Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 15, 2014
Teens' science interest linked with knowledge, but only in wealthier nations
It seems logical that a student who is interested in science as an academic subject would also know a lot about science, but new findings show that this link depends on the overall wealth of the country that the teen calls home.

Change your walking style, change your mood
Our mood can affect how we walk -- slump-shouldered if we're sad, bouncing along if we're happy.

E-healthcare may help reverse the trend of high CVD and obesity in China
The use of electronic health care services versus more traditional methods to reduce the high incidence of heart disease in China will be debated by leading cardiologists from around the world in Beijing, from Oct.

Discovery of heart's repair process suggests new treatment strategy for heart attack
UCLA researchers have discovered that some scar-forming cells in the heart have the ability to become cells that form blood vessels.

Tuning light to kill deep cancer tumors
An international group of scientists led by Gang Han, Ph.D., at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, has combined a new type of nanoparticle with an FDA-approved photodynamic therapy to effectively kill deep-set cancer cells in vivo with minimal damage to surrounding tissue and fewer side effects than chemotherapy.

NIH grants license agreement for candidate Ebola vaccines
NIAID today announced a new license agreement aimed at advancing dual-purpose candidate vaccines to protect against rabies and Ebola viruses.

Researchers look to exploit females' natural resistance to infection
Researchers have linked increased resistance to bacterial pneumonia in female mice to an enzyme activated by the female sex hormone estrogen.

Personalized cellular therapy achieves complete remission in 90 percent of acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients studied
Ninety percent of children and adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who had relapsed multiple times or failed to respond to standard therapies went into remission after receiving an investigational personalized cellular therapy, CTL019, developed at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Novel mechanism affecting cell migration discovered
The GMF protein controls the size and lifetime of protrusions in migrating cells.

Fewer depressive symptoms associated with more frequent activity in adults at most ages
On average, more frequent physical activity was associated with fewer depressive symptoms for adults between the ages of 23 and 50 years, while a higher level of depressive symptoms was linked to less frequent physical activity.

Uncontrolled hypertension highest among patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis
Patients with moderate and severe psoriasis have the greatest likelihood of uncontrolled hypertension compared to patients without psoriasis.

Brain surgery through the cheek
Vanderbilt engineers have developed a surgical robot designed to perform brain surgery by entering through the cheek instead of the skull that can operate on a patient in an MRI scanner.

Could sleeper sharks be preying on protected Steller sea lions?
Pacific sleeper sharks, a large, slow-moving species thought of as primarily a scavenger or predator of fish, may be preying on something a bit larger -- protected Steller sea lions in the Gulf of Alaska.

Why me? Many women living in poverty blame children, love life
Having had children -- particularly early in life -- and a dysfunctional romantic relationship are the two most frequently cited reasons when low-income mothers are asked about why they find themselves in poverty.

Geologists dig into science around the globe, on land and at sea
UC research and discoveries will be highlighted at The Geological Society of America's Annual Meeting and Exposition in Vancouver, Canada.

Food labels can reduce livestock environmental impacts
With global food demand expected to outpace the availability of water by the year 2050, consumers can make a big difference in reducing the water used in livestock production.

Light pollution contributing to fledgling 'fallout'
Turning the street lights off decreased the number of grounded fledglings.

NEJM Perspective: 'The FDA, e-cigarettes, and the demise of combusted tobacco'
In this NEJM Perspective, two Georgetown University professors explore the popularity of E-cigarettes and point out that they could lead to the 'demise' of cigarette smoking and save thousands of lives, but not until they are proven safe and are regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration.

Study models ways to cut Mexico's HIV rates
A new study projects that increasing condom use or antiretroviral therapy among Mexico City's male sex workers would produce a significant advance against the nation's HIV epidemic by reducing the rate of infections among the sex workers' partners.

Discovery of a new mechanism that can lead to blindness
An important scientific breakthrough by a team of IRCM researchers led by Michel Cayouette, Ph.D., is being published today by The Journal of Neuroscience.

Penn Medicine researchers zero in on psoriasis-hypertension link
Patients with more severe psoriasis are also more likely to have uncontrolled hypertension, according to new research by a team at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Workshop on public health research for Ebola
An ad hoc committee, under the auspices of the Institute of Medicine in collaboration with the National Research Council will organize a one-day workshop that will explore potential research priorities arising as a result of the emergence of Ebola Virus Disease, a hemorrhagic disease caused by a filovirus, in the United States.

Construction secrets of a galactic metropolis
Astronomers have used the APEX telescope to probe a huge galaxy cluster that is forming in the early Universe and revealed that much of the star formation taking place is not only hidden by dust, but also occurring in unexpected places.

Lake Erie increasingly susceptible to large cyanobacteria blooms
Lake Erie has become increasingly susceptible to large blooms of toxin-producing cyanobacteria since 2002, potentially complicating efforts to rein in the problem in the wake of this year's Toledo drinking water crisis, according to a new study led by University of Michigan researchers.

Subsidies help breast cancer patients adhere to hormone therapy
A federal prescription-subsidy program for low-income women on Medicare significantly improved their adherence to hormone therapy to prevent the recurrence of breast cancer after surgery.

Health & Safety Executive, HSE, advice on pneumonia jabs for welders 'flawed,' say experts
The Health & Safety Executive's advice to employers on pneumonia jabs for welders is flawed and needlessly risking lives, say occupational health experts in an opinion piece in the journal Thorax.

Northwestern Memorial HealthCare highlighted in Healthcare Equality Index 2014
For third year in a row, Northwestern is named a leader in providing lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender patient care in national survey.

Extinct giant kangaroos may have been hop-less
Now extinct giant kangaroos most likely could not hop and used a more rigid body posture to move their hindlimbs one at a time.

UNC researchers boost the heart's natural ability to recover after heart attack
UNC researchers discovered that fibroblasts, which normally give rise to scar tissue after a heart attack, can be turned into endothelial cells, which generate blood vessels to supply oxygen and nutrients to the injured regions of the heart, greatly reducing the damage done following heart attack.

Giving physicians immunity from malpractice claims does not reduce 'defensive medicine'
Conventional wisdom says that a lot of medical care in the United States is 'defensive medicine' prescribed because doctors want to protect themselves from the risk of malpractice lawsuits.

Chimpanzees have favorite 'tool set' for hunting staple food of army ants
New research shows that chimpanzees search for the right tools from a key plant species when preparing to 'ant dip' -- a crafty technique enabling them to feast on army ants without getting bitten.

$6 million in federal funding makes animal feed go further
Researchers from Concordia University are poised to develop new enzyme combinations for pork and poultry feed that will result in significant improvements in digestion.

New report synthesizes best available science on management of moist mixed-conifer forests
Oregon and Washington land managers have a new synthesis of recent research findings to inform their management of eastside moist mixed-conifer forests in the two states.

How closely do urologists adhere to AUA guidelines?
Evidence-based guidelines play an increasing role in setting standards for medical practice and quality but are seldom systematically evaluated in the practice setting.

Two-faced gene: SIRT6 prevents some cancers but promotes sun-induced skin cancer
SIRT6 -- a protein that inhibits the growth of liver and colon cancers -- can promote the development of skin cancers by turning on an enzyme that increases inflammation, proliferation and survival of sun-damaged skin cells.

Risking your life without a second thought
People who risk their lives to save strangers may do so without deliberation.

SwRI's Putzig named NASA Planetary Science Early Career Fellow
NASA has named Dr. Nathaniel Putzig, a senior research scientist in the Boulder office of Southwest Research Institute's Space Science and Engineering Division, a Planetary Science Early Career Fellow for his work in conjunction with a NASA Research and Analysis grant.

Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic
The Ebola virus is spreading rapidly and to an unexpected extent.

Study identifies risk factors for sexual assault, including age and alcohol consumption
Risk factors for sexual assault, including young age and alcohol consumption, must be addressed when considering preventative strategies, suggests a new study, published today (Oct.

MGH and MIT form strategic partnership to address major challenges in clinical medicine
A novel partnership between Massachusetts General Hospital and Massachusetts Institute of Technology is addressing three major challenges in clinical medicine -- improving the diagnosis of disease, developing new approaches to prevent and treat infectious and autoimmune diseases, and developing more accurate methods of diagnosing and treating major neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases.

Researchers develop world's thinnest electric generator
Researchers from Columbia Engineering and the Georgia Institute of Technology report today that they have made the first experimental observation of piezoelectricity and the piezotronic effect in an atomically thin material, molybdenum disulfide, MoS2, resulting in a unique electric generator and mechanosensation devices that are optically transparent, extremely light, and very bendable and stretchable.

NASA's Aqua satellite watches Tropical Storm Ana intensifying
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over intensifying Tropical Storm Ana as it was moving through the Central Pacific Ocean and toward the Hawaiian Islands.

Weight gain study suggests polyunsaturated oil healthier option
Rapid weight gain from eating foods rich in saturated fats quickly increased bad cholesterol levels, even in otherwise healthy and normal-weight adults in their mid-20s.

New research center to focus on family caregivers of elderly, disabled
The University of Illinois at Chicago has received a five-year, $4.3 million grant from the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research and the Administration for Community Living to establish a new, multi-institutional center to study the needs of families caring for people with disabilities.

Graduate inventor captures the imagination with interactive typewriter
Plymouth University graduate Joe Hounsham has transformed an antique typewriter for the digital generation, and won an award from IBM for his efforts.

Rivers flow differently over gravel beds, study finds
River beds, where flowing water meets silt, sand and gravel, are critical ecological zones.

Natural gas boom will not slow climate change
The recent natural gas boom due to the use of technologies such as fracking will not lead to a reduction of overall greenhouse gas emissions.

Partisan lenses: Beauty lies in your political affiliation
Have you ever noticed you find your candidate for political office more attractive than the opponent?

New look at neuroscience draws experts to ASU
Arizona State University's School of Life Sciences and School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences are hosting the 2014 Collaborative Research in Computational Neuroscience meeting for principal investigators.

18 million workers produced more than one-fifth of US gross domestic product in 2012
In 2012, knowledge intensive services industries--business, finance and information -- produced $3.4 trillion in value-added output, more than one-fifth of the US gross domestic product, and employed 18 million workers.

Study shows anesthesia-related deaths decline; improvement needed to reduce injuries
New data, published in The Journal of Health Risk Management, sheds light on injuries caused by the administration of anesthesia.

Post-tonsillectomy complications more likely in kids from lower-income families
New research finds that children from lower-income families are more likely to have complications following outpatient tonsillectomy surgery.

Product placement can curb TV commercial audience loss by more than 10 percent: INFORMS study
Coordinating product placement with advertising in the same television program can reduce audience loss over commercial breaks by 10 percent, according to a new study in the Articles in Advance section of Marketing Science, a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Satellite eyes first major Atlantic Hurricane in 3 years: Gonzalo
Hurricane Gonzalo has made the jump to major hurricane status and on Oct.

Brandeis awards 44th Rosenstiel Award to pioneering geneticist Fred Alt
Geneticist Fred Alt will be awarded the 44th Rosenstiel Award for Distinguished Work in Biomedical Science by Brandeis University.

A unique approach to monitoring groundwater supplies near Ohio fracking sites
As fracking expands in Ohio, University of Cincinnati researchers are expanding their testing of private water wells.

Love/hate relationship to 'foreigners' in Britain in WWII
Professor Webster's project is titled, 'Mixing It' and it has received a £110,000 Leadership Fellowship from the Arts and Humanities Research Council.

These roos were 'made' for walking, study suggests of extinct enigmas
Based on a rigorous comparative analysis of kangaroo anatomy, researchers posit that the ancient family of sthenurine kangaroos that lived until 30,000 years ago likely preferred walking to hopping.

Scientists 'must not become complacent' when assessing pandemic threat from flu viruses
As our ability to assess the pandemic risk from strains of influenza virus increases with the latest scientific developments, we must not allow ourselves to become complacent that the most substantial threats have been identified, argue an international consortium of scientists.

Prostate cancer's penchant for copper may be a fatal flaw
Like discriminating thieves, prostate cancer tumors scavenge and hoard copper that is an essential element in the body.

New book about life as seen from physics
The book 'Models of Life' is a non-traditional biophysics textbook and it describes how life functions and controls itself.

Three hours of life per euro
Each additional euro eastern Germans received in benefits from pensions and public health insurance after reunification accounted for three additional hours of life expectancy.

Microfossils reveal warm oceans had less oxygen, Syracuse geologists say
Researchers in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences are pairing chemical analyses with micropaleontology -- the study of tiny fossilized organisms -- to better understand how global marine life was affected by a rapid warming event more than 55 million years ago.

Prehistoric crocodiles' evolution mirrored in living species
Crocodiles which roamed the world's seas millions of years ago developed in similar ways to their modern-day relatives, a study has shown.

Leisure time physical activity linked to lower depression risk
Being physically active three times a week reduces the odds of being depressed by approximately 16 percent, according to new University College London research undertaken as part of the Public Health Research Consortium.

UT Arlington project to detect possible damages in aircraft parts early in process
UT Arlington engineering professors have received a $451,781 Air Force Office of Scientific Research grant to examine the material surface at the micro- and nano-scale level that will provide clues for predicting fatigue in aircraft parts.

A brighter design emerges for low-cost, 'greener' LED light bulbs
The phase-out of traditional incandescent bulbs in the US and elsewhere, as well as a growing interest in energy efficiency, has given light-emitting diode lighting a sales boost.

Discarded cigarette ashes could go to good use -- removing arsenic from water
Arsenic, a well-known poison, can be taken out of drinking water using sophisticated treatment methods.

Researchers solve riddle of the rock pools
Research from the University of Exeter has revealed that the rock goby (Gobius paganellus), an unassuming little fish commonly found in rock pools around Britain, southern Europe, and North Africa, is a master of camouflage and can rapidly change color to conceal itself against its background.

Astronomers spot faraway Uranus-like planet
Our view of other solar systems just got a little more familiar, with the discovery of a planet 25,000 light-years away that resembles our own Uranus.

New guideline in genetic testing for certain types of muscular dystrophy
The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and the American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine offer a new guideline on how to determine what genetic tests may best diagnose a person's subtype of limb-girdle or distal muscular dystrophy.

Milky Way ransacks nearby dwarf galaxies
Astronomers using the National Science Foundation's Green Bank Telescope in West Virginia, along with data from other large radio telescopes, have discovered that our nearest galactic neighbors, the dwarf spheroidal galaxies, are devoid of star-forming gas, and that our Milky Way Galaxy is to blame.

UTSA awarded $640,000 NSF grant to help economically disadvantaged students pursue science careers
The University of Texas at San Antonio has been awarded a five-year, $640,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to help economically disadvantaged students pursue graduate studies or scientific careers in the workforce.

A global natural gas boom alone won't slow climate change
A new analysis of global energy use, economics and the climate shows that expanding the current bounty of inexpensive natural gas alone would not slow the growth of global greenhouse gas emissions worldwide, according to a study appearing today in Nature.

Sharks that hide in coral reefs may be safe from acidifying oceans
A study published online today in the journal Conservation Physiology has shown that the epaulette shark (Hemiscyllium ocellatum) displays physiological tolerance to elevated carbon dioxide (CO₂) in its environment after being exposed to CO₂ levels equivalent to those that are predicted for their natural habitats in the near future.

VIMS to help protect key Native-American site
A $199,000 grant from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation will allow researchers at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science to help protect Werowocomoco -- one of the most important Native-American sites in the eastern US -- from shoreline erosion and sea-level rise.

Study reveals optimal particle size for anticancer nanomedicines
Nanomedicines consisting of nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery to specific tissues and cells offer new solutions for cancer diagnosis and therapy.

Obstetrician/gynecologist publishes book on contraception for medically challenging patients
Rebecca H. Allen, M.D., M.P.H., an obstetrician/gynecologist with expertise in family planning at Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island and an assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, has published a book that offers advice on how to meet the contraceptive needs of women with chronic medical problems.

Psychiatrist appointments hard to get, even for insured: Study
Obtaining access to private outpatient psychiatric care in the Boston, Chicago and Houston metropolitan areas is difficult, even for those with private insurance or those willing to pay out of pocket.

Weather history time machine
A San Diego State University geography professor, Samuel Shen, and colleagues have developed a software program that allows climate researchers to access historical climate data for the entire global surface (excluding the poles), including the oceans, based on Shen's statistical research into historical climates.

Ebola highlights disparity of disease burden in developed vs. developing countries
A recent study in Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology shows Ebola and other skin disease rates are hundreds of times higher in developing than in developed countries.

Gene variants implicated ADHD identify attention and language deficits general population
Are deficits in attention limited to those with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or is there a spectrum of attention function in the general population?

MD Anderson study first to compare treatments, survival benefits for early-stage lung cancer
Removal of the entire lobe of lung may offer patients with early-stage lung cancer better overall survival when compared with a partial resection, and stereotactic ablative radiotherapy may offer the same survival benefit as a lobectomy for some patients, according to a study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Diversity in medical education: It's not so black and white anymore
A perspective piece in this week's issue of the New England Journal of Medicine from a student at the University of Pennsylvania's Perelman School of Medicine addresses the evolution of diversity in medical education.

New test can help doctors choose best treatment for ovarian cancer
Researchers have devized a new test to help doctors diagnose ovarian tumors and choose the most appropriate treatment.

Dolphin 'breathalyzer' could help diagnose animal and ocean health
Alcohol consumption isn't the only thing a breath analysis can reveal.

Oh brother! Having a sibling makes boys selfless
A study found that siblings uniquely promote sympathy and altruism.

Follow the leader: Insects benefit from good leadership too
Scientists have shown for the first time that when insect larvae follow a leader to forage for food, both leaders and followers benefit, growing much faster than if they are in a group of only leaders or only followers.

Cryptic clues drive new theory of bowel cancer development
Melbourne researchers have challenged conventional thinking on how the bowel lining develops and, in the process, suggested a new mechanism for how bowel cancer starts.

Transforming safety net practices into patient-centered medical homes -- progress report
A recently concluded demonstration project made meaningful progress toward introducing a 'patient-centered medical home' approach at 'safety net' practices serving vulnerable and underserved populations.

Researchers turn to 3-D technology to examine the formation of cliffband landscapes
This novel application of technology will be revealed at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America in Vancouver, Canada.

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz joins Germany's Gauss-Allianz as a full member
The German Gauß-Allianz has admitted Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz as a full member, ensuring that the Rhineland-Palatinate science hub continues to maintain a significant nationwide standing in the field of high-performance computing.

Reminding people of their religious belief system reduces hostility: York U research
Research conducted at York University may shed some light on religion's actual influence on believers -- and the news is positive.

Getting to know super-earths
Results from NASA's Kepler mission have indicated that the most common planets in the galaxy are super-Earths -- those that are bigger than Earth but smaller than Neptune.

Camargue flamingos starved in freezing conditions in 1985 and 2012 mass mortalities
When thousands of the Camargue's iconic flamingo population died in extreme cold snaps in 1985 and 2012, it was not clear why the animals had died, but now a team of French and US scientists, lead by Anne-Sophie Deville from Tour du Valat and David Grémillet from the CEFE-CNRS, France, have discovered that the birds starved to death because of the effects of extreme cold coupled when the birds' feeding grounds freezing over.

NASA study finds 1934 had worst drought of last thousand years
A new study using a reconstruction of North American drought history over the last 1,000 years found that the drought of 1934 was the driest and most widespread of the last millennium.

UK tops global league table for gullet cancer -- adenocarcinoma -- in men
The UK tops the international league table for a type of gullet (oesophageal) cancer, known as adenocarcinoma, in men, reveals a comprehensive estimate of the total number of new cases around the globe in 2012, and published online in the journal Gut.

Charles Marcus receives American research prize
Charles Marcus, who is a professor and head of the Center for Quantum Devices at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen, has been awarded the prize for 'Research Excellence in Nanotechnology' by the nanoscience center, NBIC at the University of Pennsylvania, USA.

'Dressing' in superconductors
So far, experimental observations haven't clarified if the phenomenon at work in conventional superconductors -- at low critical temperature -- and involving the 'dressing' concept can also be seen in cuprates, but one study, published in Nature Communications and coordinated by Elettra Sincrotrone of Trieste, the University of Trieste and the University of Naples Federico II suggests that this might be the case.

French growers up in arms over EU's pending label requirements for lavender
Next year, the European Commission is set to release guidelines for warning labels on products made with lavender oil, which reportedly can cause allergic reactions for some people.

Key moment mapped in assembly of DNA-splitting molecular machine
Scientists reveal crucial steps and surprising structures in the genesis of the enzyme that divides the DNA double helix during cell replication.

Beetles and a cup of joe
When java giants like Starbucks seek out the finest fair trade coffee beans in Guatemala, insects can make all the difference.

Pattern recognition receptors may be potent new drug targets for immune-mediated diseases
Chronic inflammation caused by activation of the human immune system contributes to a large and rapidly growing list of diseases including some cancers, cardiovascular disease, metabolic disorders, and autoimmune diseases.

Climate change not responsible for altering forest tree composition
Change in disturbance regimes -- rather than a change in climate -- is largely responsible for altering the composition of Eastern forests, according to a researcher in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.

The Lancet: Universal health coverage in Latin America series
The Series will be launched on Thursday Oct. 16, at the Pan American Health Organization headquarters in Washington, DC, USA, and the Series is supported by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and the Rockefeller Foundation.

Eating breakfast increases brain chemical involved in regulating food intake and cravings
MU researchers have found that eating breakfast, particularly meals rich in protein, increases young adults' levels of a brain chemical associated with feelings of reward, which may reduce food cravings and overeating later in the day.

New study shows the importance of jellyfish falls to deep-sea ecosystem
This week, researchers from University of Hawai'i, Norway, and the UK have shown with innovative experiments that a rise in jellyfish blooms near the ocean's surface may lead to jellyfish falls that are rapidly consumed by voracious deep-sea scavengers.

Ancient fossils confirmed among our strangest cousins
More than 100 years since they were first discovered, some of the world's most bizarre fossils have been identified as distant relatives of humans, thanks to the work of University of Adelaide researchers.

Dr. David R. Wunsch recognized by the American Geosciences Institute
This year the American Geosciences Institute is recognizing David R.

Poor quality data is informing the future of our patient care, warns study
An investigation into how patient outcomes are assessed in clinical trials has revealed a worrying lack of consistency, raising concerns about funding being wasted on the acquisition of poor quality data.

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology: Gradual weight loss no better than rapid weight loss for long-term weight control
Contrary to current dietary recommendations, slow and steady weight loss does not reduce the amount or rate of weight regain compared with losing weight quickly, new research published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology has found.

Blinded by science
Your faith in science may actually make you more likely to trust information that appears scientific but really doesn't tell you much.

Treating sleep apnea in cardiac patients reduces hospital readmission
A study of hospitalized cardiac patients is the first to show that effective treatment with positive airway pressure therapy reduces 30-day hospital readmission rates and emergency department visits in patients with both heart disease and sleep apnea.

$18 billion tobacco toll in California
Smoking took an $18.1 billion toll in California -- $487 for each resident -- and was responsible for more than one in seven deaths in the state, more than from AIDS, influenza, diabetes or many other causes, according to the first comprehensive analysis in more than a decade on the financial and health impacts of tobacco.

ORNL research reveals unique capabilities of 3-D printing
Researchers have demonstrated an additive manufacturing method to control the structure and properties of metal components with precision unmatched by conventional manufacturing processes.

Slow and steady does not win the weight loss race
Gradual weight loss does not reduce the amount or rate of weight regain compared with losing weight quickly, new research led by the University Of Melbourne has found.

Drexel study questions 21-day quarantine period for Ebola
One of the tenets for minimizing the risk of spreading Ebola Virus has been a 21-day quarantine period for individuals who might have been exposed to the virus.

NYU Langone Medical Center to lead multi-institutional MRSA research funded by the NIH
NYU Langone Medical Center will lead National Institutes of Health funded research to discover the functional immunology and microbial genetics of staphylococcus aureus, one of the most common pathogens leading to life-threatening blood-borne infections.

Effects of high-risk Parkinson's mutation are reversible
Researchers from the University of Sheffield have found vital new evidence on how to target and reverse the effects caused by one of the most common genetic causes of Parkinson's.

£100k project to understand how the brain hears 3-D sound
Dr. Hyunkook Lee is a Senior Lecturer in Music Technology in the University of Huddersfield's School of Computing and Engineering, and he has been awarded a grant of £100,077 by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council for a two-year project entitled, 'Perceptual rendering of vertical image width for 3-D multichannel audio.'

Creating medical devices with dissolving metal
University of Pittsburgh researchers recently received another $1.5 million from the National Science Foundation to continue a combined multi-university, private-industry effort to develop implantable medical devices made from biodegradable metals.

Optics and photonics technology leaders, researchers and companies to convene at Frontiers in Optics
Innovations from more than 600 scientific, technical and educational presentations will be highlighted during The Optical Society's 98th Annual Meeting, Frontiers in Optics 2014, being held Oct.

New way of syncing music to video will revolutionize TV ads
A University of Huddersfield researcher has shown that tiny tweaks to the soundtrack can make TV adverts much more memorable, increasing their commercial impact.

Bullies in the workplace
The stories are shocking and heartbreaking, but they are often disjointed and hard to follow.

Sheltering habits help sharks cope with acid oceans
Researchers from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at James Cook University have found that the epaulette shark, a species that shelters within reefs and copes with low oxygen levels, is able to tolerate increased carbon dioxide in the water without any obvious physical impact.
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