Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 10, 2014
Is your relationship moving toward marriage? If it isn't, you probably can't admit it
Dating couples who have moved toward marriage over the course of their relationship remember accurately what was going on at each stage of their deepening commitment.

Study ties conflict risk in sub-Saharan Africa to climate change, economics, geography
A massive new University of Colorado Boulder study indicates there is a statistical link between hotter temperatures generated by climate change and the risk of armed conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa.

Hospital workers wash hands less frequently toward end of shift, study finds
Hospital workers who deal directly with patients wash their hands less frequently as their workday progresses, probably because the demands of the job deplete the mental reserves they need to follow rules, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Re-learning how to read a genome
There are roughly 20,000 genes and thousands of other regulatory 'elements' stored within our DNA.

Smoking cessation in hospitals could cut smoking rates significantly
Ensuring smoking cessation is offered routinely while smokers are in hospital could help cut smoking rates significantly and save the NHS money, concludes a study published online in the journal Thorax.

More work needed to improve employment of military veterans, study finds
Providing employment opportunities to military veterans as they leave service has been a visible issue for the last several years as the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan end.

VTT demonstrates new technique for generating electricity
Research scientists at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland have demonstrated a new technique for generating electrical energy.

Classification of gene mutations in a children's cancer may point to improved treatments
Oncology researchers studying gene mutations in the children's cancer neuroblastoma are refining their diagnostic tools to predict which patients are more likely to respond to drugs called ALK inhibitors that target such mutations.

New materials yield record efficiency polymer solar cells
Researchers from North Carolina State University and Hong Kong University of Science and Technology have found that temperature-controlled aggregation in a family of new semi-conducting polymers is the key to creating highly efficient organic solar cells that can be mass produced more cheaply.

UT Arlington computer scientist wins NSF grant to help bolster online privacy
A National Science Foundation grant will help Matthew Wright, UTA associate professor of computer science and engineering, study smarter ways to protect online privacy.

Physicians play a critical role in ensuring bladder cancer patients
When bladder cancer patients are well-informed by their physicians, they acknowledge that tobacco use was likely the cause of their disease.

INFORMS survey shows most organizations don't have plan to assess their analytics maturity
According to a new INFORMS survey of 230 business, government and academic representatives released today, the concept of 'analytics maturity' is important or very important to their businesses -- 65 percent.

Sweet music or sour notes? The test will tell
Most people rarely sing publicly outside of a duty-bound rendition of 'Happy Birthday.' And since that particular song is usually offered as a group performance, even the reluctant join in the spirit of the occasion, hoping their individual shortcomings will be cloaked by the chorus.

FAPESP Week California to discuss Brazil-USA scientific research cooperation
FAPESP Week California will take place at California's UC Berkeley and UC Davis, Nov.

Playing action video games can boost learning
A new study shows for the first time that playing action video games improves not just the skills taught in the game, but learning capabilities more generally.

In developing countries, child-mortality rates fell most among poorest families
The child-mortality gap has narrowed between the poorest and wealthiest households in a majority of more than 50 developing countries, a new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine has found.

New global maps detail human-caused ocean acidification
A team of scientists has published the most comprehensive picture yet of how acidity levels vary across the world's oceans, providing a benchmark for years to come as enormous amounts of human-caused carbon emissions continue to wind up at sea.

Mayo Clinic researchers identify first steps in formation of pancreatic cancer
Researchers at Mayo Clinic's campus in Jacksonville say they have identified first steps in the origin of pancreatic cancer and that their findings suggest preventive strategies to explore.

Interstitial lung disease is a significant risk factor for lung inflammation
Pretreatment interstitial lung disease is a significant risk factor for developing symptomatic and severe radiation pneumonitis in stage I non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy alone.

New approach helps women talk to their families about cancer risk
To understand their risk for hereditary forms of cancer, such as breast and colon cancer, women need to know their family history.

Rhode Island, Miriam hospitals, other researchers: Opioid OD cause for over 100,000 ED visits in '10
Researchers from Rhode Island and The Miriam hospitals and the Stanford University School of Medicine have found that prescription opioids, including methadone, were involved in 67.8 percent of -- or over 135,971 visits to -- nationwide emergency department visits in 2010, with the highest proportion of opioid overdoses occurring in the South.

Study identifies pre-symptomatic markers for hemorrhagic viruses like Ebola
A new study has found it is possible to distinguish between different hemorrhagic fevers, including Marburg (Ebola cousin) and Lassa before the person becomes symptomatic.

Accidental discoveries that changed the world (video)
Throughout the history of science, many major discoveries came accidentally.

Major blood vessel constrictor contributes to vision loss in premies
A gene known to play a major role in constricting blood vessels also appears to be a major player in the aberrant blood vessel growth that can destroy the vision of premature babies, according to research at the Medical College of Georgia.

Astronomers dissect the aftermath of a supernova
In research published today in the Astrophysical Journal, an Australian led team of astronomers has used radio telescopes in Australia and Chile to see inside the remains of a supernova.

Book: 'Ancestors in Our Genome: The New Science of Human Evolution'
In 'Ancestors in Our Genome,' molecular anthropologist Eugene E. Harris presents a lively and thorough history of the evolution of the human genome and our species.

Scientists uncover a role for carbon monoxide in battling bacterial infections
New findings support the possibility that, in the future, small non-toxic doses of CO could provide the immune system with an infection-fighting advantage.

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic
A team led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has made an important advancement in understanding a classic transition-metal oxide, vanadium dioxide, by quantifying the thermodynamic forces driving the transformation.

2nd-hand smoke exposure of hospitalized nonsmoker cardiac patients
While nonsmoking patients hospitalized with coronary heart disease reported secondhand tobacco smoke exposure in the days before their hospital admission, only 17.3 percent of patients recalled a physician or nurse asking them about their SHS exposure despite evidence that SHS increases nonsmokers' risk of cardiovascular disease, according to a report published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

HIP HOP PSYCH initiative aims to tackle mental health issues through hip-hop
The two worlds of hip-hop and psychiatry are being brought together in a unique project led by researchers at the University of Cambridge, which aims to use the lyrics and music of artists such as Nas and Tupac to help tackle issues surrounding mental health.

Too many people, not enough water: Now and 2,700 years ago
Drought and overpopulation helped destroy Assyrian Empire, study says. Researchers see parallels with modern Syria and Iraq, and caution other regions also facing weather stresses.

Changes in a single gene's action can control addiction and depression-related behaviors
Regulation of a single, specific gene in a brain region related to drug addiction and depression is sufficient to reduce drug and stress responses, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published October 27 online in the journal Nature Neuroscience.

A billion holes can make a battery
Researchers at the University of Maryland have invented a single tiny structure that includes all the components of a battery that they say could bring about the ultimate miniaturization of energy storage components.

Archaeologists discover remains of Ice Age infants in Alaska
The remains of two Ice Age infants, buried more than 11,000 years ago at a site in Alaska, represent the youngest human remains ever found in northern North America, according to a new paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Study finds laundry detergent pods, serious poisoning risk for children
Laundry detergent pods began appearing on US store shelves in early 2010, and people have used them in growing numbers ever since.

Victor Ambros receives 2015 Breakthrough Prize for co-discovery of microRNAs
Victor R. Ambros, Ph.D., professor of molecular medicine at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, has been awarded a 2015 Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences for his co-discovery of a new world of genetic regulation by microRNAs, a class of tiny RNA molecules that inhibit translation or destabilize complementary mRNA targets.

The cat's meow: Genome reveals clues to domestication
Cats and humans have shared the same households for at least 9,000 years, but we still know very little about how our feline friends became domesticated.

Statins reverse learning disabilities caused by genetic disorder
UCLA neuroscientists discovered that statins, a popular class of cholesterol drugs, reverse the learning deficits caused by a mutation linked to a common genetic cause of learning disabilities.

Researcher sees laptop-cooling technology as way to less-thirsty power plants
With a new grant from the NSF, Theodore Bergman is looking at how power plants might be cooled with 'closed thermosyphons' used to keep laptop computers from overheating.

Chicago Biomedical Consortium announces $3 million Infrastructure Initiative
The Chicago Biomedical Consortium (CBC) is announcing a $3 million Infrastructure Initiative to promote investment in high-impact, next-generation scientific equipment at its member universities.

Cervical component protects against infection and preterm birth in mice
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation demonstrates that the cervical component hyaluronan provides protection against infection-induced preterm birth.

Low levels of the DHEA prohormone predict coronary heart disease
Men with low levels of DHEA in the blood run an increased risk of developing coronary heart disease events.

ACA health insurance plans differ in cost, coverage and hospital access across Texas
An analysis of more than 100 health insurance plans across Texas offered under the Affordable Care Act shows that plans can differ significantly in premium cost and the number of hospitals included in insurance networks.

Molecular breakthrough could halt the spread of prostate cancer
Scientists believe a new treatment, shown to be effective in mice, could halt the growth of tumours in patients with prostate cancer.

Overall risk of birth defects appears low for women taking antiretrovirals during early pregnancy
Among pregnant women infected with HIV, the use of antiretroviral medications early in pregnancy to treat their HIV or to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV does not appear to increase the risk of birth defects in their infants, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health.

Lighter, cheaper radio wave device could transform telecommunications
Researchers at the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin have achieved a milestone in modern wireless and cellular telecommunications, creating a radically smaller, more efficient radio wave circulator that could be used in cellphones and other wireless devices.

The body's emotions
Multiple sclerosis is a disease that causes numerous symptoms. Among them are also several difficulties affecting the emotional domain and a deficit in perceiving other people's emotions based on their facial expressions.

The Lancet Psychiatry: Guidelines limiting duration of overseas deployment prevent mental health problems in UK troops
Prolonged periods of deployment among the UK's armed forces have fallen since the introduction of the 'Harmony Guidelines' to limit tours of overseas duty -- which might have led to a reduction in mental health problems, new research published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal suggests.

Iron fertilization less efficient for deep-sea CO2 storage than previously thought?
Ian Salter from the Alfred Wegener Institute and a team of international collaborators discovered that iron fertilization promotes the growth of shelled organisms.

Obesity plays major role in triggering autoimmune diseases
Autoimmune diseases like Crohn's Disease and multiple sclerosis, in which the immune system attacks its own body rather than predatory invaders, affect 5-20 percent of the global community.

Study shows marijuana's long-term effects on the brain
The effects of chronic marijuana use on the brain may depend on age of first use and duration of use, according to researchers at the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas.

IU biologists collaborate to refine climate change modeling tools
A new climate change modeling tool developed by scientists at Indiana University, Princeton University and the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration finds that carbon dioxide removal from the atmosphere owing to greater plant growth from rising CO2 levels will be partially offset by changes in the activity of soil microbes that derive their energy from plant root growth.

Odor that smells like blood: Single component powerful trigger for large carnivores
People find the smell of blood unpleasant, but for predatory animals it means food.

Beta-blockers have no mortality benefit in post-heart attack patients, say researchers
Beta-blockers have been a cornerstone in the treatment of heart attack survivors for more than a quarter of a century.

Project reduces 'alarm fatigue' in hospitals by 80 percent
The sound of monitor alarms in hospitals can save patients' lives, but the frequency with which the monitors go off can also lead to 'alarm fatigue,' in which caregivers become densensitized to the ubiquitous beeping.

NASA sees System 05B fizzle in Bay of Bengal
System 05B degenerated into a remnant low pressure area on Nov.

News from Nov. 11, 2014 Annals of Internal Medicine
This issue includes: 'AABB releases new guidelines on the appropriate use of platelet transfusion in adult patients' and 'Multidrug, multitarget regimen results in higher remission rates for lupus nephritis patients.'

Kīlauea, 1790 and today
Scores of people were killed by an explosive eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai'i, in 1790.

Researchers find novel approach to treating No. 1 cause of blindness in elderly
Scientists at Florida Atlantic University have found that sulindac, a known anti-inflammatory drug, can protect against oxidative damage due to age-related macular degeneration, one of the primary causes of vision loss in the elderly.

Tumor-associated neutrophils boost anti-tumor immune responses
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation suggests that tumor-associated neutraphils help bolster the immune response against lung tumors.

Noise in a microwave amplifier is limited by quantum particles of heat
As part of an international collaboration, scientists at Chalmers University of Technology have demonstrated how noise in a microwave amplifier is limited by self-heating at very low temperatures.

Largest-ever CTBT on-site inspection exercise begins in Jordan
'The Integrated Field Exercise 2014 in Jordan will prove that CTBT on-site inspections are a viable deterrent against would-be Treaty violators.' The exercise will test state-of-the-art techniques, including instruments to detect traces of relevant radionuclides on and beneath the ground as well as from the air.

ACP releases High Value Care advice for communicating about end-of-life care goals
Physician-patient communication about goals of care is a low risk, high value intervention for patients with a life threatening illness, the American College of Physicians advises in a paper published in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Can HIV be transmitted via manicure instruments?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists numerous potential alternative sources of HIV transmission in addition to the known classical modes for acquiring the AIDS virus.

Lung cancer screening with low-dose CT could be cost effective says Dartmouth study
Dartmouth researchers say lung cancer screening in the National Lung Screening Trial meets a commonly accepted standard for cost effectiveness as reported in the Nov.

EARTH magazine: Solar storms cause spike in insurance claims
On March 13, 1989, a geomagnetic storm spawned by a solar outburst struck Earth, triggering instabilities in the electric-power grid that serves much of eastern Canada and the US.

Design competition teams recognized for advancing voting technology
The Voting Design Competition, sponsored by the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Outreach Division, called for submissions that aimed to solve problems in the current voting system through cutting-edge, innovative, interactive user experiences that would redefine the future of voting.

University of Toronto launches search for new Ebola drug using artificial intelligence
The University of Toronto, Chematria and IBM are combining forces in a quest to find new treatments for the Ebola virus.

Explosive compound reduced blood pressure in the female offspring of hypertensive rats
The explosive organic compound pentaerythritol tetranitrate helped lower blood pressure in the female offspring of hypertensive rats.

Production of human motor neurons from stem cells is gaining speed
Researchers at I-Stem have recently developed a new approach to better control the differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells, and thus produce different populations of motor neurons from these cells in only 14 days.

ALMA finds best evidence yet for galactic merger in distant protocluster
Nestled among a triplet of young galaxies more than 12.5 billion light-years away is a cosmic powerhouse: a galaxy that is producing stars nearly 1,000 times faster than our own Milky Way.

Mapping reveals targets for preserving tropical carbon stocks
A new high-resolution mapping strategy has revealed billions of tons of carbon in Peruvian forests that can be preserved as part of an effort to sequester carbon stocks in the fight against climate change.

Mothers' education significant to children's academic success
A mother knows best -- and the amount of education she attains can predict her children's success in reading and math.

Smoking associated with elevated risk of developing a second smoking-related cancer
Results of a federally-funded pooled analysis of five prospective cohort studies indicate that cigarette smoking prior to the first diagnosis of lung (stage I), bladder, kidney or head and neck cancer increases risk of developing a second smoking-associated cancer.

Crescendo Bioscience to feature new data on Vectra® DA at 2014 ACR Meeting
Crescendo Bioscience, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Myriad Genetics, will present new data on Vectra DA at the 2014 American College of Rheumatology Annual Meeting, Nov.

Global warming not just a blanket -- in the long run, it's more like tanning oil
Instead of carbon dioxide being like a blanket that slowly warms the planet, after about a decade most warming comes from melting ice and snow and a more moist atmosphere, which both cause the Earth to absorb more shortwave radiation from the sun.

World birth-weight curves better to assess risk in newborns of immigrants
Clinicians working with immigrant mothers and their babies may find that using birth-weight curves for specific regions based on the mother's birth country rather than Canadian curves are a more accurate predictor of risk of adverse events after birth, according to a large study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Thousands of never-before-seen human genome variations uncovered
Thousands of never-before-seen genetic variants in the human genome have been uncovered using a new genome sequencing technology.

CHEST and ATS welcome preliminary decision on lung cancer screening
A number of medical societies, including ATS and CHEST, recommend lung cancer screening in high-risk patients.

Record grant will continue inner-city asthma research
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health a seven-year, $70 million grant for its continuing work on the Inner-City Asthma Consortium -- a nationwide clinical research network to evaluate and develop promising new immune-based treatments.

'Darting' mice may hold clues to ADHD, autism and bipolar disorder
A darting mouse may hold an important clue in the development of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism and bipolar disorder, according to a study by a Vanderbilt University-led research team recently published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

For enterics, adaptability could be an Achilles heel
In research published in Nature Chemical Biology, scientists from RIKEN in Japan have discovered a surprisingly simple mechanism through which enterics can adjust to the very different oxygen environments inside the human gut and outside.

New state level data demonstrate geographical variation in 10-year cardiovascular risk
Public health researchers seeking to determine an individual's risk of developing cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, or stroke have previously relied on national US data, such as that provided by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys.

How cartilage cells sense forceful injury
Duke scientists are closer to understanding how cartilage senses injury-causing mechanical strain at the cellular level: a pair of channels that work together to cause cartilage cells to die off in droves.

USC stem cell researcher Lori O'Brien receives the first Broad Fellowship
What makes stem cells develop into kidneys? Lori O'Brien, a postdoctoral research associate in the laboratory of Andy McMahon, has received the first Broad Fellowship to help answer this question.

Birthweight charts tailored to specific ethnic groups may be better predictor of adverse
Immigrant women give birth to about one-third of the babies born in Ontario.

New electron spin secrets revealed
Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology and the University of Cambridge have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization.

ACE-inhibitors associated with lower risk for ALS above certain dose over time
ALS is a progressive neurodegenerative disease and most patients die within three to five years after symptoms appear.

Mortality rates lower for patients cared for by nurses with bachelor's degrees
Patients in an eastern academic medical center who received most of their nursing care from nurses with bachelor of science degrees had better care, fewer readmissions and shorter stays, according to a University of Michigan study.

Anxiety can damage brain
People with mild cognitive impairment are at increased risk of converting to Alzheimer's disease within a few years, but a new study warns the risk increases significantly if they suffer from anxiety.

Smokers' acceptance for plain packaged cigarettes rose sharply after their introduction
Smokers' support for plain packaging of tobacco products rose sharply after they were introduced in Australia, according to a study published online in the journal Tobacco Control.

Moderate drinking is healthy only for some people
A new study at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, confirms that moderate alcohol consumption can protect against coronary heart disease.

Of gods and men
New research finds that cultures living in harsher ecosystems with limited resources are more prone to a belief in moralizing, high gods.

MD Anderson's David M. Gershenson, M.D., receives award for excellence
For his myriad clinical, organizational and scientific accomplishments in the field of gynecologic oncology and the health and well-being of women, David M.

A greasy way to take better protein snapshots
Thanks to research performed at RIKEN's SACLA x-ray free electron laser facility in Japan, the dream of analyzing the structure of large, hard-to-crystallize proteins and other bio molecules has come one step closer to reality.

Researchers find new target for kidney cancer therapy
Cincinnati Cancer Center researchers have discovered that a membrane channel, Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 3, or TRPM3, promotes growth of kidney cancer tumors, and targeting this channel therapeutically could lead to more treatments for a disease that currently has few treatment options.

Home health nurses integrated depression care management but limited benefit
Medicare home health care nurses effectively integrated a depression care management program into routine practice but the benefit appeared limited to patients with moderate to severe depression, according to a report published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Biochemistry detective work: Algae at night
In low-oxygen conditions, some organisms such as the single-cell alga Chlamydomonas are able to generate cellular energy from the breakdown of sugars without taking up oxygen.

Georgia State faculty awarded $750,000 grant to train rehabilitation counselors
Three faculty members in the College of Education's Department of Counseling and Psychological Services have been awarded a five-year, $750,000 grant from the US Department of Education's Rehabilitation Services Administration to prepare rehabilitation counselors to work with people with mental illness.

Breakthrough shows how the 'termites of the sea' digest wood
An international research team led by Dan Distel, director of the Ocean Genome Legacy at Northeastern University, has discovered a novel digestive strategy in a wood-boring clam.

SwRI-led team telescope effort reveals asteroid's size for the first time
When the double asteroid Patroclus-Menoetius passed directly in front of a star on the night of Oct.

Study: Volunteer advocacy program benefits the incapacitated with no family or friends
Incapacitated patients who lack surrogates present a complex problem. New study finds that program using volunteers who act as advocates for those unable to make their own decisions could serve as a national model to replace or complement the frequently overwhelmed state guardianship services.

A new species of nocturnal gecko from northern Madagascar
Hidden away in the tropical darkness of nocturnal Madagascar, scientists have discovered a new species of gecko which has been described in the open access journal Zoosystematics and Evolution.

On-demand conductivity for graphene nanoribbons
Physicists have, for the first time, explored in detail the time evolution of the conductivity, as well as other quantum-level electron transport characteristics, of a graphene device subjected to periodic ultra-short pulses.

'Antibiogram' use in nursing facilities could help improve antibiotic use, effectiveness
Use of 'antibiograms' in skilled nursing facilities could improve antibiotic effectiveness and help address problems with antibiotic resistance that are becoming a national crisis, researchers conclude in a new study.

November/December 2014 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet features synopses of original research and commentary featured in the November/December issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

U-M students complete Detroit's first comprehensive greenhouse gas inventory
Energy use in buildings accounts for nearly two-thirds of the greenhouse gas emissions generated in Detroit, while exhaust from cars, trucks and buses is responsible for about 30 percent of the total, according to a new citywide inventory compiled by University of Michigan student researchers.

Catalyst-where-you-want-it method expands the possibilities for new drug development
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute and the Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry have described a method for creating and modifying organic compounds that overcomes a major limitation of previous methods.

The brain's 'inner GPS' gets dismantled
Imagine being able to recognize your car as your own but never being able to remember where you parked it.

Baby photos of a scaled-up solar system
University of Arizona astronomers have discovered two dust belts surrounded by a large dust halo around young star HD 95086.

We are not alone
New work by Andrea Jani and Cherie Briggs addresses a fundamental gap in disease ecology and microbiome research.

How variable are ocean temperatures?
The earth's climate appears to have been more variable over the past 7,000 years than often thought.

New effective, safe and cheap treatment strategy for rheumatoid arthritis
A new drug combination for rheumatoid arthritis treats the disease just as well as other intensive treatment strategies but with less medication and fewer side effects at a significantly lower cost.

Researchers discover new target for blood cancer treatment
Scientists at the University of York have identified a therapeutic target which could lead to the development of new treatments for specific blood cancers.

ORNL materials researchers get first look at atom-thin boundaries
Scientists have made the first direct observations of a one-dimensional boundary separating two different, atom-thin materials, enabling studies of long-theorized phenomena at these interfaces.

Some neurons can multitask, raising questions about the importance of specialization
The brain is constantly processing sensory information while supporting a dizzying array of behaviors.

Heat transfer sets the noise floor for ultrasensitive electronics
A team of engineers and scientists has identified a source of electronic noise that could affect the functioning of instruments operating at very low temperatures, such as devices used in radio telescopes and advanced physics experiments.

Scientists solve mystery of 'Frankenstein' DNA
Australian researchers have uncovered how the massive DNA molecules that appear in some tumours are formed like Frankenstein's monster, stitched together from other parts of the genome.

Wireless devices used by casual pilots vulnerable to hacking, computer scientists find
A new class of apps and wireless devices used by private pilots during flights for everything from GPS information to data about nearby aircraft is vulnerable to a wide range of security attacks, which in some scenarios could lead to catastrophic outcomes, according to computer scientists at the University of California, San Diego and Johns Hopkins University.

Termite of the sea's wood destruction strategy revealed
Shipworms, known as 'termites of the sea,' have vexed mariners and seagoing vessels for centuries.

Robotic ocean gliders aid study of melting polar ice
Caltech researchers use robotic ocean gliders to study how warm water is making its way to Antarctic ice sheets -- and how this warming ultimately leads to rising ocean levels.

Successful implant of next-generation heart device marks Canadian first
A surgical team at the Peter Munk Cardiac Centre led by internationally-acclaimed cardiovascular surgeon, Dr.

Getting the salt out
Pitt engineering researchers receive nearly $500,000 DOE grant to explore new cost-effective method to treat high-saline water.

How brown fat fuels up to combat type 2 diabetes and obesity
A newly identified signaling pathway that stimulates glucose uptake in brown fat cells might be useful for treating type 2 diabetes and obesity.

Queensland research helping reduce road fatalities in China
Changes to China's drunk driving laws are catching the community off guard with more than 70 percent of people unaware of the blood alcohol limits that could see them face criminal charges, according to new Queensland University of Technology research conducted in two Chinese cities.

The University of Huddersfield leads research and teaching into spirituality in health care
The term 'spirituality' is now widely used to describe the qualities that give people hope, meaning and purpose.

Half of premature colorectal cancer deaths due to socioeconomic inequality
Half of all premature deaths from colorectal cancer -- described as deaths in people ages 25 to 64 -- in the United States are linked to ethnic, socioeconomic, and geographic inequalities, and therefore could be prevented according to a new study by American Cancer Society researchers.

New strategies to reduce use of plant protection products in winemaking
To cut down on using plant protection products in viticulture is the goal of a project coordinated by the Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development and to be implemented over the next three years.

Scott Hunt receives AMA Medical Executive Lifetime Achievement Award
Scott Hunt served 25 years as executive director and CEO of the Endocrine Society before announcing his retirement in 2013, and today the American Medical Association announced it presented him with the Medical Executive Lifetime Achievement Award.

Microbot muscles: Chains of particles assemble and flex
In a step toward robots smaller than a grain of sand, University of Michigan researchers have shown how chains of self-assembling particles could serve as electrically activated muscles in the tiny machines.

Translational Research Day in Boston to highlight One Health
Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute will hold a Translational Research Day, open to the public, on Thursday, Nov.
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