researchers improve severe asthma care through new, antibody-based treatment
Patients with severe asthma often require high doses of steroid-based treatments that can significantly impair their quality of life.

Novel cancer drug proves safe for leukemia patients
Results of a Phase I clinical trial showed that a new drug targeting mitochondrial function in human cancer cells was safe and showed some efficacy.

NRL scientist explores birth of a planet
Dr. John Carr, a scientist at the US Naval Research Laboratory, is part of an international team that has discovered what they believe is evidence of a planet forming around a star about 335 light years from Earth.

Meeting: 'Critical Issues Forum: The Benefits and Risks of a US Methane Economy'
What will the energy mix for US look like in 30 years?

New parasitoid wasp species found in China
For the first time, wasps in the genus Spasskia have been found in China, including a species that is new to science.

Rice chemist wins rare NSF Special Creativity Award
Ounce for ounce, gold nanorods cost about 7,000 times more than bulk gold, but that may change, thanks to an award-winning research program in the laboratory of Rice University chemist Eugene Zubarev.

UCLA biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'
UCLA biologists have identified a gene that can slow the aging process when activated remotely in key organ systems.

Poor recording of physical health and medication could be causing dementia trials to fail
Dementia trials could be failing because they all-too-often overlook the physical health of patients -- according to new research from the University of East Anglia.

Europe's brightest cleantech start-ups embark on US Start-up Tour
The Start-up Tour to Silicon Valley and the Boston area plays a crucial role in the growth of a global community of cleantech entrepreneurs and innovators and coincides with the release of Climate-KIC's 'Future of Cleantech' report which highlights new opportunities for investors and calls for greater cross-border collaboration and 'co-opetition' to help climate innovators and entrepreneurs reach their potential.

Global food trade may not meet all future demand, University of Virginia study indicates
A new University of Virginia study, published online in the American Geophysical Union journal, Earth's Future, examines global food security and the patterns of food trade that -- until this analysis -- have been minimally studied.

The Lancet Respiratory Medicine: Intermittent montelukast in children aged 10 months to 5 years with wheeze (WAIT trial)
This study of 1,358 children investigated whether intermittent montelukast -- a drug widely used to treat wheeze and other asthmatic symptoms -- compared with placebo, reduced wheezing episodes in children aged 10 months to 5 years, and whether patient outcome differed according to genotype.

James Collins to receive the 2015 HFSP Nakasone Award
The Human Frontier Science Program Organization has announced that the 2015 HFSP Nakasone Award has been conferred upon James Collins of Boston University and Harvard's Wyss Institute for his innovative work on synthetic gene networks and programmable cells which launched the exciting field of synthetic biology.

Celebrating CERN -- the world's most remarkable physics laboratory
An informative and entertaining celebration of the most remarkable physics laboratory in the world, CERN.

Study traces ecological collapse over 6,000 years of Egyptian history
Depictions of animals in ancient Egyptian artifacts have helped scientists assemble a detailed record of the large mammals that lived in the Nile Valley over the past 6,000 years.

International Balzan Foundation announces 2014 prize winners
The names of the 2014 Balzan Prizewinners were proclaimed today in a public announcement: Mario Torelli (Italy), University of Perugia, for Classical Archaeology; Ian Hacking (Canada), University of Toronto, for Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind ; G.

Scientists reveal cell secret potentially useful for vaccines
Researchers open a new page in the immune system's playbook, discovering more chatter goes on among the body's infection fighters than was suspected.

To admit or not to admit: Variation in hospitalizations from ER costs billions
Doctors at one hospital may be as much as six times as likely to admit an emergency patient with a common non-life-threatening diagnosis to the hospital, compared with doctors at another hospital treating an identical patient.

Bone cancer surgical team sees success in new application of surgical aid
An ortho-oncology team at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Norris Cotton Cancer Center successfully adapted a shoulder surgical aid (the Spider Limb Positioner) to conduct a left hip disarticulation on a melanoma patient as described in a case report published online in Medical Devices.

Sun-powered desalination for villages in India
Sun-powered desalination could deliver clean water for off-grid villages.

Father's smoking prior to conception could increase asthma risk for baby
A baby has a greater risk of asthma if his or her father smoked prior to conception.

Bureaucracy consumes one-quarter of US hospitals' budgets, twice as much as other nations
A study of hospital administrative costs in eight nations published today in the September issue of Health Affairs finds that hospital bureaucracy consumed 25.3 percent of hospital budgets in the US in 2011, far more than in other nations.

Tip sheet from Annals of Internal Medicine, Sept. 9, 2014
The Sept. 9, 2014, Annals of Internal Medicine includes these articles: 'Health insurance not affordable for many under Affordable Care Act'; 'Task Force recommends daily low-dose aspirin for women at high risk for preeclampsia'; and 'Researchers review evidence on comparative benefits of osteoporosis drugs.'

JAMA Internal Medicine commentary: 'Improving Prescribing for Patients Late in Life'
Regenstrief Institute investigator Greg Sachs, M.D., calls for physicians to carefully review older patients' medication lists.

26th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics
Media can register now for the 26th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on 'Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics,' taking place in Barcelona, Spain, from Nov.

Textbook theory behind volcanoes may be wrong
In the typical textbook picture, volcanoes, such as those that are forming the Hawaiian islands, erupt when magma gushes out as narrow jets from deep inside Earth.

New targets for treating pulmonary hypertension found
Two new potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension, a deadly disease marked by high blood pressure in the lungs, have been identified by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

In directing stem cells, study shows context matters
Figuring out how blank slate stem cells decide which kind of cell they want to be when they grow up -- a muscle cell, a bone cell, a neuron -- has been no small task for science.

Unusual immune cell needed to prevent oral thrush, Pitt researchers find
An unusual kind of immune cell in the tongue appears to play a pivotal role in the prevention of thrush, according to the researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine who discovered them.

Study puts some mussels into Bay restoration
Research in Chesapeake Bay shows that the mussels that typically colonize a restored oyster reef can more than double the reef's overall filtration capacity.

New book calls for expanded role of indigenous peoples in worldwide conservation planning
A just-published book edited by University of Massachusetts Amherst human geographer Stan Stevens presents the latest original research and surveys transformative new approaches now being considered to enhance the rights of indigenous peoples worldwide to have a stronger voice in shaping conservation and park management policies that affect their traditional lands.

In one of nature's innovations, a single cell smashes and rebuilds its own genome
A study led by Princeton University researchers found that a pond-dwelling, single-celled organism has the remarkable ability to break its own DNA into nearly a quarter-million pieces and rapidly reassemble those pieces when it's time to mate.

Layered graphene sandwich for next generation electronics
Sandwiching layers of graphene with white graphene could produce designer materials capable of creating high-frequency electronic devices, University of Manchester scientists have found.

Taking short walking breaks found to reverse negative effects of prolonged sitting
An Indiana University study has found that three easy -- one could even say slow -- 5-minute walks can reverse harm caused to leg arteries during three hours of prolonged sitting.

Living in the shadow of Mauna Loa: A silent summit belies a volcano's forgotten fury
Earth's largest active volcano, Mauna Loa on Hawaii's Big Island, is taking a nap.

Social networking can help people lose weight
Social networking programs designed to help people lose weight could play a role in the global fight against obesity, according to research.

Study examines immunosuppressant effect on central nervous system disorder
In patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder -- NMOSD, an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the central nervous system similar to multiple sclerosis but even more debilitating -- the immunosuppressant medication mycophenolate mofetil appears to reduce the frequency of relapse, stabilize or improve disabilities and be well tolerated by patients.

Bacteria from bees possible alternative to antibiotics
Thirteen lactic acid bacteria found in the honey stomach of bees have shown promising results in a series of studies at Lund University in Sweden.

The future of our crops is at risk in conflict zones, say Birmingham scientists
Wild species related to our crops which are crucial as potential future food resources have been identified by University of Birmingham scientists, however, a significant proportion are found in conflict zones in the Middle East, where their conservation is increasingly comprised.
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