Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 14, 2014
EMA open to discuss use of complementary methodologies for rare cancers
Rare Cancers Europe (RCE) is a multi stakeholder initiative promoted by ESMO dedicated to putting rare cancers on the European political agenda.

Stem cell discovery challenges dogma on how fetus develops; holds insights for liver cancer and reg
A Mount Sinai-led research team has discovered a new kind of stem cell that can become either a liver cell or a cell that lines liver blood vessels, according to a study published today in the journal Stem Cell Reports.

Thyroid carcinoma: Biomarker reveals cancer cause
The expression of the protein CLIP2 provides information on whether a papillary thyroid carcinoma was induced by radiation or had a sporadic origin.

The neuroscience of holding it
Scientists are surprised to find an involuntary link in the brain between the pelvic floor and other muscles.

A canary for climate change
Researchers find that wing-propelled diving seabirds, as well as their extinct relatives, may have served as an indicator species for environmental changes and faunal shifts.

Rediscovering Venus to find faraway earths
As the search for Earth-like planets wages on, a team of researchers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics may have found a way to speed up the process.

Brown University to host national HIV scientific symposium Nov. 6
Speakers representing the nation's 19 Centers for AIDS Research will come to Brown University Nov.

Mediterranean diet, olive oil and nuts can help reverse metabolic syndrome
For people with metabolic syndrome, a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil or nuts may help reverse the condition, indicate findings from a clinical trial published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

NASA sees Hurricane Gonzalo head toward Bermuda
Tropical Storm Gonzalo intensified into a hurricane late on Monday, Oct.

For one family, zebrafish help provide genetic answers
Research in zebrafish has helped identify the cause of an unknown genetic disorder affecting a boy and two of his uncles, scientists report in the journal Genetics.

Want whiter teeth? Fruit mixture is not the answer
It may seem like an all-natural way to whiten teeth, but an University of Iowa study shows that a strawberry and baking soda mixture does little beyond cleaning those choppers.

Country of origin: Are negative stereotypes always bad for business?
Consumers worldwide associate France with fashion and luxury and are willing to pay a lot for French luxury products such as perfume and wine.

Building a bridge from basic botany to applied agriculture
The solutions to feeding the world are certainly multi-faceted, requiring knowledge from a diversity of fields and practices to successfully raise food production and maintain ecosystem security.

Personalised treatment for stress-related diabetes
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden are testing a treatment for type 2 diabetes which targets the disease mechanism itself -- and not just the symptoms.

Can big data make sense of climate change?
Big Data analytics are helping to provide answers to many complex problems in science and society, but they have not contributed to a better understanding climate science, despite an abundance of climate data.

Using test tube experiments to study how bacterial species evolve antibiotic resistance
Given a critical change in the environment, how exactly, do species adapt?

Brand loyalty: What happens when our favorite products are unavailable?
What would happen to all those millions of Snickers fans if their favorite chocolate bar was temporarily out of stock?

Early detection window when pancreatic cancer is in the family
Pancreatic cancer likely takes between 10 and 20 years to develop, providing the potential for a very 'broad window' of intervention if detected early, which may be possible for people who inherit a predisposition, say Australian clinical researchers.

More physical activity improved school performance
Just two hours of extra physical activity each week can improve school performance.

Study sheds light on factors that may contribute to pancreatic cancer
New research that provides a better understanding of pancreatic cancer may help identify individuals at increased risk.

Rats of New York and the diseases they carry
In the first study to look at would-be diseases carried by New York City rats, scientists at the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health identified bacterial pathogens, including E. coli, Salmonella, and C. difficile, that cause mild to life-threatening gastroenteritis in people; Seoul hantavirus, which causes Ebola-like hemorrhagic fever and kidney failure in humans; and the closest relative to human hepatitis C.

Millennials uneducated on important clothing care skills, MU study finds
Researchers have found that a significant gap exists in the amount of 'common' clothes repair skills possessed by members of the baby boomer generation and millennials.

New ORNL electric vehicle technology packs more punch in smaller package
Using 3-D printing and novel semiconductors, researchers have created a power inverter that could make electric vehicles lighter, more powerful and more efficient.

Orphanage care linked to thinner brain tissue in regions related to ADHD
Psychological studies of children who began life in Romanian orphanages shows that institutionalization is linked to physical changes in brain structure in areas related to working memory and attention.

The New York Stem Cell Foundation announces $9 million to 6 new NYSCF-Robertson investigators
The New York Stem Cell Foundation today named six of the most promising scientists as its 2014 NYSCF -- Robertson Investigators.

New forecasting method: Predicting extreme floods in the Andes mountains
Predicting floods following extreme rainfall in the central Andes is enabled by a new method.

Quality measures for skilled nursing facilities may not result in better outcomes
Among fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries who received care at a skilled nursing facility following hospital discharge, better performance on various measures of quality of care was not consistently associated with a lower risk of hospital readmission or death at 30 days, according to a study in the Oct.

Light-activated drug could reduce side effects of diabetes medication
Scientists have created a drug for type 2 diabetes that is switched on by blue light, which they hope will improve treatment of the disease.

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette's Mark Roth to receive first Friend of the CNBC Award
Mark Roth, an award-winning senior staff writer at the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, will receive the 2014 Friend of the Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition Award from Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh.

Past climate change and continental ice melt linked to varying CO2 levels
Scientists at the Universities of Southampton and Cardiff have discovered that a globally warm period in Earth's geological past featured highly variable levels of CO2.

Rare genetic disease protects against bipolar disorder
A team of scientists led by researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine show that a rare genetic dwarfism called Ellis van-Creveld syndrome protects against bipolar disorder.

Women with high blood pressure get different treatment to men
Women who are treated for high blood pressure are not given the same medication as men, nor do they hit the treatment targets as often, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg.

Testing parents' patience, while treating kids' problem behavior
Researchers at Marcus Autism Center are studying delay discounting as it applies to parents' decision-making, when it comes to engaging in treatment for their children's problem behavior.

Hydraulic fracturing linked to earthquakes in Ohio
Hydraulic fracturing triggered a series of small earthquakes in 2013 on a previously unmapped fault in Harrison County, Ohio, according to a study published in the journal Seismological Research Letters.

Many older adults still homebound after 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake
A new study, published online in the journal Age and Ageing today, shows that the homebound status of adults over the age of 65 in the aftermath of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake is still a serious public health concern.

$2.3 million NSF grant will fund MU study of math learning outcomes
Education researchers at the University of Missouri will receive nearly $2.3 million from the National Science Foundation over the next four years to study elementary students' mathematics learning outcomes in relation to teacher expertise and classroom assignment.

Memories of pain during childbirth tied to intensity rather than length of labor
Childbirth is physically intense and, for many women, it is the most painful experience they will have.

Feeling guilty or ashamed? Think about your emotions before you shop
Suppose you grabbed a few cookies before heading out to the grocery store and start to feel guilty or ashamed about breaking your diet.

Study shows relationship among broadband performance, pricing, and demand worldwide
A Northwestern University research team led a longitudinal study of broadband Internet usage to understand the relationship among services, performance, pricing, and demand in developed and developing countries.

The Lancet: First report of long-term safety of human embryonic stem cells to treat human disease
New research published in The Lancet provides the first evidence of the medium-term to long-term safety and tolerability of transplanting human embryonic stem cells in humans.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees Extra-Tropical Storm Vongfong pulling away from Hokkaido, Japan
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Extra-Tropical Storm Vongfong on Oct.

Diet and exercise during pregnancy has hidden benefits
It might not be obvious on the scales, but healthy eating and increased physical activity from walking during pregnancy is directly associated with a range of improved outcomes at birth, according to researchers from the University of Adelaide.

New sequencing reveals genetic history of tomatoes
The sequencing of 360 tomato varieties has yielded a 'genetic history' of the popular food crop.

What to expect at Clinical Nutrition Week 2015
On Saturday, February 14, 2015, the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition kicks-off Clinical Nutrition Week 2015 in Long Beach, CA, at the Long Beach Convention & Entertainment Center.

EARTH Magazine: Kilauea eruptions could shift from mild to wild
Hawaii's Kilauea volcano is famously effusive: Low-viscosity lava has been oozing out of the main caldera and two active rift zones along the southern shore of the Big Island since 1983.

Social trust eroded in Chinese product-tampering incident
For about a decade, Chinese consumers weren't getting what they paid for when they purchased Wuchang, a special brand of gourmet rice that has a peculiar scent.

Current models for predicting outcomes after mild traumatic brain injury perform poorly
For the 5-15 percent of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) who will have lingering physical, behavioral, or cognitive problems three to six months after their injury, identification of this at-risk population is essential for early intervention.

Perfect torque distribution for safe driving
Large range, agile drive dynamics and excellent safety: These are the goals the Visio.M electro-mobility project strives to achieve.

Increase seen in use of emergency departments by children, regardless of insurance type
In contrast to previous research that documented decreases or no change in children's rates of emergency department use in the 1990s and the early 2000s, an analysis of ED visits by children, adolescents, and young adults in California by insurance status from 2005-2010 found that rates increased across all insurance groups and the uninsured, according to a study in the Oct.

'Grapes of Wrath': Stomping out grape disease one vineyard at a time
Cracking the genetic code of a common disease affecting grape production could improve vineyard management and help protect the multibillion-dollar grape and wine industry.

UCI engineers develop prototype of low-cost, disposable lung infection detector
Imagine a low-cost, disposable breath analysis device that a person with cystic fibrosis could use at home along with a smartphone to immediately detect a lung infection, much like the device police use to gauge a driver's blood alcohol level.

This week from AGU: Glacier health check, world ocean atlas, liquid brines on Mars
This week from AGU: Glacier health check, world ocean atlas, and liquid brines on Mars.

Common gene variants linked to delayed healing of bone fractures
Slow-healing or non-healing bone fractures in otherwise healthy people may be caused by gene variants that are common in the population, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

New information about how neurons act could lead to brain disorder advancements
Neurons are electrically charged cells, located in the nervous system, that interpret and transmit information using electrical and chemical signals.

Scientists find molecular 'breadcrumb trail' that helps melanoma spread
Cancer Research UK scientists have discovered that melanoma cells are drawn to follow the 'trail' of a naturally-occurring molecule in the body, which directs this serious type of skin cancer to spread, according to research published in PLOS Biology.

Protein found in insect blood that helps power pests' immune responses
By studying a protein called beta-1,3-glucan recognition protein in the blood of a caterpillar, researchers have found a genetic mechanism that may help trigger an insect's immune system into killing pathogens in the insect's blood.

Australians not prepared for dying with dignity
The vast majority of Australians do not have a plan allowing them to die with dignity, new research has found.

Institutional rearing may increase risk attention-deficit disorder
Over the past decades, we have seen numerous tragic examples where the failure of institutions to meet the needs of infants for social contact and stimulation has led to the failure of these infants to thrive.

Fish oil supplements have little effect on irregular heartbeat
High doses of fish oil supplements, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, do not reduce atrial fibrillation, a common type of irregular heartbeat in which the heart can beat as fast as 150 beats a minute.

Scientists sniff out unexpected role for stem cells in the brain
For decades, scientists thought that neurons in the brain were born only during the early development period and could not be replenished.

Are there enough fish to go around?
Scientists from the University of York have released a report highlighting the gap between declining wild fish supplies and healthy eating advice recommending more seafood.

New light on the 'split peak' of alcohols
For scientists probing the electronic structure of materials using RIXS, a persistent question has been how to account for 'split peak' spectra seen in some hydrogen-bonded materials, but now researchers have performed an investigation of several types of liquid alcohols with RIXS and brought new perspective to this long-lasting debate.

NASA's Aqua satellite spots Central Pacific's Tropical Storm Ana
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Storm Ana on Monday, Oct.

Teenage baseball pitchers at risk for permanent shoulder injury
Young baseball pitchers who throw more than 100 pitches per week are at risk for a newly identified overuse injury that can impede normal shoulder development and lead to additional problems, including rotator cuff tears, according to a new study.

Scientists discover carbonate rocks are unrecognized methane sink
Since the first undersea methane seep was discovered 30 years ago, scientists have meticulously analyzed and measured how microbes in the seafloor sediments consume the greenhouse gas methane.

Collapsible wings help birds cope with turbulence
Collapsible wings may be a bird's answer to turbulence according to an Oxford University study in which an eagle carried its own 'black box' flight recorder on its back.

The Costco effect: Do consumers buy less variety at bigger stores?
Do consumers make the same choices when products such as beer, soft drinks, or candy bars are sold individually or in bundles?

Caribbean coral reef inhabitants critical in determining future of reefs
New research led by the University of Exeter has found that species that live in and erode coral reefs will play a major role in determining the future of reefs.

Fires dot the Ukraine countryside
Numerous fires (marked with red dots) are burning in the Ukraine, likely as a result of regional agricultural practices.

Prescribed burns in Western Australia
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Aqua satellite detected fires burning in Western Australia on Oct.

Unique catalysts for hydrogen fuel cells synthesized in ordinary kitchen microwave oven
Swedish and Chinese researchers show how a unique nano-alloy composed of palladium nano-islands embedded in tungsten nanoparticles creates a new type of catalysts for highly efficient oxygen reduction, the most important reaction in hydrogen fuel cells.

Study indicates need for more obstetric quality of care measures at hospitals
In an analysis of data on more than 100,000 deliveries and term newborns from New York City hospitals, rates for certain quality indicators and complications for mothers and newborns varied substantially between hospitals and were not correlated with performance measures designed to assess hospital-level obstetric quality of care, according to a study in the Oct.

DFG congratulates Stefan W. Hell on Nobel Prize in Chemistry
The German Research Foundation congratulates professor Stefan W. Hell, of the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen and the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg, on winning the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

CWRU studies how women in recovery manage personal networks with family and friend users
Substance abuse counselors and social workers often recommend recovering addicts establish new networks of non-using friends and supporters.

New approaches needed for people with serious mental illnesses in criminal justice system
Responding to the large number of people with serious mental illnesses in the criminal justice system will require more than mental health services, according to a new report.

Scripps Research Institute team receives $6.6 million to investigate deadly Lassa virus
Scientists from The Scripps Research Institute have been awarded $6.6 million from the National Institutes of Health to lead an investigation of Lassa fever virus, the most prevalent virus-induced hemorrhagic fever disease in Africa.

Houston: We have a problem...but no worries, our virtual therapist is on it
Hiking in the mountains or lying on the beach are good ways to relieve stress on Earth, but on spaceflights there's no way to get back to nature.

Frontline diagnosis and treatment of infant infections
Trained frontline health workers can identify most young infants with possible bacterial infections in low and middle income countries but also may diagnose infections in many uninfected young infants, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Energy drinks may pose danger to public health
Increased consumption of energy drinks may pose danger to public health, especially among young people, warns a team of researchers from the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe in the open-access journal Frontiers in Public Health.

Researchers identify potential drug that could help treat cystic fibrosis
By screening over 2,000 approved drugs and natural products, scientists have shown that tannic acid may help ease the impact of bacterial lung infections in cystic fibrosis patients.

Cambridge team explore power of thorium for improved nuclear design
The UK is playing a key role in an international project to develop a radical new type of nuclear power station that is safer, more cost-effective, compact, quicker and less disruptive to build than any previously constructed.

University of Calgary research leads to brain cancer clinical trial
Researchers at the University of Calgary have made a discovery that could prolong the life of people living with glioblastoma -- the most aggressive type of brain cancer.

Seniors run for the suburbs in their golden years
In a study recently published in the Journal of Transport Geography, Concordia University researcher Zachary Patterson uses census data to map seniors' moving habits.

Immune cells in the liver drive fatty liver disease and liver cancer
Immune cells that migrate to the liver and interact there with liver tissue cells get activated by metabolic stress (e.g. through lipids of a high fat diet) and drive the development of fatty liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and liver cancer.

Marketing an innovative new product? An exciting product launch could hurt sales
Should every successful product launch involve some sort of dazzling spectacle?

Corruption of the health care delivery system
The foundation of evidence-based research has eroded and the trend must be reversed so patients and clinicians can make wise shared decisions about their health, say Dartmouth researchers in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

Nursing home quality not tied to risk of readmission or death following hospitalization, Penn study
Nursing home care quality does not impact the likelihood of patients being readmitted to the hospital or dying within 30 days of discharge from hospital to nursing home, according to a new analysis of Medicare data and nursing home performance measures by Penn Medicine researchers.

Forced to be bad: When eating that chocolate cake is 'not our fault'?
Imagine you're dining out with a friend who insists on sharing some chocolate cake for dessert.

Teachable moments about climate change
First-hand experience of extreme weather often makes people change their minds about the realities of climate change.

1934 drought was worst of the last millennium, study finds
The 1934 drought was worst of the last millennium, a study finds.

MAVEN's first look at Mars holds surprises, says CU-Boulder mission leader
NASA's MAVEN spacecraft has provided scientists their first look at a storm of energetic solar particles at Mars and produced unprecedented ultraviolet images of the tenuous oxygen, hydrogen and carbon coronas surrounding the Red Planet, said University of Colorado Boulder Professor Bruce Jakosky, the mission's principal investigator.

US college students eat their vegetables. Really?!
US college students fare better than UK students on key health measures.

A neurotic personality increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease
Women who worry, cope poorly with stress and/or experience mood swings in middle age run a higher risk of developing Alzheimer disease later in life.

Discovery of the Benesov meteorites 20 years after the bolide event
Astronomy & Astrophysics is publishing the spectacular discovery of meteorite fragments 20 years after the corresponding bolide was seen in the skies of the Czech Republic.

House fly genome reveals expanded immune system
Scientists have sequenced the house fly genome for the first time, revealing robust immune genes, as one might expect from an insect that thrives in pathogen-rich dung piles and garbage heaps.

Policies on marketing gifts to medical students
In this week's PLOS Medicine, James Yeh and colleagues compared the 2011 survey results of a nationwide random sample of first and fourth year US medical students regarding interactions with and gifts from pharmaceutical marketing representatives with policy dimensions reported for 121 allopathic medical schools on the American Medical Student Association PharmFree Scorecard and the Institute on Medicine as a Profession Conflicts of Interest Policy Database for 2010.

Earth's magnetic field could flip within a human lifetime
A study by scientists from Italy, France, UC Berkeley and Columbia University demonstrates that Earth's last magnetic reversal took place 786,000 years ago and happened very quickly, in less than 100 years -- roughly a human lifetime.

Defective gene renders diarrhea vaccine ineffective
Every year rotavirus causes half a million diarrhea-related deaths amongst children in developing countries.

How the fruit fly could help us sniff out drugs and bombs
A fly's sense of smell could be used in new technology to detect drugs and bombs, new University of Sussex research has found.

Marius Wernig receives New York Stem Cell Foundation's Robertson Stem Cell Prize
The New York Stem Cell Foundation announced today that Marius Wernig, PhD, Associate Professor in the Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine and the Department of Pathology at Stanford University School of Medicine, is the 2014 recipient of the Robertson Stem Cell Prize, which has been awarded since 2011 for extraordinary achievements in translational stem cell research by a young scientist.

Beyond LEDs: Brighter, new energy-saving flat panel lights based on carbon nanotubes
Scientists from Tohoku University in Japan have developed a new type of energy-efficient flat light source based on carbon nanotubes with very low power consumption of around 0.1 Watt for every hour's operation -- about a hundred times lower than that of an LED.

Study exposes bias in transportation system design
America's streets are designed and evaluated with a an inherent bias toward the needs of motor vehicles, ignoring those of bicyclists, pedestrians, and public transit users, according to a new study co-authored by Wesley Marshall of the University of Colorado Denver.

Chief of Urology at The Miriam, Rhode Island hospitals speaks before FDA panel about Hypogonadism
Mark Sigman, M.D., chief of urology at The Miriam and Rhode Island hospitals, co-director of the Men's Health Clinic at The Miriam Hospital, and chief of urology at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, spoke about hypogonadism last month at a joint meeting of the Bone, Reproductive and Urologic Drugs Advisory Committee and the Drug Safety and Risk Management Advisory Committee.

Penn Medicine's Basser Research Center for BRCA announces $6.9 million in new grants
The University of Pennsylvania's Basser Research Center for BRCA has announced $6.9 million to research teams both at Penn and at five other institutions across the United States, aimed at advancing the care of patients living with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations through multi-disciplinary collaboration.

Alex Eskin named Simons Investigator in mathematics
The University of Chicago's Alex Eskin is among the 16 scholars of mathematics, theoretical physics, theoretical computer science, and the mathematical modeling of living systems, who have been selected as 2014 Simons Investigators.

New clues behind the resilience of a leading sexually transmitted pathogen, Chlamydia
In the advanced online edition of Molecular Biology and Evolution, authors Domman, et al. have explored factors behind the resilience of the most common sexually transmitted disease in the US, chlamydia, with an estimated 1 million infected.

HARCO Project: Intelligence in manufacturing equipment
The HARCO project, 'Hierarchical and adaptive smart components for precision production systems application', in which Tecnalia is participating alongside 9 companies, centers and universities in Italy, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Belgium, is tackling the challenge of manufacturing from the perspective of applying totally new concepts to machine tools and to the design rules used.

Jobs plentiful for college grads
The job market for new college graduates is red hot.

Future computers could be built from magnetic 'tornadoes'
Computers of the future could be built from 'magnetic tornadoes,' according to new research into nanotechnology at the University of Sheffield.

Autophagy helps fast track stem cell activation
Researchers from Stanford University School of Medicine have discovered a link between a protective mechanism used by cells and the activation of muscle stem cells.

CWRU dental survey finds dental anxiety leads cause for moderate sedation
Dental anxiety can be so extreme for some patients that a simple cotton swab on the gums makes them flinch.

Side effects of cancer prevention surgery can be helped with education program
More women are having ovary-removing surgery as a cancer prevention measure, but many are often unaware of sexual or psychological side effects of the procedure.

Slow enteral feeding protocol can reduce instances of death in extreme preterm infants
A standardized slow enteral feeding protocol significantly reduces the incidence of necrotizing enterocoltis, or death of intestinal tissue, and death in infants with extremely low birth weight, according to a new study.

Parkinson: How toxic proteins stress nerve cells
Parkinson's Disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. In Germany alone, almost half a million people are affected.

World's largest entomology meeting to be held in Portland in November
Journalists are encouraged to attend Entomology 2014, the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Nov.

Photopharmacology: Optical control of insulin secretion
Researchers at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich have chemically modified an anti-diabetic agent so as to make its action dependent on light.

New treatment target identified for aggressive breast cancer
One of the first-known oncogenes has a protein partner that helps breast cancer proliferate and when it's blocked, so is the cancer, scientists report.

NASA satellite spots Hudhud's remnants
Cyclone Hudhud made landfall in east-central India on Oct. 12 and caused a lot of damage and several fatalities as it moved inland and weakened to a remnant low pressure area.

New 'tree of life' traces evolution of mysterious cotinga birds
They are some of the brightest, loudest, oddest-looking, least-understood birds on the planet, and thanks to a comprehensive new evolutionary 'tree of life' generated for the tropical cotinga family of South America, the door is now open to new discoveries about the more than 60 species in this amazingly diverse group of birds.

Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain
It's been millions of years since T. rex took its last breath, but a team led by Ohio University scientists is breathing life back into dinosaurs using high-powered computer simulations to model airflow through dinosaur snouts.

Scientists find molecular 'breadcrumb trail' that helps melanoma spread
Cancer Research UK scientists have discovered that melanoma cells are drawn to follow the 'trail' of a naturally-occurring molecule in the body, which directs this serious type of skin cancer to spread, according to research publishing Tuesday Oct.

Scientists create new protein-based material with some nerve
UC Berkeley scientists have taken proteins from nerve cells and used them to create a 'smart' material that is extremely sensitive to its environment.

New treatment designed to save more eyes from cancer
Doctors at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have developed a new technique for treating the eye cancer retinoblastoma to improve the odds for preventing eye loss, blindness or death in children with advanced forms of the disease.

Parents' perception of teens' experiences are related to mental health
Adolescents whose parents better understand their daily experiences have better psychological adjustment, suggests a study in the October issue of Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine, the official journal of the American Psychosomatic Society.

What goes up must come down
Geckos employ an adhesive system that facilitates their climbing vertically, and even in inverted positions.

Mars One -- and done?
An MIT team independently assesses the technical feasibility of the proposed Mars One mission. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to