Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 30, 2014
Medical professional liability claims and esophageal cancer screening
An analysis of liability claims related to esophageal cancer screening finds that the risks of claims arising from acts of commission -- complications from screening procedure -- as well as acts of omission -- failure to screen -- are similarly low, according to a study in the Oct.

BioMed Central to publish open-access journal in collaboration with the University of Michigan
BioMed Central and the University of Michigan are pleased to announce an agreement to publish a new open-access journal, Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology, which is now open for submissions and will begin publishing in the first quarter of 2015.

Blades of grass inspire advance in organic solar cells
Briseno's research group is one of very few in the world to design and grow organic single-crystal p-n junctions.

Bacteria may have ability to reduce impact of diazepam on UK river environments
Scientists at Plymouth University and the University of Liverpool have identified a reaction pathway which could reduce the potentially harmful impact of diazepam and similar chemicals on the UK's freshwater environment.

Synthetic sperm protein raises the chance for successful in vitro fertilization
Having trouble getting pregnant -- even with in vitro fertilization?

High-speed drug screen
Massachusetts Institute of Technology engineers have devised a way to rapidly test hundreds of different drug-delivery vehicles in living animals, making it easier to discover promising new ways to deliver a class of drugs called biologics, which includes antibodies, peptides, RNA, and DNA, to human patients.

A new dimension for integrated circuits: 3-D nanomagnetic logic
Electrical engineers at the Technische Universitat Munchen have demonstrated a new kind of building block for digital integrated circuits.

In stickleback fish, dads influence offspring behavior and gene expression
Researchers report that some stickleback fish fathers can have long-term effects on the behavior of their offspring: The most attentive fish dads cause their offspring to behave in a way that makes them less susceptible to predators.

Comprehensive study of allergic deaths in US finds medications are main culprit
Medications are the leading cause of allergy-related sudden deaths in the US, according to an analysis conducted by researchers at Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine .

Are the world's religions ready for ET?
Astronomer David Weintraub's new book, 'Religions & Extraterrestrial Life,' explores the question of what the world's various religions have to say about the existence of extraterrestrial life.

Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids linked to smaller risk of coronary heart disease
A recent study completed at the University of Eastern Finland shows that dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.

Boys and girls who've had a traumatic brain injury differ in rates of harmful behavior
Teenagers who said they had a traumatic brain injury in their lifetime, especially girls, also reported significantly higher rates of harmful behavior, according to new research.

NTU and German scientists invent award winning 2-in-1 motor for electric cars
Scientists from Nanyang Technological University and German Aerospace Centre have invented a 2-in-1 electric motor which increases the range of electric vehicles.

US aims for traumatic brain injury clinical trial success
An unprecedented, public-private partnership funded by the Department of Defense is being launched to drive the development of better-run clinical trials and may lead to the first successful treatments for traumatic brain injury, a condition affecting not only athletes and soldiers, but also millions among the general public, ranging from youngsters to elders.

CWRU researchers receives $2.06 million to study how patients make end-of-life decisions
The choice to die at home surrounded by loved ones comes too late for some cancer patients.

Study compares long-term outcomes for types of aortic valve replacements
Among patients ages 50 to 69 years who underwent aortic valve replacement with bioprosthetic -- made primarily with tissue -- compared with mechanical prosthetic valves, there was no significant difference in 15-year survival or stroke, although patients in the bioprosthetic valve group had a greater likelihood of reoperation but a lower likelihood of major bleeding, according to a study in the Oct.

This week from AGU: Measuring Antarctic ice loss, Indian Ocean program, Oregon landslides
This week from AGU: Measuring Antarctic ice loss, Indian Ocean Program, and Oregon landslides.

At dusk and dawn: Scientists pinpoint biological clock's synchronicity
Scientists have uncovered how pacemaker neurons are synchronized at dusk and dawn in order to maintain the proper functioning of their biological clocks.

Gene doubling shapes the world: Instant speciation, biodiversity, and the root of our existence
In their review, Soltis and colleagues emphasize that polyploidy and the important role it has played, especially in plant evolution, would not have gained the recognition it deserves would it not have been for its staunch proponent, G.

New guidelines for treatment of hypothyroidism endorse current therapy
Levothyroxine is considered the gold standard therapy for an underactive thyroid gland, and a new review of therapies for the condition -- including combining levothyroxine with another agent -- has not altered that assessment, say a team of investigators.Their analysis, published as a set of guidelines in the journal Thyroid (available free online), finds insufficient consistent data exist to recommend a change in use of levothyroxine -- whether generic, or sold under various trade names, such as Synthroid -- as the only drug needed to treat hypothyroidism.

The wake-up call that sent hearts racing
'But as the minutes ticked by, the relaxed attitude of many of us began to dissolve into apprehension.

Genetic test for cancer patients could be cost-effective and prevent further cases
Screening for a genetic condition in younger people who are diagnosed with bowel cancer would be cost-effective for the British National Health Service and prevent new cases in them and their relatives, new research has concluded.

On the trail of the truffle flavor
German and French scientists discovered that soil bacteria contribute to the taste and smell of the white truffle.

How dinosaur arms turned into bird wings
Although we now appreciate that birds evolved from a branch of the dinosaur family tree, a crucial adaptation for flight has continued to puzzle evolutionary biologists.

Risky metabolism
Risk-taking behavior depends on metabolic rate and temperature in great tits.

Expect 6,000 more Australian deaths if pollution rises to 'safe' threshold
The National Environment Protection Measures (NEPM) has set maximum daily limits, or 'standards', for six key outdoor pollutants, which QUT's associate professor Adrian Barnett says many authorities wrongly assume to be 'safe' thresholds for health.

Targeted treatment could halt womb cancer growth
A drug which targets a key gene fault could halt an aggressive womb cancer and shrink tumours, according to research published in the British Journal of Cancer.

New genetic 'operating system' facilitated evolution of 'bilateral' animals
The evolution of worms, insects, vertebrates and other 'bilateral' animals -- those with distinct left and right sides -- from less complex creatures like jellyfish and sea anemones with 'radial' symmetry may have been facilitated by the emergence of a completely new 'operating system' for controlling genetic instructions in the cell.

Genetic test would help 'cut bowel cancer spread'
Screening families of patients with bowel cancer for a genetic condition would cut their risk of developing bowel, womb, and ovarian cancers, new research has found.

Minimum alcohol pricing would be up to 50 times more effective than below cost selling ban
Introducing minimum unit pricing in England would be up to 50 times more effective than the government's recent policy of a ban on below cost selling as a way of tackling problems caused by cheap alcohol, finds a study published on today.

How to predict who will suffer the most from stress
New research from Concordia University has found a way to identify those most susceptible to stress.

Ultrafast remote switching of light emission
Researchers from Eindhoven University of Technology can now for the first time remotely control a miniature light source at timescales of 200 trillionth of a second.

UCI study uncovers important process for immune system development
Research by UC Irvine immunologists reveals new information about how our immune system functions, shedding light on a vital process that determines how the body's ability to fight infection develops.

NEJM: Crizotinib effective in Phase 1 trial against ROS1 lung cancer
In this multi-center study of 50 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer testing positive for ROS1 gene rearrangement, the response rate was 72 percent, with 3 complete responses and 33 partial responses.

Americans undergo colonoscopies too often, study finds
Colonoscopies are a very valuable procedure by which to screen for the presence of colorectal cancer.

Pollution linked to lethal sea turtle tumors
Polluted urban and farm runoff in Hawaii has been linked to lethal tumors in endangered sea turtles.

Northwestern Medicine joins $20 million national uterine fibroid study
Northwestern Medicine will be one of 10 investigational sites for a landmark study that seeks to improve the way uterine fibroids, one of the most prevalent health issues impacting women, are treated.

New blood test determines whether you have or are likely to get cancer
A new research report published in the October 2014 issue of the FASEB Journal may make early detection and the risk assessment of cancer as easy as a simple blood test.

Four Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory scientists will contribute to President Obama's BRAIN Initiative under new NIH grants
Four scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory will perform research in President Obama's BRAIN Initiative under two new Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory grants announced in Washington today.

New diagnostic approach for autism in Tanzania
Researchers at Brown University and the University of Georgia have developed and tested an approach for diagnosing autism in Tanzania, where such clinical assessment and intervention services are rare.

Pitt team searches for genetic roots of cleft lip, palate
An $11.8 million grant from the National Institutes of Health will help University of Pittsburgh researchers explore the genetic roots of craniofacial disorders, including cleft lip and palate, and expand these efforts to populations in Colombia, Nigeria, the Philippines and Pennsylvania.

How to make a 'perfect' solar absorber
Researchers have developed a solar cell that can tap the sun's full radiation spectrum.

Depression increasing across the country
A study by San Diego State University psychology professor Jean M.

Third of countries struggling to meet the needs of aging population
People around the world are living longer, but social policies to support their wellbeing in later life are lagging behind in many countries.

Endoscopists recommend frequent colonoscopies, leading to its overuse
A retrospective study led by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital, has found an overuse of colonoscopies for colorectal cancer screening and surveillance.

Contaminated water linked to pregnancy complications, BU study finds
Prenatal exposure to tetrachloroethylene in drinking water may increase the risk of stillbirth and placental abruption, according to a new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher.

Power plant standards could save thousands of US lives every year
Power plant standards to cut climate-changing carbon emissions will reduce other harmful air pollution and provide substantial human health benefits, according to a new study.

$18 million NSF investment aims to take flat materials to new heights
Graphene, a form of carbon in which a single layer of atoms forms a two-dimensional, honeycomb crystal lattice, conducts electricity and heat efficiently and interacts with light in unusual ways.

Biodiversity in the Mediterranean is threatened by alien species
Humans have introduced nearly a thousand species from other seas into the Mediterranean with very serious impact on its unique flora and fauna, finds new study to be published in Frontiers in Marine Science.

Medicaid and Uninsured patients obtain new patient appointments most easily at FQHCs
Federally Qualified Health Centers granted new patient appointments to Medicaid beneficiaries and uninsured patients at higher rates than other primary care practices, in addition to charging less for visits, according to results of a new 10-state University of Pennsylvania study published this month in Medical Care.

Chinese scientists unveil liquid phase 3-D printing method using low melting metal alloy ink
Conventional 3-D metal printing is generally restricted to metals that have a high melting point, and the process is rather time consuming.

Use of a 'virtual ward' model of care does not reduce hospital readmissions, risk of death
In a trial involving patients at high risk of hospital readmission or death, use of a virtual ward model of care -- using some elements of hospital care in the community -- after hospital discharge did not significantly reduce the rate of readmission or death up to a year following discharge, according to a study in the Oct.

New hypothyroidism treatment guidelines from American Thyroid Association
Levothyroxine (L-T4), long the standard of care for treating hypothyroidism, is effective in most patients, but some individuals do not regain optimal health on L-T4 monotherapy.

Diuretics in proton pump inhibitor-associated hypomagnesemia
Proton pump inhibitor therapy is associated with hospitalization for hypomagnesemia, particularly among patients also receiving diuretics, according to research published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Slim cigarette smokers not exposed to more harmful chemicals
A new study confirms that exposure to tar and exposure to nicotine is lower for smokers of slim cigarettes than of regular cigarettes.

First dark matter search results from Chinese underground lab hosting PandaX-I experiment
Chinese and American scientists collaborating on the PandaX search for weakly interacting massive particles, hypothesized candidates for dark matter, using a xenon-based detector positioned in a deep underground lab in southwestern China present results from the first stage of the experiment.

UConn scientists discover how to beat monk parakeets at their own game
In a study published this week in the online journal PeerJ, University of Connecticut researchers announced they have found a way to prevent Monk Parakeets from building huge nests on utility poles by blocking access to the electric lines that are the gateway to their nesting sites.

Expect 6,000 more Australian deaths if pollution rises to 'safe' threshold
A leading pollution expert is warning Australian governments not to use the existing national pollution standards when assessing new infrastructure projects.

New study finds university health schools' use of holistic admissions has positive impact
A new national study finds that health professions schools report an overall positive impact from the use of holistic review -- a university admissions process that assesses an applicant's unique experiences alongside traditional measures of academic achievement such as grades and test scores.

Adolescent exposure to thc may cause immune systems to go up in smoke
When it comes to using marijuana, new research, involving mice and published in the October 2014 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, suggests that just because you can do it, doesn't mean that you should.

Healthy lifestyle could prevent nearly half of all diabetic pregnancies
Nearly half of all cases of diabetes during pregnancy, known as gestational diabetes, could be prevented if young women eat well, exercise regularly and stop smoking before and during pregnancy, finds a study published on today.

First comprehensive meshfree numerical simulation of skeletal muscle tissue achieved
Engineers at the University of California, San Diego, have completed the first comprehensive numerical simulation of skeletal muscle tissue using a method that uses the pixels in an image as data points for the computer simulation -- a method known as mesh-free simulation.

NIH taps lab to develop sophisticated electrode array system to monitor brain act
The National Institutes of Health awarded Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory a grant today to develop an electrode array system that will enable researchers to better understand how the brain works through unprecedented resolution and scale.

Gut bacteria promote obesity in mice
A species of gut bacteria called Clostridium ramosum, coupled with a high-fat diet, may cause animals to gain weight.

Clinical trial finds virtual ward does not reduce hospital readmissions
A virtual ward, a new model of care that provides support to high-risk and complex patients in the community for a few weeks after discharge from hospital, did not prevent hospital readmissions as hoped in a clinical trial in Toronto.

'Green' technology developed at Louisiana Tech University earns company LA StartUp Prize
Alchemy Geopolymer Solutions, an innovative concrete technology company that emerged from geopolymer research conducted at Louisiana Tech University, has won the inaugural LA StartUp Prize.

New estimates on carbon emissions triggered by 300 years of cropland expansion in Northeast China
Chinese scientists recalculate carbon emissions triggered by the conversion of forests, grasslands, shrublands, and wetlands in Northeast China into cultivated agricultural land over 300 years.

Antioxidant found in grapes uncorks new targets for acne treatment
UCLA researchers have demonstrated how resveratrol, an antioxidant derived from grapes and found in wine, works to inhibit growth of the bacteria that causes acne.

Virginia Tech's Pruden receives $100,000 award for her work in water quality
With her 2014 Busch Award, Virginia Tech's Amy Pruden said the $100,000 in funding will be used 'to help the water industry achieve an innovative and practical approach to achieving water sustainability while also addressing consumers' concerns about the real and growing problem of antibiotic resistance.'

Cancer therapy: Driving cancer cells to suicide
Researchers of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich report that a new class of chemical compounds makes cancer cells more sensitive to chemotherapeutic drugs.

Laser-guided sea monkeys show how zooplankton migrations may affect global ocean currents
Sea monkeys have captured the popular attention of both children and aquarium hobbyists because of their easily observable life cycle.

Rehospitalization in younger patients
Older adults often are readmitted after hospitalization for heart failure, pneumonia, and acute myocardial infarction, a significant issue that has caused Medicare to target hospitals with high 30-day readmission rates for financial penalties.

New material steals oxygen from the air
Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations.

Keystone Symposia launches 2014-2015 meeting series with Global Health Vaccines Conference
Keystone Symposia will convene the first conference of its 2014-2015 season and the first in its 2014-15 Global Health Series at the Sheraton Seattle Hotel -- immediately following the conclusion of the Grand Challenges Meeting for that program's grantees.

Chapman University research on meat in pet foods shows not all brands follow regulations
Researchers in Chapman University's Food Science Program have just published a study on pet food mislabeling.

Shape up quickly -- applies to fish, too!
Fish can live in almost any aquatic environment on Earth, but when the climate changes and temperatures go up many species are pushed to the limit.

High-dose vitamin D for ICU patients who are vitamin D deficient does not improve outcomes
Administration of high-dose vitamin D3 compared with placebo did not reduce hospital length of stay, intensive care unit length of stay, hospital mortality, or the risk of death at six months among patients with vitamin D deficiency who were critically ill, according to a study published in JAMA.

New learning mechanism for individual nerve cells
The traditional view is that learning is based on the strengthening or weakening of the contacts between the nerve cells in the brain.

Improving babies' language skills before they're even old enough to speak
In the first months of life, when babies begin to distinguish sounds that make up language from all the other sounds in the world, they can be trained to more effectively recognize which sounds 'might' be language, accelerating the development of the brain maps which are critical to language acquisition and processing, according to new research by April Benasich and colleagues of Rutgers University-Newark -- published in the Oct.

Scientists identify which genes are active in muscles of men and women
If you want your doctor to know what goes wrong with your muscles because of age, disease or injury, it's a good idea to know what 'normal' actually is.

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology: Genetic study casts further doubt that vitamin D prevents the development of type 2 diabetes
A large genetic study, published today in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal, has concluded there is no evidence of a causal link between a person's vitamin D levels, and whether they develop type 2 diabetes.

Study finds acupuncture does not improve chronic knee pain
Among patients older than 50 years with moderate to severe chronic knee pain, neither laser nor needle acupuncture provided greater benefit on pain or function compared to sham laser acupuncture, according to a study in the Oct.

Researchers get $5.25 million to advance nuclear technologies in South Carolina
A team of environmental scientists and engineers, led by Clemson University associate professor Brian Powell, was awarded a three-year, $5.25 million grant from the US Department of Energy's Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research to make a direct positive impact on South Carolina in the advancement of monitoring, remediation and disposal of radioactive contaminants.

Disease decoded: Gene mutation may lead to development of new cancer drugs
The discovery of a gene mutation that causes a rare premature aging disease could lead to the development of drugs that block the rapid, unstoppable cell division that makes cancer so deadly

NASA's TRMM satellite sees Tropical Storm Phanfone fragmented
The bands of thunderstorms wrapping around Tropical Storm Phanfone in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean appeared fragmented to NASA's TRMM satellite.

First mapping that reveals the molecular pathway for MDSC cancer progression
InSilico Medicine and partners establish a map for cancer progression induced by MDSCs, and a means to extinguish them.

Geneticists solve 40-year-old dilemma to explain why duplicate genes remain in the genome
Geneticists from Trinity College Dublin have discovered -- after 40 years of wondering why -- that duplicate genes confer 'mutational robustness' in individuals, which allows them to adapt to novel, potentially dangerous environments.

Selectively rewiring the brain's circuitry to treat depression
On 'Star Trek,' it is easy to take for granted the incredible ability of futuristic doctors to wave small devices over the heads of both humans and aliens, diagnose their problems through evaluating changes in brain activity or chemistry, and then treat behavior problems by selectively stimulating relevant brain circuits.

Rating the planet's oceans
Researchers from UCSB's National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis helped produce the first Ocean Health Index that includes all the Earth's oceans.

Damaging legacy: Mothers who smoke affect the fertility of their sons
Mothers who smoke while they are pregnant or breast feeding may be damaging the future fertility of their sons, according to new findings from research in mice published online in the journal Human Reproduction.

NASA's HS3 looks Hurricane Edouard in the eye
NASA and NOAA scientists participating in NASA's Hurricane and Severe Storms Sentinel mission used their expert skills, combined with a bit of serendipity on Sept.

Erectile dysfunction drugs could affect vision of genetically susceptible users
Sildenafil, the active ingredient in the erectile dysfunction drug Viagra, could cause unusual visual responses in people who carry a common mutation for eye disease, researchers warn.

Virginia Tech researchers discover potential biomarker to detect 'bubble boy' disorder
A genetic disease called SCID forces patients to breathe filtered air and avoid human contact because their bodies cannot fight germs.

The Lancet: Latest estimates show that preterm birth complications and pneumonia are the leading causes of death in children under 5 years
Complications from preterm (premature) births and pneumonia are now the leading causes of death in children under five years, together responsible for nearly 2 million deaths in 2013, according to the latest estimates, published Sept.

Cedars-Sinai certified by ALS Association as Center of Excellence for treatment, research
The ALS Program at Cedars-Sinai has become the first in Southern California to be named an ALS Association Certified Treatment Center of Excellence -- a distinction that recognizes the quality of its treatment and research programs for patients with Lou Gehrig's disease, also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS.

Developing countries should enroll medical and nursing students from rural areas
The severity of health workforce shortages in developing countries is a major barrier to global health advances.

Benzodiazepine sedatives linked to higher rates of mortality compared to propofol
A University of Utah study shows for the first time that continuous infusion benzodiazepines -- a class of sedatives that includes lorazepam and midazolam, once considered the standard of care in the ICU -- are linked to an increased likelihood of death among patients who receive mechanical ventilation, when compared to the sedative propofol.

Researchers show EEG's potential to reveal depolarizations following TBI
The potential for doctors to measure damaging 'brain tsunamis' in injured patients without opening the skull has moved a step closer to reality, thanks to pioneering research at the University of Cincinnati Neuroscience Institute.

Tropical Storm Rachel dwarfed by developing system 90E
Tropical Storm Rachel is spinning down west of Mexico's Baja California, and another tropical low pressure area developing off the coast of southwestern Mexico dwarfs the tropical storm.

Study shows how chimpanzees share skills
Evidence of new behavior being adopted and transmitted socially from one individual to another within a wild chimpanzee community is publishing on Sept.

Alcohol makes smiles more 'contagious,' but only for men
Consuming an alcoholic beverage may make men more responsive to the smiles of others in their social group, according to new research in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Entanglement made tangible
EPFL scientists have designed a first-ever experiment for demonstrating quantum entanglement in the macroscopic realm.

Low social support linked to poor health in young heart attack survivors
Lower social support is associated with poorer health and quality of life and more depressive symptoms in young men and women a year after having a heart attack.

Plymouth University leads global study examining wave energy transfer on rocky coastlines
Plymouth University is leading a £340,000 international study analyzing the ability of rocky foreshores to absorb the impact of waves on the world's coastlines.

New discovery approach accelerates identification of potential cancer treatments
Researchers at the University of Michigan have described a new approach to discovering potential cancer treatments that requires a fraction of the time needed for more traditional methods.

'Virtual breast' could improve cancer detection
Scientists have developed a 'virtual breast' to help train clinicians in the use of ultrasound elastography.

Salk scientists receive $3 million for BRAIN Initiative grant
This three-year award will advance a novel approach to understanding the brain.

Gender equality leads to more Olympic medals for men and women
Gender equality boosts a country's Olympic medal count for both women and men, shows a new study from the University of British Columbia.

Asthma symptoms kicking up? Check your exposure to air pollution
According to a new article in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, the scientific publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, asthma sufferers can learn lessons about managing their asthma by examining their lifestyle.

NASA's Swift mission observes mega flares from a mini star
On April 23, NASA's Swift satellite detected the strongest, hottest, and longest-lasting sequence of stellar flares ever seen from a nearby red dwarf star.

A heartbeat away? Hybrid 'patch' could replace transplants
Because heart cells cannot multiply and cardiac muscles contain few stem cells, heart tissue is unable to repair itself after a heart attack.

Unexpected new mechanism reveals how molecules become trapped in ice
Expanding our knowledge of the way molecules interact with ice surfaces is a key goal not only for climate change but also a much wider range of other environmental, scientific and defense-related issues.

Smithsonian scientists discover coral's best defender against an army of sea stars
Coral reefs face a suite of perilous threats in today's ocean.

Study shows that tongue size and fat may predict sleep apnea risk in obese adults
A new study of obese adults is the first to show that those who have obstructive sleep apnea have a significantly larger tongue with a higher percentage of fat than obese controls.

Grouse moor burning causes widespread environmental changes
Evidence of the environmental effects of moorland burning is published today in the first authoritative scientific study on the subject, with the aim of relieving tensions on both sides of the grouse moor management debate.

Make precise strategic decisions even when the unexpected happens
Being able to react to the unexpected by taking a strategic change of course can prove to be the salvation of a company and its leaders.

UMD receives inaugural BRAIN Initiative award
University of Maryland and National Institutes of Health researchers received a three-year $1.7 million grant from the NIH to develop new imaging technologies and data analysis techniques that will further our understanding of how large networks of neurons in the brain interact to process sensory information.

US military making progress reducing stigma tied to seeking help for mental illness
The US Department of Defense has made progress in reducing the stigma associated with seeking help for mental illnesses such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, but more improvement is still needed.

Low-birth-weight children are particularly vulnerable to environmental influences
Low-birth-weight children are more vulnerable to environmental influences than infants born with normal weight.

Taking thin films to the extreme
Applying a well-known optical phenomenon called thin-film interference, a group of researchers at Harvard University has demonstrated the ability to 'paint' ultra-thin coatings onto a rough surface -- work that holds promise for making future, flexible electronic devices, creating advanced solar cells and detailing the sides of next-gen rocket ships and spacecraft with extremely lightweight decorative logos -- work described in work the journal Applied Physics Letters, from AIP Publishing.

Breakthrough study discovers 6 changing faces of 'global killer' bacteria
University of Leicester researchers unlock vital new information to improve vaccinations against pneumococcus infection.

The cultural side of science communication
Do we think of nature as something that we enjoy when we visit a national park and something we need to 'preserve?' Or do we think of ourselves as a part of nature?

Longitudinal report shows challenging reality of ageing with an intellectual disability
A new report launched today by the Intellectual Disability Supplement to The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing conducted by academics from the School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, has highlighted the serious, complex and unique health and social challenges facing Ireland's intellectual disability population. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to