Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 27, 2014
Generic medications boost adherence to breast cancer therapy
A study has found that the introduction of generic breast cancer drugs, which are less expensive than their brand-name counterparts, increased treatment adherence by 50 percent.

Persuading doctors to quickly adopt new treatments
Doctors are more likely to try a new therapy when they are persuaded to do so by an influential colleague, reports a new study whose findings on adopting innovations have relevance for business and education.

Initial choice of oral medication to lower glucose in diabetes patients examined
Patients diagnosed with diabetes and initially prescribed metformin to lower their glucose levels were less likely to require treatment intensification with a second oral medicine or insulin than patients treated first with sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones or dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors, according to a study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine

How did complex life evolve? The answer could be inside out
A new idea about the origin of complex life turns current theories inside out.

Starting salaries largely stagnant; internship scene improves
The job market for new college graduates may be heating up fast, but starting salaries will see only modest growth, a Michigan State University economist says in a new report.

Study: Menopausal symptoms may be lessened with young children in the house
A new study by researchers at The Kinsey Institute and the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has found that the timeless, multicultural tradition of grandmothering might have an unexpected benefit: helping some women temper their hot flashes and night sweats during menopause.

Diabetes patients report better outcomes with improved physician accessibility
A new model of delivering primary care studied by Keck Medicine of the University of Southern California researchers has the potential to improve the health of patients with type 2 diabetes.

CHOP and Temple receive NIH grant to explore eradicating HIV from hiding places in the brain
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Temple University have received a joint $4.3 million, four-year grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to investigate new methods to eradicate HIV that lurks in brain cells despite conventional antiviral treatments.

Reducing population is no environmental 'quick fix'
New multi-scenario modelling of world human population has concluded that even stringent fertility restrictions or a catastrophic mass mortality would not bring about large enough change this century to solve issues of global sustainability.

New European consortium to tackle the growing threat of antibiotic resistance
A major new European initiative to tackle the growing global threat of antibiotic resistance began this month with the launch of DRIVE-AB -- Driving Reinvestment in R&D and Responsible Antibiotic Use.

Rice team sets sights on better voting machine
At the urging of county election officials in Austin, Texas, a group of Rice University engineers and social scientists has pulled together a team of US experts to head off a little-known yet looming crisis facing elections officials nationwide.

Thermodiffusion in weightlessness
Thermodiffusion, also called the Soret effect, is a mechanism by which an imposed temperature difference establishes a concentration difference within a mixture.

Prostate cancer risk reduced by sleeping with many women, but increased with many men
Compared to men who have had only one partner during their lifetime, having sex with more than 20 women is associated with a 28 percent lower risk of one day being diagnosed with prostate cancer.

Hair proteins are important in tooth enamel structure
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reveals that keratins, proteins associated with strong hair, are important for tooth enamel integrity.

Scientists' new analysis of plant proteins advances our understanding of photosynthesis
A world without plants would be a world without oxygen, uninhabitable for us and for many creatures.

Whites of their eyes: Study finds infants respond to social cues from sclera
Infants at 7 months old are able to unconsciously pick up on eye cues, based on the size of the whites of a person's eyes -- a vital foundation for the development of social interactive skills, a new University of Virginia psychology study shows.

Benefits of thyroid screening unclear
Researchers for the US Preventive Services Task Force suggest that more research is needed to determine the benefits of screening asymptomatic individuals for thyroid dysfunction.

Ultrasound guides tongue to pronounce 'r' sounds
Using ultrasound technology to visualize the tongue's shape and movement can help children with difficulty pronouncing 'r' sounds, according to a small study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development and Montclair State University.

First time-lapse images of exploding fireball from a 'nova' star
A team of researchers including from the University of Sydney and Georgia State University have captured images of a thermonuclear fireball exploding from a star.

Don't bet on stinginess to keep stress low
Is generosity less stressful than being stingy? QUT research, published in scientific journal PLOS ONE, examined the physiological reactions of participants in a financial bargaining game and found that not only those receiving relatively low offers experienced stress but also those that make low offers, when compared to people who made more generous offers.

Moms more likely than dads to check for sugars on nutrition labels
Nearly half of mothers say they check the labels always or very often for added/total sugars, according to new U-M National Poll on Children's Health.

Greater Expectations: New Beginnings after Brain Injury Forum
The Neuropsychoanalysis Association and the Weill Cornell Brain and Spine Center are hosting this conference for researchers, clinical neurologists and neuropsychologists, neurosurgeons and psychotherapists.

Researchers look for the best way to help shake too much sodium
Multiple times each day, about a third of blacks hold onto sodium -- and higher blood pressure -- for at least an hour after the stress that raised their pressure has passed, scientists say.

Hot on the trail of the Asian tiger mosquito
The Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) was spotted in Houston in 1985 but can now be found in all of the southern states and as far north as Maine.

New drug delivered through a skin patch shows promise in healing diabetic foot ulcers
A research team at Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif., has developed a drug delivered through a skin patch that not only helps foot wounds heal better, but also prevents those wounds from recurring, according to study results they presented this week at the American College of Surgeons Annual Clinical Congress.

Tremendously bright pulsar may be 1 of many
A newly found pulsar, the brightest ever seen, raises questions about a mysterious category of cosmic objects called ultraluminous X-ray sources.

PRE to support Sense About Science Workshop for Early Career Researchers
PRE (Peer Review Evaluation) has agreed to help sponsor Peer Review: the Nuts and Bolts, a workshop organized by Sense About Science to be held at the University of St.

New prostate cancer screening guideline recommends not using PSA test
A new Canadian guideline recommends that the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test should not be used to screen for prostate cancer based on evidence that shows an increased risk of harm and uncertain benefits.

Future-focused women stand up to global warming with taxes, checkbook
Politicians who discredit global warming risk losing a big chunk of the female vote.

One-third of foster kids returned to their family are abused again
One in three children who have been reunified with their families after being placed in foster care will be maltreated again, according to a study into Quebec's youth protection system by Marie-Andrée Poirier and Sonia Hélie of the University of Montreal's School of Social Services.

Syracuse physicists closer to understanding balance of matter, antimatter in universe
Physicists in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences have made important discoveries regarding Bs meson particles -- something that may explain why the Universe contains more matter than antimatter.

Satellite movie shows Tropical Storm Ana headed to British Columbia, Canada
An animation of imagery from NOAA's GOES-West satellite taken over the period of Oct.19 to 26 shows the movement, intensification, weakening and movement toward British Columbia, Canada.

Molecular biologist Muntaser Ibrahim wins C.N.R. Rao Prize
Every year, malaria kills about a million people worldwide, 90 percent of them in sub-Saharan Africa.

Chimps plan ahead for a good breakfast
New research shows that chimpanzees plan ahead, and sometimes take dangerous risks, to get to the best breakfast buffet early.

Two years after superstorm Sandy: Resilience in 12 neighborhoods
The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research released the results of a major new study and related reports on the recovery from Superstorm Sandy in 12 New York and New Jersey neighborhoods hard hit by the 2012 storm.

Study: Prompt isolation of symptomatic patients is key to eliminating Ebola
Below is information about an article being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Lack of transcription factor FoxO1 triggers pulmonary hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension is characterised by uncontrolled division of cells in the blood vessel walls.

Study may explain why targeted drug doesn't benefit patients with early-stage lung cancer
The drug erlotinib is highly effective in treating advanced-stage lung cancer patients whose tumors have a particular gene mutation, but when the same drug is used for patients with early-stage tumors with the same gene change, they fare worse than if they took nothing.

Many older trauma patients would benefit from palliative care
Half of older adults who sustain injuries severe enough that they could die in the hospital or become unable to function independently are not asked in the intensive care unit if they wish to speak with palliative care specialists about their preferences for end-of-life care, a new study finds.

UCI scientists identify lesion-healing mechanism in psoriasis
A UC Irvine-led study has revealed the underlying genetic factors that help repair skin lesions caused by psoriasis, which could engender new methods of controlling the lingering condition.

Ibuprofen better choice to relieve fracture pain in children than oral morphine
Although ibuprofen and oral morphine both provide effective pain relief for children with broken limbs, ibuprofen is the recommended choice because of adverse events associated with oral morphine, according to a randomized trial published in CMAJ.

Can statin treatment cut cardiovascular risk in HIV-infected patients?
A nationwide study based at Massachusetts General Hospital will investigate, for the first time, whether treatment with a statin drug can reduce the elevated risk of cardiovascular disease in individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.

Blood vessel growth in the brain relies on a protein found in tumor blood vessels
Do blood vessels that feed tumors differ from other blood vessels?

People with mental health disorders twice as likely to have heart disease or stroke
People facing mental health challenges are significantly more likely to have heart disease or stroke, according to a study presented today at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress.

Study documents millions in unused medical supplies in US operating rooms each year
A Johns Hopkins research team reports that major hospitals across the US collectively throw away at least $15 million a year in unused operating room surgical supplies that could be salvaged and used to ease critical shortages, improve surgical care and boost public health in developing countries.

Case Western researchers awarded $250,000 to develop an effective treatment for childhood brain tumors
Prayers from Maria Children's Glioma Cancer Foundation announced today that it will award its $250,000 Melana Matson Memorial Grant -- its third major research grant since 2010 -- to Case Western Reserve University, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers James Basilion, Ph.D., Efstathis Karathanasis, Ph.D., and John Letterio, M.D., who are studying the use of nanotechnology to more effectively treat pediatric glioma brain tumors.

An estimated 2 million pounds of unused medical supplies may be recoverable in US operating rooms
Recovering unused medical supplies from operating rooms in the United States for donation to surgical centers developing countries can potentially alleviate a significant global burden of surgical diseases, researchers from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine reported today during the 2014 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.

Adverse drug reactions in children following use of asthma medications
In a new study based on EU adverse drug reaction reports, researchers at the University of Copenhagen and the University of Southern Denmark now document that children's use of asthma medications may result in serious adverse drug reactions.

Replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat linked with lower risk of heart disease
People who swap 5 percent of the calories they consume from saturated fat sources such as red meat and butter with foods containing linoleic acid -- the main polyunsaturated fat found in vegetable oil, nuts, and seeds -- lowered their risk of coronary heart disease events by 9 percent and their risk of death from CHD by 13 percent, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health researchers.

GW researcher adapting breakthrough technologies to combat parasitic worm infections
Paul Brindley, Ph.D., professor of microbiology, immunology, and tropical medicine, and scientific director of the Research Center for Neglected Diseases of Poverty at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, co-authored a perspective in the journal Science, calling for researchers to adapt new technologies to research neglected parasitic flatworms.

It's better for memory to make mistakes while learning
Making mistakes while learning can benefit memory and lead to the correct answer, but only if the guesses are close-but-no-cigar, according to new research findings from Baycrest Health Sciences.

NASA's SDO observes more flares erupting from giant sunspot
A large active region on the sun erupted with another X-class flare on Oct.

Smarter, quicker-thinking referees? There's an app for that!
KU Leuven and UEFA, European football's governing body, have embarked on a four-year project to expand and fine-tune a web-based skills training platform for referees.

UCLA Comprehensive Stroke Center at UCLA honored with quality achievement award
The UCLA Comprehensive Stroke Center at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center has received the Get With The Guidelines-Stroke Gold-Plus Quality Achievement Award.

Study finds knowledge poor about stroke in Uganda
A study published in the journal International Scholarly Research Notices Stroke found that overall knowledge about stroke in Uganda was poor, although knowing what to do for a stroke -- go to the hospital -- was good.

The Ebola epidemic: Is there a way out?
Although no licensed vaccines against Ebola exist on the market, 'significant progress' has been made in the last few months, according to immunology experts.

Using microscopic bugs to save the bees
For decades, honeybees have been battling a deadly disease that kills off their babies -- larvae -- and leads to hive collapse.

Department of Justice and Defense grants to be used to improve forensic identification
The US Department of Justice along with the Department of Defense has awarded Catherine Grgicak, PhD, assistant professor in biomedical forensic sciences at Boston University School of Medicine, approximately $2.5 million to more accurately analyze DNA evidence at a crime scene.

Cost of informal caregiving for US elderly is $522 billion annually, study finds
A new study provides an improved estimate of the costs of informal caregiving provided to elderly people across the United States.

Delivering a 1-2 punch: New drug combination shows promise in treating breast cancer
The uncontrolled growth of cancer cells arises from their ability to hijack the cell's normal growth program and checkpoints.

Prostate cancer, kidney disease detected in urine samples on the spot
New device screens for kidney disease, prostate cancer on the spot.

Cleveland Clinic research shows gut bacteria byproduct impacts heart failure
A chemical byproduct of intestinal bacteria-dependent digestion, trimethylamine N-oxide -- already proven to contribute to heart disease and to be an accurate tool for predicting future heart attacks, stroke and death -- has for the first time been linked to heart failure and worse long-term prognosis for those patients, according to Cleveland Clinic research published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Maintenance opioid therapy for injection-drug users associated with lower incidence of hepatitis c
In a group of young users of injection drugs, recent maintenance opioid agonist therapy with methadone or buprenorphine for opioid use disorders, such as heroin addiction, was associated with a lower incidence of hepatitis C virus infection and may be an effective strategy to reduce injection-drug use and the resulting spread of HCV, according to a study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Clinical results indicate vaccine candidate highly efficacious against bacterial diarrhea
New results from a safety and immunogenicity study, which included a challenge phase to test efficacy, indicate that a live attenuated enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli vaccine candidate, given in combination with a novel adjuvant, provided significant protection against disease.

From the mouths of ... young fireballs
That is the conclusion, published in the current issue of Nature, from a research collaboration led by Georgia State University Astronomer Gail Schaefer that includes 37 researchers (many who are National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded) from 17 institutions.

Science searches for signs of dementias
Eight new research projects, that will explore a variety of techniques and technology aimed at improving detection and diagnosis of dementias, are to receive over £8 million in funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) it was announced today.

A GPS from the chemistry set
Empa scientists teamed up with colleagues from Hungary, Japan and Scotland to develop a chemical 'processor' that reliably shows the fastest way through a City maze.

The chemistry of death (video)
It's a spooky question, but it doesn't have to be: What happens when you die?

Taxi GPS data helps researchers study Hurricane Sandy's effect on NYC traffic
The largest Atlantic hurricane on record, Hurricane Sandy, offered a chance for researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign to try out a new computational method they developed that promises to help municipalities quantify the resilience of their transportation systems to extreme events using only GPS data from taxis.

Study shows ethnic groups are at higher risk for heart disease yet many aren't aware
Different ethnic groups have widely varying differences in both the prevalence and awareness of cardiovascular risk factors, a finding that highlights the need for specially designed education and intervention programs.

'Sticky' ends start synthetic collagen growth
Researchers at Rice University detail how synthetic collagen helices self-assemble into fibers and gels.

UT Arlington School of Social Work receives grant to develop human assistive robot learning network
John Bricout, UT Arlington associate dean for research and community outreach in the School of Social Work, will use a federal grant to develop a human assistive robot learning network.

Discovery of how newborn mice repair bone fractures could improve treatments
Severe fractures in infants can heal on their own through a process that has eluded scientists.

Higher copayments are associated with discontinuation of aromatase inhibitors
Discontinuation and nonadherence were higher among breast cancer patients taking brand name aromatase inhibitors vs. generic AIs, according to a new study published Oct.

Insightful mathematics for an optimal run
Sure, we can become better runners by hydrating well, eating right, cross training, and practice.

Where did the Deepwater Horizon oil go? To Davy Jones' Locker at the bottom of the sea
Scientist David Valentine of the University of California, Santa Barbara and colleagues from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the University of California, Irvine, have discovered the path the oil followed to its resting place on the Gulf of Mexico sea floor.

UF physicists win two top international awards
Each year, the American Physical Society prizes honor the world's leading physicists.

How cells know which way to go
Amoebas aren't the only cells that crawl: Movement is crucial to development, wound healing and immune response in animals, not to mention cancer metastasis.

Alternative hospital-funding proposal risky says study
A new study led by a Simon Fraser University health services and policy researcher says we should be concerned about Canadian federal and provincial policymakers' increasing interest in moving to activity-based funding of hospitals.

NASA's Aqua satellite eyeing Tropical Cyclone Nilofar in Arabian Sea
Tropical Cyclone 04A continues to intensify and had been renamed Tropical Cyclone Nilofar when NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead on Oct.

Imaging the genome: Cataloguing the fundamental processes of life
A new study at the University of Cambridge has allowed researchers to peer into unexplored regions of the genome and understand for the first time the role played by more than 250 genes key to cell growth and development.

Study gives new view on how cells control what comes in and out
A new study reveals that a form of calmodulin long thought to be dormant actually opens ion channels wide.

Maintenance therapy for injection-drug users associated with lower incidenceof hepatitis C
In a group of young users of injection drugs, recent maintenance opioid agonist therapy with methadone or buprenorphine for opioid use disorders, such as heroin addiction, was associated with a lower incidence of hepatitis C virus infection and may be an effective strategy to reduce injection-drug use and the resulting spread of HCV, according to a study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Latest bone research abstracts summarized in slides and videos
This educational slide deck highlights 60 original scientific abstracts presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research in September 2014.

SpaceX spacecraft splashdown, starring Space Station science
The return of the SpaceX Dragon on Oct. 25 brought with it plant samples, data that may impact your facial cream composition and validation of a new way of creating on Earth crystals that are used in our daily electronic devices.

Where did all the oil go?
Due to its unprecedented scope, the damage assessment caused by the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico has been a challenge.

Newly donated blood reduces complications from heart surgery, study shows
Heart surgery patients who received newly donated blood have significantly fewer post-operative complications than those who received blood that had been donated more than two weeks before their surgery.

Traumatic brain injury associated with increased dementia risk in older adults
Traumatic brain injury appears to be associated with an increased risk of dementia in adults 55 years and older, according to a study published online by JAMA Neurology.

Cell membranes self-assemble
A self-driven reaction can assemble phospholipid membranes like those that enclose cells.

Chest radiation to treat childhood cancer increases patients' risk of breast cancer
A new study has found that patients who received chest radiation for Wilms tumor, a rare childhood cancer, face an increased risk of developing breast cancer later in life due to their radiation exposure.

University of Delaware study connects penguin chick weights to local weather conditions
Antarctica's Adélie penguins live in one of the most rapidly warming areas on Earth.

When hearing aid users listen to music, less is more, says CU-Boulder study
The type of sound processing that modern hearings aids provide to make speech more understandable for wearers may also make music enjoyment more difficult, according to a new study by the University of Colorado Boulder.

NASA sees a 'Zombie' tropical storm kick off Halloween week
NASA's Terra satellite spotted a 'zombie' tropical storm as Halloween week kicks off.

Dr. Herbert Pardes receives BBRF's inaugural humanitarian prize
The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation honored Herbert Pardes, M.D., President of the Foundation's Scientific Council and Executive Vice Chair of the Board of Trustees at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, with its inaugural Humanitarian Prize, presented by Mehmet C.

Boosting biogasoline production in microbes
Researchers with the Joint BioEnergy Institute have identified microbial genes that can improve both the tolerance and the production of biogasoline in engineered strains of E. coli.

Wayne State research may develop next generation of vaccines against autoimmune diseas
A major barrier to treating autoimmune diseases such as Type 1 diabetes is the lack of methods to deliver the therapeutics to specific sites such as the lymph nodes.

Placebo better than 'watchful waiting' when treating young children's coughs
Both agave nectar and a placebo were more effective than no treatment for young children's cough symptoms, according to researchers at Penn State College of Medicine.

CWRU researcher finds training officers about mental illness benefits prison's safety
Case Western Reserve University mental health researcher Joseph Galanek spent a cumulative nine months in an Oregon maximum-security prison to learn first-hand how the prison manages inmates with mental illness.

Which US airports are breastfeeding friendly?
More than half of women with children less than a year old are working, and work travel can make breastfeeding a challenge.

Prescription opioids involved in most overdoses seen in emergency departments
In a national study of hospital emergency department visits for opioid overdoses, 67.8 percent of the overdoses involved prescription opioids (including methadone), followed by heroin, other unspecified opioids and multiple opioids, according to a research letter published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Dartmouth researchers unveil first real-time secondhand smoke sensor
Dartmouth College researchers are going to market with the first-ever sensor that detects secondhand and thirdhand tobacco and marijuana smoke in real time.

Synapses always on the starting blocks
Vesicles filled with neurotransmitters touch the cell membrane, thereby enabling their rapid-fire release.

Obese youths with leukemia more likely to have persistent disease
As reported in First Edition of the journal Blood on Oct.

First atlas of body clock gene expression informs timing of drug delivery
A new effort mapping 24-hr patterns of expression for thousands of genes in 12 different mouse organs -- five years in the making -- provides important clues about how the role of timing may influence the way drugs work in the body.

Slowing the biological clock
Difficulty in conceiving a child is a major challenge for one in seven couples in America, especially for those over the age of 35.

'Integrated Play Groups' help children with autism
'Integrated Play Groups,' which focus on collaborative rather than adult-directed play, are successful in teaching children with autism the skills needed to engage in symbolic play and to interact with their typically developing peers, according to new research from San Francisco State University.

Dysfunctional ketogenesis promotes fatty liver disease in mice
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation indicates that ketogenesis, a process that breaks down fat in the absence of carbohydrates, prevents non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Most Internet sources on prostate cancer disagree with expert panel's recommendation
Only 17 percent of top-ranked consumer health websites advise against screening for prostate cancer, a recommendation made more than two years ago by the U.S.

UTSA awarded $400,000 from DHS to combat biological and digital threats
The University of Texas at San Antonio has been awarded a two-year, $400,000 grant from the Department of Homeland Security to develop a DHS Scholars Program, aimed towards building a future workforce for federal and private organizations addressing biological and digital threats.

PET scans reveal how psychodynamic therapy for depression may change brain function
A study from Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has identified for the first time changes in the metabolic activity of a key brain region in patients successfully treated for depression with psychodynamic psychotherapy, suggesting a mechanism of action behind an important and widely practiced form of therapy.

Group classes teach parents effective autism therapy, Stanford/Packard study finds
Parents can learn to use a scientifically validated autism therapy with their own children by taking a short series of group classes, a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford has found.

Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: Current Opinion in Psychology
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of a new review journal: Current Opinion in Psychology.

Odor molecules monitor pest that spreads devastating citrus disease
The Asian citrus psyllid (ACP) is an efficient vector of a bacterium that causes huanglongbing, one of the most destructive diseases of citrus worldwide.

A demography of unceasing discomfort
Americans are in a world of hurt. Nearly one in five US adults are in pain most every day for spells of three months or longer, according to an analysis by Jae Kennedy, professor of health policy and administration at Washington State University Spokane.

Leading medical groups urge Congress to stop steep Medicaid cuts
The American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Family Physicians, American College of Physicians and American Osteopathic Association convene today in Washington, DC to urge Congress to extend current-law payment parity for primary care and immunization services under Medicaid for at least two years.

In Amazon wars, bands of brothers-in-law
When Yanomamo men in the Amazon raided villages and killed decades ago, they formed alliances with men in other villages rather than just with close kin like chimpanzees do.

Watching the hidden life of materials
Researchers at McGill University have succeeded in simultaneously observing the reorganizations of atomic positions and electron distribution during the transformation of the 'smart material' vanadium dioxide from a semiconductor into a metal -- in a timeframe a trillion times faster than the blink of an eye.

Status of recent geoscience graduates 2014: Jobs and challenges getting there
The American Geosciences Institute has released the 2014 Status of Recent Geoscience Graduates, which highlights the impact of booming enrollments and the challenges for students face in matching their education to the demands of the current hiring in the geoscience-related industries.

Organizational needs often forgotten in developing countries' IT education
A shortage of skilled IT service management professionals constitutes an obstacle for the efficient use of information and communication technology, and is a particular challenge for the least developed countries.

New clinical trial data: MS drug candidate also shows promise for ulcerative colitis
Positive new clinical data were released today on a drug candidate for ulcerative colitis that was first discovered and synthesized at The Scripps Research Institute.

Spotlighting the sun
Astronomers with the National Science Foundation-funded National Optical Astronomy Observatory captured pictures not only of Thursday's partial solar eclipse, but also of the 'monster' sized active region or sun spot that has many comparing it to one of a similar size that occurred 11 years ago.

Viral switches share a shape
A hinge in the RNA genome of the virus that causes hepatitis C works like a switch that can be flipped to prevent it from replicating in infected cells.

UH research focuses on suicide resilience and vulnerability
Religious beliefs and practices may reduce thoughts of suicide among African-American adults in stressful life events induced by racial discrimination, according to a new research study conducted at the University of Houston.

New RCT: KoACT® beats calcium and vitamin D for optimal bone strength
A new randomized controlled trial (RCT) of post-menopausal women demonstrates that a proprietary blend of collagen and calcium, KoACT®, was far superior to calcium and vitamin D in slowing down the leaching of calcium from bones and rebuilding new bone strength.

Elsevier announces launch of open journal: Biomolecular Detection and Quantification
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce the launch of a new open access journal Biomolecular Detection and Quantification -- BDQ.

'Contingent Convertibles: A Potent Instrument for Financial Reform'
Dr. von Furstenberg shows compellingly why and how Cocos, an instrument for financial stability, should be more widely used.

How Staph infections elude the immune system
By tricking the immune system into generating antibodies specific for only one bacterial protein, Staphylococcus aureus dodges the production of antibodies that might otherwise protect against infection.

Agave nectar, placebo both perceived better than doing nothing for cough in kids
Pasteurized agave nectar and placebo were both perceived to be better by parents for treating nighttime cough and the resulting sleep difficulty in infants and toddlers than doing nothing at all, according to a study published in JAMA Pediatrics.

Multi-sensory environment research influences dementia care
A guide released at the Inside Out Festival in London has shed new light on the positive impact multi-sensory environments can have when caring for people living with dementia.
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