Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 17, 2014
Ebola special issue includes clinician primer
On Oct. 17, the journal published 'A Primer on Ebola for Clinicians.' The primer was prepared by Dr.

Divide and conquer: Novel trick helps rare pathogen infect healthy people
New research into a rare pathogen has shown how a unique evolutionary trait allows it to infect even the healthiest of hosts through a smart solution to the body's immune response against it.

New pill-only regimens cure patients with hardest-to-treat hepatitis C infection
Two new pill-only regimens that rapidly cure most patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C infection could soon be widely prescribed across Europe.

YouTube as peer support for severe mental illness
People with severe mental illness such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder use a popular social media website like YouTube to provide and receive naturally occurring peer support, Dartmouth researchers report in the journal PLOS ONE.

Superconducting circuits, simplified
New circuit design could unlock the power of experimental superconducting computer chips.

Miriam Hospital study finds smoking during pregnancy alters newborn stress hormones and DNA
Researchers from the Miriam Hospital have studied the effects of smoking during pregnancy and its impact on the stress response in newborn babies.

Sperm wars
Why do male animals need millions of sperms every day in order to reproduce?

Australian volcanic mystery explained: ANU media release
Scientists have solved a long-standing mystery surrounding Australia's only active volcanic area.

TMX Atrium to distribute NPLTime
The National Physics Laboratory has signed a distribution agreement for NPLTime with TMX Atrium, TMX Group's global capital markets infrastructure provider.

Study shows children who have had enterovirus infection are around 50 percent more likely to have type 1 diabetes
A new study published in Diabetologia, the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes, shows that children who have been infected with enterovirus are 48 percent more likely to have developed type 1 diabetes.

Climate change alters cast of winter birds
Over the past two decades, the resident communities of birds that attend eastern North America's backyard bird feeders in winter have quietly been remade, most likely as a result of a warming climate.

Study finds inconsistent achievement of guidelines for acute asthma care in hospital EDs
A study comparing the care delivered to patients coming to hospital emergency departments for acute asthma attacks in recent years with data gathered more than 15 years earlier finds inconsistencies in how well hospitals are meeting nationally established treatment guidelines.

New book from CSHL Press introduces the modern view of metabolic studies
'Navigating Metabolism' from CSHLPress provides a conceptual framework for navigating complex metabolic pathways, showing how cells generate energy and synthesize cellular constituents and then further relating metabolic reactions to molecular, genetic, and signaling underpinnings.

New book from CSHL Press with focus on genetics, personalized medicine and human diversity
'Human Variation,' new from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, provides a state-of-the-art view of human genetic variation and what we can infer from it, surveying the genetic diversity seen in Africa, Europe, the Americas, and India.

Scientific breakthrough will help design the antibiotics of the future
Scientists have used computer simulations to show how bacteria are able to destroy antibiotics -- a breakthrough which will help develop drugs which can effectively tackle infections in the future.

Using social media to better understand, prevent, and treat substance use
More than $11 million over three years will be used to support research exploring the use of social media to advance the scientific understanding, prevention, and treatment of substance use and addiction.

'Red effect' sparks interest in female monkeys
Recent studies showed that the color red tends increase our attraction toward others, feelings of jealousy, and even reaction times.

Emergency aid for overdoses
Every minute counts in the event of an overdose. ETH professor Jean-Christophe Leroux and his team have developed an agent to filter out toxins from the body more quickly and efficiently.

Image guided radiation therapy is commonly used to ensure accuracy in treating pediatric tumors
Image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) is a commonly used modality to ensure treatment accuracy in the management of pediatric tumors; however, consensus recommendations are needed in order to guide clinical decisions on the use of IGRT in treating pediatric patients, according to a study published in the September-October 2014 issue of Practical Radiation Oncology, the official clinical practice journal of the American Society for Radiation Oncology.

University of Toronto study finds that action video games bolster sensorimotor skills
A study led by University of Toronto psychology researchers has found that people who play action video games such as Call of Duty or Assassin's Creed seem to learn a new sensorimotor skill more quickly than non-gamers do.

Biological clock disruptions increase breast cancer risk, UGA study finds
The disruption of a person's circadian rhythm -- their 24-hour biological clock -- has been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer, according to new University of Georgia research.

Scientists opens black box on bacterial growth in cystic fibrosis lung infection
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have shown for the first time how bacteria can grow directly in the lungs of Cystic fibrosis patients, giving them the opportunity to get tremendous insights into bacteria behavior and growth in chronic infections.

World's first book addressing women and gender disparity in cardiovascular diseases
Did you know that despite improvements in cardiovascular healthcare, the death rates for women remain largely unchanged?

'Unifying the Mind:' Carnegie Mellon's David Danks outlines new cognitive architecture
Everyday thinking -- like reading this sentence to deciding which shirt to wear -- requires an astounding range of brain activity, yet cognition seems to happen seamlessly.

Physicists warning to 'nail beauty fans' applies to animals too
The daily trimming of fingernails and toenails to make them more aesthetically pleasing could be detrimental and potentially lead to serious nail conditions.

High-speed evolution in the lab
Organisms require flexible genomes in order to adapt to changes in the environment.

How the brain leads us to believe we have sharp vision
We assume that we can see the world around us in sharp detail.

Satellites sees a question mark in Tropical Storm Ana
NOAA's GOES-West satellite captured an image of Tropical Storm Ana that showed the outer clouds were already reaching the big island by 11 a.m.

Specialty drugs -- Cost, impact & value: Health Affairs' October issue
The October issue of Health Affairs includes a number of studies looking at the high costs associated with today's increasingly prevalent specialty drugs.

UW physicist receives American Ingenuity Award for icecube effort
Francis Halzen, the University of Wisconsin-Madison physicist who was the driving force behind the giant neutrino telescope known as IceCube at the South Pole, has been named a winner of the 2014 American Ingenuity Award.

New book from CSHL Press presents broad variety of career options for biomed scientists
The majority of Ph.D.s trained in biomedical sciences do not remain in academia.
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