Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 15, 2014
Scientists identify the master regulator of cells' heat shock response
Heat shock proteins protect the molecules in all human and animal cells with factors that regulate their production and work as thermostats.

Multiple-birth infants use more resources, spotlight on reproductive technology
Hospital costs are higher and the odds of complication and death are greater for multiple-birth infants than singleton births and some of this clinical and economic burden can be alleviated through single-embryo transfer in assisted reproductive technology.

Poor diet may increase risk of Parkinson's disease
Obesity caused by a high-fat diet may increase the risk of developing Parkinson's disease, new research in mice suggests.

UChicago study finds young women involve parent in abortion when anticipating support
A recent study from the Section of Family Planning and Contraceptive Research at the University of Chicago found that pregnant teens will turn to parents and adults who are engaged in their lives and who will offer support, regardless of her pregnancy decision.

Cells simply avoid chromosome confusion
Reproductive cell division has evolved a simple, mechanical solution to avoid chromosome sorting errors.

Report urges individualized, cholesterol-targeted approach to heart disease and stroke
A recent guideline for using statins to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease has wavered too far from the simple cholesterol goals that have saved thousands of lives in the past decade, and doesn't adequately treat patients as individuals, experts said today in a national report.

Wastewater injection is culprit for most quakes in southern Colorado and northern New Mexico
The deep injection of wastewater underground is responsible for the dramatic rise in the number of earthquakes in Colorado and New Mexico since 2001, according to a study to be published in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.

Two research letters, commentary examine emergency department timeliness, stays
Variability exists in emergency department (ED) timeliness based on four variables -- hospital size, rural vs. urban, ownership and teaching status -- reported to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services for patients discharged from the ED or admitted for inpatient services.

Researchers develop improved means of detecting mismatched DNA
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have identified a highly sensitive means of analyzing very tiny amounts of DNA.

Change laws to exempt unwell doctors from mandatory reporting, say medico-legal experts
Medico-legal experts who are calling for legislative changes exempting doctors from mandatory reporting, say current laws pose a risk to the public because they deter doctors from seeking medical consultations when they most need it.

IU study: Combining epilepsy drug, morphine can result in less pain, lower opioid doses
Adding a common epilepsy drug to a morphine regimen can result in better pain control with fewer side effects.

Skin cancer risks higher for soldiers serving abroad
Soldiers deployed to tropical and sunny climates are coming home with increased risk factors for a threat far from the battlefield: skin cancer.

Number-crunching could lead to unethical choices, says new study
Calculating the pros and cons of a potential decision is a way of decision-making.

Decoding virus-host interactions in the oxygen-starved ocean
In certain coastal areas, severe reductions in oxygen levels in the water destroy food web structure.

'Nuclear disasters don't respect national boundaries'
A nuclear accident has no respect for lines drawn on a map.

T-bet tackles hepatitis
A single protein may tip the balance between ridding the body of a dangerous hepatitis virus and enduring life-long chronic infection, according to researchers in Germany.

Congenital and genetic heart disease screening recommendations for people 12-25
When healthcare providers screen people 12-25 years old for underlying congenital/genetic heart disease, there are 14 critical questions on personal and family medical history and specific aspects of the physical examination that should be included.

Strategic self-sabotage? MRSA inhibits its own growth
Scientists at the University of Western Ontario have uncovered a bacterial mystery.

This is your brain on snacks -- brain stimulation affects craving and consumption
Magnetic stimulation of a brain area involved in 'executive function' affects cravings for and consumption of calorie-dense snack foods, reports a study in the September issue of Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine, the official journal of the American Psychosomatic Society.

Study: Web-based training can reduce campus rape
Web-based training targeted at college-aged men is an effective tool for reducing the number of sexual assaults on US campuses, according to a researcher in the School of Public Health at Georgia State University.

The creation of the Vuoksi River preceded a significant cultural shift
The creation of the Vuoksi River and the subsequent rapid decrease in the water level of Lake Saimaa approximately 6,000 years ago revealed thousands of square kilometers of new, fertile land in eastern Finland.

Poverty-obesity link is more prevalent for women than men, study shows
A new University of Texas Austin sociology study shows young women growing up in poor households are at higher risk of obesity than their male counterparts, and are more likely to suffer from discrimination throughout the life course.

Scientists discover RNA modifications in some unexpected places
Deploying sophisticated high-throughput sequencing technology, dubbed ψ-seq, a team of Whitehead Institute and Broad Institute researchers collaborated on a comprehensive, high-resolution mapping of ψ sites that confirms pseudouridylation, among the most common post-transcriptional modifications, does indeed occur naturally in mRNA.

X-rays unlock a protein's SWEET side
Understanding just how sugar makes its way into the cell could lead to the design of better drugs for diabetes patients and an increase in the amount of fruits and vegetables farmers are able to grow.

Cancer-fighting cocktail demonstrates promising results as treatment for advanced cervical cancer
Combining a standard chemotherapy drug with a second drug that stops cells from dividing improves both the survival and response rates for those with advanced cervical cancer, a new study by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center cancer researchers finds.

Project to turn world on to DC power
The University of Pittsburgh's Bopaya Bidanda, John Camillus, and Gregory Reed think that it might be time to redirect our attention to direct current.

Caregivers of family members newly diagnosed with mental illness at risk for anxiety
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Nursing, who studied the emotional distress of caring for a family member diagnosed with a mental illness, found anxiety is high for the primary caregiver at the initial diagnosis or early in the course of the illness and decreases over time.

AGA releases new tool to help GIs evaluate and treat Crohn's disease
The treatment of Crohn's disease is evolving. To help gastroenterologists better identify and manage their Crohn's disease patients, the American Gastroenterological Association has created a clinical decision tool to guide gastroenterologists in their decision-making process, which is published in Gastroenterology.

Freshman girls know how to eat healthy but lack confidence in their ability to do it
Female college freshmen understand the benefits of eating healthy foods and know which foods they should include in their diets.

Identifying a better message strategy for dissuading smokers: Add the positive
Which is more likely to convince a smoker to quit?

Nobel laureate to give talk at UC Riverside
Randy Schekman, one of the winners of the 2013 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine, will give a presentation at the University of California, Riverside on Sept.

Certain form of baldness at age 45 linked to higher risk of aggressive prostate cancer
A study being published online Sept. 15, 2014 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology reports that men with a specific pattern of baldness at age 45 have a 40 percent increased risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer later in life, compared to men with no baldness at 45.

Airborne particles beyond traffic fumes may affect asthma risk
Researchers in Sydney and Newcastle, Australia have found that elements of dust, particularly those coarse particles that contain iron traces, stimulate the production of inflammatory molecules in cells from the airways of mice and healthy human volunteers.

Mindfulness protects adults' health from the impacts of childhood adversity
Adults who were abused or neglected as children are known to have poorer health, but adults who tend to focus on and accept their reactions to the present moment -- or are mindful -- report having better health, regardless of their childhood adversity, according to a study led by Temple University.

Making the case for Keynes
A new book explores how Keynesian ideas are relevant to today's global economy.

Recommendations to improve scientific decision-making
The public dialogue surrounding whether to vaccinate children is one example of how poor communication of science can cause confusion and worsen people's health and lives.

Study shows consumption of high-fat dairy products is associated with a lower risk of developing diabetes
New research presented at this year's annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Vienna, Austria, shows that people with the highest consumption of high-fat dairy products -- eight or more portions per day -- have a 23 percent lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those with the lowest consumption -- one or less per day.

Run, cheetah, run
A new algorithm enables MIT cheetah robot to run and jump, untethered, across grass.

Contaminated water in 2 states linked to faulty shale gas wells
Faulty well integrity, not hydraulic fracturing deep underground, is the primary cause of drinking water contamination from shale gas extraction in parts of Pennsylvania and Texas, according to a study by researchers from five universities.

To curb violent tendencies, start young
Aggressive children are less likely to become violent criminals or psychiatrically troubled adults if they receive intensive early intervention, say a new study based on more than two decades of research.

Habitual Facebook users: Suckers for social media scams?
A new study finds that habitual use of Facebook makes individuals susceptible to social media phishing attacks by criminals, likely because they automatically respond to requests without considering how they are connected with those sending the requests, how long they have known them, or who else is connected with them.

Tigers, pandas and people a recipe for conservation insight
The first big revelation in conservation sciences was that studying the people on the scene as well as nature conservation was crucial.

Study indicates hunting restrictions for tapirs may not be enough
A published study indicates that lowland tapir populations may continue to drop in French Guiana, despite recent restrictions on hunting.

Researchers discover new producer of crucial vitamin
New research has determined that a single group of microorganisms may be responsible for much of the world's vitamin B12 production in the oceans, with implications for the global carbon cycle and climate change.

UH study finds print readers recall more than online readers
Readers abandoning print newspapers in favor of online news may want to consider the effect it's having.

Network measures predict neuropsychological outcome after brain injury
In research published online Sept. 15 in the Early Edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, scientists studied neurological patients with focal brain damage, and found that damage to six hub locations -- identified in a model developed at Washington University using resting state fMRI, functional connectivity analyses, and graph theory -- produced much greater cognitive impairment than damage to other locations.

Drug's effect on Alzheimer's may depend on severity of disease
A cancer drug that has shown promise against Alzheimer's disease in mice and has begun early clinical trials has yielded perplexing results in a novel mouse model of AD that mimics the genetics and pathology of the human disease more closely than any other animal model.

Satellite sees Tropical Depression 16-E remnants scooped by Hurricane Odile
At 11 p.m. EDT on Sunday, Sept. 14, Tropical Depression 16-E was officially a remnant low pressure area.

Neuroscientists identify key role of language gene
Neuroscientists have found that a gene mutation that arose more than half a million years ago may be key to humans' unique ability to produce and understand speech.

Oregon researchers urge psychologists to see institutional betrayal
Two University of Oregon researchers are urging clinical psychologists to recognize experiences of institutional betrayal so that they can better treat their patients and respond in ways that help avoid or repair damaged trust when it occurs in their own institutions.

Study first to use brain scans to forecast early reading difficulties
UC San Francisco researchers have used brain scans to predict how young children learn to read, giving clinicians a possible tool to spot children with dyslexia and other reading difficulties before they experience reading challenges.

Protein courtship revealed through chemist's lens
Staying clear of diseases requires the proteins in our cells to cooperate with one another.

Dental and nutrition experts call for radical rethink on free sugars intake
Sugars in the diet should make up no more than 3 percent of total energy intake to reduce the significant financial and social burdens of tooth decay, finds new research from University College London and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

NASA's TRMM satellite sees Hurricane Odile strike Baja California
NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite known as TRMM captured data on powerful Hurricane Odile revealing heavy rainfall from powerful thunderstorms as it made landfall in Baja California.

NASA sees Typhoon Kalmaegi as a whirlpool of clouds in the South China Sea
NASA's Aqua satellite observed Typhoon Kalmaegi crossing the South China Sea and a satellite image from the MODIS instrument aboard made it look like a whirlpool of clouds.

WSU researchers find 'most famous wheat gene'
Washington State University researchers have found 'the most famous wheat gene,' a reproductive traffic cop of sorts that can be used to transfer valuable genes from other plants to wheat.

Study adds to cancer-fighting promise of combined immunotherapy-radiation treatment
A study in mice implanted with breast and melanoma cancers adds to a growing body of evidence that highly focused radiation -- long thought to suppress immunity -- can actually help boost the immune system's fight against cancer when combined with a new kind of immune-enhancing drug.

Research offers new way to predict hurricane strength, destruction
A new study by Florida State University researchers demonstrates a different way of projecting a hurricane's strength and intensity that could give the public a better idea of a storm's potential for destruction.

Think big! Bacteria breach cell division size limit
The life of a cell is straightforward: it doubles, divides in the middle and originates two identical daughter cells.

DFG to present geosciences prizes at GeoFrankfurt 2014
The Albert Maucher Prize is to be awarded to Kathryn E.

Martian meteorite yields more evidence of possibility of life on Mars
A tiny fragment of Martian meteorite 1.3 billion years old is helping to make the case for the possibility of life on Mars, say scientists.

The quick and the dead among tropical reptiles
Some tropical reptiles may be able to adapt quickly to climate change rather than go extinct as widely expected, a Dartmouth-led study finds.

New drug target could prevent major global cause of maternal death
Researchers at the University of Warwick have discovered a new target for drugs that could prevent the deaths of thousands of women due to heavy blood loss after childbirth.

Smithsonian scientists discover tropical tree microbiome in Panama
Despite the fact that tropical forests are the most biodiverse terrestrial ecosystems on the planet, more is known about belly-button bacteria than bacteria on trees in the tropics.

News from Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet, Sept. 16, 2014
The Sept. 16, 2014, issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine includes the following articles: 'Kegel exercises, weight loss among ACP's recommendations for treating urinary incontinence'; 'Patients on generic statins have better outcomes versus those taking brand-name drugs'; and 'Chiropractic care and exercise provide short-term relief of back-related leg pain.'

Pitt chemical biologist finds new halogenation enzyme
One of the Holy Grails in chemical science has been to find the late-stage, site-specific incorporation of a halogen atom into a complex natural product by replacing an sp³ C-H bond -- one of the most inert chemical bonds known in an organic compound -- with a C-X bond, X=halogen.

Largest ever study of awareness during general anaesthesia identifies risk factors and consequences
Accidental awareness is one of the most feared complications of general anesthesia for both patients and anesthetists.

'Jaws' lived in Doncaster
Sharks, swamps and a tropical rainforest teeming with life -- it's not what comes to mind when you think of Yorkshire, England.

Gut bacteria tire out T cells
Leaky intestines may cripple bacteria-fighting immune cells in patients with common variable immunodeficiency, according to researchers in Switzerland.

Scientists come closer to the industrial synthesis of a material harder than diamond
Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon, National University of Science and Technology, and Moscow State University have developed anew method for the synthesis of an ultrahard material that exceeds diamond in hardness.

Collaboration drives achievement in protein structure research
When this week's print issue of the journal Science comes out, a collective cheer will go up from New Mexico, Montana and even the Netherlands, thanks to the type of collaborative effort that is more and more the norm in these connected times.

Study finds drop in death rates from strokes over last 2 decades
According to the Tel Aviv University, the recent decline in stroke risk was concentrated mainly in the over-65 set, with little progress in reducing the risk of strokes among young people.

Specialized species critical for reefs
Coral reef ecologists fear that reef biodiversity may not provide the level of insurance for ecosystem survival that we once thought.

UK study identifies molecule that induces cancer-killing protein
A new study by University of Kentucky researchers has identified a novel molecule named Arylquin 1 as a potent inducer of Par-4 secretion from normal cells.

A thin line lies between fantasy and reality in people with psychopathic traits
New research indicates that people with psychopathic traits have a preference for nonromantic sexual fantasies with anonymous and uncommitted partners.

ACP releases new recommendations for treating urinary incontinence in women
Kegel exercises to strengthen pelvic floor muscles, bladder training, and weight loss and exercise are effective nonsurgical treatment options for women with urinary incontinence, according to a new evidence-based clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians (ACP) published today in Annals of Internal Medicine, ACP's flagship journal.

Give progesterone a chance
Dr. Florencia Labombarda, who comes from Buenos Aires University, Argentina suggests that progesterone, a steroid hormone, may be a promising therapeutical candidate for spinal cord injury.

Marijuana users who feel low get high
Adolescents and young adults who smoke marijuana frequently may attempt to manage negative moods by using the drug, according to a study in September's Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Slow to mature, quick to distract: ADHD study finds slower development of connections
A peek inside the brains of more than 750 children and teens reveals a key difference in brain architecture between those with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and those without.

Study finds warming Atlantic temperatures could increase range of invasive species
Warming water temperatures due to climate change could expand the range of many native species of tropical fish, including the invasive and poisonous lionfish, according to a study of 40 species along rocky and artificial reefs off North Carolina by researchers from NOAA and the University of North Carolina-Wilmington.

The science behind swimming
Using simple hydrodynamics, a team of researchers led by Mahadevan was able to show that a handful of principles govern how virtually every animal -- from the tiniest fish to birds to gigantic whales propel themselves though the water.

WSU researchers explain mystery of cereal grain defense
Crop scientists at Washington State University have explained how genes in the barley plant turn on defenses against aging and stressors like drought, heat and disease.

Researcher develops and proves effectiveness of new drug for spinal muscular atrophy
According to recent studies, approximately one out of every 40 individuals in the United States is a carrier of the gene responsible for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a neurodegenerative disease that causes muscles to weaken over time.

When casualties increased, war coverage became more negative
As the number of US casualties rose in Afghanistan, reporters filed more stories about the conflict and those articles grew increasingly negative about both the war effort and the military, according to a Penn State researcher.

Working long hours may increase risk of coronary heart disease
Working more than a 40-hour week has been linked to stress, dissatisfaction, and compromised health, and now new research on 8,350 Korean adults finds that it may also increase one's risk of developing coronary heart disease, or narrowing of the blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart.

UT Arlington receives $800,000 NSF grant to better prepare new science, math teachers
A University of Texas Arlington education professor with a passion for supporting upcoming middle and high school science and mathematics teachers is getting major federal assistance for her efforts.

How are hybridized species affecting wildlife?
Researchers who transplanted combinations of wild, domesticated, and domesticated-wild hybridized populations of a fish species to new environments found that within 5 to 11 generations, selection could remove introduced foreign genes from wild populations that hybridized with domesticated populations.

Protein secrets of Ebola virus
The current Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, which has claimed more than 2000 lives, has highlighted the need for a deeper understanding of the molecular biology of the virus that could be critical in the development of vaccines or antiviral drugs to treat or prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever.

NSF awards $15 million in second set of coastal sustainability grants
More than half the world's human population lived in coastal areas in the year 2000; that number is expected to rise to 75 percent by 2025.

What's more effective: Generic or brand-name statins?
Researchers find that patients taking generic statins were more likely to adhere to their medication and also had a significantly lower rate of cardiovascular events and death.

Grant to help commercialize silicon surgical blades
A UC Davis engineering professor has received a grant of $200,000 from the National Science Foundation 'Partnerships for Innovation: Accelerating Innovation Research-Technology Translation' program to move his silicon-based blades towards commercial development as surgical and shaving tools.

Does having daughters cause judges to rule for women's issues?
Judges with daughters consistently vote in a more feminist fashion on gender issues than judges who have only sons, and the effect appears to be driven primarily by Republican judges.

Long-term effects of childhood asthma influenced by socioeconomic status
Studies have shown that asthma is associated with attention and behavioral issues in children, yet little existing research examines how socioeconomic status may influence the ultimate effects of these difficulties.

New knowledge of genes driving bladder cancer points to targeted treatments
A collaborative study between researchers at the University of Colorado Cancer Center and the National Cancer Institute published today in the journal Clinical Cancer Research identifies BAP1 mutations in bladder cancer and also, independently, TERT mutations, implying two 'causes' of two distinct types of bladder cancer.

'Femme fatale' emerald ash borer decoy lures and kills males
An international team of researchers has designed decoys that mimic female emerald ash borer beetles and successfully entice male emerald ash borers to land on them in an attempt to mate, only to be electrocuted and killed by high-voltage current.

The 'hidden injury' in sports
Two new studies recently published in the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine co-authored by Dr.

Northeastern University researchers develop novel method for working with nanotubes
Northeastern University researchers have developed a novel method for controllably constructing precise inter-nanotube junctions and a variety of nanocarbon structures in carbon nanotube arrays.

Cancer and the immune system: A double-edged sword
During cancer development, tumor cells decorate their surfaces with sugar compounds called glycans that are different from those found on normal, healthy cells.

The Miriam Hospital again earns the Joint Commission's Primary Stroke Center Certification
The Miriam Hospital has for the fifth time been designated by the Joint Commission as a Primary Stroke Center.

Nurses need education on advance health care directives, reports Journal of Christian Nursing
An educational program for nurses can help address knowledge gaps related to advance health care directives -- thus helping to ensure that patients' wishes for care at the end of life are known and respected, reports a paper in the October/December Journal of Christian Nursing, official journal of the Nurses Christian Fellowship.

Genetics reveals patients susceptible to drug-induced pancreatitis
Clinicians have discovered that 17 percent of patients who have two copies of a particular genetic marker are likely to go on to develop pancreatitis if they are prescribed thiopurine drugs.

Microbiome research shows each tree species has a unique bacterial identity
Each tree species has its own bacterial identity. That's the conclusion of University of Oregon researchers and colleagues from other institutions who studied the genetic fingerprints of bacteria on 57 species of trees growing on a Panamanian island.

Schizophrenia not a single disease but multiple genetically distinct disorders
New research shows that schizophrenia isn't a single disease but a group of eight genetically distinct disorders, each with its own set of symptoms.

'Squid skin' metamaterials project yields vivid color display
The quest to create artificial 'squid skin' -- camouflaging metamaterials that can 'see' colors and automatically blend into the background -- is one step closer to reality, thanks to a breakthrough color-display technology unveiled this week by Rice University's Laboratory for Nanophotonics.

iPhone chemistry: Elements of a smartphone
We've got all the details about Apple's latest iPhone and the lines are probably forming somewhere for the Sept.

NAS Gulf Research Program announces strategic vision, initial opportunities
A new strategic vision document, released today by the National Academy of Sciences' Gulf Research Program, describes the long-term goals, objectives, and strategies for the program and will guide its scope of work over the next five years.

Implementing new care strategies can cut health care usage among system's biggest users
Co-ordinating patient care better can reduce use of the health care system by its most frequently seen patients, according to new research published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

People are attracted to the body odor of others with similar political beliefs
A new study reveals that people find the smell of others with similar political opinions to be attractive, suggesting that one of the reasons why so many spouses share similar political views is because they were initially and subconsciously attracted to each other's body odor.

Cellular protein may be key to longevity
Researchers have found that levels of a regulatory protein called ATF4, and the corresponding levels of the molecules whose expression it controls, are elevated in the livers of mice exposed to multiple interventions known increase longevity.

Care coordination can decrease health-care use by frequent users
Better coordination of patient care between health care providers, encouraging patients to self-manage their health and other strategies can reduce use of the health care system by seniors and people with chronic conditions, according to research published in CMAJ.

'Rhetoric in the Flesh' by T. Kenny Fountain: The anatomy student and human cadaver
T. Kenny Fountain in his new book, 'Rhetoric in the Flesh: Trained Vision, Technical Expertise, and the Gross Anatomy Lab' explains discoveries from his ethnographic study of education in the anatomy lab, and how the experience is part of the transformation of students into medical professionals.

Elusive quantum transformations found near absolute zero
Scientists mapped quantum phase transitions at temperatures colder than interstellar space.

George Washington University will hold annual Latino health conference
Milken Institute School of Public Health at the George Washington University will hold a conference on September 25 to highlight the disproportionate health challenges faced by many Latino communities and families -- with a focus on possible solutions.

Measuring defensive medicine costs on 3 hospital services
About 28 percent of the orders for three services at three hospitals were judged to be at least partially defensive by the physicians who ordered them.

Cost-share programs encourage most to mitigate wildfire danger
Most homeowners are willing to take part in cost-sharing that helps pay for wildfire risk mitigation on their properties, but some of those with the highest wildfire risk are the least likely to participate in those programs, according to a collaborative study by the University of Colorado Boulder and partnering institutions.

Genes may help explain why some people are naturally more interested in music than others
Research suggests that genes that affect hearing and cognitive function may play roles in one's musical aptitude, or the ability to understand and perceive rhythm, pitch, timbre, tone durations, and formal structure in music.

Caving to cravings? Indulging in junk food linked to lapses in brain function
Overindulging in high-calorie snacks is partly caused by lapses in a very specific part of the brain, according to a new University of Waterloo study.

M 9.0+ possible for subduction zones along 'Ring of Fire,' suggests new study
The magnitude of the 2011 Tohoku quake (M 9.0) caught many seismologists by surprise, prompting some to revisit the question of calculating the maximum magnitude earthquake possible for a particular fault.

Hypersensitivity to non-painful events may be part of pathology in fibromyalgia
New research shows that patients with fibromyalgia have hypersensitivity to non-painful events based on images of the patients' brains, which show reduced activation in primary sensory regions and increased activation in sensory integration areas.

Rice rolls 'neat' nanotube fibers
Rice University scientists make 'neat' carbon nanotube fibers with an acid-free process.

How a change in slope affects lava flows
As soon as lava flows from a volcano, exposure to air and wind causes it to start to cool and harden.

Researchers control surface tension to manipulate liquid metals
Researchers have developed a technique for controlling the surface tension of liquid metals by applying very low voltages, opening the door to a new generation of reconfigurable electronic circuits, antennas and other technologies.

Molecular mechanisms of the suppression of axon regeneration by KLF transcription factors
A paper from Neural Regeneration research explores the molecular mechanisms of the suppression of axon regeneration by Kupper-like transcription factors.

Vitamin E intake critical during 'the first 1,000 days'
Amid conflicting reports about the need for vitamin E and how much is enough, a new analysis published today suggests that adequate levels of this essential micronutrient are especially critical for the very young, the elderly, and women who are or may become pregnant.

Small algae with great potential
The single most important calcifying algae of the world's oceans is able to simultaneously adapt to rising water temperatures and ocean acidification through evolution.

When rulers can't understand the ruled
A Johns Hopkins study finds a significant gap in demographics, experience and partisanship between Washington insiders and the Americans they govern.

The role of DJ-1 in the oxidative stress cell death cascade after stroke
Prof. Cesar V. Borlongan and his team and others have demonstrated the important role of mitochondria in neuroprotection for stroke by demonstrating that the translocation of DJ-1 in the mitochondria could potentially mitigate mitochondrial injury.

A heart-felt need for dairy food
A daily small serve of dairy food may reduce the risk of heart disease or stroke, even in communities where such foods have not traditionally formed part of the diet according to new research.

Want to print your own cell phone microscope for pennies? Here's how
A 3-D printing process turns a cell phone into a high-powered microscope for pennies.

If hippopotamuses can't swim, how can some be living on islands?
There is no published account where hippopotamuses are demonstrably shown swimming or floating at the surface of any body of water.

Early Earth less hellish than previously thought
Conditions on Earth during its first 500 million years may have been cool enough to form oceans of water instead of being too hot for life to form.

Zebrafish genes linked to human respiratory diseases
Scientists from A*STAR's Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology have identified hundreds of novel genes in the zebrafish that could be functionally identical to the human genes required for forming motile cilia, hair-like structures on the surface of airway cells.

Brain development in schizophrenia strays from the normal path
Schizophrenia is generally considered to be a disorder of brain development and it shares many risk factors, both genetic and environmental, with other neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and intellectual disability.

Gas leaks from faulty wells linked to contamination in some groundwater
A study has pinpointed the likely source of most natural gas contamination in drinking-water wells associated with hydraulic fracturing, and it's not the source many people may have feared.

Satellites show Edouard's transition into an Atlantic Hurricane
NASA's Terra satellite passed over Tropical Storm Edouard each day from Sept.

Japanese Global Health Fund awards $33.5 million to develop vaccines, drugs for neglected diseases
The Global Health Innovative Technology Fund (GHIT Fund), a new public health partnership that is bringing Japanese know-how and investment to the global fight against infectious diseases, today announced seven grant investments totaling US$15.3 million to speed the development of promising drugs and vaccines to battle three insect-borne diseases -- malaria, dengue and Chagas disease.

The biomethane market needs clear frame conditions for further growth
Biomethane as a substitute for the fossil energy carrier natural gas offers a variety of options and applications for a sustainable energy supply.

Dairy consumption linked to lower blood pressure and cardiovascular disease risk
Research presented at 12th Euro Fed Lipid Congress describes the relationship between milk and dairy consumption and disease risk.

Delay in age of walking can herald muscular dystrophy in boys with cognitive delays
The timing of a toddler's first steps is an important developmental milestone, but a slight delay in walking is typically not a cause of concern by itself.

Predicting prostate cancer: Pitt-developed test identifies new methods for treatment
A genetic discovery out of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is leading to a highly accurate test for aggressive prostate cancer and identifies new avenues for treatment.

One in five men reports violence toward intimate partners
Intimate partner violence is more common than diabetes. One in five men in the US reports violence towards their spouse or significant other, says a new nationally representative study by the University of Michigan.

EEG study findings reveal how fear is processed in the brain
New research from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas published online today in Brain and Cognition illustrates how fear arises in the brain when individuals are exposed to threatening images.

Cardiorespiratory fitness can delay male, age-associated blood pressure hikes
A man's cardiorespiratory fitness can drastically delay the natural, age-associated increase of his blood pressure over his adult life span.
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