Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 20, 2014
Electromobility, efficient and safe
An attractive electric vehicle at an affordable price that provides safety and comfort combined with a reasonable driving range: that was the goal of the Visio.M project.

NASA's HS3 mission continues with flights over Hurricane Gonzalo
Tropical Storm Gonzalo strengthened into a hurricane on Oct. 14 when it was near Puerto Rico and provided a natural laboratory for the next phase of NASA's HS3 or Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel mission.

Design of micro and nanoparticles to improve treatments for Alzheimer's and Parkinson's
At the Faculty of Pharmacy of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country encapsulation techniques are being developed to deliver correctly and effectively certain drugs.

Largest study of Hispanics/Latinos finds depression and anxiety rates vary widely among groups
Rates of depression and anxiety vary widely among different segments of the US Hispanic and Latino population, with the highest prevalence of depressive symptoms in Puerto Ricans, according to a new report from Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

Hungry or not, kids will eat treats
Even though they are not hungry, children as young as three will find high-energy treats too tempting to refuse, new QUT research has found.

MARC travel awards announced for: AMP 2014 Meeting
The FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the AMP 2014 Annual Meeting in National Harbor, Md.

A global surge of great earthquakes from 2004-2014 and implications for Cascadia
The last ten years have been a remarkable time for great earthquakes.

Elliot L. Chaikof, M.D., Ph.D., elected to Institute of Medicine
Elliot L. Chaikof, M.D., Ph.D., Chair of the Roberta and Stephen R.

Fish tale: New study evaluates antibiotic content in farm-raised fish
In a new study, Hansa Done, Ph.D. candidate, and Rolf Halden, Ph.D., researchers at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, examine antibiotic use in the rapidly expanding world of global aquaculture.

iPads detect early signs of glaucoma in Nepal eye screening
Using a tablet screening app could prove to be an effective method to aid in the effort to reduce the incidence of avoidable blindness in populations at high-risk for glaucoma with limited access to health care, according to a study released today at AAO 2014, the 118th annual meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Winning the war against Human parainfluenza virus
Researchers at Griffith University's Institute for Glycomics have moved a step closer to identifying a treatment for the dreaded Human parainfluenza virus.

Physicists build reversible laser tractor beam
Physicists have built a tractor beam that can repel and attract objects, using a hollow laser beam, bright around the edges and dark in its center.

Two MD Anderson faculty named to Institute of Medicine
Two leaders at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have been elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies in recognition of their contributions to medical science and health care.

In between red light and blue light
Diatoms play an important role in water quality and in the global climate.

Children who drink non-cow's milk are twice as likely to have low vitamin D
Children who drink non-cow's milk such as rice, almond, soy or goat's milk, have lower levels of vitamin D in their blood than those who drink cow's milk, according to a new study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Pediatric allergology: Fresh milk keeps infections at bay
A study by researchers of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich shows that infants fed on fresh rather than UHT cow's milk are less prone to infection.

Paralyzed man recovers some function following transplantation of OECs and nerve bridge
Doctors may have restored some function and sensory sensation to a man who had sustained a severed spinal cord in the upper vertabral level Th9, causing 'complete' spinal cord injury.

Brain activity provides evidence for internal 'calorie counter'
As you think about how a food will taste and whether it's nutritious, an internal calorie counter of sorts is also evaluating each food based on its caloric density, according to findings from a new neuroimaging study.

Goldilocks principle wrong for particle assembly: Too hot and too cold is just right
Microscopic particles that bind under low temperatures will melt as temperatures rise to moderate levels, but re-connect under hotter conditions, a team of NYU scientists has found.

Cigarette purchases, accompany prescription refills at pharmacies
Patients using medication to treat asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, high blood pressure and using oral contraceptives often purchased cigarettes while filling prescriptions at pharmacies.

When to count the damage?
An international team of academics and activists collaborated to find out what works where, based on the wide variety of experiences with economic valuation in the EJOLT project.

University of Tennessee study finds fish just wanna have fun
Gordon Burghardt and his colleagues Vladimir Dinets, a psychology research assistant professor, and James Murphy of the Smithsonian National Zoological Park in Washington, DC, are the first to document play with objects in a cichlid fish species

New tracers can identify frac fluids in the environment
Scientists have developed new geochemical tracers that can identify hydraulic fracturing flowback fluids that have been spilled or released into the environment.

NTU scientists discover new molecule from local herb with potential for drug development
Scientists at Nanyang Technological University have discovered a new molecule which can join together chains of amino acids -- the building blocks of protein.

Findings point to an 'off switch' for drug resistance in cancer
Like a colony of bacteria or species of animals, cancer cells within a tumor must evolve to survive.

No long-term association found between vaccines, multiple sclerosis
Bottom Line: A study to determine whether vaccines, particularly those for hepatitis B and human papillomavirus, increased the risk of multiple sclerosis or other acquired central nervous system demyelinating syndromes found no long-term association of vaccines with disease and a short-term increased risk in younger patients was likely resulted from existing disease.

For prescription drug addiction treatment, buprenorphine maintenance trumps detoxification
For treating patients with prescription opioid dependence in primary care, buprenorphine maintenance therapy is superior to detoxification, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers published in the Oct.

Let there be light
A longstanding question among scientists is whether evolution is predictable.

Dr. Joseph Takahashi elected to National Academies of Sciences' Institute of Medicine
Dr. Joseph Takahashi, Chairman of Neuroscience at UT Southwestern Medical Center since 2009, has been elected to the Institute of Medicine, a component of the prestigious National Academies of Sciences.

Martin Seligman, founder of positive psychology, to receive inaugural Tang Prize
Martin Seligman will visit the University of Toronto to receive the inaugural Tang Prize for Achievements in Psychology and deliver an address entitled 'Positive Psychology: The Cutting Edge' on Wednesday, Nov.

Biomarkers uPA/PAI-1 in breast cancer: Benefit and harm of the test unclear
Since studies are lacking, it remains unclear whether certain patients have a benefit if the decision for or against adjuvant chemotherapy is based on the concentration of uPA and PAI-1.

Three-minute assessment successfully identifies delirium in hospitalized elders
Investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center have developed a three-minute diagnostic assessment for delirium and shown it is extremely accurate in identifying the condition in older hospital patients.

Winning by losing
The more energy you put in, the more light you get out -- this general rule does not apply to the coupled laser systems studied at the Vienna University of Technology and Washington University in St.

New study demonstrates advances in creating treatment for common childhood blood cancer
Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center conclude new drug in development may offer first alternative to standard chemotherapy for T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

User-friendly electronic 'EyeCane' enhances navigational abilities for the blind
Electronic travel aids have the potential to improve navigation for the blind, but early versions had disadvantages that limited widespread adoption.

POLARBEAR seeks cosmic answers in microwave polarization
Based on measurements of B-mode polarization in the cosmic microwave background radiation, BICEP2 reported last March detection of gravitational waves caused by inflation in the early universe.

Something in the way we move
New research out of Queen's University offers a new approach to do just that.

Supercomputers link proteins to drug side effects
New medications created by pharmaceutical companies have helped millions of Americans alleviate pain and suffering from their medical conditions.

The Lancet: Three people infected with Ebola predicted to fly from West Africa every month if no exit screening takes place
Three Ebola-infected travelers are predicted to depart on an international flight every month from any of the three countries in West Africa currently experiencing widespread Ebola virus outbreaks (Guinea, Liberia, or Sierra Leone), if no exit screening were to take place, according to new modeling research published in The Lancet.

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture
Hydrogen responds to pressure and temperature extremes differently. Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two-atom molecule.

Non-smokers exposed to 3 times above safe levels of particles when living with smokers
Non-smokers who live in a house with smokers are exposed to three times the officially recommend safe levels of damaging air particles, according to a study published online in the journal Tobacco Control.

Scientists unravel the mystery of a rare sweating disorder
An international research team discovered that mutation of a single gene blocks sweat production, a dangerous condition due to an increased risk of hyperthermia, also known as heatstroke.

Cytokine therapy enhances natural killer cell functions against tumor cells
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reveals that cytokine therapy enhances the activity of natural killer cells against tumors lacking MHC class I.

Measuring on ice: Researchers create 'smart' ice skating blade
An ice skating blade that informs figure skaters of the stresses they are imposing on their joints has been developed by a group of researchers in the US.

Obesity link to increased risk for orthopedic conditions and surgical complications
Obesity affects individual patient care, the healthcare system and nearly every organ in the body.

Interleukin-27: Can a cytokine with both pro & anti-inflammatory activity make a good drug target?
Interleukin-27, a member of the interleukin family of cytokines that help regulate the immune system, has a mainly anti-inflammatory role in the body, and its dysfunction has been implicated in autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis and Crohn's disease.

Researchers confirm the biochemical cause of seasonal depression
New research confirms why some people suffer from the winter blues while others get through the winter without any problems.

Built-in billboards: Male bluefin killifish signal different things with different fins
They help fish swim, but fins also advertise a fish's social standing and health.

The breathing sand
New analytical methods show for the first time, how the permeable, sandy sediment at the bottom of the North Sea is supplied with oxygen and which factors determine the exchange.

HCV treatment breakthroughs highlighted at ACG 2014
Promising new research in the area of hepatitis C therapy that suggests more patients, including those with cirrhosis, will be cured from this common cause of potentially fatal viral liver disease; as well as a number of abstracts that advance understanding of the safety and effectiveness of fecal microbiota transplantation for Clostridium difficile, are among the highlights of the American College of Gastroenterology's 79th Annual Scientific Meeting, which will be held this week in Philadelphia.

Changing how primary-care doctors treat pain, fatigue and other common symptoms
Common symptoms such as pain or fatigue account for over half of all doctor's office appointments in the United States, translating into more than 400 million visits annually.

A child's poor decision-making skills can predict later behavior problems, research shows
Children who show poor decision-making skills at age 10 or 11 may be more likely to experience interpersonal and behavioral difficulties that have the potential to lead to high-risk health behavior in their teen years, according to a new study from Oregon State University psychology professor.

John Lennon commemorated by naming a new tarantula species from South America after him
A newly described tarantula species from Western Brazilian Amazonia was named Bumba lennoni in honor of John Lennon, a founder member of the legendary band the Beatles.

Study shows no relationship between moderate adolescent cannabis use and exam results, IQ
A large UK study has found that occasional adolescent cannabis use does not lead to poorer educational and intellectual performance, but that heavy cannabis use is associated with slightly poorer exam results at age 16.

Secrets of dinosaur ecology found in fragile amber
Ryan McKellar's research sounds like it was plucked from Jurassic Park: he studies pieces of amber found buried with dinosaur skeletons.

Packard Foundation names UChicago's Jacob Bean as a 2014 fellow
The University of Chicago's Jacob bean has received a 2014 Packard Fellowship in Science and Engineering.

New class of drugs shows promise in treating chronic diarrhea
A pilot study testing a new type of drug in patients with chronic diarrhea has shown promising effects on reducing their symptoms.

2014 Nobel laureates in chemistry and economics supported by the National Science Foundation
Two scientists whose work was supported by the National Science Foundation were among the 13 Nobel Prize winners announced earlier this month.

Mummy remains refute antiquity of ankylosing spondylitis
Ankylosing spondylitis is a systemic disease that causes inflammation in the spinal joints and was thought to have affected members of the ancient Egyptian royal families.

Later supper for blackbirds in the city
Artificial light increases foraging time in blackbirds. Birds in city centres are active not just considerably earlier, but also for longer than their relatives in darker parts of the city.

Pipeline to replenish vanishing Dead Sea a bridge to Mid-East security, peace: Book
A massive 180 km pipeline-canal megaproject to bring water from the Red Sea could prevent the Dead Sea from disappearing while improving the region's environmental, energy and peace prospects, according to a book of insights into major global topics launched today by an association of 40 former government leaders and heads of state and UN University's Institute for Water, Environment and Health.

Positive subliminal messages on aging improve physical functioning in elderly
Older individuals who are subliminally exposed to positive stereotypes about aging showed improved physical functioning that can last for several weeks, a new study led by the Yale School of Public Health has found.

Heart rate may predict survival and brain function in comatose cardiac arrest survivors
Patients with sinus bradycardia during therapeutic hypothermia had a 50 to 60 percent lower mortality rate at 180 days than those with no sinus bradycardia.

New study charts the fate of chemicals affecting health and the environment
In a new study, Rolf Halden, PhD, a researcher at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, examines the trajectory of chemicals appearing as emergent threats to human or environmental health.

1980s American aircraft helps quantum technology take flight
The X-29, an American experimental aircraft has inspired University of Sydney quantum computing researchers in a development which will bring the technology out of the lab.

UTA engineer uses advanced sensing, crowdsourcing to predict urban water flow, city needs
A University of Texas Arlington water resources engineer has been awarded a four-year, $1.2 million National Science Foundation grant to improve sustainability of large urban areas from extreme weather, urbanization and climate change.

Siblings of children with autism can show signs at 18 months
About 20 percent of younger siblings of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder will develop the condition by age 3.

Linda Aiken receives Institute of Medicine's 2014 Lienhard Award
The Institute of Medicine today presented the Gustav O. Lienhard Award to Linda Aiken, Claire M.

See-through sensors open new window into the brain
Developing invisible implantable medical sensor arrays, a team of University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers has overcome a major technological hurdle in researchers' efforts to understand the brain.

Physicists solve longstanding puzzle of how moths find distant mates
Physicists have come up with a mathematical explanation for moths' remarkable ability to find mates in the dark hundreds of meters away.

NUS-led research team develops novel solutions to fight the obesity gene
A research team led by scientists from the National University of Singapore has identified several potent inhibitors that selectively target FTO, the common fat mass and obesity-associated gene.

Tarantula toxin is used to report on electrical activity in live cells
A novel probe that reports on the electrical activity of cells, made by fusing tarantula toxin with a fluorescent compound, is described in a paper today by scientists from the University of California, Davis; the Neurobiology course at the Marine Biological Laboratory; and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Scientists create possible precursor to life
How did life originate? And can scientists create life? These questions not only occupy the minds of scientists interested in the origin of life, but also researchers working with technology of the future.

Sport in old age can stimulate brain fitness, but effect decreases with advancing age
Physical exercise in old age can improve brain perfusion as well as certain memory skills.

Over-organizing repair cells set the stage for fibrosis
The excessive activity of repair cells in the early stages of tissue recovery sets the stage for fibrosis by priming the activation of an important growth factor.

Vikram Patel receives Institute of Medicine's 2014 Sarnat Prize
The Institute of Medicine today awarded the 2014 Rhoda and Bernard Sarnat International Prize in Mental Health to Vikram Patel, professor of international mental health and Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellow at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and at the Public Health Foundation of India.

Earlier unknown molecular-level mechanism may increase the growth of breast cancer cells
Researchers at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, the University of Turku and the University of Oslo have discovered a previously unknown molecular-level mechanism that may partly explain the increased growth of cancer cells.

Springer and Tsinghua University Press award Nano Research Award
Professor Charles M. Lieber -- the Mark Hyman Professor of Chemistry at Harvard University -- has been presented with the first-ever Tsinghua University Press-Springer Nano Research Award.

No added benefit proven for umeclidinium/vilanterol in COPD
There are hardly any evaluable data for patients with moderate COPD severity and for patients with few exacerbations; for higher severity grades with more exacerbations, evaluable data are lacking completely.

Stress-related inflammation may increase risk for depression
Preexisting differences in the sensitivity of a key part of each individual's immune system to stress confer a greater risk of developing stress-related depression or anxiety

BOFFFFs (big, old, fat, fertile, female fish) sustain fisheries
A new compilation of research from around the world now shows that big, old, fat, fertile, female fish -- known as BOFFFFs to scientists -- are essential for ensuring that fishery stocks remain sustainable.

Seeing doctor twice a year helps keep blood pressure under control
People who visited their doctor at least twice a year had better blood pressure control.

Trastuzumab continues to show life for HER2-positve early stage breast cancer
After following breast cancer patients for an average of eight-plus years, researchers say that adding trastuzumab to chemotherapy significantly improved the overall and disease-free survival of women with early stage HER2-positive breast cancer.

Why sign rights treaties?
Since World War II, more than 45 international human-rights treaties have been signed by many of the world's roughly 200 countries.

Study finds heart attacks do not have as strong of a genetic link as previously suspected
Heart attacks are not as connected to family history and genetics as may have been previously believed, according to a new study by researchers at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Salt Lake City.

Shopping for an egg donor: Is beauty, brains, or health most important?
When it comes to picking an egg donor, until recent years, recipients tended to prefer someone with a similar appearance.

Preventing woody shrubs from swallowing grasslands a burning issue
A team from four universities including Virginia Tech will use a $1.3 million National Science Foundation grant to look at governmental policies and social attitudes on the use of fire to reduce the vulnerability of grasslands to the invasion of woody plants.

OHSU, partners Kineta, UW, VGTI Florida awarded NIH contract to develop vaccine adjuvants
Oregon Health & Science University's Vaccine & Gene Therapy Institute has been awarded a $10 million contract from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health.

New tracers can identify frack fluids in the environment
Duke scientists have developed geochemical tracers to identify hydraulic fracturing flowback fluids that have been spilled or released into the environment.

Mediterranean, semi-arid ecosystems prove resistant to climate change
Climate change predictions for the Middle East, like other arid regions of the world, are alarming.

Mouse model provides new insight in to preeclampsia
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation suggests that placental cells produce sFLT1 in response to maternal increases in VEGF, resulting in preeclampsia-like symptoms.

Facetless crystals that mimic starfish shells could advance 3-D-printing pills
In a design that mimics a hard-to-duplicate texture of starfish shells, University of Michigan engineers have made rounded crystals that have no facets.

Grant awarded for development of therapy for Sanfilippo disease
There is no therapy or treatment for Sanfilippo disease. Phoenix Nest will partner with LA BioMed to investigate the development of a therapy for treating the devastating inherited disorder.

Fairness is in the brain
Ever wondered how people figure out what is fair? Look to the brain for the answer.

Gerald F. Joyce elected to the Institute of Medicine at the National Academy of Sciences
Gerald F. Joyce is elected to the Institute of Medicine, the US National Academies of Sciences announced following the IOM's 44th annual meeting.

Sexual preference for masculine men and feminine women is an urban habit
A groundbreaking new study suggests that, rather than being passed down through a long process of social and sexual selection, preferences for masculine men and feminine women is a relatively new habit that has only emerged in modern, urbanized societies.

Director of Gladstone Institute of Cardiovascular Disease elected to Institute of Medicine
Deepak Srivastava, M.D., the Director of the Gladstone Institute of Cardiovascular Disease and Director of the Roddenberry Center for Stem Cell Biology and Medicine, has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine.

Misreporting diet information could impact nutrition recommendations for Hispanics
A new paper takes a critical look at how faulty self-reporting of the food we eat can lead to incorrect conclusions about whether we are meeting dietary recommendations for certain essential nutrients.

For inmates, pricey hepatitis C drug could make financial sense
New, significantly improved hepatitis C drugs have revolutionized how the disease is treated, but they are also expensive.

Partnership with national laboratory brings latest diagnostic tests to university
A Kansas State University veterinary medicine team is partnering with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to bring the latest diagnostic tools to the university and provide opportunities for students.

Fires in the Egypt River Delta
A NASA satellite has detected a fire in the Egyptian River Delta.

Gonzalo: First hand account in Bermuda, next stop: The United Kingdom
Hurricane Gonzalo departed from Bermuda leaving power outages, downed trees, and damaged homes and buildings.

VIDEO: The Internet sleeps -- in some parts of the world
Researchers studying how big the Internet is have found that it 'sleeps,' almost like a living creature.

Digital native fallacy: Teachers still know better when it comes to using technology
Members of today's younger Net Generation aren't more tech savvy than their teachers just because they were born into a world full of computers.

Head Start program benefits parents
Head Start programs may help low-income parents improve their educational status, according to a new study by Northwestern University researchers.

Structure of an iron-transport protein revealed
For the first time, the three dimensional structure of the protein that is essential for iron import into cells, has been elucidated.

3-D printed facial prosthesis offers new hope for eye cancer patients following surgery
Researchers have developed a fast and inexpensive way to make facial prostheses for eye cancer patients using facial scanning software and 3-D printing, according to findings released today at AAO 2014, the 118th annual meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Oct. 21, 2014
This edition includes, 'Three-minute in-office test accurately diagnoses delirium,' 'Physicians often unaware when patients' catheters are left in place,' 'Knowing individual risk does not increase cancer screening rates,' and 'Many common symptoms unrelated to disease,' published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Institute of Medicine honors members for outstanding service
The Institute of Medicine honored members Dan G. Blazer and Richard B.

NASA's MAVEN studies passing comet and its effects
NASA's newest orbiter at Mars, MAVEN, took precautions to avoid harm from a dust-spewing comet that flew near Mars today and is studying the flyby's effects on the Red Planet's atmosphere.

Department of Energy's ESnet extends 100G connectivity across Atlantic
The Department of Energy's Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is deploying four new high-speed transatlantic links, giving researchers at America's national laboratories and universities ultra-fast access to scientific data from the Large Hadron Collider and other research sites in Europe.

Springer Healthcare launches for pharmaceutical professionals
Springer Healthcare is proud to announce the launch of -- a responsive platform that enables pharmaceutical professionals to rapidly identify content that supports their product or device marketing activities, from a database of over 50,000 clinically relevant medical journals, books, continuing medical education materials and anatomical charts.

Cold Atom Laboratory creates atomic dance
The goal of NASA's Cold Atom Laboratory is to study ultra-cold quantum gases in a facility instrument developed for use on the space station.

Grant funds 'smart city' power grid lab at WSU
Addressing the critical national need for a reliable and secure electric power grid, Washington State University researchers are building the most comprehensive 'smart city' laboratory in the U.S. to test smart grid technologies.

Van Andel Research Institute funds $7.5M to continue stand up to cancer epigenetics dream team
Van Andel Research Institute is providing $7.5 million to continue the work of the inaugural Stand Up To Cancer Epigentics Dream Team.

University of Houston receives IEEE Milestone Award
The University of Houston will be recognized Nov. 17 by IEEE as the site of the discovery by physicist Paul Chu and colleagues of a material that made high temperature superconductivity practical for real-world applications.

Massive debris pile reveals risk of huge tsunamis in Hawaii
A mass of marine debris discovered in a giant sinkhole in the Hawaiian islands provides evidence that at least one mammoth tsunami, larger than any in Hawaii's recorded history, has struck the islands, and that a similar disaster could happen again, new research finds.

WSU researchers see how plants optimize their repair
Researchers led by a Washington State University biologist have found the optimal mechanism by which plants heal the botanical equivalent of a bad sunburn.

Stem cell and clinical research advances to be presented at NYSCF's Ninth Annual Conference
Leaders in translational stem cell research from around the world will present the latest advances in stem cell science that are leading to better treatments and cures to disease and injury at The New York Stem Cell Foundation's Ninth Annual Translational Stem Cell Research Conference.

Scientists restore hearing in noise-deafened mice, pointing way to new therapies
Scientists have restored the hearing of mice partly deafened by noise, using advanced tools to boost the production of a key protein in their ears.

Researchers identify new cell signaling pathway thought to play role in rheumatoid arthritis
A study by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery identifies a new cell signaling pathway that contributes to the development of inflammatory bone erosion, which occurs in rheumatoid arthritis patients.

Scientists say national Alzheimer's plan milestones must be strengthened to meet goal by 2025
A workgroup of nearly 40 Alzheimer's researchers and scientists says the research milestones in the US Government's National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease must be broadened in scope, increased in scale, and adequately funded in order to successfully achieve this goal.

A different kind of green movement: Seedling growth in space
An international team of NASA and European Space Agency researchers are studying the growth and development of Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings aboard the space station to gain a better understanding of how plants adapt to weightless environments.

Rapid agent restores pleasure-seeking ahead of other antidepressant action
A drug being studied as a fast-acting mood-lifter restored pleasure-seeking behavior independent of -- and ahead of -- its other antidepressant effectsWithin 40 minutes after a single infusion of ketamine, treatment-resistant depressed bipolar disorder patients experienced a reversal of a key symptom -- loss of interest in pleasurable activities -- which lasted up to 14 days.

Institute of Medicine elects 70 new members, 10 foreign associates
The Institute of Medicine today announced the names of 70 new members and 10 foreign associates during its 44th annual meeting.

Study suggests altering gut bacteria might mitigate lupus
Lactobacillus species, commonly seen in yogurt cultures, correlate, in the guts of mouse models, with mitigation of lupus symptoms, while Lachnospiraceae, a type of Clostridia, correlate with worsening, according to research published ahead of print in Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

The quick life and death of Tropical Storm Trudy
Tropical Storm Trudy formed on Saturday, Oct. 17 and by Oct.19 the storm made landfall in southern Mexico and weakened to a remnant low pressure area.

Heavy metal frost? A new look at a Venusian mystery
enus is hiding something beneath its brilliant shroud of clouds: a first order mystery about the planet that researchers may be a little closer to solving because of a new re-analysis of twenty-year-old spacecraft data.

Penn physician and historian Robert Aronowitz elected to Institute of Medicine
Robert Aronowitz, a physician and historian at the University of Pennsylvania, has been elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine, one of the nation's highest honors in the health-care field.

One in 5 physicians unaware their patients have central venous catheters
Attending physicians and hospitalists in general medicine were twice as likely to be unaware of the device's presence compared to interns and residents.

Blind cave fish may provide insight on eye disease and other human health issues
Blind cave fish may not be the first thing that comes to mind when it comes to understanding human sight, but recent research indicates they may have quite a bit to teach us about the causes of many human ailments, including those that result in loss of sight.

Promise put to the test
With three first-in-human clinical trials launched, and more in the pipeline, University of California San Diego Sanford Stem Cell Clinical Center is pushing therapeutic stem cell-based science out of the laboratory and closer to real-world medical applications.

Cold sores increase the risk of dementia
Infection with herpes simplex virus increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease.

Antibiotics may help Salmonella spread in infected animals, Stanford scientists learn
Some people infected with pathogens spread their germs to others while remaining symptom-free themselves.

Frozen meal eaters have better intakes of key nutrients for fewer calories than QSR eaters
New data presented today at the 2014 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food & Nutrition Conference & Expo indicate that consumers of frozen meals had higher daily intakes of dietary fiber, potassium, calcium and protein, and lower daily intakes of calories and saturated fat than consumers of quick service restaurant (QSR) meals.

Study shows medication is frequently, unintentionally given incorrectly to young children
According to Nationwide Children's Hospital researchers, 63,000 children under the age of six experienced out-of-hospital medication errors annually between 2002 and 2012.

Genetic variant protects some Latina women from breast cancer
An international research collaboration led by UC San Francisco researchers has identified a genetic variant common in Latina women that protects against breast cancer.

New research software automates DNA analysis
A new tool called PrimerGenesis automates the design of primers for site-directed mutagenesis.

Why your brain makes you reach for junk food
The study, published in Psychological Science, is based on brain scans of healthy participants who were asked to examine pictures of various foods.

Males with IBS report more social stress than females, UB study finds
One of the few studies to examine gender differences among patients with irritable bowel syndrome has found that males with the condition experience more interpersonal difficulties than do females with the condition.

Exposure to traffic pollution during pregnancy can damage future child's lungs
Women who are exposed to traffic pollution while pregnant are increasing the chances of damaging the lungs of their unborn children, concludes a study published online in the journal Thorax.

Pharmaceuticals and the water-fish-osprey food web
Ospreys do not carry significant amounts of human pharmaceutical chemicals, despite widespread occurrence of these chemicals in water, a recent U.S.

Mental rest and reflection boost learning, study suggests
A new study, which may have implications for approaches to education, finds that brain mechanisms engaged when people allow their minds to rest and reflect on things they've learned before may boost later learning.

Penn researchers untangle the biological effects of blue light
Blue light can both set the mood and set in motion important biological responses.

See-through, one-atom-thick, carbon electrodes powerful tool to study brain disorders
A graphene, one-atom-thick microelectrode now solves a major problem for investigators looking at brain circuitry.

Patients who have left breast tumors have comparable OS to those with right breast tumors
Tumor laterality (left-side vs. right-side) does not impact overall survival in breast cancer patients treated with breast-conserving surgery and adjuvant external beam radiation therapy, according to a study published in the Oct.

Institute of Medicine names 4 Anniversary Fellows for 2014
The Institute of Medicine has selected four outstanding health professionals for the class of 2014 Institute of Medicine Anniversary Fellows.

NASA's Terra Satellite sees Tropical Storm Ana over Hawaii
Tropical Storm Ana made a slow track west of the Hawaiian islands over the last couple of days, and by Oct.

New high-speed transatlantic network to benefit science collaborations across the US
Scientists across the US will soon have access to new, ultra high-speed network links spanning the Atlantic Ocean, thanks to a project currently underway to extend ESnet to London, Amsterdam and Geneva.

Analysis examines genetic obesity susceptibility, association with body size in kids
A review of medical literature appears to confirm an association between genetic obesity susceptibility and postnatal gains in infant weight and length, as well as showing associations with both fat mass and lean mass in infancy and early childhood.

MARC travel awards announced for: RECOMB/ISCB conference
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Maximizing Access to Research Careers Program has announced the travel award recipients for the International Society for Computational Biology's Seventh Annual RECOMB/ISCB Conference on Regulatory and Systems Genomics from November 9-14, 2014 in San Diego, CA

Elderly people fear family falls short in ethnic minority communities
Elderly people in Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities in England fear changes in cultural attitudes will leave them without family care or state social services in their old age.

Towards controlled dislocations
Klie and co-workers have used atomic-resolution Z-contrast imaging and X-ray spectroscopy in a scanning transmission electron microscope to explore dislocations in the binary II-VI semiconductor CdTe, commercially used in thin-film photovoltaics.

Emergency epinephrine used 38 times in Chicago Public School academic year
During the 2012-2013 school year, 38 Chicago Public School students and staff were given emergency medication for potentially life-threatening allergic reactions.

Controlling Ebola in West Africa most effective way to decrease international risk: Paper
Controlling the Ebola virus outbreak at the source in West Africa is the most effective way to decrease international risk of transmission, according to a research paper to be published in The Lancet.

Gambling, hypersexuality, compulsive shopping associated with dopamine agonist drugs
During a 10-year period, there were 1,580 adverse drug events reported in the United States and 21 other countries that indicated impulse control disorders in patients, including 628 cases of pathological gambling, 465 cases of hypersexuality and 202 cases of compulsive shopping. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to