Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 06, 2014
Who will come to your bird feeder in 2075?
The distribution of birds in the United States today will probably look very different in 60 years as a result of climate, land use and land cover changes.

Study highlights prevalence of mistreatment between nursing home residents
Inappropriate, disruptive, or hostile behavior between nursing home residents is a sizable and growing problem, according to new research from Weill Cornell Medical College and Cornell University.

Allergy sufferers are allergic to treatment more often than you'd think
According to a presentation at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Scientific Meeting, an allergic response to a medication for allergies can often go undiagnosed.

Rabbit-proof hoof: Ungulates suppressed lagomorph evolution
Rodents and rabbits are sister groups, but while rodents have diversified to over 2,000 living species and an enormous range of body sizes, lagomorphs (rabbits, hares, and pikas) are limited to fewer than 100 relatively small species.

Salk scientists discover a key to mending broken hearts
Researchers regenerate and heal mouse hearts by using the molecular machinery the animals had all along.

NASA's Hubble surveys debris-strewn exoplanetary construction yards
Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have completed the largest and most sensitive visible-light imaging survey of dusty debris disks around other stars.

Novel 3-D printing process enables metal additive manufacturing for consumer market
Lower-cost 3-D printers for the consumer market offer only a limited selection of plastic materials, while industrial additive manufacturing machines can print parts made of high-performance metals.

Migration negation
Researchers have now identified a cellular culprit that should help researchers better understand how metastasis begins.

Of dragonflies and dinosaurs: Rutgers researcher helps map insect origins, evolution
When the dinosaurs ruled the earth, they were already bugged by creatures who had gotten there many millions of years earlier: dragonflies and damselflies.

Manipulating complex molecules by hand
Jülich scientists have developed a new control technique for scanning probe microscopes that enables the user to manipulate large single molecules interactively using their hands.

New insights into an old bird
The dodo is among the most famous extinct creatures, and a poster child for human-caused extinction events.

Transplant of stem-cell-derived dopamine neurons shows promise for Parkinson's disease
Parkinson's disease is an incurable movement disorder that affects millions of people around the world, but current treatment options can cause severe side effects and lose effectiveness over time.

Further evidence of potential for new anti-cancer drug
Manchester scientists have shown that a new drug inhibits the growth of tumors in the lab and that its effectiveness is improved by combining it with radiotherapy -- suggesting a new approach that could be used in the clinic.

Sense of meaning and purpose in life linked to longer lifespan
A University College London-led study of 9,050 English people with an average age of 65 found that the people with the greatest well-being were 30 percent less likely to die during the average eight and a half year follow-up period than those with the least well-being.

Complete 9,000-year-old frozen bison mummy found in Siberia
Many large charismatic mammals went extinct at the end of the Ice Age -- approximately 11,000 years ago, including the Steppe bison, Bison priscus.

By studying twins, psychologist researches proactivity in the workplace
Both environmental and genetic factors influence employee proactivity, according to the latest research from a Kansas State University psychological sciences professor.

Researchers develop new model to study epidemics
For decades, scientists have been perfecting models of how contagions spread, but newly published research takes the first steps toward a model that includes the interaction between individual human behavior and the behavior of the epidemic itself.

Maize analysis yields whole new world of genetic science
A groundbreaking paper from a team of Florida State University biologists could lead to a better understanding of how plants could adapt to and survive environmental swings such as droughts or floods.

ORNL thermomagnetic processing method provides path to new materials
For much the same reason LCD televisions offer eye-popping performance, a thermomagnetic processing method can advance the performance of polymers.

MFM specialist provides viewpoint in American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
To eat fish or not to eat fish? That is the question for pregnant and breastfeeding women.

Failed Alzheimer's test shows in which direction the research should continue
Disappointing results in clinical Alzheimer's studies discourage doctors and scientists from continuing their research into ɣ-secretases and a possible treatment against Alzheimer's disease.

U-M researchers provide first peek at how neurons multitask
Researchers at the University of Michigan have shown how a single neuron can perform multiple functions in a model organism, illuminating for the first time this fundamental biological mechanism and shedding light on the human brain.

Olaparib shows success in tumor response rate for patients with BRCA-related cancers
Olaparib, an experimental twice-daily oral cancer drug, produces an overall tumor response rate of 26 percent in several advanced cancers associated with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, according to new research co-led by the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania.

New knowledge about the human brain's plasticity
The brain's plasticity and its adaptability to new situations do not function the way researchers previously thought, according to a new study published in the journal Cell.

Koala study reveals clues about origins of the human genome
Eight percent of your genome derives from retroviruses that inserted themselves into human sex cells millions of years ago.

Research strategy supports GSIG's efforts to integrate aging into chronic disease research
Scientists who have been successful in delaying mammalian aging with genetic, dietary and pharmacological approaches have developed a research strategy to expand Geroscience research directed at extending human healthspan.

Sorting bloodborne cancer cells to better predict spread of disease
For most cancer patients, primary tumors are often not the most deadly.

Body weight heavily influenced by microbes in the gut, finds twin study
Our genetic makeup influences whether we are fat or thin by shaping which types of microbes thrive in our body, according to a study by researchers at King's College London and Cornell University.

Research resolves contradiction over protein's role at telomeres
A puzzling discrepancy has surrounded one component of the protective complex that forms at telomeres, at the end of chromosomes.

Researchers explore hydrodynamic drag reduction
Examining the active methods of hydrodynamic drag mitigation including gas injection, polymer injection, and air layers and cavities, and those methods for passive drag reduction consisting of super-hydrophobic surfaces and coatings, appendages and lifting bodies, and super cavities, the authors detail and quantify the requirements and success of the various techniques.

Retaining military veteran employees is all about the right fit
New research from the University of Cincinnati is helping Veteran's Affairs analyze the process of reintegrating veterans into civilian careers and evaluate methods for easing that transition.

'Rewriting' the way to make natural drug compounds
Study shows that one way to solve problems of synthesis of natural compounds is to figure out how an organism solves the problem itself, and then modify it for a particular use.

A cause of age-related inflammation found
As animals age, their immune systems gradually deteriorate, a process called immunosenescence.

Future air quality could put plants and people at risk
Future ozone levels could be high enough to cause serious damage to plants and crops, even if emissions of greenhouse gases are reduced, says new research.

Oxford University Press launches new journal Regenerative Biomaterials
Oxford University Press is pleased to announce the launch of Regenerative Biomaterials, published in association with the Chinese Society for Biomaterials.

Biodiversity of plant cell culture collections offers valuable source of natural insecticidal and fungicidal products
Screening large cell culture collections containing plant samples obtained from diverse geographic regions, climates, and soil and growing conditions for biological activity can reveal a wealth of natural compounds with potential applications for crop improvement and protection.

WWI surgeons could do little for amputees' pain -- and treatment remains a challenge
Army doctors in the First World War were helpless to stop soldiers who lost limbs from suffering in pain, according to researchers.

Ancient genomes show the European meta-population
DNA recovered from a 36,000 year old fossil skeleton found in Russia shows early divergence of Eurasians once they had left Africa, and the deep shared ancestry of Europeans.

Black, Hispanic kids underrepresented in autism identification
A new study shows that autism identification rates increased in all 50 states from 2000 to 2007.

Small cell extension with a large effect -- The link between cilia and diabetes
Cilia are tiny extensions on cells and they are credited with many important functions.

Carving memories at their joints
How the brain decides when to modify old memories and when to carve new memories is revealed in a study published this week in PLOS Computational Biology.

NASA see birth of Tropical Cyclone 5B in Bay of Bengal
The fifth tropical cyclone of the Northern Indian Ocean season formed in the Bay of Bengal as NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead and captured an image of the storm.

Life in Earth's primordial sea was starved for sulfate
The findings paint a new portrait of our planet's early biosphere and primitive marine life.

The tiger beetle: Too fast to see
Speed is an asset for a predator. Except when that predator runs so fast that it essentially blinds itself.

Location of oral cancers differs in smokers, nonsmokers
The location of oral cancers differed in smokers and nonsmokers with nonsmokers having a higher proportion of cancers occur on the edge of the tongue, according to a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

How viruses expand their host range: Insights from parvoviruses in domestic and wild carnivores
Virus multiplication continually generates new variants at a rate that is much faster than their hosts.

US preterm birth rate hits Healthy People 2020 goal 7 years early
The national preterm birth rate fell to 11.4 percent in 2013 -- the lowest in 17 years -- meeting the federal Healthy People 2020 goal seven years early.

Scientists create Parkinson's disease in a dish
A team of scientists created a human stem cell disease model of Parkinson's disease in a dish.

Scientists develop new way to study how human cells become immortal, a crucial precursor to cancer
Berkeley Lab scientists have developed a new method that can easily create immortal human mammary epithelial cells.

Exquisite ancient horse fossil preserves uterus with unborn foal
A specimen of the ancient horse Eurohippus messelensis has been discovered in Germany that preserves a fetus as well as parts of the uterus and associated tissues.

First-in-class nasal spray demonstrates promise for migraine pain relief
Researchers are developing a novel prochlorperazine nasal spray formulation as a potential new treatment for migraines.

Offshore islands amplify, rather than dissipate, a tsunami's power
Study: Coastal islands do not dissipate a tsunami's power, as previously believed.

Greater use of social media gets science, scientists noticed, study says
In September, a group of UW-Madison professors and their colleagues published a study in the journal Journalism & Mass Communications Quarterly showing a connection between 'h-index' -- a measure of the quality of a researcher's work and influence -- and whether the scientists interact with reporters and get mentioned on Twitter.

New laws threaten Brazil's unique ecosystems
Brazil's globally significant ecosystems could be exposed to mining and dams if proposals currently being debated by the Brazilian Congress go ahead, according to researchers publishing in the journal Science this week.

Revolutionary ALMA image reveals planetary genesis
This new image from ALMA, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, reveals extraordinarily fine detail that has never been seen before in the planet-forming disc around a young star.

Scientists find that SCNT derived cells and IPS cells are similar
A team of scientists compared induced pluripotent stem cells and embryonic stem cells created using somatic cell nuclear transfer.

Blight-resistant American chestnut trees take root at SUNY-ESF
Scientists at the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry are growing the first American chestnut trees that can withstand the blight that virtually eliminated the once-dominant tree from the eastern United States.

Sustainability, astrobiology illuminate future of life in universe, civilization on Earth
Two astrophysicists argue that questions about the future of life on Earth and beyond may soon be resolvable scientifically, thanks to new data about the Earth and about other planets in our galaxy, and by combining the earth-based science of sustainability with the space-oriented field of astrobiology.

All kidding aside: Medical clowns calm children during uncomfortable allergy test
Because the 'scratch test' for allergies involves needles that prick multiple points along the skin's surface, it's a particularly high-stress examination for children -- and their understandably anxious parents.

Denying problems when we don't like the political solutions
There may be a scientific answer for why conservatives and liberals disagree so vehemently over the existence of issues like climate change and specific types of crime.

Pregnant women with PTSD more likely to give birth prematurely, Stanford/VA study finds
Pregnant women with post-traumatic stress disorder are at increased risk of giving birth prematurely, a new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine and the US Department of Veterans' Affairs has found.

Transitions between states of matter: It's more complicated, scientists find
The seemingly simple process of phase changes -- those transitions between states of matter -- is more complex than previously known, according to research based at Princeton University, Peking University, and NYU.

Scientific collaborative publishes landmark study on the evolution of insects
An international team of more than 100 researchers --including Dr.

Tricky take-off kept pterodactyls grounded
A new study, which teamed cutting-edge engineering techniques with paleontology, has found that take-off capacity may have determined body size limits in extinct flying reptiles.

Drug treatment may help restore kidney function in patients with renovascular disease
A type of drug called an endothelin-A antagonist promotes the recovery of kidney function and improves responses following renal angioplasty in pigs with a disease frequently observed in patients in which the kidneys' arteries are blocked.

Bats identified as hosts of Bartonella mayotimonensis
The modern sequencing techniques have shown that bats can carry a bacterial species previously been shown to cause deadly human infections in the US.

Moving calves, managing stress
A new Journal of Animal Science study shows that temperature and humidity inside cattle trailers are important for the welfare of beef calves.

Ghost illusion created in the lab
Patients suffering from neurological or psychiatric conditions have often reported 'feeling a presence' watching over them.

Lifestyle education crucial to help young Americans control their blood pressure
Only one in every two hypertensive young Americans receives advice and guidance on how to reduce their blood pressure from a healthcare provider within a year from being diagnosed, says Heather M.

Ancient DNA shows earliest European genomes weathered the Ice Age
A genome taken from a 36,000 skeleton reveals an early divergence of Eurasians once they had left Africa, and allows scientists to better assess the point at which 'admixture' -- or interbreeding -- between Eurasians and Neanderthals occurred.

Discovering the undiscovered -- advancing new tools to fill in the microbial tree of life
In a perspective piece published Nov. 6 in the journal Science, Eddy Rubin, Director of the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute discusses why the time is right to apply genomic technologies to discover new life on Earth.

Orange is not the new black: Just highly allergenic for one toddler
According to a study presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Scientific Meeting, a two and-a-half year-old girl in Pennsylvania suffered a life-threatening allergic reaction to eating an orange -- the first time such a case has been reported in a toddler.

This robot makes you feel like a 'ghost' is in the room
People don't really tend to see ghosts or guardian angels as much as 'feel' them, and now researchers reporting in Current Biology on Nov.

A new approach to single-ventricle heart surgery for infants
Engineers at the University of California, San Diego, are proposing a new surgical intervention for children born with a single ventricle in their heart -- instead of the usual two.

NÖ Landeskliniken-Holding gains access to extensive Springer medical journal collection
The NÖ Landeskliniken-Holding has now purchased a license for an extensive collection of Springer medical journals.

Jets, bubbles, and bursts of light in Taurus
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has snapped a striking view of a multiple star system called XZ Tauri, its neighbour HL Tauri, and several nearby young stellar objects.

Scientists resolve the evolution of insects
A collaboration of more than 100 researchers from 10 countries announce the results of an unprecedented scientific study that resolves the history of the evolution of insects.

Images of a nearly invisible mouse
Researchers at the RIKEN Quantitative Biology Center in Japan, together with collaborators from the University of Tokyo, have developed a method that combines tissue decolorization and light-sheet fluorescent microscopy to take extremely detailed images of the interior of individual organs and even entire organisms.

Arm pain in young baseball players is common, preventable
The most in-depth survey of its kind found that arm pain is common among supposedly healthy young baseball players and nearly half have been encouraged to keep playing despite arm pain.

Joslin scientists discover new step in a molecular pathway responsible for birth defects
Mary R. Loeken, Ph.D., Investigator in the Section on Islet Cell and Regenerative Biology at Joslin Diabetes Center and Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, has discovered a molecular pathway responsible for neural tube defects in diabetic pregnancies.

Grocery byproduct proves effective as energy supplement in cattle
New research seeks to better understand the nutritional value and cost-effectiveness of using grocery food waste in cattle diets.

Before there will be blood
In a paper published Nov. 20 in the journal Cell, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine describe the surprising and crucial involvement of a pro-inflammatory signaling protein in the creation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) during embryonic development, a finding that could help scientists to finally reproduce HSCs for therapeutic use.

Human stem cell-derived neuron transplants reduce seizures in mice
McLean Hospital and Harvard Stem Cell Institute scientists have new evidence that stem cell transplantation could be a worthwhile strategy to help epileptics who do not respond to anti-seizure drugs.

Scripps researchers identify new genetic cause of epilepsy
A research team led by scientists at the Scripps Translational Science Institute has used whole genome sequencing to identify a new genetic cause of a severe, rare and complex form of epilepsy that becomes evident in early childhood and can lead to early death.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Nuri resemble a frontal system
NASA's Terra satellite passed over Tropical Storm Nuri on Nov.

Woman's genes give clue for unique liver cancer treatment
A 47-year-old American woman with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is the first person with her condition to receive a uniquely personalized treatment based on her genetic profile.

Using wheat as an energy source for beef cattle
New research shows that different types of wheat grain could be fed as an alternative energy source in beef cattle diets.

Women's Health Issues launches Special Collection on Women Veterans' Health
In honor of Veterans Day, the peer-reviewed journal Women's Health Issues today released a new Special Collection on women veterans' health, with a focus on mental health.

The Lancet: The legacy of changing attitudes since World War 1
The Lancet is pleased to announce that the following papers will be published as part of a Special Issue on the legacy of World War 1.

Is violent injury a chronic disease? Study suggests so & may aid efforts to stop the cycle
Teens and young adults who get seriously injured in an assault are nearly twice as likely as their peers to end up back in the emergency room for a violent injury within the next two years, a new University of Michigan study finds.

Rare 2.5-billion-year-old rocks reveal hot spot of sulfur-breathing bacteria
Biogeochemical signals in 2.5-billion-year-old carbonate rocks from Brazil reveal that sulfur-consuming bacteria were active at a time when ocean sulfur levels were low.

Insilico Medicine Inc. announces research collaboration with Champions Oncology Inc.
Insilico Medicine Inc., a Baltimore-based bioinformatics company focused on research in aging and age related diseases announced a research collaboration with the international leader in personalized medicine of cancer, Champions Oncology Inc.

Study shows integrative medicine relieves pain and anxiety for cancer inpatients
Pain is a common symptom of cancer and side effect of cancer treatment, and treating cancer-related pain is often a challenge for health care providers.

Cockroach cyborgs use microphones to detect, trace sounds
Researchers have developed technology that allows cyborg cockroaches, or biobots, to pick up sounds with small microphones and seek out the source of the sound.

Hepatitis A hospitalization rate declines in US
New research reports that the rate of hospitalization due to hepatitis A virus infection has significantly declined in the US from 2002 to 2011.

Diagnostic exhalations
By analyzing carbon dioxide in the breath, an algorithm could help determine how to treat patients.

From single cells to multicellular life
Max Planck researchers capture the emergence of multicellular life in real-time experiments.

Konza Prairie research program receives $6.76 million NSF grant renewal
The National Science Foundation renewed Konza Prairie Long-Term Ecological Research program with a $6.76 million grant.

For tiger populations, a new threat
Along with the pressures of habitat loss, poaching and depletion of prey species, a new threat to tiger populations in the wild has surfaced in the form of disease, specifically, canine distemper virus.

Biodiversity offsets need a national strategy to succeed
Research has found biodiversity offset projects are failing to prevent the widespread decline of gorillas, chimpanzees and bonobos and could be trading the life of one ape for another.

UT Southwestern Medical Center's Zale Lipshy University Hospital, Multi-Specialty Clinic recognized
Zale Lipshy University Hospital and the Multi-Specialty Clinic at UT Southwestern Medical Center each received the 2014 Press Ganey Beacon of Excellence Award for patient satisfaction.

Cellular extensions with a large effect
Tiny extensions on cells, cilia, play an important role in insulin release, according to a new study, which is published in Nature Communications.

Zebrafish stripped of stripes
Within weeks of publishing surprising new insights about how zebrafish get their stripes, the same University of Washington group is now able to explain how to 'erase' them.

New research adds spice to curcumin's health-promoting benefits
The health benefits of over-the-counter curcumin supplements might not get past your gut, but new research shows that a modified formulation of the spice releases its anti-inflammatory goodness throughout the body.

Caltech rocket experiment finds surprising cosmic light
Using an experiment carried into space on a NASA suborbital rocket, astronomers at Caltech and their colleagues have detected a diffuse cosmic glow that appears to represent more light than that produced by known galaxies in the universe.

Winners named in 2014 AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Awards competition
Stories exploring the complexities of human biology, including our interactions with the trillions of microbes we all harbor, the influences of our fishy evolutionary forebears on how we look, and the enduring challenge of understanding cancer, are among the winners of the 2014 AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Awards.

Twins study shows how genes shape body weight by affecting gut microbes
Our genetic makeup influences whether we are fat or thin by shaping which types of microbes thrive in our body.

Hungry bats compete for prey by jamming sonar
A study published today in Science shows that Mexican free-tailed bats jam the sonar of competitors to gain advantage in aerial foraging contests.

Short-term community college certificate programs offer limited labor-market returns
Short-term certificate programs at community colleges offer limited labor-market returns, on average, in most fields of study, according to new research published today in Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association.

Study shows why cliques thrive in some schools more than in others
Students in some schools form more cliquish, hierarchical, and segregated social structures than in others.

Harvard researchers genetically 'edit' human blood stem cells
Harvard Stem Cell Institute researchers at Massachusetts General and Boston Children's hospitals for the first time have used a relatively new gene-editing technique to create what could prove to be an effective technique for blocking HIV from invading and destroying patients' immune systems.

New drug for common liver disease improves liver health
An experimental drug aimed at treating a common liver disease showed promising results and potential problems in a multicenter clinical trial funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Direct generation of neural stem cells could enable transplantation therapy
Induced neural stem cells (iNSCs) hold promise for therapeutic transplantation, but their potential in this capacity has been limited by failed efforts to maintain such cells in their multi-potent NSC state.

Understanding the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in an urban context
In an urban environment, the effect of a major earthquake such as the Oct.

Pneumonia vaccine reducing pediatric admissions: Report
In Tennessee, the introduction in 2010 of a new pneumococcal vaccine for infants and young children coincides with a 27 percent decline in pneumonia hospital admissions across the state among children under age 2.

Birth of planets revealed in astonishing detail in ALMA's 'best image ever'
Astronomers have captured the best image ever of planet formation around an infant star as part of the testing and verification process for the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array's new high-resolution capabilities.

Gut bacteria: How genes determine the fit of your jeans
Our genetic makeup influences whether we are fat or thin by shaping which types of microbes thrive in our body, according to a Cornell-led study published today in the journal Cell.

World War I soldier helps in fight against dysentery
Research into a bacterial sample from World War I has revealed secrets of the dysentery-causing strain's success and uncovered the story of the soldier behind the sample.

Nutrients that feed red tide 'under the microscope' in major study
The 'food' sources that support Florida red tides are more diverse and complex than previously realized, according to five years' worth of research on red tide and nutrients published recently as an entire special edition of the scientific journal Harmful Algae.

Diversity Outbred mice better predict potential human responses to chemical exposures
A genetically diverse mouse model is able to predict the range of response to chemical exposures that might be observed in human populations, researchers from the National Institutes of Health have found.

New airport security screening method more than 20 times as successful at detecting deception
Airport security agents using a new conversation-based screening method caught mock airline passengers with deceptive cover stories more than 20 times as often as agents who used the traditional method of examining body language for suspicious signs, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Synthetic biology for space exploration
Synthetic biology may hold the key to long-termed manned explorations of Mars and the Moon. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to