Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 05, 2014
CNIO researchers create a mouse model that reproduces noonan syndrome
A single mutation in the mouse genome -- within the K-Ras gene -- reproduces the main alterations found in humans of this rare syndrome, which include short stature, facial dysmorphia, cardiac dysfunction and haematological alterations Researchers are able to prevent the development of symptoms via prenatal treatment with MEK inhibitors The discovery opens avenues to novel therapeutic strategies for the disease

New global wildfire analysis indicates humans need to coexist and adapt
A new study led by the University of California, Berkeley and involving the University of Colorado Boulder indicates the current response to wildfires around the world -- aggressively fighting them -- is not making society less vulnerable to such events.

How do we design economic behavior to enhance social governance?
Inclusive Economic Theory revisits the foundations of economic theory to answer these and a host of other similar questions.

Can love make us mean?
Empathy is among humanity's defining characteristics. Understanding another person's plight can inspire gentle emotions and encourage nurturing behaviors.

MMRF leads initiative to accelerate development of targeted therapies for multiple myeloma
The Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation today announced an initiative designed to accelerate the evaluation of new investigational therapies for multiple myeloma.

Breaking down BPA and similar pollutants with sunlight, nanoparticles and graphene
Many pollutants with the potential to meddle with hormones -- with bisphenol A, better known as BPA, as a prime example -- are already common in the environment.

European satellite could discover thousands of planets in Earth's galaxy
Princeton University and Lund University researchers project that the recently launched European satellite Gaia could discover tens of thousands of planets during its five-year mission.

Getting to the heart of the heart
For years, a multidisciplinary team of Johns Hopkins researchers has tracked an elusive creature, a complex of proteins thought to be at fault in some cases of sudden cardiac death.

Retinal-scan analysis can predict advance of macular degeneration, Stanford study finds
Stanford University School of Medicine scientists have found a new way to forecast which patients with age-related macular degeneration are likely to suffer from the most debilitating form of the disease.

Next for DARPA: 'Autocomplete' for programmers
A Rice University-led team of software experts has launched an $11 million effort to create a sophisticated tool called PLINY that will both 'autocomplete' and 'autocorrect' code for programmers, much like the autocomplete and spell-check software on today's Web browsers and smartphones.

Our brain dissociates emotional response from explicit memory in fearful situations
Researchers at the Cognition and Brain Plasticity group of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute and the University of Barcelona have been tracking the traces of implicit and explicit memories of fear in human.

Antibiotics: On-the-spot tests reduce unnecessary prescriptions
Fast, on-the-spot tests for bacterial infections may help to reduce excessive antibiotic use.

Older men less likely to receive osteoporosis screening and treatment following a bone fracture
Osteoporosis, a common condition causing progressive bone loss and increased fracture risk, is primarily thought of as a disease affecting older women.

Ah-choo! Expect higher grass pollen and allergen exposure in the coming century
Results of a new study by scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst strongly suggest that there will be notable increases in grass pollen production and allergen exposure up to 202 percent in the next 100 years, leading to a significant, worldwide impact on human health due to predicted rises in carbon dioxide and ozone due to climate change.

Analyzing heat waves -- new index allows predicting their magnitude
JRC scientists have developed a new index to measure the magnitude of heat waves, in cooperation with colleagues from five research organizations.

Researchers hit milestone in accelerating particles with plasma
Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the University of California, Los Angeles have shown that a promising technique for accelerating electrons on waves of plasma is efficient enough to power a new generation of shorter, more economical accelerators.

Teens close to high number of tobacco shops more likely to smoke
Teenagers are much more likely to take up smoking if they live in neighborhoods with a large number of shops that sell tobacco products, a study suggests.

UTSA biology professor awarded $300,000 NSF grant for brain research
UTSA College of Sciences biology professor Fidel Santamaria is one of 36 in the nation to receive a two-year Early Concept Grant for Exploratory Research grant from the National Science Foundation.

Allina Health heart procedure complications reduced with simple tool
Allina Health cardiologists verified a PCI bleeding risk screening tool and added it to the shared electronic medical record.

CT lung screening appears cost-effective
In 2010 the National Lung Screening Trial showed that screening for cancer with low-dose CT scans could reduce mortality by 20 percent compared to using chest X-rays.

Researchers to present new findings on Chiari, a brain malformation, at Akron conference
Researchers from around the country will gather Friday, Nov. 7, and Saturday, Nov.

Endoscopy with panoramic view
Whether physicians examine or operate on the bladder wall with an endoscope, they can catch a glimpse of only a miniscule section of the organ -- their viewpoint is like that of someone looking through a keyhole.

Spy master prays for the return of Alan Turing
Professor Verkhovsky looks into the subject of securing information sent through Internet by examining methods in cryptography (secret communication between initiated parties), cryptanalysis (how to break the encryption algorithms based on computational complexity of integer factorization and discrete logarithm problems), how to provide a reliable transmission of information via unreliable communication channels and how to exploit a synergetic effect that stems from combining the cryptographic and information assurance protocols.

Multicenter study: Hospital medical errors reduced 30 percent with improved patient handoffs
Improvements in verbal and written communication between health care providers during patient handoffs can reduce injuries due to medical errors by 30 percent, according to a multicenter study led by researchers from Boston Children's Hospital.

Financial experts may not always be so expert, new Notre Dame study reveals
When in doubt, an expert always knows better. Except in the case of mutual-fund managers.

Swiss employees craft their own jobs
Four out of five employees in Switzerland actively shape their own jobs.

Expansion of gambling does not lead to more problem gamblers, study finds
In the past decade, online gambling has exploded and several states, including New York, have approved measures to legalize various types of gambling.

Engineered for tolerance, bacteria pump out higher quantity of renewable gasoline
An international team of bioengineers has boosted the ability of bacteria to produce isopentenol, a compound with desirable gasoline properties.

Scientists on NOAA-led mission discover new coral species off California
A National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-led research team has discovered a new species of deep-sea coral and a nursery area for catsharks and skates in the underwater canyons located close to the Gulf of Farallones and Cordell Bank national marine sanctuaries off the Sonoma coast.

NASA's TRMM and GPM satellites analyze Hurricane Vance before landfall
TRMM and GPM revealed areas of heavy rain within the storm before it weakened to a depression and made landfall on Nov.

Clearing a path for electrons in polymers: Closing in on the speed limits
A new class of low-cost polymer materials, which can carry electric charge with almost no losses despite their seemingly random structure, could lead to flexible electronics and displays which are faster and more efficient.

Research funding for teen brain and nervous system cancer
Scientists from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry have been awarded a grant from young person's cancer charity The Laura Crane Youth Cancer Trust to investigate a new drug-based treatment for a multi-tumor brain and nervous system cancer which affects teenagers and young adults.

Study gives insight into breast cancer recurrence
Work by University of Manchester scientists has explored what allows some cases of ductal carcinoma in situ, a non-invasive form of breast cancer, to resist treatment and come back, as well as identifying a potential new target to improve the effectiveness of radiotherapy.

Young patients with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer anticipated to nearly double by 2030
In the next 15 years, more than one in 10 colon cancers and nearly one in four rectal cancers will be diagnosed in patients younger than the traditional screening age, according to researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Bone drug should be seen in a new light for its anti-cancer properties
Australian researchers have shown why calcium-binding drugs commonly used to treat people with osteoporosis, or with late-stage cancers that have spread to bone, may also benefit patients with tumours outside the skeleton, including breast cancer.

Study: State, federal role in electric utilities' labor issues should be reexamined
As energy reliance grows, it may be time to re-examine the role of public utility commissions and the effect of the National Labor Relations Act in labor disputes regarding electric utilities, Oregon State University's Inara Scott suggests in a new study.

Blocking mitochondrial fission: An effective treatment for Parkinson's disease?
A study led by a researcher from Plymouth University in the UK, has discovered that the inhibition of a particular mitochondrial fission protein could hold the key to potential treatment for Parkinson's disease.

Risk stratification model may aid in lung cancer staging and treatment decisions
A risk stratification model based on lymph node characteristics confirms with a high level of confidence the true lack of lung cancer in lymph nodes adequately sampled with endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration and classified as negative.

Secure genetic data moves into the fast lane of discovery
A new web-based platform called GWATCH provides visualization tools for identifying disease-associated genetic markers from privacy-protected human data without risk to patient privacy.

Understanding of global freshwater fish and fishing too shallow, scientists say
Inland fish have to make a bigger splash. What sounds counter-intuitive to an activity commonly perceived as quiet is the broad recommendation of scientists at Michigan State University recommending that small-scale fishing in the world's freshwater bodies must have a higher profile to best protect global food security.

UW study shows direct brain interface between humans
University of Washington researchers have successfully replicated a direct brain-to-brain connection between pairs of people as part of a scientific study following the team's initial demonstration a year ago.

University of North Texas College of Engineering joins research consortium
The University of North Texas College of Engineering has joined the Cold-Formed Steel Research Consortium, which brings together leading research teams from across North America to provide the world's most comprehensive research on cold-formed steel structures.

More evidence arthritis/pain relieving drugs may contribute to stroke death
Commonly prescribed, older drugs for arthritis and pain may increase the risk of death from stroke, according to a study published in the Nov.

Genesis of genitalia
Researchers have discovered how functionally analogous genitalia can arise from divergent tissue.

Sustainable co-existence with wildfire recognizes ecological benefits, human needs
In an article published Thursday in the journal Nature, US Forest Service scientist Sarah McCaffrey and her colleagues advocate for an approach to wildfire management that reflects ecological science as well as research on the human dimensions of wildfire and fire management.

Readmission rates above average for survivors of septic shock, Penn study finds
Penn Medicine researchers have now shown that while most patients now survive a hospital stay for septic shock, 23 percent will return to the hospital within 30 days, many with another life-threatening condition -- a rate substantially higher than the normal readmission rate at a large academic medical center.

Madagascar: Fossil skull analysis offers clue to mammals' evolution
The surprise discovery of the fossilized skull of a 66- to 70-million-year-old, groundhog-like creature on Madagascar has led to new analyses of the lifestyle of the largest known mammal of its time by a team of specialists including biologist Elizabeth Dumont at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, an expert in jaw structure and bite mechanics.

High rate of insomnia during early recovery from addiction
Insomnia is a 'prevalent and persistent' problem for patients in the early phases of recovery from the disease of addiction -- and may lead to an increased risk of relapse, according to a report in the November/December Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine.

IBS is managed effectively with the right drugs, for the right symptoms
Up to 15 percent of the general adult population is affected by irritable bowel syndrome and most patients struggle to find effective drug therapy.

Measuring nano-vibrations
Researchers from the Institute of Photonic Sciences have fabricated carbon nanotube mechanical resonators capable of exhibiting the highest quality factors to date.

How liveable are our cities?
An international study has devised a new measure for the 'livability' of major cities across the world.

UT Arlington professor honored by fellow physicists
The American Physical Society Texas Section recently honored UT Arlington Physics Professor Suresh Sharma.

For leaders, looking intelligent is less important than looking healthy
People look for candidates with a healthy complexion when choosing a leader, but don't favor the most intelligent-looking candidates except for positions that require negotiation between groups or exploration of new markets.

Osteoporosis, not just a woman's disease
While osteoporosis prevention and treatment efforts have historically been focused on post-menopausal women, a new study from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center suggests that critical opportunities are being lost by not focusing more attention on bone loss and fracture risk in older men.

The Lancet: 'Aging well' must be a global priority
A major new Series on health and aging, published in The Lancet, warns that unless health systems find effective strategies to address the problems faced by an aging world population, the growing burden of chronic disease will greatly affect the quality of life of older people.

The Peres conjecture is false!
Since 1999, the conjecture by Asher Peres, who invented quantum teleportation, has piqued the interest of many scientists in the field.

Could non-gluten proteins play a role in celiac disease?
Although gluten-free foods are trendy among the health-conscious, they are necessary for those with celiac disease.

Shape of things to come in platelet mimicry
For the first time, researchers have been able to integratively mimic the shape, size, flexibility and surface chemistry of real blood platelets on albumin-based particles.

Why women buy magazines that promote impossible body images
A new study reveals the secret of how some fashion and beauty magazines continue to attract devoted audiences, even though they glamorize super-thin models that would seem to taunt normal-sized women.

A fraction of the global military spending could save the planet's biodiversity
A fundamental step-change involving an increase in funding and political commitment is urgently needed to ensure that protected areas deliver their full conservation, social and economic potential, according to an article published today in Nature by experts from Wildlife Conservation Society, the University of Queensland, and the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas.

African diamond mine reveals dinosaur and large mammal tracks
Unexpectedly one of the largest diamond mines in Africa, Catoca in Angola, holds 118 million year old dinosaur, crocodile and large mammal tracks.

New dietary supplement beats calcium, vitamin D for bone strength
A new study by a Florida State University researcher reveals that a new dietary supplement is superior to calcium and vitamin D when it comes to bone health.

Population boom, droughts contributed to collapse of ancient Assyrian Empire
There's more to the decline of the once mighty ancient Assyrian Empire than just civil wars and political unrest.

Longhorn beetle inspires ink to fight counterfeiting
From water marks to colored threads, governments are constantly adding new features to paper money to stay one step ahead of counterfeiters.

Moffitt, M2Gen tapped to coordinate central laboratory, biorepository services for MDS
Moffitt Cancer Center and M2Gen have been awarded a contract from the National Institutes of Health's National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to serve as the Central Laboratory and Biorepository for The National Myelodysplastic Syndromes Natural History Study (The National MDS Study).

IU researchers: Protein linked to aging identified as new target for controlling diabetes
Indiana University School of Medicine researchers have identified a small protein with a big role in lowering plasma glucose and increasing insulin sensitivity.

Betting on brain research
Despite great advances in understanding how the human brain works, psychiatric conditions, neurodegenerative disorders, and brain injuries are on the rise.

The female nose always knows: Do women have more olfactory neurons?
Using a new method called isotropic fractionator, a group of researchers has found biological evidence that may explain the superior olfactory abilities that women have over men.

Having a Y chromosome doesn't affect women's response to sexual images, brain study shows
Women born with a rare condition that gives them a Y chromosome don't only look like women physically, they also have the same brain responses to visual sexual stimuli, a new study shows.

Patients benefit from caregiver involvement in hospital discharge intervention
Results of a new study published in The American Journal of Managed Care show that the presence of a family caregiver during patient recruitment is associated with a greater rate of completion of a post hospital transitional care coaching intervention, particularly among men.

Small New Zealand population initiated rapid forest transition c. 750 years ago
Human-set fires by a small Polynesian population in New Zealand about 750 years ago may have caused fire-vulnerable forests to shift to shrub land over decades, rather than over centuries, as previously thought.

No link found between movie, video game violence and societal violence
A recent study published in the Journal of Communication by a researcher at Stetson University found that there were no associations between media violence consumption in society and societal violence.

New e-Incubator enables real-time imaging of bioengineered tissues in controlled unit
The e-incubator, an innovative miniature incubator that is compatible with magnetic resonance imaging, enables scientists to grow tissue-engineered constructs under controlled conditions and to study their growth and development in real-time without risk of contamination or damage.

Golden approach to high-speed DNA reading
Berkeley researchers have created the world's first graphene nanopores that feature integrated optical antennas.

Nevada climatologist to be honored at AGU Fall Meeting for lifetime of public outreach
As deputy director and regional climatologist for the Western Regional Climate Center at Nevada's Desert Research Institute, Kelly Redmond has dedicated his career to understanding the Earth's climate and communicating that knowledge to a general audience.

Mosquitofish genitalia change rapidly due to human impacts
Human environmental changes can markedly -- and rapidly -- affect fish shape, specifically the shape of mosquitofish genitalia in the Bahamas.

'In Our Hearts -- Stories and Wisdom of Mothers Living Apart from Their Children'
Mothers who live apart from their children often suffer serious grief and trauma.

High-fat diet postponing brain aging
New Danish-led research suggests that signs of brain aging can be postponed in mice if placed on a high-fat diet.

Taking a deeper look at 'ancient wing'
In order to determine the feather color of ancient organisms such as Archaeopteryx, microscopic melanin-containing structures called melanosomes have been compared in a variety of living and fossil birds.

First amphibious ichthyosaur discovered, filling evolutionary gap
The first fossil of an amphibious ichthyosaur has been discovered in China by a team led by researchers at the University of California, Davis.

EARTH Magazine: Tiny ants are heroic weathering agents
Earth's abundant silicate minerals are degraded over time by exposure to water, chemical dissolution, and physical and chemical weathering by tree roots and even insects such as ants and termites.

VTT develops a simple but extremely sensitive magnetometer
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed an innovative magnetometer that can replace conventional technology in applications such as neuroimaging, mineral exploration and molecular diagnostics.

Pediatricians' communication with parents critical to overcoming obesity in Latino children
UT Southwestern Medical Center physician-researchers found that 1-in-5 parents of overweight Latino children is not directly told that the child is overweight.

Powerful imaging for point-of-care diagnostics
A new handheld probe developed by a team of university and industry researchers in the Netherlands and France could give doctors powerful new imaging capabilities right in the palms of their hands.

Vanderbilt researchers explore links between grammar, rhythm
A child's ability to distinguish musical rhythm is related to his or her capacity for understanding grammar, according to a recent study from a researcher at the Vanderbilt Kennedy Center.

X-ray vision of photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is one of the most important processes in nature.

How corals can actually benefit from climate change effects
New research from associate professor of marine science Justin Ries explains how moderate increases in ocean acidification and temperature can enhance the growth rates of some reef-forming corals.

New funding speeds identification of drugs to prevent Alzheimer's
The National Institutes of Health has boosted funding for the first large-scale clinical trial aimed at identifying drugs to stop or slow Alzheimer's disease in people destined to get the debilitating illness.

NASA sees Typhoon Nuri pass Iwo To, Japan
Typhoon Nuri continued moving in a northeasterly direction passing the island of Iwo To, Japan when NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead.

Does life satisfaction increase with age? Only in some places, new study finds
Life satisfaction dips around middle age and rises in older age in high-income, English-speaking countries, but that is not a universal pattern, according to a new report published in The Lancet.

Safest cosmetic surgery procedures
Minimally invasive cosmetic procedures, including fillers, neurotoxins and laser and energy device procedures are exceedingly safe and have essentially no risk of serious adverse events, reports a new study that analyzed more than 20,000 procedures around the country.

Back to basics
Professor Robert Sinclair proposes that simple explanations can be found for complex systems in nature by using rational numbers.

Scientists prove possibility of 'impossible' dust transition in turbulent flow
Researchers from MIPT and the Weizmann Institute of Science have predicted the possibility of negative turbophoresis, a phenomenon where impurity particles inside a turbulent flow move in an 'impossible' direction.

Coexist or perish, new wildfire analysis says
An international team of fire experts led by UC Berkeley's Max Moritz concluded that it is time to stop fighting fires and instead develop strategies to live with fire.

Few adverse events found in noninvasive, minimally invasive cosmetic procedures
A tiny fraction of adverse events occurred after dermatologists performed more than 20,000 noninvasive and minimally invasive cosmetic procedures, according to a study published online by JAMA Dermatology.

Increase in incidence of colorectal cancer in young adults, rate expected to rise
While the incidence of colorectal cancer in people 50 years or older has declined, the incidence among people 20 to 49 years has increased, according to a report published online by JAMA Surgery.

Toward eliminating 'sick-building syndrome' with low-cost air purifiers
If you're inside, chances are you're breathing in low levels of indoor air pollution, a mix of volatile organic compounds and other gaseous substances that can accumulate in buildings and potentially make you sick.

What role do insects play in Ebola virus transmission?
What role, if any, do insects play in the transmission of Ebola?

Cost and effect: Cheaper remedies should rule for diabetes nerve pain, U-M experts say
Millions of people with diabetes take medicine to ease shooting, burning nerve pain, and new research suggests that many medicines can offer relief.

Live images from the nano-cosmos
Using ultrabright X-rays, researchers have observed in real-time how football-shaped carbon molecules arrange themselves into ultra-smooth layers.

'Direct writing' of diamond patterns from graphite a potential technological leap
What began as research into a method to strengthen metals has led to the discovery of a new technique that uses a pulsing laser to create synthetic nanodiamond films and patterns from graphite, with potential applications from biosensors to computer chips.

Increase in ozone-destroying substances -- but Montreal Protocol on track
Research from the University of Leeds and an international team of scientists has shown a recent increase in atmospheric hydrogen chloride, a substance linked to destruction of the ozone layer.

QUT leading the charge for panel-powered car
A car powered by its own body panels could soon be driving on our roads after a breakthrough in nanotechnology research by a Queensland University of Technology team.

ADHD-air pollution link
Prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAH, a component of air pollution, raises the odds of behavior problems associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, at age 9, according to researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health.

Piglet brain atlas new tool in understanding human infant brain development
A new online tool developed by researchers at the University of Illinois will further aid studies into postnatal brain growth in human infants based on the similarities seen in the development of the piglet brain, said Rod Johnson, a U of I professor of animal sciences. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to