Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 03, 2014
UT Arlington wins $1.3 million grant to develop miner safety training materials, film
UT Arlington's Division for Enterprise Development and Department of Art and Art History have won a $1.3 million federal grant to develop a documentary and safety training materials for the US mining industry.

New discovery in the microbiology of serious human disease
Previously undiscovered secrets of how human cells interact with a bacterium which causes a serious human disease have been revealed in new research by microbiologists at The University of Nottingham.

Continuous fabrication system for highly aligned polymer films provides method for tuning mechanical and thermal properties in bulk polymers
Novel and scalable continuous fabrication process combining Couette flow extrusion and macroscopic plastic deformation results in ability to increase mechanical, thermal, and crystalline properties in bulk polymer films.

Drexel engineers use 3-D gaming gear to give eye-opening look at cells in action
For hundreds of years biologists have studied cells through the lens of a microscope.

NASA's Terra satellite sees birth of Tropical Storm Vongfong in Western Pacific
NASA's Terra satellite spotted the birth of Tropical Storm Vongfong in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean on Oct.

Crumpled graphene could provide an unconventional energy storage
Crumpled graphene could power future stretchable electronics.

New study finds lack of adherence to safe handling guidelines for administration of antineoplastic drugs
A new National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health study, published online in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, found that recommended safe handling practices for workers who administer antineoplastic drugs in healthcare settings are not always followed.

Scientists design an imaging system capable of obtaining 12 times more information than the human eye
Researchers at the University of Granada, in collaboration with the Polytechnic University of Milan have designed a multi-spectral imaging system capable of obtaining information from a total of 36 color channels, as opposed to the usual three color image sensors.

Stroke researchers explore implications of ipsilateral spatial neglect after stroke
Stroke researchers have confirmed that damage to the right frontal-subcortical network may cause ipsilateral spatial neglect.

Vitamin D significantly improves symptoms of winter-related atopic dermatitis in children
A study conducted in more than 100 Mongolian schoolchildren found that daily treatment with a vitamin D supplement significantly reduced the symptoms of winter-related atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema.

A family meal a day may keep obesity away
Increasing rates of adolescent obesity and the likelihood that obesity will carry forward into adulthood, have led to various preventive initiatives.

BIDMC Dvorak Young Investigator Award presented to Ramy Arnaout, M.D., D.Phil.
Named in honor of research pioneer Harold Dvorak, M.D., the Young Investigator Award recognizes Dr.

Several experiments on rats prove that chronic melatonine consumption fights obesity and diabetes
Scientists at the University of Granada, in collaboration with La Paz University Hospital in Madrid and the University of Texas, San Antonio in the US have demonstrated through several experiments conducted on Zucker obese rats that chronic consumption of melatonine helps combat obesity and diabetes mellitus type 2.

Research aims for better understanding of microvascular diseases
New technologies being developed by a University of Houston researcher to produce three-dimensional models of tissue and whole organ microstructures offer the promise of better diagnosis and treatment for a variety of diseases.

WSU undergrad helps develop method for detecting water on Mars
A Washington State University undergraduate has helped develop a new method for detecting water on Mars.

Untangling how cables coil
Engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, along with computer scientists at Columbia University, have developed a method that predicts the pattern of coils and tangles that a cable may form when deployed onto a rigid surface.

National Cancer Research Institute Cancer Conference
The NCRI Cancer Conference next month is the UK's major forum for showcasing the best British and international cancer research, bringing together close to 2,000 experts from across the world.

Study questions the prescription for drug resistance
A new study questions the accepted wisdom that aggressive treatment with high drug dosages and long durations is always the best way to stem the emergence and spread of resistant pathogens.

Breakthrough technique offers prospect of silicon detectors for telecommunications
A team of researchers, led by the Optoelectronics Research Centre at the University of Southampton, has demonstrated a breakthrough technique that offers the first possibility of silicon detectors for telecommunications.

Pain words stand out more for those experiencing it: York U study
Ache, agony, distress and pain draw more attention than non-pain related words when it comes to people who suffer from chronic pain, a York University research using state-of-the-art eye-tracking technology has found.

New program funds 5 Clemson technologies for commercialization
The Clemson University Research Foundation announced Thursday that it has awarded funding to five Clemson researchers to further develop their Clemson technologies through a newly established program, the Clemson University Research Foundation Technology Maturation Fund.

Award-winning University of Alberta researcher measures frailty in intensive care units
Sean Bagshaw, an associate professor in the Division of Critical Care Medicine at the University of Alberta has been honoured with the Australia and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Global Rising Star award for his work measuring the impact of frailty in intensive care units.

Viral infection may trigger childhood diabetes in utero
A new study from Tel Aviv University suggests a likely trigger for juvenile diabetes before birth.

Healthy knowledge management and social networking
Social network analysis could improve knowledge sharing in the health-care sector, according to research results published in the International Journal of Collaborative Enterprise.

Cattle code cracked in detail
By creating a global database an international consortium of scientists has increased the detailed knowledge of the variation in the cattle genome by several orders of magnitude.

Carnegie Mellon's Mary Shaw will receive National Medal of Technology and Innovation
President Barack Obama announced today that he has selected Mary Shaw, the Alan J.

MU researcher receives $1 million from CDC for birth defect prevention efforts
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, like Autism Spectrum Disorders, manifest in childhood as physical abnormalities along with social, attention and learning difficulties that range in severity and continue into adulthood.

Satellite sees Tropical Storm Simon crawling up Western Mexico's coastline
Tropical Storm Simon is following the path of several other tropical storms that formed in the Eastern Pacific Ocean by crawling northward along the western coastline of Mexico.

Stochastic variations of migration speed between cells in clonal populations
Microfluidic tools for precision measurements of cell migration speed reveal that migratory speed of individual cells changes stochastically from parent cells to their descendants, while the average speed of the cell population remains constant through successive generations.

Nano-bearings on the test bench
'Nano-machines of the future will need tiny devices to reduce friction and make movement possible.

MD Anderson teams up to implement tobacco-free policies in mental health clinics
MD Anderson is extending its cancer prevention efforts by teaming up with anti-tobacco programs run by the University of Houston and Austin Travis County Integral Care.

CTRC doctor wins $1.6 million FDA orphan grant to treat deadly brain tumors
Glioblastomas, while lethal, are not common and so considered 'orphan diseases' that don't attract much private research money.

Kessler Foundation partners with New Jersey Health Foundation to advance research
The signing of a formal affiliation agreement that allows Kessler Foundation and New Jersey Health Foundation to work together to advance biomedical research, education and patient care programs has been announced by Rodger DeRose, president and chief executive officer of Kessler Foundation and James M.

Discussing alternative medicine choices for better health outcomes
A new study from Sunita Vohra, a professor in the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry's Department of Pediatrics at the University of Alberta, and a pediatric physician for Clinical Pharmacology with Alberta Health Services, is giving insight into the use of alternative medicines by pediatric cardiac patients and how effective they are seen to be.

RCas9: A programmable RNA editing tool
A powerful scientific tool for editing the DNA instructions in a genome can now also be applied to RNA as Berkeley Lab researchers have demonstrated a means by which the CRISPR/Cas9 protein complex can be programmed to recognize and cleave RNA at sequence-specific target sites.

Argonne researchers create more accurate model for greenhouse gases from peatlands
Scientists at Argonne have created a new model to more accurately describe the greenhouse gases likely to be released from Arctic peatlands as they warm.

Experts recommend against diagnosing testosterone deficiency in women
The Endocrine Society today issued a Clinical Practice Guideline advising against the use of testosterone therapy in healthy women.

Batteries included: A solar cell that stores its own power
Is it a solar cell? Or a rechargeable battery? Actually, the patent-pending device invented at the Ohio State University is both: the world's first solar battery.

Exoplanets, chemical elements, Stephen Hawking and other dynamos
The American Institute of Physics has named three journalists and one children's book author as winners of the 2014 AIP Science Communications Awards for their works on magnetic dynamos, the search for exoplanets, a fun book on chemical elemental for children, and an illustrated video about Stephen Hawking.

Fast, cheap nanomanufacturing
Arrays of tiny conical tips that eject ionized materials could fabricate nanoscale devices cheaply.

Two NASA satellites stare at Typhoon Phanfone's large eye
Two NASA satellites captured data on Typhoon Phanfone as it continues to strengthen as it moves through the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Genetic test reveals risk of atrial fibrillation and stroke
Many of those who are genetically predisposed to develop atrial fibrillation, which dramatically raises the risk of stroke, can be identified with a blood test.

Mother of two volunteers to aid study seeking DNA patterns for breast cancer
In May 2013, Brianna Hinojosa-Flores felt a lump above her right breast.

High-end brakes for the Cinquecento?
An ambitious project is taking shape at Empa's Laboratory for High Performance Ceramics: ceramic brake disks for compact cars.

Kids' oral language skills can predict future writing difficulties
Children's future writing difficulties can be identified before they even learn how to begin writing, according to a new study by professor Phaedra Royle and postdoctoral fellow Alexandra Marquis of the University of Montreal.

Intestinal failure-associated liver disease -- new position paper in Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Children who require long-term parenteral nutrition are at risk of a potentially devastating complication called intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IAFLD).

Surfactants do not harm the environment
What happens to soap and detergent surfactants when they run down the drain?

NASA's SDO watches giant filament on the sun
A snaking, extended filament of solar material currently lies on the front of the sun -- some 1 million miles across from end to end.

ITbM Vice-Director Shigehiro Yamaguchi wins the 2015 Mukaiyama Award
Shigehiro Yamaguchi wins the Mukaiyama Award for his contribution to the development of photo- and electro-functional organic molecules.

Massachusetts General study suggests neurobiological basis of human-pet relationship
How closely does the relationship between people and their non-human companions mirror the parent-child relationship?

Too many stroke patients miss out on the window to regain crucial functions
Too many stroke patients in Canada are not getting the rehabilitation they need to return to a healthy, active life, according to a new study which will be presented at the Canadian Stroke Congress in Vancouver tomorrow.

New study shows that yoga and meditation may help train the brain
New research by biomedical engineers at the University of Minnesota shows that people who practice yoga and meditation long term can learn to control a computer with their minds faster and better than people with little or no yoga or meditation experience.

Alcohol consumption associated with increased risk of HPV infection in men, say Moffitt researchers
Men who consume more alcohol have a greater risk of human papillomavirus infection, according to a recent study by Moffitt Cancer Center researchers. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to