Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 10, 2014
From concussions to ethics: Pediatricians tackle hot-button issues in youth sports
Pediatricians will tackle some of the hottest topics in youth sports during a symposium to be held prior to the American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference & Exhibition in San Diego.

Climate-KIC CEO calls on climate change leaders to focus their efforts on creating sustainable cities
At the R20 World Summit of Regions for Climate in Paris on Oct.

Taxonomy -- the Leopoldina publishes recommendations on researching biodiversity
With a view to making optimal use of the new opportunities available to taxonomy, the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina recommends, in its statement entitled 'Challenges and Opportunities of Integrative Taxonomy for Research and Society,' promoting efforts to describe all the species of Central Europe.

Computerized surveillance system quickly detects disease outbreaks among preschoolers
A web-based system that allows preschools and child care centers to report illnesses to local public health departments could improve the detection of disease outbreaks and allow resources to be mobilized more quickly.

Using a novel biological aging clock, UCLA researchers find obesity accelerates aging of the liver
Using a recently developed biomarker of aging known as an epigenetic clock, UCLA researchers working closely with a German team of investigators have found for the first time that obesity greatly accelerates aging of the liver.

Pneumococcal vaccine reduces antibiotic-resistant infections in children by 62 percent
The pneumococcal vaccine recommended for young children not only prevents illness and death, but also has dramatically reduced severe antibiotic-resistant infections, suggests nationwide research being presented at IDWeek 2014.

Computerized surveillance system quickly detects disease outbreaks among preschoolers
A web-based system that allows preschools and child care centers to report illnesses to local public health departments could improve the detection of disease outbreaks and allow resources to be mobilized more quickly, according to new research.

Big data sharing for better health
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have been awarded a $9.2 million grant to help modernize and transform how researchers share, use, find and cite biomedical datasets.

Canada supports 11 novel projects to tackle mental health disorders in developing nations
Marking World Mental Health Day, 11 innovators from eight countries -- Canada, Colombia, India, Pakistan, Vietnam, Jamaica, Rwanda and Peru -- will share $2.9 million in Canadian government funding for new projects to improve mental health in developing countries, one of the world's biggest unmet needs.

New meningitis vaccine only cost-effective at low price
The ideal cost per dose for a new meningitis vaccine ranges from £3 up to a possible £22 only if several vaccine favorable factors all coincide, according to research which has analyzed how to maximize the reduction in cases while making a new vaccination program cost-effective.

Study: Splints placed improperly in 93 percent of suspected pediatric fractures
More than 90 percent of potential pediatric fractures are splinted improperly in emergency rooms and urgent care centers, which can lead to swelling and skin injuries, according to a study by researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

Boston Children's Hospital to lead NIH-funded Rare Diseases Consortium studying autism and intellect
Under a five-year, $6 million grant announced today by the National Institutes of Health, Boston Children's Hospital will lead 10 medical centers in studying three rare genetic syndromes that often cause autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability.

NASA sees intensifying Tropical Cyclone Hudhud headed for landfall in India
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Hudhud on Oct.

Study shows incorrect use of splints causes skin injuries, poor healing in children
When a child goes to the emergency room with a possible broken bone, a splint often is used to stabilize the injured limb and reduce pain until the patient is seen by an orthopedic specialist.

No single explanation for biodiversity in Madagascar
No single 'one-size-fits-all' model can explain how biodiversity hotspots come to be, finds a study of more than 700 species of reptiles and amphibians in Madagascar.

NASA gathering data on Super Typhoon Vongfong as Japan prepares
Super Typhoon Vongfong continued on its trek north through the Philippine Sea while slightly weakening on Oct.

NUS research team pioneers novel Cloud Arch architectural technology
An NUS research team pioneers a novel ultra light-weight Cloud Arch architectural technology for sustainable construction.

Parental misconceptions about concussions could hinder treatment and recovery
With football season in full swing, there's no shortage of talk about young players -- from high school down to the pee wee levels -- suffering from concussions.

Research to be presented by high school students at AAP conference reveals that some adolescents adept at media multitasking
Telling youths who are juggling multiple electronic devices to 'focus on the task at hand' may not always be good advice, according to research to be presented by two high school students on Saturday, Oct.

Roman Orus awarded 2014 EPS Early Career Prize of the European Physical Society
Junior Professor Román Orús of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz has been awarded the EPS Early Career Prize of the European Physical Society.

Mineralization of sand particles boosts microbial water filtration
Mineral coatings on sand particles actually encourage microbial activity in the rapid sand filters that are used to treat groundwater for drinking, according to a paper published ahead of print in Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

An enzyme and synaptic plasticity
Synapses are 'dynamic' things: they can regulate their action in neural processes related to learning, for example, but also as a consequence of diseases.

New technique enables increasingly accurate PET scan to detect cancer and heart conditions
A novel technique which reduces image degradation caused by respiratory motion during a PET scan was developed in a recent study at the University of Eastern Finland.

Tiny travellers of the animal world: Hitchhikers on marine driftwood
A new study led by a Canadian marine zoologist reviews the world list of specialist driftwood talitrids, which so far comprises a total of 7 representatives, including two newly described species.

Survey: Moms who choose to breastfeed older babies motivated by health, nutrition benefits
Mothers who decide to breastfeed their children beyond 1 year of age consider their child's physical and social development to be most important, while the advice of health care professionals, family and friends are least important, according to a study.

The specific receptor targeted by naltrexone to enhance diabetic wound closure is OGFr
Naltrexone, an opioid antagonist, blocks OGFr that functions as part of a regulatory pathway related to cell replication.

Hidden population: Thousands of youths take on caregiver role at home
While the typical preteen or adolescent can be found playing sports or video games after school, more than 1.3 million spend their free time caring for a family member who suffers from a physical or mental illness, or substance misuse.

LSU Health tumor registry data find Acadiana colon cancer rates among nation's highest
A special study using data from LSU Health New Orleans School of Public Health's Louisiana Tumor Registry has found that colorectal cancer incidence rates in the Louisiana Acadian parishes are among the highest in the United States.

Elevated cholesterol and triglycerides may increase the risk for prostate cancer recurrence
Higher levels of total cholesterol and triglycerides, two types of fat, in the blood of men who underwent surgery for prostate cancer, were associated with increased risk for disease recurrence, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

CNIO researchers associate 2 oncogenes with the aggressiveness and incidence of leukemia in mice
Fighting oncogenes Cdk4 and Cdk6 with inhibitors that target both molecules is more effective than inhibiting them individually.

BGI is granted patent in 16 countries for non-invasive prenatal genetic test technology
The European Patent Office has issued patent number EP2561103B1 for invention to BGI for its independently researched non-invasive prenatal genetic test technology.

The dwindling stock of antibiotics, and what to do about it
Pharmaceutical companies have largely abandoned the business of discovering and developing antibiotics and our stock of these 'miracle drugs' is beginning to shrink.

Hormone loss could be involved in colon cancer
Like diabetes, colon cancer may be caused in part by the loss of one hormone, suggesting hormone replacement therapy could stall cancer formation.

Professor examines terrorist propaganda
New research out of Queen's University could give insight into what terrorists are thinking.

Virtual worlds to be used to trial potential new water systems
Virtual worlds similar to those experienced by game-players of the global phenomena Minecraft and SimCity could be used to help test potential new water infrastructure development in the UK.

Fish moving poleward at rate of 26 kilometers per decade
Large numbers of fish will disappear from the tropics by 2050, finds a new University of Britsh Columbia study that examined the impact of climate change on fish stocks.

Dangerous blood clots: A serious global problem
A study on the global burden of venous thromboembolism -- when a dangerous clot forms in a blood vessel -- found that annual incidences range from 0.75 to 2.69 per 1,000 individuals in the population.

An unexpected bonus
The STAT transcription factors are involved in the development of many forms of cancer.

Rare 'baby rattle' molecules reveal new quantum properties of H2O and H2
Neutron scattering experiments at the ILL have revealed the existence of quantum selection rules in molecules, the first experimental confirmation of its kind.

Abdel-Malek to serve as US delegate to NATO meeting
A University of Iowa professor will present at a North Atlantic Treaty Organization meeting this month his creation of the 'virtual soldier,' the most advanced computer-generated military member that can mimic real-life soldiers' needs -- from the gear they carry and the vehicles they drive to their likelihood of injury.

Longer-term outcomes of program to reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions
The initial benefits of an outpatient antimicrobial stewardship intervention designed to reduce the rate of inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions were lost after discontinuation of audit and feedback to clinicians, according to a study published in JAMA.

Antiretroviral therapy benefits HIV-infected stimulant users, UCSF study shows
'Patients with HIV who use stimulants and other substances often experience difficulties with accessing antiretroviral therapy, partially due to the concerns of healthcare providers that they will not be able take their medications as directed.

NAMS to launch free menopause mobile app
The North American Menopause Society is set to launch a first-ever menopause mobile app designed for use by both clinicians and patients to help manage menopausal symptoms and assess risk factors.

Getting sharp images from dull detectors
Like the 2014 chemistry Nobel Prize winning topic, this new JQI result centers around sub-wavelength detection.

Real-life social networking prompts people to get tested for HIV
ld-school face-to-face social networking is a more effective way to identify people with HIV than the traditional referral method, suggests research being presented at IDWeek 2014.

UT Arlington wins $1.4 million to combat mental health, substance abuse worker shortage
UT Arlington will use a $1.4 million grant to help increase the numbers of mental health and substance abuse workers in the US.

In-home visits reduce drug use, depression in pregnant teens
Intensive parenting and health education provided in homes of pregnant American Indian teens reduced the mothers' illegal drug use, depression and behavior problems, and set their young children on track to meet behavioral and emotional milestones they may have otherwise missed.

NASA sees birth of Atlantic's subtropical depression seven: Bermuda on watch
The seventh depression of the Atlantic Ocean Hurricane Season was born on Oct.

Counting pitches can save young players' arms but not always used consistently
Guidelines on how many pitches young athletes should throw have been developed to stem the tide of injuries, but many coaches are not following the recommendations consistently, according to a study.

Mechanism that repairs brain after stroke discovered
A previously unknown mechanism through which the brain produces new nerve cells after a stroke has been discovered at Lund University and Karolinska Institute in Sweden.

Interactive history beats interactive chat for website engagement
Small cues that display a user's transaction history may help a website feel almost as interactive as chatting with an online customer service agent, paving the way for more cost-effective websites, according to researchers.

UC Riverside's 'Alternative Earths' team selected to join the NASA Astrobiology Institute
If we're looking at planets in solar systems far away, how can we tell if they support life?

Research shows incorrect use of car seats widespread on first trip home from hospital
Nearly all parents unknowingly put their newborn infants at risk as soon as they drive away from the hospital due to mistakes made with car safety seats, according to research to be presented Monday, Oct.

BIDMC researchers looks at impact of patient-to-physician messaging
While it may take time before it's known what impact email exchanges might have on patients and their care, a new study from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center offers some early insights into the effects on doctors, suggesting that reimbursement models and physician workflow may need to adjust to accommodate message management.

Charged graphene gives DNA a stage to perform molecular gymnastics
When Illinois researchers investigated a method to control how DNA moves through a tiny sequencing device, they did not know they were about to witness a display of molecular gymnastics.

CIFAR senior fellow who showed how parenting shapes gene expression wins $1.16 million award
Neurobiologist Michael Meaney, a senior fellow of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, has won a major award worth $1.16 million Canadian for his research on how early childhood experiences shape biological development.

Old textbook knowledge reconfirmed: Decay rates of radioactive substances are constant
Recently, US scientists attracted attention when they postulated that the decay rate of radionuclides depends on the flow of solar neutrinos and, thus, also on the distance from the Earth to the Sun.

Leaky galaxies lead researchers to better understand the universe
Focusing on large, star-forming galaxies, researchers were able to measure radiation leaks in an effort to better understand how the universe evolved as the first stars were formed.

Fingolimod in new therapeutic indication: Added benefit not proven
There are no data for patients with highly active RRMS who had received other pretreatment than interferon beta, or these data show no relevant differences.
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