Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 09, 2014
Princeton University launches NSF-funded initiative to study Southern Ocean's role in global systems
Scientists from 11 institutions across the United States will meet this week at Princeton University to officially launch a $21 million, National Science Foundation-funded, interdisciplinary initiative to study the Southern Ocean, the sea that surrounds Antarctica.

AERTOs accelerate the bioeconomy and the development of new lignin and algae products
AERTOs (Associated European Research and Technology Organizations) has started a two-year research project to stimulate the development of the bio-based economy in Europe.

Liberal countries have more satisfied citizens while conservatives are happier individuals
People living in more liberal countries are happier on average than those in less liberal countries, but individually, conservatives are happier than liberals no matter where they live, according to a study of people in 16 Western European countries.

RT and concurrent chemotherapy after surgery is effective treatment for high-risk endometrial cancer
Radiation therapy with concurrent paclitaxel chemotherapy following surgery is an effective treatment for patients with high-risk endometrial cancer, according to a study published in the Sept.

First evidence for water ice clouds found outside solar system
A team of scientists led by Carnegie's Jacqueline Faherty has discovered the first evidence of water ice clouds on an object outside of our own Solar System.

Two-dimensional electron liquids
Using an overlying bath of ionic liquid, a piece of superconductor -- divided by an insulating strip -- supports narrow tunnels which permit currents to flow between.

Social scientist set to shape global agenda
A Monash University social scientist has been selected as a World Social Science Fellow for early career researchers.

Do children make you happier?
Women who have difficulty accepting the fact that they can't have children following unsuccessful fertility treatment have worse long-term mental health than women who are able to let go of their desire for children, according to new research.

Testing the fossil record
How good is the fossil record? And does it paint an accurate picture of the history of life?

Max Planck authors can now publish for free in PeerJ
PeerJ is pleased to announce that the Max Planck Society has signed a publishing plan deal with the award-winning open-access publisher PeerJ, which entitles any Max Planck author to publish their research in PeerJ at no cost to themselves.

After generics it's the turn of biosimilars, a budding market
Biosimilar drugs are the complex equivalents of generic ones and are destined to make a great impact on the healthcare system over the coming years.

TCT 2014 will highlight pioneering women and women's issues in cardiology
Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) is the annual scientific symposium of CRF and the world's premier educational meeting specializing in interventional cardiovascular medicine.

Myriad myPath™ melanoma test reduced indeterminate cases by 76 percent
Myriad myPath melanoma test reduced indeterminate cases by 76 percent and changed treatment in 35 percent of cases.

Study sheds light on how stem cells can be used to treat lung disease
A new study has revealed how stem cells work to improve lung function in acute respiratory distress syndrome.

New map tool identifies patterns of racial diversity across the US
Researchers reveal how they created the map and where it can be found online.

Rice wireless experts tap unused TV spectrum
Rice University researchers have found a way to make the most of the unused UHF TV spectrum by serving up fat streams of data over wireless hotspots that could stretch for miles.

No convincing evidence to support use of new hip and knee implants
Several new and widely used hip and knee implants appear to have no clinically relevant improved benefits compared with older, more established implants, according to a review of the evidence published on today.

InSilico Medicine CEO to present at Oxford University
The Big Data Science in Medicine congress will form on September 15th at Oxford University, with InSilico Medicine's CEO present to speak.

UT Southwestern expert co-chairs national team to develop first comprehensive guidelines for management of sickle cell disease
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has released the first comprehensive, evidence-based guidelines for management of sickle cell disease from birth to end of life.

Regulatory clearance opens the way for new single-size contraceptive diaphragm in the US
The United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) has cleared the Caya contoured diaphragm for marketing in the United States, bringing women one step closer to a new option for safe and effective non-hormonal contraception.

This week from AGU: Global food trade, weather forecasting, aerosol transport
These are some new articles from the American Geophysical Union.

Fires continue in Northern California
Storms have been the major cause of the huge fires that California has been battling in its northern regions.

Estrogen receptor expression may help explain why more males have autism
The same sex hormone that helps protect females from stroke may also reduce their risk of autism, scientists say.

The search for Ebola immune response targets
The effort to develop therapeutics and a vaccine against the deadly Ebola virus disease (EVD) requires a complex understanding of the microorganism and its relationship within the host, especially the immune response.

New molecular target is key to enhanced brain plasticity
As Alzheimer's disease progresses, it kills brain cells mainly in the hippocampus and cortex, leading to impairments in 'neuroplasticity,' the mechanism that affects learning, memory, and thinking.

Eagle-eyed birds of prey help scrounging vultures find their dinner
Zoologists from the School of Natural Sciences at Trinity College Dublin have discovered how endangered vultures find their food, which will have important applications for their conservation.

A weekly text message could encourage healthier food choices, new study shows
Many people are unaware that the US Food and Drug Administration's mandated nutrition labels are based on a 2,000-calorie-a-day diet, but a simple weekly text message reminder can greatly improve that awareness, according to a new study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

National Renewable Energy Laboratory updates cetane data used for development of energy efficient fuels and engines
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory has released a long-anticipated update to the source-of-record for cetane number data.

Biologists try to dig endangered pupfish out of its hole
A UC Berkeley biologist is giving important guidance in the efforts to rescue a critically endangered fish found only in Devils Hole, about 60 miles east of Death Valley National Park.

Eating habits, body fat related to differences in brain chemistry
People who are obese may be more susceptible to environmental food cues than their lean counterparts due to differences in brain chemistry that make eating more habitual and less rewarding, according to a National Institutes of Health study published in Molecular Psychiatry.

Penn study finds genetic mutations linked with ethnic disparities in cancer
In a new study published in the journal BMC Medical Genomics, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania identified more than 30 previously undescribed mutations in important regulatory molecules called microRNAs.

Breast milk may be protective against devastating intestinal disorder
Studies conducted by researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles demonstrate that a protein called neuregulin-4 -- present in breast milk, but absent from formula -- may be protective against the intestinal destruction caused in necrotizing enterocolitis.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Fengshen looking more like a frontal system
NASA's Terra satellite captured an image of Tropical Storm Fengshen as it continued moving away from the east coast of Japan.

An appetite for life
A simple question about appetite can provide insights into old people's general health that may help reduce their risk of dying.

PP&AR sets national agenda for long-term care
The latest issue of Public Policy & Aging Report (PP&AR) lays down a policy prescription for a sustainable system of LTSS in the US, using the Federal Commission on Long-Term Care's 2013 final report as its foundation.

Buckyballs and diamondoids join forces in tiny electronic gadget
Scientists have married two unconventional forms of carbon -- one shaped like a soccer ball, the other a tiny diamond -- to make a molecule that conducts electricity in only one direction.

Brain structure could predict risky behavior
Some people avoid risks at all costs, while others will put their wealth, health, and safety at risk without a thought.

Sloths are no slouches when it comes to evolution
Today's sloths might be known as slow, small animals, but their ancestors developed large body sizes at an amazing rate, according to an evolutionary reconstruction published today in the open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology.

Researchers advance artificial intelligence for player goal prediction in gaming
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed artificial intelligence software that is significantly better than any previous technology at predicting what goal a player is trying to achieve in a video game.

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology: Study indicates that statins may protect against microvascular complications of diabetes
The development of common diabetes complications that can lead to blindness and amputations could be reduced by taking statins, indicates new research published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

Less effective DNA repair process takes over as mice age
Biologists Vera Gorbunova and Andrei Seluanov have discovered one reason for increasing DNA damage in older vertebrates: the primary repair process begins to fail with increasing age and is replaced by one that is less accurate.

New species of extinct dolphin sheds light on river dolphin history
In the new issue of the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, researchers describe a new fossil dolphin species from the Miocene -- dating to more than 16 million years ago -- of the Pisco Basin, a desert on the coast of Peru.

Professor Federico Rosei named to the Royal Society of Canada
Federico Rosei, professor and director at the INRS Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre, has been elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in recognition of his outstanding achievements and contribution to the advancement of knowledge in applied sciences and engineering.

Mystery solved: 'Sailing stones' of Death Valley seen in action for the first time
Racetrack Playa is home to an enduring Death Valley mystery.

Contrast-enhanced CT scan safe for most patients
According to new research performed at the Mayo Clinic, iodine-based contrast material injected intravenously to enhance CT images can be safely used in most patients.

Behçet's syndrome drugs to be investigated for first time
The University of Liverpool is to lead and international study to investigate the effectiveness of two drugs used to treat a rare but serious disease, in a project that will save the NHS a minimum of £500,000.

Xenon gas protects the brain after head injury
Treatment with xenon gas after a head injury reduces the extent of brain damage, according to a study in mice.

How age alters our immune response to bereavement
Young people have a more robust immune response to the loss of a loved one, according to new research from the University of Birmingham, providing insight into how different generations cope with loss.

Carnegie Mellon's smart headlights spare the eyes of oncoming drivers
A smart headlight developed at Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute enables drivers to take full advantage of their high beams without fear of blinding oncoming drivers or suffering from the glare that can occur when driving in snow or rain at night.

Impact of measles infections in England revealed
Measles causes significant absence from school or work and has a much larger impact on people's daily lives than illnesses like flu or chicken pox, according to a new study by researchers from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and Public Health England.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis cases linked with asbestos exposure
A proportion of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) cases may be linked with asbestos exposure, according to the results of a new study.

'Solid' light could compute previously unsolvable problems
Researchers at Princeton University have begun crystallizing light as part of an effort to answer fundamental questions about the physics of matter.

On Space Station, Earth's beauty is in the eye of the high definition beholder
The ongoing High Definition Earth Viewing investigation aboard the International Space Station allows anyone with Internet access to continuously stream live views of Earth directly to their desktop or mobile Internet device.

Shared pain brings people together
What doesn't kill us may make us stronger as a group, according to findings from new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Temple University researchers identify a new target for treating heart failure
The researchers examined the effect of arginine vasopressin on the heart.

New digital map reveals stunning hidden archaeology of Stonehenge
A host of previously unknown archaeological monuments have been discovered around Stonehenge as part of an unprecedented digital mapping project that will transform our knowledge of this iconic landscape -- including remarkable new findings on the world's largest 'super henge,' Durrington Walls.

The Bachelor: Then and now
'Bachelors of a Different Sort,' the new book by Concordia University art history professor John Potvin, shows that bachelors once held an ambivalent, uncomfortable and sometimes unfriendly position in society.

1 in 5 young men unable to purchase emergency contraception
Male shoppers in search of emergency contraception do not always have an easy time making these purchases and may be turned away at their local pharmacies.

High-stakes testing, lack of voice driving teachers out
Contrary to popular opinion, unruly students are not driving out teachers in droves from America's urban school districts.

Gambling is just plain fun for those players who are in control
People who are in control of their gambling habits play for fun and like the idea of possibly winning big.

The Rockefeller University Press partners with ReadCube to widen reach of its journals
Through the deep-indexing of journals, ReadCube Discover makes RUP's content more accessible and easier to find across ReadCube's web, desktop, and mobile reading portals, plus search engines and recommendation feeds.

Lady baboons with guy pals live longer
Numerous studies have linked social interaction to improved health and survival in humans, and new research confirms that the same is true for baboons.

University of Washington biotech start-up to develop game-changing cancer therapies
Taiwan-based BRIM (Beyond Research and Innovative Medicines) Biotechnology has entered into an agreement with UW biotech start-up Compliment Corporation to develop Compliment's two oncology platform technologies based on the research of André Lieber, UW professor of medicine.

The Lancet Respiratory Medicine: Radiological correlates and clinical implications of the paradoxical lung function response to β2 agonists
Paradoxical bronchoconstriction in response to the use of bronchodilators is not well understood.

IU study links skipping school, failing tests to more sex, less condom use in teenagers
An Indiana University study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, showed that young women's weekday reports of skipping school and failing a test were significantly linked to more frequent vaginal sex, less frequent condom use and different sexual emotions, on that same day.

A system that facilitates malware identification in smartphones
Researchers at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid have developed a tool to help security analysts protect markets and users from malware.

Squeezed quantum communication
New prospects for secure data traffic: Flashes of light in particularly sensitive quantum states can be transmitted through the atmosphere.

The Lancet Psychiatry: Frequent cannabis use in adolescence linked with reduced educational attainment
Individuals who are daily users of cannabis before age 17 are over 60 percent less likely to complete high school or obtain a degree compared to those who have never used the drug, new research published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal shows.

New methods enhance the quality of myocardial perfusion imaging
New methods that enhance the quality of myocardial perfusion imaging were developed in a recent study completed at the University of Eastern Finland.

Eating is addictive but sugar and fat are not like drugs, study says
People can become addicted to eating for its own sake but not to consuming specific foods such as those high in sugar or fat, research suggests.

Olaparib tablet safe in pretreated ovarian cancer patients
An oral tablet form of a PARP inhibitor, olaparib, given in combination with chemotherapy, was safe in heavily pretreated ovarian cancer patients, and patients with BRCA mutations may have a better response compared with those without a BRCA mutation, according to phase Ib clinical trial data presented at the Marsha Rivkin Center for Ovarian Cancer Research-AACR 10th Biennial Ovarian Cancer Research Symposium, held Sept.

New glaucoma cause discovered
Scientists have discovered a novel cause of glaucoma in an animal model, and related to their findings, are now developing an eye drop aimed at curing the disease.

Poverty, not bias, explains racial/ethnic differences in child abuse
Poverty -- rather than biased reporting -- seems to account for the higher rates of child abuse and neglect among black children, reports a study in the September Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, the official journal of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.

Kessler Foundation multiple sclerosis researchers find role for working memory in cognitive reserve
Kessler Foundation scientists have shown that working memory may be an underlying mechanism of cognitive reserve in multiple sclerosis.

Little fire ant control is a big job
The little fire ant infestation on the island of Guam is spreading.

Globalization threatens benefits of an African 'green revolution'
A prospective 'green revolution' in Africa could boost land use and carbon emissions globally, according to a study co-authored by a University of British Columbia researcher.

Inventor creates tiny technologies for medicine; awarded $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize
Dr. Sangeeta Bhatia, biomedical engineer and professor at MIT, is the recipient of the 2014 $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize.

Growth factors found in breast milk may protect against necrotizing enterocolitis
Necrotizing enterocolitis is a devastating gastrointestinal illness affecting up to 10 percent of premature infants, with a 30 percent mortality rate, and formula feeding has been identified as a risk factor for NEC.

Penn researcher and CVS Health physician urge new payment model for gene therapy
Hoping to encourage sufficient investments by pharmaceutical companies in expensive gene therapies, which often consist of a single treatment, a Penn researcher and the chief medical officer of CVS Health outline an alternative payment model in this month's issue of Nature Biotechnology.

New guideline created for managing sickle cell disease
An expert panel has created a new evidence-based guideline for managing sickle cell disease, with a strong recommendation for the use of the drug hydroxyurea and transfusion therapy for many individuals with sickle cell disease, although high-quality evidence is limited, with few randomized clinical trials conducted for this disease, according to an article in the Sept.

Discovery paves the way for a new generation of chemotherapies
In a collaborative study, researchers from the Brazilian Biosciences National Laboratory at the Brazilian Center for Research in Energy and Materials, the University of California in San Diego and the Technische Universität München identified a new mechanism to inhibit proteasomes, protein complexes that are a target for cancer therapy.

A single molecule diode opens up a new era for sustainable and miniature electronics
In the domain of electronics, the continuous quest for miniaturisation is pushing us towards the creation of devices which are continuously becoming smaller and more efficient.

Jeffrey Modell Foundation supports Belgian research on primary immunodeficiency
For the first time the Jeffrey Modell Foundation is giving a research grant to a Belgian laboratory.

Re-analysis of clinical trial data can change conclusions, say Stanford researchers
As many as one-third of previously published randomized clinical trials could be re-analyzed in ways that modify the conclusions of how many or what types of patients need to be treated, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Francisco G. Cigarroa, M.D., to receive BioMed SA 2014 Julio Palmaz Award
Nationally renowned pediatric transplant surgeon Francisco G. Cigarroa, M.D., chancellor of The University of Texas System since 2009 and former president of The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, will be honored Sept.

Understanding a molecular motor responsible for human development
Another mystery of the human body has been solved by scientists who have identified how a molecular motor essential for human development works.

Academies announce winners of 2014 Communication Awards
The recipients of the 2014 Communication Awards were announced today by the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine.

New study: Emerging research indicates mangos may lower blood sugar in obese adults
Research published in the journal Nutrition and Metabolic Insights found that regular consumption of mango by obese adults may lower blood sugar levels and does not negatively impact body weight.

UTSA and UT Health Science Center partner to bring more nurses into the workforce
A new joint agreement between The University of Texas at San Antonio and The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio will make it easier for qualified students to enter nursing school.

Elsevier and National Academy of Sciences, India announce the winners of the 2014 NASI-Scopus Young Scientist Awards
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, and the National Academy of Sciences, India, today announced the winners of the 2014 NASI-Scopus Young Scientist Awards.

Birth measurements could predict lung health in teen years
A new study has found that factors, such as birth weight, gestational age at birth and lung function, growth and other measures at 8 years old, can be used to predict lung function during mid to late teenage years.

Southern Ocean's role in climate regulation, ocean health is goal of $21 million project
A six-year, $21 million program by Princeton University and 10 partner institutions will seek to make the importance and health of the Southern Ocean encircling Antarctica better known scientifically and publicly.

SDSC joins the Intel Parallel Computing Centers program
The San Diego Supercomputer Center at the University of California, San Diego, is working with semiconductor chipmaker Intel Corporation to further optimize research software to improve the parallelism, efficiency, and scalability of widely used molecular and neurological simulation technologies.

Reanalyses of data from randomized clinical trials can lead to different conclusions
Although only a small number of reanalyses of data from randomized clinical trials have been published, an examination of those that have been conducted finds that about one-third led to changes in findings that implied conclusions different from those of the original article regarding the types and number of patients who should be treated, according to a study in the Sept.

Long-term use of pills for anxiety and sleep problems may be linked to Alzheimer's
Taking benzodiazepines -- widely prescribed drugs to treat anxiety and insomnia -- is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, particularly for long-term users, suggests a study published on today.

Proactive office ergonomics can increase job satisfaction and employee retention
Although office ergonomics training programs have been shown to improve employee well-being and productivity, in many cases training occurs only after complaints are logged.

Bacteria harbor secret weapons against antibiotics
The ability of pathogenic bacteria to evolve resistance to antibiotic drugs poses a growing threat to human health worldwide, and scientists have now discovered that some of our microscopic enemies may be even craftier than we suspected, using hidden genetic changes to promote rapid evolution under stress and developing antibiotic resistance in more ways than previously thought.

After 2 years on antiretroviral therapy, survival in South African patients meets rates from North America
Provided that therapy is started promptly, South Africans with HIV have chances of remaining alive beyond two years on antiretroviral therapy that are comparable to those of North American patients, according to new research in PLOS Medicine by Andrew Boulle of the University of Cape Town and colleagues.

Positive outlook and social support help diabetes patients cope
A positive outlook and support from people around them help patients with diabetes cope with psychosocial challenges of the disease, according to an international study that included researchers from Penn State College of Medicine.

Tracing water channels in cell surface receptors
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) mediate most of our physiological responses to external stimuli and are involved in many diseases.

UC San Diego researchers build first 500 GHz photon switch
The work took nearly four years to complete and it opens a fundamentally new direction in photonics -- with far-reaching potential consequences for the control of photons in optical fiber channels.

Intervention in 6-month-olds with autism eliminates symptoms, developmental delay
Treatment at the earliest age when autism spectrum disorder is detectable -- in infants as young as 6 months old -- significantly reduces symptoms so that by age 3 most who received the therapy had neither autism nor delay, a UC Davis MIND Institute research study has found.

Why humans don't suffer from chimpanzee malaria
The DNA region controlling red-blood-cell invasion holds the genetic key to human malaria infection, according to new research.

The saplings go their own way
In tropical rainforests, most young trees grow spatially independent from their parent trees.

Sharks in acidic waters avoid smell of food
The increasing acidification of ocean waters caused by rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels could rob sharks of their ability to sense the smell of food, a new study suggests.

Mesothelial cells promote ovarian cancer metastasis
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation indicates that mesothelial cells actively promote the spread of ovarian cancer.

Exercise before school may reduce ADHD symptoms in kids
A new study from Michigan State University and University of Vermont researchers shows that offering daily, before-school, aerobic activities to younger, at-risk children could help in reducing the symptoms of ADHD in the classroom and at home.

UM study finds air pollution harmful to young brains
Pollution in many cities threatens the brain development in children.

Shift in Arabia sea plankton may threaten fisheries
Researchers have documented the rapid rise of an unusual plankton in the Arabian Sea that could be disastrous for the predator fish that sustain 120 million people living on the sea's edge.

Sickle cell patients who experience discrimination miss out on treatment
Experiencing discrimination because of their race or health condition can influence just how much trust people put into the health profession.

High blood pressure ER visits jumped 25 percent in 2006-11
Emergency room visits for high blood pressure with no known underlying cause, increased by 25 percent in 2006-11.

Graphene gets a 'cousin' in the shape of germanene
A team of European researchers has become one of the first groups to successfully synthesize the 2-D material germanene.

Phosphorus a promising semiconductor
The two-dimensional form of phosphorus may be a useful, flaw-resistant semiconductor for electronics.

Texting gives a voice to community members
If you want to learn more about the people in urban communities, save a stamp on mailing a survey.

X-ray imaging paves way for novel solar cell production
The sharp X-ray vision of DESY's research light source PETRA III paves the way for a new technique to produce cheap, flexible and versatile double solar cells.

Weakness in malaria parasite fats could see new treatments
A new study has revealed a weak spot in the complex life cycle of malaria, which could be exploited to prevent the spread of the deadly disease, and may even lead to a vaccine.

NSF grant supports the nation's TV weathercasters as local climate education
The nation's television weathercasters will have better tools to keep their viewers informed about the local consequences of climate change, thanks to a $3 million National Science Foundation grant awarded to George Mason University and Climate Central, a non-profit science and journalism organization.

Ocean acidification: NSF awards $11.4 million in new grants to study effects on marine ecosystems
With increasing levels of carbon dioxide accumulating in the atmosphere and moving into marine ecosystems, the world's oceans are becoming more acidic.

Study sheds light on asthma and respiratory viruses
In a new study that compared people with and without asthma, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

NIH launches online database of international clinical research regulations
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) today launched ClinRegs, an online public database of country-specific clinical research regulatory information.

Prioritizing pregnant women in malaria endemic regions for bed nets from clinics
Donors, Ministries of Health, implementing agencies, and other partners should prioritize providing pregnant women in malaria endemic regions with long-lasting insecticide treated nets through antenatal care clinics to help prevent malaria and its adverse effects on mother and infant, according to experts from the UK and US, writing in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Researchers unlock the genetic code of cancer-causing liver fluke parasite
An international team of scientists from Singapore, Thailand, China and Australia has cracked the genetic code of the liver fluke parasite, Opisthorchis viverrini, using a unique DNA analysis technique developed at A*STAR's Genome Institute of Singapore.

Winter is coming: British weather set to become more unsettled
British winters are becoming increasingly volatile due to extreme variations in pressure over the North Atlantic according to scientists from the University of Sheffield.

Researchers identify novel virus that could cause respiratory disease in ball pythons
Researchers have identified a novel virus that could be the source of a severe, sometimes fatal respiratory disease that has been observed in captive ball pythons since the 1990s.

Citizen science model proposed to fill fundamental ocean data gap
A pioneering approach published today in the open access, peer reviewed scientific journal PLOS Biology challenges conventional research methods and proposes a global effort to engage and empower citizen scientists to gather basic ocean data aboard small vessels on the most common sailing routes.

New infrared marker for bio-imaging
The recently developed fluorescent protein Amrose is now being used for advanced near-IR imaging procedures.

New study reconstructs mega-earthquakes timeline in Indian Ocean
A new study on the frequency of past giant earthquakes in the Indian Ocean region shows that Sri Lanka, and much of the Indian Ocean, is affected by large tsunamis at highly variable intervals, from a few hundred to more than 1,000 years.

Race and ethnicity important when evaluating risk of fat around the heart
A man's likelihood of accumulating fat around his heart -- an important indicator of heart disease risk -- may be better determined if doctors consider his race and ethnicity, as well as where on his body he's building up excess fat, reveals an international evaluation led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

Why do mushrooms turn brown?
The research team of Annette Rompel from the Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, University of Vienna explore the mechanisms behind the 'browning reaction' during the spoilage of mushrooms.

Scientists discover hazardous waste-eating bacteria
Tiny single-cell organisms discovered living underground could help with the problem of nuclear waste disposal, say researchers involved in a study at The University of Manchester.

Host protein levels correlate with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation suggests that a host protein, heme oxygenase-1, is protective against HIV-associated inflammation and cognitive decline

Artificial membranes on silicon
Artificial membranes mimicking those found in living organisms have many potential applications ranging from detecting bacterial contaminants in food to toxic pollution in the environment to dangerous diseases in people.

Pesky insect inspires practical technology
Our hands and swatters often fail in the struggle to kill flies.

Milestone reached in work to build replacement kidneys in the lab
Working with human-sized pig kidneys, researchers at Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine have developed the most successful method to date to keep blood vessels in the new organs open and flowing with blood.

Rutgers receives $10 million pledge to advance treatment of cancer patients
A $10 million pledge to Rutgers University will help advance the treatment of patients with rare and virulent cancers that don't respond to standard therapies.

Follow-up shows benefit of statin therapy for children with inherited cholesterol disorder
A 10-year follow-up of children who have been taking statin therapy for an inherited cholesterol disorder showed benefit on a measure of atherosclerosis, although levels of low-density lipoprotein suggested that stronger or earlier initiation of statin therapy may be warranted, according to a study in the Sept.

Nearly 1 in 5 new nurses leave first job within a year, according to RN survey
Turnover of registered nurses is an important and widely used measure in analyzing the health care workforce.

Indian Ocean expedition pioneers citizen oceanography
Recreational sailors are being called upon to become 'citizen oceanographers' and help provide vital scientific knowledge about the world's oceans by sampling and testing remote waters from their yachts.

Mapping the DNA sequence of Ashkenazi Jews
Researchers have created a data resource that will improve genomic research in the Ashkenazi Jewish population and lead to more effective personalized medicine.

Crystal Solar and NREL team up to cut costs
A faster, cheaper way to manufacture silicon solar cells, partially funded by the Energy Department and fine-tuned at its National Renewable Energy Laboratory, has won a coveted R&D 100 award as one of the top technology innovations of 2013.

An evolutionary approach to epidemics
An evolutionary analysis of public health data during a major disease outbreak, such as bird flu, E. coli contamination of food or the current Ebola outbreak could help the emergency services plan their response and contain the disease more effectively. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to