Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 02, 2014
The 'valley of death' facing physics start-ups
In this month's issue of Physics World, James Dacey explores the ways in which physicists are bridging the 'valley of death' to take their innovations from the lab into the commercial market.

Ultracold disappearing act
How can two clumps of matter pass through each other without sharing space?

New test will combat major cause of preventable blindness in Africa
PATH, an international nonprofit organization, announces the availability of a point-of care diagnostic tool for Onchocerciasis, commonly known as river blindness.

Two photons strongly coupled by glass fiber
Usually, light waves do not interact with each other. Coupling of photons with other photons is only possible with the help of special materials and very intense light.

New technique efficiently turns antibodies into highly tuned 'nanobodies'
A new system, developed by researchers at Rockefeller University and their collaborators, promises to make nanobodies -- antibodies' tiny cousins -- dramatically more accessible for all kinds of research.

Study reveals startling decline in European birds
Bird populations across Europe have experienced sharp declines over the past 30 years, with the majority of losses from the most common species, say the University of Exeter, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme in a new study.

Wrangling data flood to manage the health of streams
Today's natural resource manager tending to the health of a stream in Louisiana needs to look upstream.

Improving imaging of cancerous tissues by reversing time
Lihong Wang, Ph.D., the Gene K. Beare Distinguished Professor of Biomedical Engineering at the School of Engineering & Applied Science is applying a novel time-reversal technology that allows researchers to better focus light in tissue, such as muscles and organs.

Mutant models
Using mathematical toolkits traditionally considered the property of statistical physics and artificial intelligence, researchers have developed a way to identify important cancer mutations.

Study: 'Wimpy' antibody protects against kidney disease in mice
An antibody abundant in mice and previously thought to offer poor assistance in fighting against infection may actually play a key role in keeping immune responses in check and preventing more serious self-inflicted forms of kidney disease, according to research at the University of Cincinnati.

Getting more out of nature: Genetic toolkit finds new maximum for crop yields
CSHL scientists have found a new way to dramatically increase crop yields.

Sediment supply drives floodplain evolution in Amazon Basin
A new study of the Amazon River basin shows lowland rivers that carry large volumes of sediment meander more across floodplains and create more oxbow lakes than rivers that carry less sediment.

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology: Weight loss surgery substantially reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
Bariatric surgery, such as gastric bypass or gastric banding, could reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by around 80 percent in obese people, compared with standard care, new research published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal suggests.

New malaria vaccines to prevent infection and block transmission get a shot in the arm
In support of a bold quest to rid the world entirely of malaria, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation today announced an award of US$156 million to PATH to support the PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative in building new vaccines that will interrupt the cycle of malaria parasite transmission and help realize the 'accelerating to zero' agenda.

Sea sponge drug could boost advanced breast cancer survival by 5 extra months
The cancer drug eribulin, originally developed from sea sponges, could give women with advanced triple negative breast cancer an average of five extra months of life, according to research presented at the National Cancer Research Institute Cancer Conference in Liverpool Monday.
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