Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 16, 2014
Why are consumers willing to spend more money on ethical products?
What motivates consumers to make ethical choices such as buying clothing not made in a sweat shop, spending more money on fair-trade coffee, and bringing their own bags when they go shopping?

Politics divide coastal residents' views of environment, UNH research finds
From the salmon-rich waters of Southeast Alaska to the white sand beaches of Florida's Gulf Coast to Downeast Maine's lobster, lumber and tourist towns, coastal residents around the US share a common characteristic: their views about coastal environments divide along political lines.

What's for dinner? Rapidly identifying undescribed species in a commercial fungi packet
For lovers of wild foods, autumn harks a season of bounty.

Keystone XL would likely raise oil sands production and greenhouse gas emissions
The proposed Keystone XL pipeline would likely raise oil sands production and greenhouse gas emissions, according to a survey of experts and researchers -- including both supporters and opponents of the pipeline.

For electronics beyond silicon, a new contender emerges
Using a quantum material called a correlated oxide, Harvard researchers have achieved a reversible change in electrical resistance of eight orders of magnitude, a result the researchers are calling 'colossal.' In short, they have engineered this material to perform comparably with the best silicon switches.

Neuroimaging technique identifies concussion-related brain disease in living brain
Detection while patient is still alive improves accuracy of diagnosis and enables estimation of prevalence and risk.

A new therapeutic target may prevent blindness in premature babies at risk of retinopathy
Possibility of developing new, more selective drugs to control the abnormal growth of blood vessels and prevent blindness including retinopathy of prematurity, a disorder that may result in retinal detachment due to abnormal blood vessel growth in the retina of the eye.

Novel drug targeting leukemia cells enters clinical trial
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have launched a Phase I human clinical trial to assess the safety and efficacy of a new monoclonal antibody for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, the most common form of blood cancer in adults.

Fox Chase's Charlie Ma, Ph.D., named Fellow by the American Society for Radiation Oncology
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has selected C.M.

Scientists create therapy-grade stem cells using new cocktail to reprogram adult cells
Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a new cocktail that coaxes adult cells to become pluripotent stem cells of a high enough quality to be used in therapeutic applications.

Diabetes complications make patients more likely to fall down stairs
New research presented at this year's annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Vienna, Austria, shows that people suffering from diabetic peripheral neuropathy -- a complication of diabetes that affects the nerves in the limbs -- are likely to sway more during stair climbing, and thus are more likely to fall.

Long-term results of RTOG 0236 confirm good primary tumor control, positive 5-year survival rates
Patients with inoperable, early-stage lung cancer who receive stereotactic body radiation therapy have a five-year survival rate of 40 percent, according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's (ASTRO's) 56th Annual Meeting.

Single fraction RT as effective as multiple fraction RT for bone metastases
A prospective study that compared patient-reported outcomes of a broad set of cancer patients with bone metastases demonstrates that single fraction radiation therapy is equally as effective as multiple fraction radiation therapy when pain, function and quality of life are considered, according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 56th Annual Meeting.

UCI team is first to capture motion of single molecule in real time
UC Irvine chemists have scored a scientific first: capturing moving images of a single molecule as it vibrates, or 'breathes,' and shifts from one quantum state to another.

ACCA congress: Ensuring a rapid response to cardiac emergencies
Acute Cardiovascular Care 2014 is the event of the year for the latest science in the field.

Unraveling cell division
CRG researchers shed new light on mitosis. The study published in the Journal of Cell Biology describes how Topo 2, an enzyme that disentangles DNA molecules and is essential for proper cell division.

Imaging identifies asymptomatic people at risk for stroke
Imaging can be a cost-effective way to identify people at risk for stroke who might benefit from aggressive intervention, according to a new modeling study.

Epigenetic drugs: A hope to treat cancer resistance and reduce cancer relapse?
'Recent studies suggest that epigenetic modifications may contribute to the development of cancer progenitor cells that can induce drug resistance and the relapse of different types of cancer,' said Sibaji Sarkar, Ph.D., instructor of medicine at BUSM.

Global shift away from cars saves US$100 trillion, eliminates 1,700 MT of CO2 pollution
More than $100 trillion in cumulative public and private spending, and 1,700 megatons of annual carbon dioxide -- a 40 percent reduction of urban passenger transport emissions -- could be eliminated by 2050 if the world expands public transportation, walking and cycling in cities, according to a new report released by the University of California, Davis, and the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy.

World Alzheimer Report 2014 reveals persuasive evidence for dementia risk reduction
The World Alzheimer Report 2014 'Dementia and Risk Reduction: An analysis of protective and modifiable factors,' released today, suggests that dementia risk for populations can be modified through tobacco control and better prevention, detection and control of hypertension and diabetes.

Capturing ancient Maya sites from both a rat's and a 'bat's eye view'
A trip to the Guatemalan jungle usually nets a few souvenirs: Photographs of Maya ruins, bragging rights about encounters with venomous snakes, perhaps a bug bite or two.

How learning to talk is in the genes
Researchers have found evidence that genetic factors may contribute to the development of language during infancy.

Smoke wafts over the Selway Valley in Idaho
Smoke from the fires in the Selway Complex and the Johnson Bar fire is wafting into the Selway River valley.

Water-based nuclear battery developed by MU can be used to generate electrical energy
From cell phones to cars and flashlights, batteries play an important role in everyday life.

Getting the jump on competitors: QUT study
Umpires and judges are the unwitting focus of some of Australia's best fast bowlers, track and field athletes and gymnasts to improve their performance in competition, thanks to a new training technique discovered by a Queensland University of Technology researcher.

Meteorite that doomed the dinosaurs helped the forests bloom
66 million years ago, a 10-km diameter chunk of rock hit the Yucatan peninsula with the force of 100 teratons of TNT.

Lactation linked to reduced estrogen receptor-negative, triple-negative breast cancer risk
Women who have had children (parous women) appear to have an increased risk of developing estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer, the subtype that carries a higher mortality rate and is more common in women of African ancestry.

Smart teens rub off on teammates
Having smart teammates can double a high school student's odds of going to college.

The future face of molecular electronics
The emerging field of molecular electronics could take our definition of portable to the next level, enabling the construction of tiny circuits from molecular components.

The rich have more political clout in states, but stricter lobbying rules can narrow gap
State legislators are more attentive to wealthy citizens' political opinions when making policy decisions, but stricter regulations on professional lobbyists can help curb this trend and promote more equal political representation, according to a Baylor University study.

Lucky loyalty? Devoted consumers believe they have earned the right to win random rewards
Loyal consumers can earn benefits such as frequent flyer miles or free nights at hotels when they participate in rewards programs.

'Smart material' chin strap harvests energy from chewing
A chin strap that can harvest energy from jaw movements has been created by a group of researchers in Canada.

Study compares effectiveness of treatments for blood clots
In an analysis of the results of nearly 50 randomized trials that examined treatments of venous thromboembolisms -- blood clot in a vein -- there were no significant differences in clinical and safety outcomes associated with most treatment strategies when compared with the low-molecular-weight heparin-vitamin K antagonist combination, according to a study in the Sept.

Do you always get what you pay for? How consumers mispredict product quality
Consumers are willing to spend thousands of dollars for luxury brand watches such as Rolex and Cartier because they are synonymous with high quality.

Access to female-controlled contraception needed in intimate partner violence
Access to female-controlled contraceptive methods must be improved in order to help women and girls to counteract any risks to their reproductive health caused by intimate partner violence and reproductive coercion, according to US experts writing in this week's PLOS Medicine.

New radiosurgery technology provides highly accurate treatment, greater patient comfort
A new stereotactic radiosurgery system provides the same or a higher level of accuracy in targeting cancer tumors -- but offers greater comfort to patients and the ability to treat multiple tumors at once -- when compared to other radiation therapy stereotactic systems, according to researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

Boosting global corn yields depends on improving nutrient balance
Ensuring that corn absorbs the right balance of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium is crucial to increasing global yields, a Purdue and Kansas State University study finds.

Powerful synergies across different sectors improve health of poor women and children
Why and how do some of the poorest countries in the world successfully protect their mothers, newborns and young children?

Artworks are people!
Art, in other words, is an extension of the creator, according to research from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business.

University of Helsinki and Rovio Learning cooperate for playful learning
The University's Playful Learning Center researches the future of learning together with businesses.

Can consumers use an easy trick to extend wonderful experiences and shorten bad ones?
Many experiences rarely seem to last the right amount of time.

A novel therapy for sepsis?
A University of Tokyo research group has discovered that pentatraxin 3 (PTX3), a protein that helps the innate immune system target invaders such as bacteria and viruses, can reduce mortality of mice suffering from sepsis.

Newborn Tropical Storm Polo gives a NASA satellite a 'cold reception'
The AIRS instrument aboard NASA's Aqua satellite uses infrared light to read cloud top temperatures in tropical cyclones.

Sharks' skin has teeth in the fight against hospital superbugs
Transmission of bacterial infections, including Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus could be curbed by coating hospital surfaces with microscopic bumps that mimic the scaly surface of shark skin, according to research published in the open access journal Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control.

Good networkers make prime targets
Proteins form either small or large networks to perform their functions.

Meteorite that doomed dinosaurs remade forests
The impact decimated slow-growing evergreens and made way for fast-growing, deciduous plants, according to a study applying biomechanical analyses to fossilized leaves.

NOAA team reveals forgotten ghost ships off Golden Gate
A team of NOAA researchers today confirmed the discovery just outside San Francisco's Golden Gate strait of the 1910 shipwreck SS Selja and an unidentified early steam tugboat wreck tagged the 'mystery wreck.' The researchers also located the 1863 wreck of the clipper ship Noonday, currently obscured by mud and silt on the ocean floor.

36 Pit Fire in Oregon
The 36 Pit Fire began on Sept. 13, 2014. The fire is human-caused and is still under investigation.

Healthy humans make nice homes for viruses
The same viruses that make us sick can take up residence in and on the human body without provoking a sneeze, cough or other troublesome symptom, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Researchers debunk myth about Parkinson's disease
Using advanced computer models, neuroscience researchers at the University of Copenhagen have gained new knowledge about the complex processes that cause Parkinson's disease.

Wistar and Penn Medicine collaborate on $12.1 million SPORE grant in melanoma
The Wistar Institute's Meenhard Herlyn, D.V.M., D.Sc., is the principal investigator on a $12.1 million Special Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) grant, a prestigious National Cancer Institute collaborative grant that brings together researchers at Wistar and the University of Pennsylvania to develop new melanoma therapies.

Data visualization page illustrates the power consumption of smartphones
The infographic developed by University of Helsinki researchers presents the first side-by-side comparison of the power consumption and fragmentation of Android and iOS devices.

NASA's Global Hawk and satellites investigating Hurricane Edouard today
The unmanned Global Hawk aircraft that's part of NASA's airborne Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel, or HS3 mission was winging its way to Hurricane Edouard on Sept.

Frontiers receives Gold Prize for the ALPSP Award for Innovation in Publishing 2014
Frontiers has won the ALPSP Innovation in Publishing Award in recognition of its innovative Open-Science platform that provides open-access academic publishing and research networking for scientists.

Prostate cancer patients who receive hypofractionated RT report consistent QoL
Prostate cancer patients who received hypofractionated radiation therapy reported that their quality of life, as well as bladder and bowel function were at similar levels before and after radiation therapy, according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 56th Annual Meeting.

Waistlines of US adults continue to increase
The prevalence of abdominal obesity and average waist circumference increased among US adults from 1999 to 2012, according to a study in the Sept.

Chemotherapy and SABR consecutively may be promising treatment option for advanced pancreatic cancer
For patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer, the combination of chemotherapy and stereotactic ablative radiation may be a promising treatment option, ultimately allowing them to undergo surgery that may not otherwise be an option, according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 56th Annual Meeting.

Prostate cancer patients surveyed 5 years after vessel-sparing RT report preserved sexual function
A comparison of five-year sexual function outcomes, as reported by patients treated with external beam radiotherapy versus combination external beam radiotherapy plus brachytherapy, indicates that the utilization of vessel-sparing radiation therapy makes cure possible without compromising long-term sexual function, according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 56th Annual Meeting.

UTMB professor implements lifesaving protocol for school children with severe allergies
As the number of children with food allergies in the US increases, so does the risk of children having a severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis on school campuses.

Diversity could lead to ethical behaviors among scientists
A group of Michigan State University researchers will use a five-year, $600,000 National Science Foundation grant to study how demographic and disciplinary diversity affects scientists' ethical behaviors.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Odile knocking at US Southwest
Tropical Storm Odile continues to drench western Mexico and has now entered into the US Southwest.

CASIS research set for launch aboard SpaceX mission to space station
SpaceX's Dragon spacecraft is scheduled to blast off to the space station carrying the third suite of research investigations sponsored by the Center for the Advancement of Science in Space, termed Advancing Research Knowledge-2.

Scottish people most skeptical on fracking, survey shows
If Scotland votes for independence later this week, its government could face an uphill challenge in persuading the Scottish people that fracking is necessary, research has revealed.

Dry conditions and lightning strikes make for a long California fire season
The fire season in California has been anything but cooperative this year.

Gene variant that dramatically reduces 'bad' lipids
In the first study to emerge from the UK10K Project's cohort of samples from the general public, scientists have identified a rare genetic variant that dramatically reduces levels of certain types of lipids in the blood.

NASA HS3 instrument views 2 dimensions of clouds
NASA's Cloud Physics Lidar instrument, flying aboard an unmanned Global Hawk aircraft in this summer's Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel, or HS3, mission, is studying the changing profile of the atmosphere in detail to learn more about how hurricanes form and strengthen.

Do wearable lifestyle activity monitors really work?
Wearable electronic activity monitors hold great promise in helping people to reach their wellness goals.

SAGE partners with Golden Goose Award to support seemingly peculiar research
Leading independent, academic and professional publisher SAGE announces its partnering sponsorship of the 2014 Golden Goose Award.

Columbia University College of Dental Medicine receives diversity award
The Columbia University College of Dental Medicine has received the 2014 Higher Education Excellence in Diversity award from INSIGHT Into Diversity magazine, the oldest and largest diversity-focused publication in higher education.

'Hidden Treasure of Rome' project unveiled
'The Hidden Treasure of Rome' project will bring hundreds of thousands of ancient artifacts from Italy into the laboratories of US universities to be studied, restored, categorized and cataloged.

The Lancet: Scientists use modern forensic techniques to identify most likely cause of King Richard III's death
New research led by the University of Leicester in the UK gives a blow-by-blow account of the injuries inflicted on King Richard III's body at the Battle of Bosworth Field on Aug.

Smoking and schizophrenia linked by alterations in brain nicotine signals
Schizophrenia is associated with increased rates and intensity of tobacco smoking.

Results of RIBS IV trial reported at TCT 2014
A new clinical trial comparing the use of everolimus-eluting stents (EES) and drug-eluting balloons in treating in-stent restenosis from drug-eluting stents found that EES provided superior late angiographic results and better late clinical outcomes.

Study identifies when and how much various prostate cancer treatments will impact urinary and sexual functioning
Men with prostate cancer may one day be able to predict when and how much various treatments will impact their urinary and sexual functioning, thanks in part to new findings that researchers at Fox Chase Cancer Center presented at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 56th Annual Meeting on Tuesday, Sept.

ESMO 2014 Congress preview
Poster and Poster Discussion abstracts are going to be presented at the ESMO 2014 Congress will be published online on Wednesday, 17 September 2014 at 12:00 (CEST) to give you a first glimpse of what you can expect from the European medical oncology Congress, under the leading theme Precision Medicine in Cancer Care.

Improved risk identification will aid fertility preservation in young male cancer patients
A study led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators has found the chemotherapy dose threshold below which male childhood cancer survivors are likely to have normal sperm production.

Scientists twist radio beams to send data
Researchers twist four radio beams together to achieve high data transmission speeds.

Journal of Clinical Psychiatry: Long-term benefit of NeuroStar TMS Therapy in depression
Neuronetics Inc. today announced that results of a study designed to assess the long-term effectiveness of NeuroStar TMS Therapy in adult patients with major depressive disorder who have failed to benefit from prior treatment with antidepressant medications, were published online in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

EARTH Magazine: The Bay Area's next 'big one' could strike as a series of quakes
Most people are familiar with the Great 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and are aware of the earthquake risk posed to the Bay Area -- and much of California -- by the San Andreas Fault.

Point-of-care CD4 testing is economically feasible for HIV care in resource-limited areas
A study by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators, working in collaboration with colleagues in Mozambique and South Africa, indicates that routine use of point-of-care CD4 testing at the time of HIV diagnosis would be cost effective in countries where health care and other resources are severely limited.

CARRS-Q host international transport safety conference
More workers die in motor vehicles than any other workplace incident, a statistic that transport safety experts are hoping to address at an international conference being hosted by QUT's Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Queensland (CARRS-Q).

Sam Houston State study examines use of GIS in policing
Police agencies are using Geographic Information Systems for mapping crime, identifying crime 'hot spots,' assigning officers, and profiling offenders, but little research has been done about the effectiveness of the technology in curbing crime, according to a study at Sam Houston State University.

Tornadoes occurring earlier in 'Tornado Alley'
Peak tornado activity in the central and southern Great Plains of the United States is occurring up to two weeks earlier than it did half a century ago, according to a new study whose findings could help states in 'Tornado Alley' better prepare for these violent storms.

Nanoribbon film keeps glass ice-free
Rice University scientists who created a deicing film for radar domes have now refined the technology to work as a transparent coating for glass.

Combination therapy for COPD associated with better outcomes
Among older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), particularly those with asthma, newly prescribed long-acting beta-agonists and inhaled corticosteroid combination therapy, compared with newly prescribed LABAs alone, was associated with a lower risk of death or COPD hospitalization, according to a study in the Sept.

Human faces are so variable because we evolved to look unique
Why are human faces so variable compared to other animals, from lizards and penguins to dogs and monkeys?

Effect of magnesium sulfate during pregnancy on very preterm infants
Magnesium sulfate given intravenously to pregnant women at risk of very preterm birth was not associated with benefit on neurological, behavioral, growth, or functional outcomes in their children at school age, according to a study in the Sept.

Patients waiting too long to see doctor? Try 'just-in-time' management methods, researchers urge
Using a pain clinic as a testing ground, researchers at Johns Hopkins have shown that a management process first popularized by Toyota in Japan can substantially reduce patient wait times and possibly improve the teaching of interns and residents.

New research decodes virus-host interactions in ocean dead zones
A new study reveals the interactions among bacteria and viruses that prey on them thriving in oxygen minimum zones -- stretches of ocean starved for oxygen that occur around the globe.

World Health Organization policy improves use of medicines
In this issue of PLOS Medicine, Kathleen Holloway from the World Health Organization and David Henry evaluated data on reported adherence to World Health Organization essential medicines practices and measures of quality use of medicines from 56 low and middle income countries for 2002-2008.

Benefit of endocrine therapy in elderly women with low risk hormone receptor positive breast cancer?
Treatment with endocrine therapy and radiation therapy as part of breast conservation is the current standard of care for women with hormone-receptor positive invasive breast cancer.

Ebola outbreak 'out of all proportion' and severity cannot be predicted
A mathematical model that replicates Ebola outbreaks can no longer be used to ascertain the eventual scale of the current epidemic, finds research conducted by the University of Warwick.

The Malaspina Expedition confirms that pollution reaches even the most remote areas of the ocean
Three years after the Hesperides vessel returned to Spain culminating the around the world of the Malaspina Expedition, researchers have an increasingly clear picture of how the global ocean works and what is its health condition.

Urine HPV test could offer non-invasive alternative to conventional smear, improve screening uptake
A simple urine test for human papillomavirus could offer a more acceptable, non-invasive alternative to the conventional cervical test and improve screening uptake, finds a study published on thebmj.com today.

Exxon Valdez 2014: Does media coverage of manmade disasters contribute to consumer complacency?
Twenty-five years ago, the Exxon Valdez spilled 11 million gallons of oil into Alaska's Prince William Sound.

Hey1 and Hey2 ensure inner ear 'hair cells' are made at the right time, in the right place
Two Johns Hopkins neuroscientists have discovered the 'molecular brakes' that time the generation of important cells in the inner ear cochleas of mice.

New research shows tornadoes occurring earlier in 'Tornado Alley'
Peak tornado activity in the central and southern Great Plains is occurring up to two weeks earlier than it did half a century ago.

New gene research helps pinpoint prostate cancer risk
A consortia of research hubs around the world encompassing 150 researchers has analysed more than 10 million genetic markers in 80,000 men with prostate cancer.

First blood test to diagnose depression in adults
The first blood test to diagnose major depression in adults has been developed, providing the first objective, scientific diagnosis for depression.

Kessler Foundation scientists link slowed processing speed with executive deficits in MS
Kessler Foundation researchers have published a study supporting the role of slowed processing speed in the executive deficits found in individuals with multiple sclerosis.

Slimy fish and the origins of brain development
Lamprey -- slimy, eel-like parasitic fish with tooth-riddled, jawless sucking mouths -- are rather disgusting to look at, but thanks to their important position on the vertebrate family tree, they can offer important insights about the evolutionary history of our own brain development, suggests a recent study done at Caltech.

Judging a fish by its color: For female bluefin killifish, love is a yellow mate
Researchers used male replicas of bluefin killifish and controlled their movement with robotic arms to improve repeatability in experiments designed to determine how fertile female fish would respond to male courtship.

More cheese, please! New study shows dairy is good for your metabolic health
Researchers from CHU de Québec Research Center and Laval University studied the dairy-eating habits of healthy French-Canadians' and monitored how dairy consumption may have an effect on their overall metabolic health.

Select group of stage IV lung cancer patients achieve long-term survival after aggressive treatments
A large, international analysis of patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer indicates that a patient's overall survival rate can be related to factors including the timing of when metastases develop and lymph node involvement, and that aggressive treatment for 'low-risk' patients leads to a five-year OS rate of 47.8 percent, according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 56th Annual Meeting.

EU-funded research project reveals where the money for cardiovascular research in Europe comes from and what it is spent on
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one killer in Europe claiming 5,000 lives per day.

Patient's question triggers important study about blood thinners
Physicians around the world now have guidance that can help them determine the best oral blood thinners to use for their patients suffering from blood clots in their veins, thanks to a patient of The Ottawa Hospital who asked his physician a question he couldn't answer.

Poor body size judgement can lead to increased tolerance of obesity
Size is relative, especially to people who tend to be on the heavy side.

Pairing social networks with social motives to close the science gap
Noshir Contractor is leading a survey of 14,000 health workers in India to discover how to best disseminate public health information.

Researchers studying improving physician opioid prescribing
Boston University School of Medicine researcher Dr. Jeffrey Samet and Dr.

Results of OCT STEMI trial reported at TCT 2014
The first randomized trial to examine serial optical coherence tomography in primary percutaneous coronary intervention was reported today at the 26th annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium.

NASA spots center of Typhoon Kalmaegi over Hainan Island, headed for Vietnam
NASA's Aqua satellite saw Typhoon Kalmaegi's center near northern Hainan Island, China when it passed overhead on Sept.

Study shows users of insulin pumps are at 29 percent lower risk of death compared with patients on insulin injections
A study of more than 18,000 patients with type 1 diabetes has shown that use of insulin pumps to administer insulin rather than treatment with multiple daily insulin injections results in a 29 percent reduction in all-cause mortality and 43 percent reduction in the risk of fatal cardiovascular disease.

NSCLC patients who never smoked or who quit smoking have lower risk of developing secondary cancers
Non-small cell lung cancer survivors who never smoked or who are former smokers at the time of diagnosis have a lower risk of developing secondary primary lung cancers compared to those who are current smokers, suggesting that increased tobacco exposure is associated with a higher risk of SPLC, according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 56th Annual Meeting.

Do ads showing sexy women make male consumers less charitable?
What happens when you use images of sexy women to attract men's attention?

Making quantum dots glow brighter
Researchers have found a new way to control the properties of quantum dots, those tiny chunks of semiconductor material that glow different colors depending on their size.

Results of DKCRUSH-VI trial reported at TCT 2014
A new study found that fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided provisional side branch stenting of true coronary bifurcation lesions yields similar outcomes to the current standard of care.

NASA's HS3 mission covers transition of Hurricane Cristobal
NASA's Global Hawk 872 aircraft flew over Hurricane Cristobal on Aug.

Job stress not the only cause of burnouts at work
New research from Concordia University and the University of Montreal proves that having an understanding partner is just as important as having a supportive boss.

Camera developed at WUSTL sheds light on mate choice of swordtail fish
A group of researchers have used a special camera developed by Viktor Gruev, PhD, to discover that female northern swordtail fish choose their mates based on polarization signals from the males.

Computerized emotion detector
Face recognition software measures various parameters in a mug shot, such as the distance between the person's eyes, the height from lip to top of their nose and various other metrics and then compares it with photos of people in the database that have been tagged with a given name.

Focus on treatment costs, value: Less radiation for elderly women with early breast cancer
In a healthcare climate where the costs of treatment are increasingly weighed against potential benefit, a Yale study has found that radiation oncologists are using fewer or less-aggressive radiation procedures on elderly women with early-stage breast cancer.

Results of IVUS-CTO trial reported at TCT 2014
A new study found that intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided intervention in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) could improve outcomes compared to a conventional angiography-guided approach during percutaneous coronary intervention.

Cancer patients with malignant spinal cord compression have preserved mobility
Mobility is equally preserved in cancer patients suffering from malignant spinal cord compression who receive a single dose of 10 Gy of radiation therapy, compared to patients who receive five daily doses of 4 Gy of radiation therapy each, according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's (ASTRO's) 56th Annual Meeting.

Study on global carbon cycle may require reappraisal of climate events in Earth's history
A recent study of the global carbon cycle offers a new perspective of Earth's climate records through time.

The genetics of coping with HIV
We respond to infections in two fundamental ways. One is 'resistance,' where the body attacks the invading pathogen and reduces its numbers.

Counting fish teeth reveals regulatory DNA changes behind rapid evolution, adaptation
Threespine sticklebacks, small fish found around the globe, undergo rapid evolutionary change when they move from the ocean to freshwater lakes, losing their armor and gaining more teeth in as little as 10 years.

Novel capability enables first test of real turbine engine conditions
Manufactures of turbine engines for airplanes, automobiles and electric generation plants could expedite the development of more durable, energy-efficient turbine blades thanks to a partnership between the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, the German Aerospace Center and the universities of Central Florida and Cleveland State.

And so they beat on, flagella against the cantilever
Researchers have developed a new model to study the motion patterns of bacteria in real time and to determine how these motions relate to communication within a bacterial colony.

Evidence of genetic link to PTSD in soldiers exposed to childhood trauma
While abnormalities in the adrenergic and noradrenergic systems, both integral in the fight-or-flight response, are thought to play a role in the development of post-traumatic stress disorder, until now there has been no genetic evidence of this connection.

Violent origins of disc galaxies probed by ALMA
For decades scientists have believed that galaxy mergers usually result in the formation of elliptical galaxies.
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