Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 05, 2014
Attacking type 2 diabetes from a new direction with encouraging results
New research led by Victor Shengkan Jin of Rutgers University shows promising evidence that a modified form the drug niclosamide -- now used to eliminate intestinal parasites -- may hold the key to battling type 2 diabetes at its source.

Scientists discover pain receptor on T-cells
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered that T-cells -- a type of white blood cell that learns to recognize and attack microbial pathogens -- are activated by a pain receptor.

GIANT study reveals giant number of genes linked to height
The largest genome-wide association study to date, involving more than 300 institutions and more than 250,000 subjects, roughly doubles the number of known gene regions influencing height to more than 400.

Scientists develop barcoding tool for stem cells
A seven-year-project to develop a barcoding and tracking system for tissue stem cells has revealed previously unrecognized features of normal blood production: new data from Harvard Stem Cell Institute scientists at Boston Children's Hospital suggests, surprisingly, that the billions of blood cells that we produce each day are made not by blood stem cells, but rather their less pluripotent descendants, called progenitor cells.

New web privacy system could revolutionize the safety of surfing
Researchers from UCL, Stanford Engineering, Google, Chalmers and Mozilla Research have built a new system that protects Internet users' privacy whilst increasing the flexibility for web developers to build web applications that combine data from different web sites, dramatically improving the safety of surfing the web.

International conference 'Obama and Transnational American Studies' at Mainz University
The American Studies division at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz plays host to the international conference entitled 'Obama and Transnational American Studies' that will take place from Oct.

A tall story: Great strides in identifying genetic factors in height
An international collaboration of scientists has identified a fifth of the genetic factors that cause height to vary between individuals.

First pictures of BRCA2 protein show how it works to repair DNA
Scientists have taken pictures of the BRCA2 protein for the first time, showing how it works to repair damaged DNA.

Discovery of a novel heart and gut disease
The disease, which has been named 'chronic atrial intestinal dysrhythmia syndrome', is a serious condition caused by a rare genetic mutation.

Air pollution increases river-flows
A study published in Nature Geoscience shows that air pollution has had a significant impact on the amount of water flowing through many rivers in the northern hemisphere.

New technique to make foams could lead to lightweight, sustainable materials
Researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a new type of foam -- called capillary foam -- that solves many of the problems faced by traditional foams.

Breakthrough allows researchers to watch molecules 'wiggle'
A new crystallographic technique is set to transform scientists' ability to observe how molecules work.

'Unsung' cells double the benefits of a new osteoporosis drug
Experiments in mice with a bone disorder similar to that in women after menopause show that a scientifically overlooked group of cells are likely crucial to the process of bone loss caused by the disorder, according to Johns Hopkins researchers.

'Programmable' antibiotic harnesses an enzyme to attack drug-resistant microbes
Conventional antibiotics are indiscriminate about what they kill, a trait that can lead to complications for patients and can contribute to the growing problems of antibiotic resistance.
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