Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 18, 2014
Using technology to decrease the knowledge gap between Ugandan men and women
If an in-the-flesh Extension specialist isn't available to provide training, is a video of the specialist's presentation or a video of a new agricultural practice a good substitute?

People who gained weight after quitting smoking still had lower death risk
People who gained weight after quitting smoking still had lower death risk.

Better micro-actuators to transport materials in liquids
Researchers have developed improved forms of tiny magnetic actuators thanks to new materials and a microscopic 3-D printing technology.

A bird's-eye view of the protein universe
How exactly did proteins first come to be? Do they all share a single common ancestor, or did proteins evolve from many different origins?

Handheld ultrasound technology can help medical students improve their physical diagnosis
A new study by researchers from Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai found that training medical students to use a handheld ultrasound device can enhance the accuracy of their physical diagnosis.

New wireless ECG saves treatment time for people with severe heart attacks
A new wireless ECG saves treatment time for people with severe heart attacks.

Computer model sets new precedent in drug discovery
Merging expertise from computer science and synthetic drug design, the new model reveals that the drug efficacy of fusion-protein therapies depends on the geometric characteristics of a drug's molecular components.

Using science to open way to 'blue economy'
New science and software make Belize coastal zone management plan better for people and the environment.

Establishment of induced pluripotent stem cells from Werner syndrome fibroblasts
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from Werner Syndrome fibroblasts have been established.

Healthy diet linked to decreased blood-pressure measurements
A healthy diet is linked to decreased blood-pressure measurements.

Musicians show advantages in long-term memory, UT Arlington research says
Research that a UT Arlington psychology professor is presenting at the Society for Neuroscience conference shows links between musical training and long-term memory advantages.

Moffitt Cancer Center announces development of experimental treatment for myelodysplastic syndromes
In a major step to treat patients living with Myelodysplastic Syndromes, a group of diseases that affect the bone marrow and blood, Moffitt Cancer Center today announced the development of an innovative investigational biologic agent that could improve patient response and outcomes for MDS and other diseases.

New school meal requirements: More harm than good?
New federal regulations requiring school meals to contain more whole grains, less saturated fat and more fruits and vegetables, while perhaps improving some aspects of the food being served at schools across the United States, may also be perpetuating eating habits linked to obesity, diabetes and other diet-related diseases, an analysis by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers has found.

From Big-Data injury prevention to mapping travel for prenatal care and beyond
Researchers from Drexel University in Philadelphia will present research on a wide range of public health topics emphasizing urban health challenges, geographic methods in public health, community resilience and more, at the 142nd annual meeting and exposition of the American Public Health Association Nov.

New measurement of HDL cholesterol function provides information about cardiovascular risk
Groundbreaking research from UTSW shows that cholesterol efflux capacity -- cholesterol efflux -- appears to be a superior indicator of cardiovascular risk and a better target for therapeutic treatments than standard measurements of HDL.

Stressful duties linked with increased risk of sudden cardiac death among police officers
Stressful and physically demanding law enforcement activities are associated with large increases in the risk of sudden cardiac death among US police officers compared with routine policing activities, finds a study published in the BMJ this week.

Youths with a family history of substance use disorders have less efficient forebrain
Youths with a family history of alcohol and other drug use disorders have a greater risk of developing substance-use disorders (SUDs) themselves than their peers with no such family histories.

New clue in celiac disease puzzle: Cause of oat toxicity explained
Melbourne researchers have identified why some people with celiac disease show an immune response after eating oats.

Study on resilience mechanisms in the brain launched
Why do some people become mentally ill when exposed to stress while others do not?

The Lancet Psychiatry: Coping strategies therapy significantly improves dementia carers' mental health and quality of life
A brief coping strategies therapy which provides stress relief and emotional support for people caring for relatives with dementia can reduce depression and anxiety and improve wellbeing at no extra cost to standard care, new research published in The Lancet Psychiatry suggests.

AP-NORC releases new analysis of Hispanics' experiences with long-term care
The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research has released an issue brief containing results of a survey about Hispanics' experiences with long-term care in the United States.

Consortium aims to jump start drug development for brain diseases
Drugs for brain diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and motor neurone disease that have stalled in development could be revived thanks to the efforts of a global coalition of non-profit organizations and funders announced today.

First demonstration of anti-cancer activity for an IDH1 mutation inhibitor
A phase I trial of the first drug designed to inhibit the cancer-causing activity of a mutated enzyme known as isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1, which is involved in cell metabolism, has shown clinical activity in patients with advanced acute myeloid leukaemia with the IDH1 mutation.

Protected area expansion target: Is a huge promise lost due to land conversion?
By expanding the protected area network to 17 percent of land one could triple the present protection levels of terrestrial vertebrates.

Facebook games may actually do some good in your life
New research from Concordia University, published in Information, Communication and Society, shows that, beyond being a fun distraction, social network games can offer family members a meaningful way to interact and meet social obligations.

Rostislav Grigorchuk to receive 2015 AMS Steele Prize for Seminal Contribution to Research
Rostislav Grigorchuk of Texas A&M University will be awarded the 2015 AMS Leroy P.

A sweet bacterium keeps track of time
Researchers are studying the Caulobacter crescentus bacterium because of its developmental process and cellular cycle, which serve as models for a number of pathogenic bacteria.

Avoiding skin graft rejection: It's possible!
A research team bringing together José Cohen and Philippe Grimbert, and their collaborators at Institut Curie and AP-HP has succeeded in finding a combination of drugs that reduces the risk of rejection following a skin graft.

Kidney cancer patients respond well to a combination of 2 existing anti-cancer drugs
Researchers have found that patients with an advanced form of kidney cancer, for which there is no standard treatment and a very poor prognosis, respond well to a combination of two existing anti-cancer drugs.

Physicists suggest new way to detect dark matter
For years physicists have been looking for the universe's elusive dark matter, but so far no one has seen any trace of it.

Pioneering anti-clotting medication halves stent blockage in heart attack patients
Treating heart attack patients with ticagrelor reduces the risk of stents blocking with blood clots according to a ground breaking new study conducted by researchers from the University of Sheffield.

Childhood adversity hinders genetic protection against problem drinking in white men
The alcohol metabolizing gene ADH1B is strongly linked to risk for alcohol use disorders (AUDs).

Home exercise can ease hopelessness in coronary heart disease patients
Regular exercise at home can help people with coronary heart disease feel more hopeful about their future.

Scientists identify a rise in life-threatening heart infection
Scientists at the University of Sheffield have identified a significant rise in the number of people diagnosed with a serious heart infection alongside a large fall in the prescribing of antibiotic prophylaxis to dental patients.

Paramecia need Newton for navigation
While single-celled paramecia have the ability to respond to certain external stimuli, they appear not to use that sensory system for simple navigation, new research finds.

Chronic alcohol intake can damage white matter pathways across the entire brain
Chronic misuse of alcohol results in measurable damage to the brain.

Some heparin-allergic patients could have urgent heart surgery sooner with combination of appropriate blood screenings and therapeutic plasma exchange
McMaster University researchers have found new evidence that suggests patients with a history of adverse reaction to the blood thinner heparin may be ready for urgent heart surgery sooner with a combination of appropriate blood screenings and therapeutic plasma exchange.

Mechanisms behind 'Mexican waves' in the brain are revealed by scientists
Scientists have revealed the mechanisms that enable certain brain cells to persuade others to create 'Mexican waves' linked with cognitive function.

Research provides new insight into gluten intolerance
Celiac disease patients suffer from gluten intolerance and must adjust to a life without gluten from food sources like wheat, rye and barley.

Lumosity presents 99,022-participant study on learning rates at Neuroscience 2014
The study, titled 'Optimizing Cognitive Task Designs to Improve Learning Rates in a Large Online Population,' analyzed game play performance from 99,022 participants, and found that participants operating closer to their performance threshold earlier in their experience with a cognitive task tend to have faster learning rates -- especially at higher levels of difficulty.

Education and feedback may help improve heart health among high-risk groups
Education and feedback may help improve heart health among high-risk groups.

Risk analysis for a complex world
Developing adaptable systems for finance and international relations could help reduce the risk of major systemic collapses such as the 2008 financial crisis, according to a new analysis.

Do wearable baby monitors offer parents real peace of mind?
Wearable devices for infants offer to give parents peace of mind, but are they being lulled into a false sense of security, asks an article in the BMJ this week?

Titanic explorer, Nobel Laureate to headline Naval S&T EXPO
The leader of the expedition that discovered the Titanic wreck and a Nobel Prize-winning physicist are among a growing lineup of speakers at the Naval Future Force Science and Technology (S&T) EXPO Feb.

US radiology departments prepare for Ebola
Radiologists from the National Institutes of Health and Emory University School of Medicine have issued a special report on radiology preparedness for handling cases of Ebola virus.

Free home flu test kits for Flusurvey participants
Flusurvey launches for the 2014-15 flu season, revealing new findings from last year and offering participants home swab test kits to see if they really have flu when they report flu symptoms.

Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, MU to hire four joint researchers
Officials from the University of Missouri and the Danforth Center announced a new collaborative agreement that will lead to the hiring of four new researchers who enhance plant science research to benefit the state, nation and world.

Songbirds help scientists develop cooling technique to safely map the human brain
A new diagnostic technique -- resulting from monitoring thousands of courtship calls from songbirds -- can be used to safely map the human brain during complex neurosurgery, according to research from Neuroscientists at NYU Langone Medical Center and elsewhere.

Premature infants benefit from early sodium supplementation according to new research
Early sodium supplementation for very premature infants can enhance weight gain according to a recent study by researchers at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

History's lesson reveals depth of fish catch decline
Scientists in Australia have used historic media to measure the decline in Queensland's pink snapper fishery, highlighting a drop of almost 90 percent in catch rates since the 19th century.

Training can lead to synesthetic experiences, study shows
A new study has shown for the first time how people can be trained to 'see' letters of the alphabet as colors in a way that simulates how those with synesthesia experience their world.

Social media strategy may increase public awareness about donor heart needs
Social media strategy may increase public awareness about donor heart needs.

Peanut in household dust linked to peanut allergies, especially for children with eczema
Exposure to peanut proteins in household dust may be a trigger of peanut allergy, according to a study published today in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Patients counseled on genetic heart disease risk feel they have more control over fate
Patients counseled on genetic heart disease risk feel they have more control over fate.

Cocaine users experience abnormal blood flow, risk heart disease
Cocaine users have subtle abnormalities in blood flow through the heart's smallest blood vessels.

Taking antibiotics during pregnancy increases risk for child becoming obese
A study just released by Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health found that children who were exposed to antibiotics in the second or third trimester of pregnancy had a higher risk of childhood obesity at age 7.

Small volcanic eruptions could be slowing global warming
Small volcanic eruptions might eject more of an atmosphere-cooling gas into Earth's upper atmosphere than previously thought, potentially contributing to the recent slowdown in global warming, according to a new study.

Brain receptor cell could be new target for Alzheimer's
Blocking a key receptor in brain cells that is used by oxygen free radicals could play a major role in neutralizing the biological consequences of Alzheimer's disease.

A formal protocol for ultra-early treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
Neurosurgeons and neurointerventionalists at Kyungpook National University in the Republic of Korea have developed a formal protocol for delivering emergency treatment to patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from ruptured aneurysms within the first few hours after bleeding occurs.

Seniors draw on extra brainpower for shopping
Holiday shopping can be mentally exhausting for anyone. But a new study finds that older adults seem to need extra brainpower to make shopping decisions -- especially ones that rely on memory.

Cell study sheds light on diseases caused by immune system fault
Scientists led by the University of Edinburgh have discovered how a gene mutation can lead to diseases that occur when the immune system attacks the body by mistake.

Robert Lazarsfeld to receive 2015 AMS Steele Prize for Exposition
Robert Lazarsfeld of Stony Brook University will be awarded the 2015 AMS Leroy P.

University of Houston researcher honored for work in nanomaterials
Debora Rodrigues, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Houston, has received the Emerging Investigator award from the Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization.

UCLA biochemists build largest synthetic molecular 'cage' ever
University of California Los Angeles biochemists have created the largest protein ever that self-assembles into a molecular cage.

Big data study identifies new potential target coating for drug-eluting stents
A new study has identified an FDA approved cancer drug, crizotinib, as a possible new coating for drug-eluting stents.

Victor Kac to receive 2015 AMS Steele Prize for Lifetime Achievement
Victor Kac of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology will be awarded the 2015 AMS Leroy P.

Galeterone shows activity in a variant form of castration-resistant prostate cancer
Results from a trial of the anti-cancer drug galeterone show that it is successful in lowering prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in men with a form of prostate cancer that is resistant to treatment with hormone therapy (castration-resistant prostate cancer or CRPC).

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Adjali develop a tail
When NASA's Terra satellite passed over the Southern Indian Ocean, the MODIS instrument aboard captured a picture of Tropical Cyclone Adjali that showed it developed a 'tail,' which is actually band of thunderstorms extending south of the center.

Penrose's and Hawking's early math award revisited
In 1966, it was Roger Penrose who won the prestigious Adams Prize for his essay 'An analysis of the structure of space-time.' At the same time, Steven Hawking won an auxiliary to the Adams Prize for an essay entitled Singularities and the Geometry of Spacetime, shortly after completing his Ph.D.

Moms' pre-pregnancy weight impacts risk of dying decades later
People whose mothers were overweight before pregnancy may be at an elevated risk to die from cardiovascular disease.

The fundamental constants are still constant
Are the fundamental constants really constant? Recent investigations carried out at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt have shown that one essential fundamental constant -- namely the mass ratio of protons to electrons -- can have changed only by a maximum of one part in a million over the age of our solar system (i.e., extrapolated over approximately 5 billion years).

Antonio Luque, solar pioneer in Spain, to receive $60,000 Boer award
Antonio Luque, professor and director of the Institute of Solar Energy at the Technical University of Madrid, Spain, will receive the Karl W.

Benefits of whistleblower programs outweigh costs
New accounting research study finds whistleblowers are a valuable source of information for regulators in the investigation and prosecution of possible securities law violations.

Shift in gut bacteria observed in fiber supplement study may offer good news for weight loss
Most Americans don't get the daily recommended amount of fiber in their diet, though research has shown that dietary fiber can cause a shift in the gut toward beneficial bacteria, reducing the risk of colon cancer, type 2 diabetes, and other diseases.

Gravity may have saved the universe after the Big Bang, say researchers
New research by a team of European physicists could explain why the universe did not collapse immediately after the Big Bang.

As elephants go, so go the trees
Overhunting has been disastrous for elephants, but their forest habitats have also been caught in the crossfire.

Family planning programs involving men, empower women
New research from the Reproductive Health at Georgetown University Medical Center suggests women are empowered when men are included in family planning programs.

Pregnant women with congenital heart disease may have low complication risks during delivery
Pregnant women with congenital heart disease had very low risks of irregular heart beat or other heart-related complications during labor and delivery.

New data suggest little benefit of adding heart valve repair to bypass surgery in patients with coronary heart disease
The Cardiothoracic Surgical Trials Network is reporting results for the first time from a clinical trial of patients who have a complication of coronary heart disease known as moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation.

Two sensors in one
MIT chemists have developed new nanoparticles that can simultaneously perform magnetic resonance imaging and fluorescent imaging in animals.

Pain from rejection and physical pain may not be so similar after all
Over the last decade, neuroscientists have largely come to believe that physical pain and social pain are processed by the brain in the same way.

Virulent bacteria affecting oysters found to be a case of mistaken identity
The bacteria that helped cause the near-ruin of two large oyster hatcheries in the Pacific Northwest have been mistakenly identified for years, researchers say in a recent report.

Finding new ways to make drugs
Chemists have developed a revolutionary new way to manufacture natural chemicals by clipping smaller molecules together like Lego.

Does 'brain training' work?
Computer based 'brain training' can boost memory and thinking skills in older adults, but many programs promoted by the $1 billion brain training industry are ineffective, reveals new research by the University of Sydney.

Fossils cast doubt on climate-change projections on habitats
Leave it to long-dead short-tailed shrew and flying squirrels to outfox climate-modelers trying to predict future habitats.

New protocol for imaging patients with Ebola
A new protocol is facilitating safer portable computed radiography of patients with Ebola.

House fly sex may reveal one key to controlling them
The quest of University of Houston professor Richard Meisel to understand how and why males and females differ may one day lead to a more effective means of pest control -- namely, the pesky house fly.

Herbs and spices enhance heart health as well as flavor
Spices and herbs are rich in antioxidants, which may help improve triglyceride concentrations and other blood lipids, according to Penn State nutritionists.

New computational model could design medications like chemotherapy with fewer side effects
Medications, such as chemotherapy, are often limited by their tendency to be detrimental to healthy cells as an unintended side effect.

Software to improve horticultural, grape and wine-growing, and sugar beet production
Neiker-Tecnalia in coordination with the consulting firms HAZI Fundazioa (rural, shoreline and food development) and IK Ingeniería (ecodesign and environmental innovation in products and services), has developed software for horticultural, grape and wine-growing, and sugar beet production that allows the life-cycle of the products and their carbon and water footprint, among other things, to be analyzed.

Investigational drug may offer another option to treat Marfan syndrome
A New England Journal of Medicine paper co-authored by Angela Sharkey, M.D., professor of pediatrics at Saint Louis University, found Losartan and high dose Atenolol work equally well in treating Marfan syndrome.

Why we need to fund newer blood-thinning agents to prevent strokes
Care gaps are emerging due to disharmony between healthcare reimbursement policies and evidence-based clinical guideline recommendations, cautions a group of Canadian physicians.

Some flu viruses potentially more dangerous than others
Certain subtypes of avian influenza viruses have the potential to cause more severe disease in humans than other avian influenza subtypes and should be monitored carefully to prevent spread of disease, according to a study published this week in mBio, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

New study finds testosterone replacement therapy does not increase cardiovascular risks
An important new study of men who have undergone testosterone replacement therapy has found that taking supplemental testosterone does not increase their risk of experiencing a major adverse cardiac event, such as a heart attack or stroke.

Global experts to discuss how to prepare for infectious diseases like Ebola, tuberculosis
The 11th annual International Consortium on Anti-Virals (ICAV) symposium, Infectious Diseases: Global Public-Health Challenges of the Next Decade, will put the challenges posed by several infectious diseases under the microscope, including the Ebola virus, the H7N9 influenza virus, MERS coronavirus and dengue viruses, as well as drug-resistant tuberculosis.

Breakthrough offers promise for spinal cord injury patients to breathe on their own again
Case Western Reserve researchers have developed a procedure that restores function to muscles involved in the control of breathing -- even when they have been paralyzed for more than a year.

Salamanders are a more abundant food source in forest ecosystems than previously thought
In the 1970s, ecologists published results from one of the first whole-forest ecosystem studies ever conducted.

New model clarifies photoexcited thin-film lattice dynamics
No comprehensive study has yet been carried out to characterize the photoexcited lattice dynamics of an opaque thin film on a semi-infinite transparent substrate.

Suffering from constipation? Self-acupressure can help
In a randomized clinical trial, 72 percent of participants said that perineal self-acupressure, a simple technique involving the application of external pressure to the perineum -- the area between the anus and genitals -- helped relieve constipation.

Calcium loss turning lakes to 'jelly'
Declining calcium levels in some North American lakes are causing major depletions of dominant plankton species, enabling the rapid rise of their ecological competitor: a small jelly-clad invertebrate.

Penn-led team prevents memory problems caused by sleep deprivation
In a new study, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, a team led by scientists from the University of Pennsylvania found that a particular set of cells in a small region of the brain are responsible for memory problems after sleep loss.

Acculturative stress found to be root cause of high depression rates in Latino youth
Researchers at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis say acculturative stress may explain, in part, why Indiana's Latino youth face an alarming disparity in depression and suicide rates when compared to their white counterparts.

Scientists get to the heart of fool's gold as a solar material
As the installation of photovoltaic solar cells continues to accelerate, scientists are looking for inexpensive materials beyond the traditional silicon that can efficiently convert sunlight into electricity.

Going against the flow
The ability to move enables bacteria to reach a specific niche or leave hostile environments.

Stand Up To Cancer and Dutch Cancer Society International colorectal cancer dream team
The international SU2C-Kankerbestrijding Molecular Early Detection of Colorectal Cancer Dream Team will be led by researchers from VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam and Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Ferroptosis, a novel form of non-apoptotic cell death, holds great therapeutic potential
Ferroptosis is a newly discovered form of cell death believed to be involved in numerous pathological processes.

Computerized cognitive training has modest benefits for cognitively healthy older adults
Computerized cognitive training (CCT) has been widely promoted for older adults, but its effectiveness for cognitively health older adults has been unclear in systematic reviews to date.

A global surge in ADHD diagnosis has more to do with marketing than medicine
Brandeis professor Peter Conrad attributes ADHD's global growth to five trends: expanded, overseas lobbying efforts by drug companies; the growth of biological psychiatry; the adaptation of the American-based Diagnostic and Statistical Manual standards, which are broader and have a lower threshold for diagnosing ADHD; promotion of pharmaceutical treatments by ADHD advocacy groups that work closely with drug companies; and the easy availability of ADHD information and self-diagnosis via the Internet.

Trial shows treatment-resistant advanced non-small cell lung cancer responds to rociletinib
A new drug that targets not only common cancer-causing genetic mutations in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, but also a form of the mutation that causes resistance to treatment, has shown promising results in patients in a phase I/II clinical trial.

Has one of Harald Bluetooth's fortresses come to light?
This was the first discovery of its kind in Denmark in over 60 years.

'Being poor is not the same everywhere'
Young people growing up in impoverished neighborhoods who perceive their poor communities in a positive light report better health and well-being than those with worse perceptions of where they live, new research led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests.

Paradox lost: Speedier heart attack treatment saves more lives after all, study suggests
A national effort to shave minutes off emergency heart attack treatment time has increased the chance that each patient will survive, a new study suggests.

Trans fat consumption is linked to diminished memory in working-aged adults
Trans fat consumption is adversely linked to memory sharpness in young to middle-aged men.

Researchers create first image-recognition software that greatly improves web searches
Dartmouth researchers and their colleagues have created an artificial intelligence software that uses photos to locate documents on the Internet with far greater accuracy than ever before.

Ancient New Zealand 'Dawn Whale' identified by Otago researchers
University of Otago palaeontologists are rewriting the history of New Zealand's ancient whales by describing a previously unknown genus of fossil baleen whales and two species within it.

Field-emission plug-and-play solution for microwave electron guns
On a quest to design an alternative to the two complex approaches currently used to produce electrons within microwave electron guns, a team of researchers from Euclid TechLabs and Argonne National Laboratory's Center for Nanoscale Materials have demonstrated a plug-and-play solution capable of operating in this high-electric-field environment with a high-quality electron beam.

Were Neanderthals a sub-species of modern humans? New research says no
In an extensive, multi-institution study led by SUNY Downstate Medical Center, researchers have identified new evidence supporting the growing belief that Neanderthals were a distinct species separate from modern humans (Homo sapiens), and not a subspecies of modern humans.

Soy spells fewer hot flashes for certain women
Does soy in the diet help with hot flashes? It does, but only for women whose bodies can produce the soy metabolite equol, reports a study of American women just published online in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society.

Twenty-five year hunt uncovers heart defect responsible for cardiovascular diseases
The landmark discovery of a tiny defect in a vital heart protein has for the first time enabled heart specialists to accurately pinpoint a therapeutic target for future efforts in developing a drug-based cure for cardiovascular diseases.

Peanut in household dust linked to peanut allergy in children with eczema during infancy
A new study led by researchers at King's College London in collaboration with the US Consortium of Food Allergy Research and the University of Dundee has found a strong link between environmental exposure to peanut protein during infancy (measured in household dust) and an allergic response to peanuts in children who have eczema early in life.

Jurassic climate of large swath of western US was more complex than previously known
Climate over a large swath of the western US was more complex during the Jurassic than previously known, according to new research from Southern Methodist University, Dallas.

Clean energy 'bio batteries' a step closer
University of East Anglia researchers are a step closer to enhancing the generation of clean energy from bacteria.

Noninvasive test that identifies patients at risk of kidney transplant rejection
Researchers at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute and doctors at University Hospital of Bellvitge, together with a team of researchers from the University of California, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, California Pacific Medical Center, University of Pittsburgh, University Emory and Stanford University and the Children's Hospital of Mexico Federico Gomez, have developed a genetic test that identifies patients at high risk of kidney transplant rejection.

Unexpected cross-species contamination in genome sequencing projects
As genome sequencing has gotten faster and cheaper, the pace of whole-genome sequencing has accelerated, dramatically increasing the number of genomes deposited in public archives.

New laser therapy helps slow macular degeneration
A new, low impact low energy laser treatment for patients with early age-related macular degeneration has produced positive results by reducing indicators of the disease.

'Huddersfield's Roll of Honour 1914-1922'
A 30-year project by a dedicated researcher means that the Huddersfield district has what is almost certainly the UK's most comprehensive guide to the lives of local men who died during the 1914-18 conflict or from their wounds in the post-war years with a 528-page publication called 'Huddersfield's Roll of Honour 1914-1922,' published by the University of Huddersfield Press.

A medium amount of physical activity can lower the risk of Parkinson's disease
A new study, published online in Brain: A Journal of Neurology today, followed 43,368 individuals in Sweden for an average of 12.6 years to examine the impact of physical activity on Parkinson's disease risk.

The role DNA methylation plays in aging cells
Although every person's DNA remains the same throughout their lives, scientists know that it functions differently at different ages.

Car crash survival rates increase with being younger, male and driving a big vehicle
A study by a doctoral student in epidemiology at the Indiana University Richard M.

Cells' natural response to chronic protein misfolding may do more harm than good
'Protein misfolding' diseases such as cystic fibrosis and Alzheimer's may be seriously exacerbated by the body's own response against that misfolding, according to a new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute.

Warmer temperatures limit impact of parasites, boost pest populations
Research shows that some insect pests are thriving in warm, urban environments and developing earlier, limiting the impact of parasitoid wasps that normally help keep those pest populations in check.

Vanderbilt study finds nationwide decline in one type of serious heart attack
The most emergent form of heart attacks is decreasing nationwide, but this declining incidence could affect emergency departments' quality and timeliness of care.

Companion bill introduced in House to extend Medicaid pay parity
Rep. Kathy Castor (D-Fla.) Monday introduced House legislation, the Ensuring Access to Primary Care for Women & Children Act (H.R.

High incidence of bowel disease seen in people with lung conditions
People with airway diseases, including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, have a higher incidence of inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, according to the findings of a new study.

Low vitamin D levels increase mortality
New research from the University of Copenhagen and Copenhagen University Hospital shows that low blood vitamin D levels increase mortality.

Early detectable vascular disease linked to erectile dysfunction
Men who have multiple detectable subclinical vascular abnormalities are more likely to develop erectile dysfunction.

New initiatives debut at Industry Growth Forum
The clean energy revolution is now, and the Energy Department is stepping up its commitment to help innovators commercialize their best ideas.

Ebola surveillance may become quicker and cheaper
A new method for examining the Ebola virus genome could make surveillance quicker and cheaper for West African nations, and help detect new forms of the virus.

Police face higher risk of sudden cardiac death during stressful duties
Police officers in the United States face roughly 30 to 70 times higher risk of sudden cardiac death when they're involved in stressful situations -- suspect restraints, altercations, or chases -- than when they're involved in routine or non-emergency activities

Combined strategies help patients with adverse heparin reaction before heart surgery
New evidence suggests that therapeutic plasma exchange and appropriate blood testing could help patients who are in urgent need of heart surgery, but have a history of an adverse reaction to the blood thinner heparin, according to a study published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology.

High earthquake danger in Tianjin, China
With a population of 11 million and located about 100 km from Beijing (22 million people) and Tangshan (7 million people), Tianjin lies on top of the Tangshan-Hejian-Cixian fault that has been the site of 15 devastating earthquakes in the past 1,000 years.

Cedars-Sinai study of Lou Gehrig's disease shifts 'origin' focus to brain's motor neurons
Lou Gehrig's disease, also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, might damage muscle-controlling nerve cells in the brain earlier in the disease process than previously known, according to research from the Cedars-Sinai Board of Governors Regenerative Medicine Institute.

New treatment for Marfan syndrome shows promise
An investigational treatment for Marfan syndrome is as effective as the standard therapy at slowing enlargement of the aorta, the large artery of the heart that delivers blood to the body, new research shows.

Mother's soothing presence makes pain go away -- and changes gene activity in infant brain
A mother's 'TLC' not only can help soothe pain in infants, but it may also impact early brain development by altering gene activity in a part of the brain involved in emotions, according to new study from NYU Langone Medical Center.

High-fructose diet in adolescence may exacerbate depressive-like behavior
When animals consume a diet high in fructose throughout adolescence, it can worsen depressive- and anxiety-like behavior and alter how the brain responds to stress.

Genetically low vitamin D associated with increased mortality
Genetically low vitamin D levels are associated with increased all cause mortality, (including cancer), but not with cardiovascular mortality, finds a large Danish study published in the BMJ this week.
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