Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 26, 2014
Decision analysis can help women make choices about breast reconstruction
Decision analysis techniques can help surgeons and patients evaluate alternatives for breast reconstruction -- leading to a 'good decision' that reflects the woman's preferences and values, according to an article in the October issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Conflictive animations support the development of programming skills
A new programming tool developed at the University of Eastern Finland uses conflictive animations to teach computer programming.

New UT Dallas technology may lead to prolonged power in mobile devices
Researchers from the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science have created technology that could be the first step toward wearable computers with self-contained power sources or, more immediately, a smartphone that doesn't die after a few hours of heavy use.

Scanning babies' fingerprints could save lives
Each year 2.5 million children die worldwide because they do not receive life-saving vaccinations at the appropriate time.

Promoting the cultivation of the black truffle and seeking to improve its quality
The Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development Neiker-Tecnalia and the Black Truffle Association of Alava are jointly running the ECOTRUF project, designed to promote the cultivation of the black truffle -- Tuber melanosporum -- and improve its quality.

UB study: COPD patients breathe easier with Lung Flute
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) report improved symptoms and health status when they use a hand-held respiratory device called the Lung Flute®, according to a new study by the University at Buffalo.

Smoke still rising from King Fire in California
Over 96,004 acres have been burned by the King Fire since it began on Sept.

Strategy to reduce side effects in modern cancer therapy
An interdisciplinary team of researchers from the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna has successfully developed a new strategy for reducing the often serious side effects of an important class of modern anticancer drugs -- tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

Penn team studies nanocrystals by passing them through tiny pores
An interdisciplinary team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has now applied a cutting-edge technique for rapid gene sequencing toward measuring other nanoscopic structures.

Translational symposium aims to advance research on hot flashes
The National Institute on Aging and the North American Menopause Society are sponsoring the 2nd Utian Translational Science Symposium, 'The Science of Thermoregulation and Vasomotor Symptoms: New Targets for Research and Treatment' to be held on Tuesday, Oct.

Geisel researchers contribute to study of trained immunity
A study published in the journal Science provides support for a new -- and still controversial -- understanding of the immune system.

Forming better database queries at heart of NSF research project
A UT Arlington computer scientist is helping design a system that will ask better questions when querying databases and lead to improved decision-making in our data-driven society.

How plankton gets jet lagged
The hormone melatonin, which governs sleep and jet lag in humans, may also drive the mass migration of plankton in the ocean, scientists at EMBL Heidelberg have found.

Sensitive youngsters
Young sea stars from the Baltic Sea suffer more from the effects of ocean acidification than adults.

Discrepancies in access to new cancer drugs revealed
Access to potentially life-extending cancer drugs varies significantly in different regions of the world, two new studies show at the ESMO 2014 Congress in Madrid, Spain.

Internists provide recommendations to Veterans Health Administration
The American College of Physicians letter is titled: Veterans Access to Care Through Choice Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014.

Green light for clever algae
Phytoplankton not only constitute the foundation of the food chain in the oceans, they also fix carbon through photosynthesis and generate oxygen with the help of solar energy.

Morphed images of Hollywood celebrities reveal how neurons make up your mind
Study reveals individual neurons in the human brain are triggered by the subject's conscious perception, rather than by the visual stimulus

The scarring effects of primary-grade retention?
An article released by Social Forces titled, 'The Scarring Effects of Primary-Grade Retention?

Severe periodontitis: Sixth most prevalent health condition in the world
IADR/AADR have published a paper titled 'Global Burden of Periodontitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression.' The manuscript, by lead researcher Wagner Marcenes is published in the OnlineFirst portion of the IADR/AADR Journal of Dental Research.

The discovery of 27 vertebrates fully reveals the unmatched biodiversity in Tanzania
A study by an international team of scientists coordinated by Italy's MUSE -- Science Museum updates knowledge on the faunal richness of the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania and Kenya; presents the discovery of 27 new vertebrate species; identifies the drivers of the area's exceptional biological importance; and advocates for its candidature to the UNESCO's List of World Heritage Sites.

More than 70 percent of young oncologists in Europe suffer symptoms of burnout
Across Europe, more than 70 percent of young cancer specialists are showing signs of burnout, the largest survey of its kind has revealed.

New tool assesses skill development in robotic microsurgery, reports Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
A new standardized assessment provides a useful tool for tracking surgeons' progress as they develop the skills needed to perform robot-assisted microsurgery, reports a study in the October issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Smelly discovery challenges effectiveness of antimicrobial textiles
Anti-odor clothing may not be living up to its promise, and an ALES researcher is saying it could all be a matter of how the product was tested.

Carnegie Mellon awarded NSF grant to combine models of neuronal computation
Carnegie Mellon biologist Nathan Urban and statistician Robert Kass have received a $930,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to apply biological and statistical neuroscience approaches in order to create a better overall understanding of how neurons encode information.

Researchers show irradiation plus transplantation effective for treating HIV/AIDS
Yerkes National Primate Research Center researchers are the first to show that an irradiation plus transplantation combination approach in nonhuman primates can be used to treat or even possibly cure HIV/AIDS, and this new model is providing some answers about the 'Berlin patient,' the only human thought cured of AIDS.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Kammuri's spiral bands of soaking thunderstorms
Tropical Storm Kammuri continues to strengthen on its north-northwestern track through the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and NASA's TRMM satellite identified a band of thunderstorms containing heavy rainfall northwest of the storm's center.

Study identifies unexpected clue to peripheral neuropathies
New research shows that disrupting the molecular function of a tumor suppressor causes improper formation of a protective insulating sheath on peripheral nerves -- leading to neuropathy and muscle wasting in mice similar to that in human diabetes and neurodegeneration.

Scientists discover new poison dart frog species in Donoso, Panama
A bright orange poison dart frog with a unique call was discovered in Donoso, Panama, and described by researchers from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and the Universidad Autónoma de Chiriquí, both in Panama, and the Universidad de los Andes in Colombia.

NSF grants $1 million to MU to expand supercomputer equipment and expertise
The National Science Foundation has awarded $1 million in two grants to the University of Missouri to install a supercomputer enabling data-intensive research and education at MU in fields such as bioinformatics, geoinformatics, high performance computing and engineering applications.

Cardiology leaders call for global prevention of heart disease, stroke
Heart disease and stroke contribute to 30 percent of global deaths, more than all infectious and parasitic diseases combined, and 11 cardiovascular organizations are calling for the United Nations to address prevention of heart disease and other non-communicable diseases.

Exploring the connection between empathy, neurohormones and aggression
Researchers at the State University of New York at Buffalo, examined whether assessed or elicited empathy would lead to situation-specific aggression on behalf of another person, and to explore the potential role of two neurohormones in explaining a connection between empathy and aggression.

Antibacterial resistance a cause for major concern according to world leading cystic fibrosis expert
World leading cystic fibrosis experts, from Queen's University Belfast, have called for greater research to address the major concern of antibacterial resistance.

Policies of NIH, other funders, have improved data-sharing by life-science investigators
Policies put into place by major funding agencies like the National Institutes of Health, and to a lesser extent by scientific journals, appear to be meeting the goal of increasing the sharing of scientific resources among life science investigators.

Preference for built-up habitats could explain rapid spread of the tree bumblebee in UK
New research from the University of East Anglia shows that tree bumblebee populations could be spreading because the bees readily live alongside humans in towns and villages.

Underwater robot for port security
Football-size robot can skim discreetly along a ship's hull to seek hollow compartments concealing contraband.

Penn chemists observe key reaction for producing 'atmosphere's detergent'
A University of Pennsylvania team has now observed a rapid atmospheric reaction critical to breaking down pollution in the lab.

NASA identifies cold cloud tops in Tropical Storm Rachel
NASA's Aqua satellite saw the area of strong thunderstorms with colder cloud tops had grown within the Eastern Pacific Ocean's Tropical Storm Rachel.

Can cartoons be used to teach machines to understand the visual world?
Google has awarded Devi Parikh of Virginia Tech's Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering a Faculty Research Award that comes with $92,000 of unrestricted funding and allows her to work directly with Google researchers and engineers as they explore how to best teach machines from visual abstractions.

Progress in materials science
Professor He, Professor Ball and Dr. Gu carried out the research into FSW over a period of several years, receiving financial backing from the National Natural Science Foundation of China and the Special Program of the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology.

New molecule found in space connotes life origins
Hunting from a distance of 27,000 light years, astronomers have discovered an unusual carbon-based molecule contained within a giant gas cloud in interstellar space.

Tooth buried in bone shows prehistoric predators tangled across land, sea
Before dinosaurs, it was thought the top aquatic and terrestrial predators didn't often interact.

Experts call for widening the debate on climate change
Environmental scientists are being urged to broaden the advice they give on global climate change, say experts who are also frustrated that decision makers are not taking enough action.

Disease without borders
In a paper published this week online in Global Society, researchers with University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the Urban Studies and Planning Program, also at UC San Diego, present a bioregional guide that merges place-based (territorial) city planning and ecosystem management along the United States-Mexico border as way to improve human and environmental health.

National Geographic/GlobeScan study reveals increased concern about environment
A new global analysis released today by the National Geographic Society and GlobeScan finds that concern about environmental problems has increased in most countries surveyed, and that more people now expect global warming will negatively affect them during their lifetime than in 2012.

'Multi-spectra glasses' for scanning electron microscopy
Reflection zone plates produced by HZB enable lighter elements in material samples will be efficiently and precisely detected using scanning electron microscopy by providing high resolution in the range of 50-1120 eV.

Building new paths to kidney health
The world's largest gathering of kidney health professionals -- Kidney Week 2014 -- will take place Nov.

Children with autism are more sedentary than their peers, new OSU study shows
A small new Oregon State University study of children with autism found that they are more sedentary than their typically-developing peers, averaging 50 minutes less a day of moderate physical activity and 70 minutes more each day sitting.

Protein 'map' could lead to potent new cancer drugs
Imperial chemists have gained fresh insights into how a disease-causing enzyme makes changes to proteins and how it can be stopped.

Poor fish harvests more frequent now off California coast
In the past 600 years off the California coast, occasional episodes of diminished ocean upwelling that cause fish populations to crash have occurred naturally.

NAMS marks 25th anniversary at annual meeting in Washington, D.C.
What is the best way to handle hot flashes at menopause?

Skin pigment renders sun's UV radiation harmless using projectiles
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden and other institutions have worked out how the pigment of the skin manages to protect the body from the sun's dangerous UV rays.

Agricultural fires blaze in Borneo
The skies over Indonesian Borneo were filled with the smoke from hundreds of fires set deliberately to clear farmland.

Many patients excluded from clinical trials due to prior cancer, UTSW study finds
Lung cancer clinical trials exclude a substantial proportion of patients due to a history of prior cancer, as shown in an analysis by cancer researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center.

Countries must work together to stop organ traffickers, says researcher
The author of new research into organ trafficking has called for a concerted international effort to confront the problem.

Dr. Nancy Chiaravalloti receives Alumni Achievement Award from Muhlenberg College
Nancy (Donofrio) Chiaravalloti, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation received the Alumni Achievement in Science award from Muhlenberg College on Sept.
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